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CORNELL 

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THE 

WORDSWORTH COLLECTION 

FOUNDED BY 

CYNTHIA MORGAN ST. JOHN 

THE GIFT OF 
VICTOR EMANUEL 

OF THE CLASS OF I919 




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[TRACT SERIES, No. 2. 



AN ACCOM PT 



OF THE MOST CONSIDERABLE 



ESTATES AND FAMILIES 



COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND, 

FROM THE CONQUEST UNTO THE BEGINNING OF TH) 
REIGN OF K. JAMES [THE FIRST]. 



JOHN DENTON, OF CARDEW 



EDITED, 

FOR THK CKMHERLAXD AND WESTMORLAND ANTIQUARIAN AND 

ARCH,T.OL0GICAL SOCIETY, 

BY R. S. FERGUSON, M.A., LL.M., F.S.A. 

CHANCELLOR OF CARLISLE. 




KENDAL: T. WILSON, 

1887. 






FOUNDED 1866. 



Patrons : 
The Right Hon. the Lord Muncaster, Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland. 
The Right Hon. the Lord Hothfield, Lord Lieutenant of Westmorland. 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Carlisle. 

President <&> Editor : 
The Worshipful Chancellor Ferguson, m.a., ll.m., f.s.a. 



Vice-Presidents : 



James Atkinson, Esq. 

E. B. W. Balme, Esq. 

The Earl of Bective, M.P. 

W. Browne, Esq. 

James Cropper, Esq. 

The Dean of Carlisle. 

H. F. Curwen, Esq. 

RoBT. Ferg-uson, Esq. F.S.A. 



George Howard, Esq. 
W. Jackson, Esq., F.S.A. 
G. J. Johnson, Esq. 
Hon. W. Lowther, M.P. 
H. Fletcher Rigge, Esq. 
H. P. Senhouse, Esq. 
M.W.Taylor, Esq? M.D., F.S.A. 
Hon. Percy S. Wyndham. 



Elected Members of Council : 



W. B. Arnison, Esq., Penrith. 

G. F. Braithwaite, Esq., Kendal. 

Rev. R. Bower, Carlisle. 

Rev. W. S. Calverley, F.S.A., Aspatria 

Isaac Cartmell, Esq., Carlisle. 

J. F.Crosthwaite, Esq., F.S.A., Keswick 



C. J. Ferguson, Esq., F.S.A., Carlisle- 
T.F. I'Anson, Esq. ,M.D., Whitehaven. 
Rev. Thomas Lees, F.S.A., Wreay. 
Rev. Canon Weston, Crosby 

Ravensworth. 
R. J. Whitwell, Esq., Kendal. 



A uditors : 
Richard Nelson, Esq., Kendal. | Frank Wilson, Esq., Kendal. 

Treasurer : 
W. H. Wakefield, Esq., .Sedgwick. 

Secretary : 
Mr. T. WILSON, Aynara Lodge, Kendal. 



JOHN DENTON'S 

ACCOUNT OF 

CUMBER L A N ]3 , 



> 




Ci^Oi'^ 



[TRACT SERIES No. 2. 



AN ACCOM PT 



OF THE MOST CONSIDERABLE 

ESTATES AND FAMILIES 



COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND, 

FROM THE CONQUEST UNTO THE BEGINNlNfi OF THE 
REIGN OF K. JAMES |_THE FIRST]. 



JOHN DENTON, OF CARDEW. 



EDITED, 

FOR THE CUMBERLAND AND WESTMORLAND ANT10UARL\N AND 

ARCH.SGLOGICAL SOCIETY, 

BY R. S. P^ERGUSON, M.A., LL.M., F.S.A., 

CHANCELLOR OF CARLISLE. 



KENDAL: T. WILSON, 

1887. 

1 



n^ 



ITTT7y 




\ 






FOUNDED 1866. 



Patrons : 

The Right Hon. thk Lord Muncaster, Lord Lieutenant of Cumberlard. 
The Right Hon. the Lord Hothfield, Lord Lieutenant of Weftmorla. d. 
The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Carlisle. 

President S' Editor : 
The Worshipful Chancellor Ffrgi'son, m.a., ll..m., f.s.a. 



Vice-Presidents 



James Atkinson, Esq. 

E. B. W. Balme, Esq. 

The Earl of Recti ve, M.P. 

VV. Browne, Esq. 

James Cropper, E.sq. 

The Dean of Carlisle. 

H. F. Curwen, Esq. 

Robt. Ferguson, Esq. F.S.A. 



George Howard, Esq. 

VV. Jacksox, Esq., F.S.A. 

G. J. Johnson, Esq. 

Hon. W. Lowther, V.P. 

H. Fletcher RiGGE, E^so. 

H. P. Senhouse, Esq. 

M. W. T.wlor, Esq' y^.U., E.S.A. 

Hon. Percy S. Wyndh.\m. 



Elected Memhers of Council . 



W. B. Arnison, Esq., Penrith. 

G. F. Braithwaite, Esq., Kendal. 

Rev. R. Bower, Carlisle. 

Rev. W. S. Calverley, F.S.A., Aspatria 

Isaac Cartmell, Esq., Carlisle. 

J.F.Crosthwaite, Esq. .F.S..^., Keswick 



R. 

A nditors 
Richard Nelson, Esq., Kendal. | 

Treasurer : 
W. H. Wakefield, Esq., Sedg-wick. 

Secretary : 

Mr. T. \\'ILS0N, A)nam Lodge, Kendal 



C. ]. Ferguson, Esq., F.S.A., Carlisle. 
T."F. I'Anson, Esq. ,M.D., Whitehaven. 
Rev. Thomas Lees, F.S..A., Wreay. 
Rev. C.\non Weston, Crosby 
Ravensworth. 
Whitwell, Esq., Kendal. 



Frank Wilson, Esq., Kendal. 



Y'l t;: >i 



VN 



Publiratinns of tlj^ Olumtiaianii ant Ml^stmorlani 
Antiquarian anb ^rthiroloaical .^orii'tn. 

EIGHT VOLUMES OF TRANSACnONS, viz: 

Vol. 1. consisting of Three parts £i i o 

Vol. II. (out of print) 

Vol. III., Parts I. and II oio 6 each. 

Vol. IV., Parts I. and II o to 6 each. 

Vol. v., (out of print) 

Vol. VI., Parts I. and II o lo 6 each. 

Vol. VII., complete in One part o lo 5 

Vol. VIII., Parts I. and II o lo 6 each. 

Vol. IX., Part I o lo 6 

Index to the first Seven I'olumes to bind up witJi Volume VII, 

/gratis to Members. 
May be had from the Secretary, Mr. T. Wilson, Kkndai.. 

EXTRA SERIES. 

YOL. I.— BISHOP NICOLSON'S VISITATION AND SURVEY 
OF THE DIOCESE OF CARLISLE IN 1703-4. Edited by 
R. S. Ferhuson, F.S.A. Messrs. C. Thurnam & Sons, English Street, 
Carlisle. Price 12/6. 

■yOL. II.- MEMOIRS OF THE GILPIN FAMILY OF SCALEBY 
" CASTLE, by the late Rev. William Gilpin, Vicar of Boldre, with 
the Autobiography of the Author. Edited with Notes and Pedigree 
by W. Jackson, F.S.A. Messrs. C- Thurnam & Sons, English Street, 
Carlisle. Price lo/fi. 

YOL. III.— THE OLD CHURCH PLATE IN THE DIOCESE 
OF CARLISLE. Edited by R. S. Ferguson, M.A. and F.S.A. 
Messrs. Thurnam & Sons, English Street, Carlisle. Price 15/6. 

YOL. IV.— SOME MUNICIPAL RECORDS OF THE CITY OF 
CARLISLE. Edited by R. S. Ferguson, M.A., F.S.A.; and 
W. NAN SON, B.A., F.S.A. Price i^j-. 

yoL. v.— (In Preparation) : THE PRE-REFORMATION EPIS- 



COPAL REGISTERS OF CARLISLE. 

LOCAL TRACT SERIES. 

EMING'S DESCRIPTION OF WES' 
Edited by Sir George Duckett, F.S.A. Price ij- 



■M-O. I. FLEMING'S DESCRIPTION OF WESTMORLAND. 



NO. 2. DENTON'S ACCOUNT OF CUMBERLAND. Edited 
by R. S. Ferguson, M.A., F.S.A. Price 3/6. 

T. Wilson, Highgvte, Kendal. 



INTRODUCTION. 



TITHEN the Royal Archasological Institute visited Car- 
^" lisle in 1859, the late Mr. Hodgson Hinde read a 
paper in the historical section, On the Early History of 
Cumberland. From it we quote the following : 
I have had occasion more than once to point out the inaccuracy, 
not to use a harsher term, of the authorities which have hitherto 
been reHed on, in tracing the general history of Cumberland. It is 
foreign to the design of this essay to enter into local details, or I should 
have to expose errors and mistatements at every step : but it may 
not be out of place to give a few instances, by way of showing how 
much caution is necessary in sifting the received statements of our 
Cumbrian topographers. The narrative of the foundation of the 
Priory of Lanercost is familiar to us all, repeated as it has been 
by one writer after another, and yet the whole story is a fiction. 
We are told that that religious house had its origin in the remorse 
of Robert de Vaux for the treacherous murder of Gils Beuth, the 
former owner of Gilsland, of which his father, Hubert de Vaux, 
had obtained a grant from Kanulf de Micenis. Now it happens 
that an enrolment of the charter, by which Hubert became pos- 
sessed of Gilsland, is preserved amongst the Carta Antiquje in 
the Tower, from which it plainly appears that Gils Beuth was 
alread)' dead before Hubert had any connection with Gilsland ; and 
we further learn as well from the charter, as from the Testa de 
Nevil, that the title of the latter was derived from Henry H and not 
from Ranulf, whose interest in Cumberland ceased before the close 
of the reign of Henry I. A fundamental error of the Chronicon 
Cumbrias is the deduction of the titles of all the estates in Cumber- 
land from Ranulf de Micenis whereas this is the case with two 
only. The bulk of the remainder were granted directly by the Crown 
in the reign of Henry I., Gilsland, as we have seen, and two or three 
others, by Henry II and the remainder to one individual by Richard I. 
Another mistake is the identification of Hugh de Morville, lord of 
the barony of Burgh with his more notorious namesake, the mur- 
derer of Thomas a Becket. Hugh was a common name in the Mor- 
ville family, as appears by various documents in which we meet with 
the name of Hugh de Morville, at dates and under circumstances 



ii. INTRODUCTION. 

which show that it could be neither of the above. Hugh de Morville, 
of Burgh, was the grandson of Simon de Morville, who was probably 
the brother, and certainly the contemporary, of Becket's assassin. 
The former survived to the reign of John ; whereas the latter is stated 
by all the biographers of the saint to have died at Jerusalem, whither 
he had gone on a pilgrimage in expiation of his offence, and to have 
been buried in front of the Temple, within three years of the murder. 
He was lord of Westmorland, and of Knaresburgh in Yorkshire, at 
the same time that Burgh was possessed by Simon, the grandfather 
of his namesake. It would be easy to multiply instances of misstate- 
ments, if it were necessary. Many of them originate with the Chroni- 
con Cumbrias, but these are amplified and augmented by succeeding 
compilers, especially by tico persons of the name of Denton, whose manu- 
script collections have been the main source from whence the modern 
historians of the county have derived their information as to the early 
descent of property, and the genealogy of its possessors. The con- 
tents of these storehouses of errors must be discarded by the future 
topographer, or used only to compare with more authentic documents. 
Hodgson Hinde, Archceological Journal, vol. xvi, pp. 217, 234-5. 

Such being the opinion entertained of the two Denton 
manuscript histories of Cumberland by an authority so 
competent to pronounce as the late Mr. Hodgson Hinde, 
the question may well be asked why this Society publishes 
one of them. The answer is— that the policy of this Society 
is gradually to publish, in its Transactions and its extra 
volumes, every unpublished manuscript that relates to the 
two counties with which the Society deals, in the hopes 
that some day the man will arise, who will amalgamate 
the materials thus provided into an ideal county history of 
Cumberland and Westmorland. If the question further 
be asked, why the manuscript now published is not more 
fully supplied with notes: the answer is — that to do so 
would be to anticipate, for Cumberland, the ideal history 
we have just alluded to, and further that such notes could 
not be fully and correctly supplied until the local monastic 
chartularies, the pre-Reformation episcopal registers, and 
other documents are published, — a task this Society hopes 
to accomplish. One thing is certain — the labour of the 
future historian or historians of Cumberland will be much 



INTRODUCTION. 111. 

facilitated by the ver}' excellent index, which Mr. R. J. 
Whitwell, of Kendal, has with great labour and love 
compiled, and for which as well on behalf of the Society 
as on my own private and particular behalf, I beg to 
tender him the best thanks we can : he has added immen- 
sely to the value of this publication. 

The two Dentons are John and Thomas : John was of 
Cardew, and his burial is thus recorded in the registers of 
the parish of Dalston : 

1617 November 26 Jhon Denton de Cardew armiger Brd.* 

He married a daughter of Sir John Dalston of Dalston 
Hall, and is said to have been imprisoned in the Tower of 
London, on a quarrel between him and Dr. Robinson, 
Bishop of Carlisle. During his imprisonment he made 
extracts from the records kept in the Tower, and from 
these he compiled his history of Cumberland, of which 
several copies, or rather editions, for they all differ, are in 
existence : the original copy cannot be found, but by the 
list of bishops given in it, as preserved in other copies, 
it must have been written about 1610. The following 
notes refer to the various editions, which have been used 
for the purposes of this present publication. 

1. The late Major Fairtlough, of Roodlands, Keswick, possessed a 
very early copy of John Denton's Manuscript, which is now in 
Canada. The Editor copied this many years ago. 

2. The Dean and Chapter of Carlislepossess a folio copy of John Den- 
ton's MS. It isbound up in the 6th volume of the Machell collections, 
and was made about the year 1670 : on it is written " Transcribing 
cost me 5s." This copy belonged to the great local antiquary Thomas 
Machell, and came with his other papers to William Nicolson, Bishop 
of Carlisle, 1702 to 1726, v\ho has added some notes. Nicolson had 
the Machell papers bound in six volumes and placed in the Dean and 
Chapter Library, Carlisle. 

3. Queen's College, Oxford possesses a folio manuscript volume, 
described in Sim's Manual for the Genealogist, Topographer, Antiquary, 
&c. as " Collections for a History of Cumberland, by Hugh Todd, 

* Transactions Ciimb. and West. Antiq. and Archaso. Society, vol. vii., p. 297. 



iv. INTRODUCTION. 

D.D., seventeenth cent. Queen's Coll. Oxf. MS. cclxxxii." It is a 
folio volume with the press mark 19 on the back. The title page is 
as follows. — 

An 

Imperfect Account of the County of Cumberland. 

To the Library of Queen's 

College, Oxon. 

Hugo Todd, S. Th. P. Coll. Universitatis 

Socius, nuper hujus Collegij Alumnus. 

The last two lines are in a different handwriting to the first four. It 
is an edition of John Denton's manuscript, written in the year 1687, as 
internal evidence shows, and no doubt by Todd himself. The lan- 
guage in places is decidedly fine, and the sentiments ultra Protestant : 
the writer has evidently tender reminiscences of the ale at Swain- 
son's house at Calder Bridge and of the hospitality of the squire of 
Calder Abbey. It has, I fancy, been written on loose sheets and 
afterwards bound : large blank spaces are left between the accounts 
of the various manors, and the manuscript seems to have been in- 
tended as a skeleton to be filled up at a future time. It is curious 
that its date, 1687, should be the same as that of the Scaleb}' or 
Gilpin edition. 

4. Mrs. Fawcett of Scaleby Hall possesses a small manuscript book, 

six inches high, and 3g inches broad. It is bound in vellum and red 

velvet : and contains the book plate of William Gilpin of Scaleby 

Castle, Recorder of Carlisle, who died in 1724. His autograph ''W. 

Gilpin, Aug. 20, 1687," is on the fly leaf. The title is as follows; — 

An 

Accompt of the most considerable 

Estates and Families 

in 

The Countv of Cumberland, 

from the Conquest unto the 

beginning of the Reign 

of 
K. JAMES [the First]. 

On the back of the title page is this note. 

"The originall MS. is supposed to be writ by an ancestor of Mr. 
Denton of Cardew during ye time of his imprisonment (as 'tis said) 
in ye Tower, upon a contest that hapned to be betwixt him and Dr. 
Robinson then Bishop of Carliell. Tis left imperfect in many places 
with large blanks, some whereof are filled up with a different hand 
and some titles stand without any accompt of them at all : and ye 



INTRODUCTION. V. 

whole is confused and without order, so that it seems to have been 
but a collection of materialls, which he intended afterwards to have 
digested into better form." 

"This copy is word for word with the originall, there being no 
Alteracons but only in the method, the places being here reduced 
under their respective Baronies which was the design as it seems of 
the Author when he had completed his collection. And from page 
346 to the end the Orthography of the MS. is precisely observed. 
These tittle additions that are made are marked thus [] ." 

The manuscript is very clearly written, in the handwriting of 
Recorder Gilpin himself : a gooil margin and the lower half of each 
page are left blank for notes, of which there are a good inany. The 
manuscript occupies 445 pages, after which comes a list of the judges 
of assize at Carlisle at the end of the 17th century, and a very imper- 
fect list of the sheriffs for Cumberland from 1204 to 1735. In the 
margins and at the end of the volume are some 200 local coats of 
arms, roughly tricked : these do not however include any not given 
in the usual books. 

I have to thank Mrs. Fawcett of Scaleby Castle for her kindness 
in entrusting this justly valued relic of Mr. Recorder Gilpin to my care 
for several months, while this edition was going through the press. 

5. The Society of Antiquaries possess a copy in folio of John Den- 
ton's MS. It is titled 

"The Antiquitys of Cumberland by Mr. Denton of Cardew, 
MS. collated with a copy formerly belonging to William 
Nicolson, Ld Ri' of Carlisle." 

The list of bishops is brought down to Bishop Lyttelton, President 
of the Society of Antiquaries, but his name and that of his predecessor 
Osbaldiston are in a different handwriting to that of the rest of the 
manuscript thus proving this manuscript to have been written 
while Fleming was bishop of Carlisle, 1734 to 1747. I think the 
names of Bishops Osbaldiston and Lyttelton have been added, and 
the collation with Bishop Nicolson's copy made by Bishop Lyttel- 
ton himself, and that he probably gave this copy to the Society 
of Antiquaries. It is clear that Bishop Nicolson's copy, with which 
the S.A. copy has been collated, is the one now belonging to the 
Dean and Chapter of Carlisle. 

6. Mr. Browne of Tallentire Hall, Cockermouth, possesses a small 
book bound in vellum, the leaves of which are 7 inches by 5^. This 
book contains a copy of the John Denton's history of Cumberland, 
and a copy of Dr. Todd's history of Carlisle, together with one or 
two documents referring to Highhead Castle and the Richmonds, and 



VI. INTRODUCTION. 

to the rights of the tenants of the Forest of Inglewood. It formerly 
belonged, as shewn by his autograph on the first page, to Josiah Relph 
the poet curate of Sebergham : and it contains a list of his linen, 
made probably on his death in 1743. 

7. The Editor possesses a copy of the John Denton's MS., in the 
inside of which is written 

"John Fawcett from the late Sir. Jos. D. A. Gilpin." 
It is a copy from the Scaleby manuscript with the spelling moder- 
nised and with footnotes and additions bringing it down to 1749, in 
which year internal evidence shows this copy to have been made : 
it is in the handwriting of William Milbourne, of Lincoln's Inn and 
Armathwaite Castle, Cumberland, as proved by a comparison with 
his handwriting in certain Elzevirs bearing his book plates, auto- 
graph and notes, in possession of the editor: he is known to have 
edited, in manuscript, a copy of the John Denton manuscript (see 
Lysons' Cumberland, p. 20). The following note is on the fly leaf. 

"The original MS. is supposed to have been writ by one Mr. 
Denton of the family of Cardew, during his imprisonment in the 
Tower (as it is said), upon a contest that happened between him and 
Dr. Robinson, then Bishop of Carlisle, and is brought down by Mr. 
Denton to the year 1610." 

"William Gilpin, Esq., of Scaleby Castle (from whose copy this 
was taken), says that the original is left imperfect in many places 
with large blanks and the whole confused and without order, so that 
it seemed to have been only a collection of materials, which he in- 
tended afterwards to have disposed into better form." 

" Mr. Gilpin first undertook to place the several greater baronies 
in order, and to reduce the places under their several baronies. He 
has likewise made some usefull additions and annotations, and con- 
tinued the pedigrees of several families down to the year 16S7. And 
among many copies I have seen his is mucli the best." 

The manuscript is titled 

" An Account 

Of the most considerable Estates 

and Families 

in the County of Cumberland, 

since the Conquest till the year 1610." 

Mr. Milbourne has added an appendix containing a collection of deeds 
charters, &c. 

For the purposes of this publication, the Editor has 
relied upon Nos. 4 and 7, which are cited in the footnotes 



INTRODUCTION. Vll. 

as the Gilpin or Scaleby MS. and tlie Milbourne MS. 
respectively : footnotes signed Gilpin are in both MSS. 
and are by Recorder Gilpin : those signed Milbourne are 
in the later MS. only, and are additions by Recorder 
Milbourne. The transcribers of Nos. 5 and 6, have not 
known of the existence of the Gilpin or Scaleby MS. and 
have adhered to the arrangement of the older manuscripts. 
Of the Thomas Denton MS. history of Cumberland, no 
copy is known to exist, unless one be in the muniment 
room in Lowther Castle : Messrs. Lysons in their history 
of Cumberland, p. 2, positively state that it was lent to them, 
by the Earl of Lonsdale. They state that it was " written 
in the years 1687 and 1688 by Thomas Denton Esq., 
barrister-at-law, recorder of Carlisle, and lord of the 
manor of Warnell Hall in Sebergham." But in those 
years John Aglionby was recorder of Carlisle, and William 
Gilpin deputy recorder,* and in 1687 Mr. Deputy Recorder 
William Gilpin rearranged John Denton's MS. history of 
Cumberland and produced No. 4, the Gilpin or Scaleby 
Denton MS. Thomas Denton had been recorder of Car- 
lisle prior to Aglionby, but had retired in 1679. t Thomas 
Denton died in 1695 ; his portrait and that of his wife 
Letitia Vachell are in the Town Hall at Carlisle. The 
precise account given by Messrs. Lysons of the MS. history 
of Cumberland, which they attribute to Thomas Denton, 
forbids the conjecture that they have accidentally substi- 
tuted Mr. Recorder Denton for Mr. Recorder Aglionby, but 
it is a curious coincidence that in 1687, Mr. Ex-Recorder 
Denton, and Mr. Deputy Recorder Aglionby, and Dr. Todd 
{ante No. 3), should have all compiled histories of Cum- 
berland based on that of John Denton. 



* Municipal Records of the City of Carlisle, pp. 312, 314, 315, 322. 
t IHd p. 314, 315. 



An Account 

OF THE MOST CONSIDERABLE ESTATES 

AND FAMILIES 

In the County of Cumberland, since the Conquest 

TILL THE year i6io. 



'^I^HAT country or county now called Cumberland is on 

*^ the east of the same divided from Fourness, a part of 

Lancaster, by the river of Dudden (which falleth into the 

Irish ocean at Milium Castle), ascending by the banks of 

the river up to Uffay or Woolfhay Park to Blackball, and 

so to the Shire Stones upon the mountain Wrynose at the 

head of Dudden where it first meeteth with the county of 

Westmorland at Little Langdale in the fells, so, leaving 

Great Langdale and Gresmyre on the east, it bordereth 

upon the same all the way from Langdale unto Dunnimail 

or Dunmail-raise (a great heap of stones at the head of 

Wythburne cast together in antient time, either by King 

Dunmail sometime King or Lord of that country, as a 

mark of the utmost bounder of his kingdom, or by some 

other in remembrance of his name, for some memorable 

act by him done there or some victory against him). And 

from thence on the back side of Helvelon or Hell Belyn 

by the head of Glenkrhodden Beck unto the head of Glen- 

kwen Beck, and so by Glenkwen Beck unto UUeswater (a 

great lake) and thence by the river Aymot, (which runneth 

forth of UUeswater at Powley Stank), descending by 

Dacre Castle, Penrith, and Carleton, till it be received of 

the great river Eden. And thence by Eden unto the foot 



2 THE BOUNDERS OF 

of Blenkarn Beck.* And thence by the said little Beck it 
is severed from Westmorland to where that Beck springs 
out of the fells. It joineth again with Westmorland for 
the space of five or six miles alongst the mountains. Then 
meeting with a little corner of Yorkshire, it is bounded 
by the same unto the head of the river Tees (which there 
divideth Yorkshire from the county Palatine of Durham). 
And from thence unto Kelloplaw Hill by the county of 
Durham. From Kelloplaw Hill to the head of Alneburne, 
it adjoineth to the county of Northumberland, which burn 
or little river untill Kirkhaugh (where it is received of the 
great river Tine) divides the two counties, which in like 
manner on the other side of Tine are kept asunder by 
another little rill falling into Tine from the east side of the 
mountains in Geltsdale Forest. And from the head of that 
little water unto the head of Hartley Burn, and thence along 
the north-east side of Geltsdale Forest, and on Burn Tippel 
Moor, (a great Heath and Waste), the said two counties of 
Cumberland and Northumberland meet again and are not 
severed whilstt a little beck called Fowtross part them, 
which falling unto the water of Irthing loseth its name, 
and then Irthing divides them ascending the same, until it 
receive a lesser water named Troutbeck, which in like sort 
falls in between them and then they concur again at the 
Horsehead, Gelecrag, and Christenbury Crag unto Lamy- 
ford, where Cumberland makes a narrow point northward. 
There the river Lyddalt on the north side runs down 

* Denton means the beck now marked on the Ordnance Map as the " Crow- 
dundle," not that marked " Blenkarn " : bothbecksarenearthevillag-e of Blenkarn 
and might easily be confused. The boundary runs up the Crowdundle to its head : 
thence to the head of Tees, and down Tees to the Crookburn Beck (sic in 
Ordnance Map), and upthat beck to Killhope Law, (the Kelloplaw Hill of Denton). 
Denton is in error in saying that Cumberland meets with a little corner of York- 
shire : the two counties do not actually meet. Burn and Nicolson, in their history 
ot Cumberland, repeat Denton's error in their text, but show the position of 
Yorkshire correctly in their map. The Glenkwen Beck appears on the Ordnance 
Map as the Glencoin : in Burn and Nicolson as the Glencune. Editor. 

t " Whilst " is in the manuscripts, but " until " is clearly meant. Editor. 

J The Kershope Burn is the boundary from Lamyford, (given on Ordnance Map 
as Scotch Knowe), to Kershope Foot, and then, and not till then, Liddell comes in 
as described by Denton. Burn and Nicolso7i again follow Denton's error in their 
text, but give the boundary correctly in their map. Editor. 



THE COUNTY OF CUMBERLAND. 3 

between Scotland and Cumberland, until Canonby Holme 
where the river Eske entertains it (and beareth* Lyddall 
its name) at the mote. Then ascending up Eske towards 
Canonby it fetcheth in Kirkanders Holmes and there it is 
parted from Scotland by a bank of earth and a ditch, that 
reacheth from the side of Eske to Sark (a little Scottish 
brook) which falling into Eske, and with Eske so into the 
river of Eden aforementioned, are presently together in 
one channel carried together to the Irish Sea as the last 
bounder between them. From the foot of Eden, Cumber- 
land, on the west side all along the coast bending 
southwards Hke a bow, is environed by the Irish Sea, until 
the foot of the river Dudden, at Milium Castle aforesaid. 
Where it is broadest, that is from the Irish Sea on the 
west to Kelloplaw Hill, being there extended into a point 
on the east, it is between thirty-five and forty miles over, 
and from Lamyford in the north to Milium Castle in the 
south is scant fifty-five miles in length. t 



* The manuscripts both read " beareth Lyddall its name," which probably should 
be " bereaveth Lyddall of its name " : the conjoined streams are called Esk. The 
boundary runs down Esk a little way, (not up it, as Denton says), and then goes 
across to the Sark, by the bank of earth and ditch mentioned by Denton, and 
known as "the Scotch Dyke," for which see Burn and Nicolson, vol. i., xvi. vol. 
ii. 515. Editor. 

f Forty-tive and seventy-two are, according to the Ordnance Map, nearer the 
figures. Editor. 



(4) 



EGREMONT BARONY. 

The Barony of King William the Conqueror,* about 
Egremont. the latter end of his reign after he had 

taken the county of Cumberland from 
Gospatrick, to whom he had first given it, and banished 
the Saxons, and quieted the rebellions there raised, and 
outlawed the inhabitants (the whole north parts from 
York northward being in those journeys wasted with fire 
and sword), gave the counties of Cumberland and West- 
morland to Ranulph or Randolph de Meschines, sisters 
son to Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, and left him men 
to maintain to defend the country from all hostility which 
might trouble the peace of the same, either by tumult of 
the inhabitants that were left or foreign invasion. 

Randolph de Meschines being quietly possessed of every 
part of Cumberland, presently surveyed the whole country, 
and gave all the frontiers bordering on Scotland, on 
Northumberland and along the sea coasts, to his friends 
and followers, retaining still to himself the middle part 
between the east and west mountains, a goodly great forest 
full of woods, red and fallow deer, wild swine and all 
manner of wild beasts, called the forest of Englewood, 
which was sixteen miles long, and ten broad, and lieth 
between the rivers Shawk and Eden, extended in length 
from Carlisle to Penrith. 

This Earl Randolph gave to his brother William de 



* Here comes in the error which, owing to Denton's adoption of it, pervades 
most of the existing histories of Cumberland : the reader must turn back to the 
preface, if he is not already acquainted therewith. The should also refer for the 
history of this barony, to a most valuable paper by W. Jackson, F.S. A., AnHtslori- 
caL and descriptive Account of Cuckermoulh Castle, in the Transactions Cumberland 
and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, vol. iv., p. ion and 
one by R. S. Ferguson, F.S. A., — The Barony of Gilsland, and its owners, Ibid vol 
iv., p. 446. Editor. ' 



EGREMONT. 5 

Meschines the great Barony of Coupland, or Kopeland, 
which lies between the rivers Dudden and Darwent and 
the sea. 

And so much of the same as lyeth between the rivers 
Cocker and Darwent the said WiUiam granted over to one 
Waldeof, the son of Gospatrick, Earl of Dunbar, in Scot- 
land, together with five towns about Cockar, that is to say, 
Brigham, Eaglesfield, Dean with Branthwait, Crayksothen 
and Clifton, with the hamlets thereof Little Clifton and 
Stainburn. This Waldeof was Lord of Allerdale beneath 
Darwent. And to Ketell, the son of Eldred, the son of 
Ivor Tailbois, Baron of Kendal, were given Kelton, Salter, 
Workington.* 

The mannor of Beckermet, Frisington, Rotington, Wed- 
dekar, and Arloghden to Fleming. 

Kirkby Begohe to the Abbey of York. 
Mulcaster to the Pennington's Ancestors 
Dreg and Carleton to Stuteville. 
Milium to Godard Boyville. 

Saunton, Bolton, Gosforth, and Haile to Thomas 
Multon, of Gilsland. 
Egremont. The said Lord William de Meschines 
seated himself at Egremont, where he built a castle upon a 
sharp topped hill, and there upon called the same Egre — 
mont, and all such lands as he or his successors lords of 
Kopeland, granted to any knight or freeholder within the 
barony of Kopeland they bound the same to be held of that 
castle of Egremont, and caused the name of the barony to 
be changed from Kopeland, and to be called the barony of 
Egremont, which name it retaineth to this day. 

This William left no issue at his death but a daughter, 
who was married to Robert Romly, of Skipton in Craven, 

* Ivo de Tailbois had no other issue, but a daughter Lucia, who married, first, 
Roger de Romara, by whom she had an only son William : second, Ranulph de 
Meschines, see W. Jackson, F.S.A., The Curioeiis uf IVorkington Halt. Ibid, 
vol. v., p. 1S2. Also The Pipe Rolls, Cumberland, ^Westmorland, and Durham, pp. 
xvi.,-xviii. EDITOR. 



EGREMONT. 

by whom he had issue, a daughter named Alice, whom the 
said Robert Romly gave in marriage to WilHam Romly, 
Earl of Murray, in Scotland, the son of Duncan, by which 
marriage the said William FitzDuncan, became lord both 
of Skipton and Egremont, in the right of his wife being 
sole heir of Skipton by her father, and of Egremont by 
her mother the Lord Meschines' daughter. 

William FitzDuncan had issue by the said Alice, a son 
called William, who dyed an infant, and three daughters 
co-heirs. The oldest named Sybill or Cicely, was married 
to William le Gros, Earl of Aumarle, and had issue only 
a daughter, named Hawise, who was married to three 
husbands successively, to William de Mandevill Earl of 
Essex ; to Baldwain Beton ; and to William de Fortibus, 
to whom the said Hawise bore a son called William de 
Fortibus, who had issue the third William de Fortibus, 
who had issue Aveline an only daughter and heir (who 
was married to Edmond Croutchback, King Edw: ist 
brother) and dying without any children, the third part of 
William FitzDuncan's land (which was Skipton in Craven), 
came to the King's hand, and, by King Edward 2nd, was 
granted to Robert Clifford in exchange of the Clifford's 
lands in the county of Monmouth, whose posterity, now 
Earls of Cumberland, enjoy the same. 

Annabil the second daughter of William FitzDuncan, 
had for her part of the inheritance this barony of Egremont 
and took to husband Reginald Lucy,* by whom she had 
issue, Richard de Lucy, who had issue, two daughters 
Annabel Lucy and Alice Lucy. 

Dame Alice Romley, the third daughter and co-heir of 
William FitzDuncan was married by King Henry 2nd, 
unto Gilbert Pipperd ;t and after by the Queen unto Robert 
Courtney, but had no issue of her body ; wherefore her part 

* This Reginald de Lucy was Captain of Nottingham, An. 21, H. 2. (G) 
t Gilbert Pippard was justice itinerant into Wiltshire, An. 23, H. 2. (G) 



EGREMONT. 7 

of her father's inheritance (which was ye liberty of Cocker- 
mouth, Aspatrick, and the barony of Egremont below the 
river Darwent), was divided between the Earl of Alber- 
marle and Richard de Lucy, her sister's children, and so 
continued divided until the eldest sister's issue extinguished 
by the death of Avelina aforesaid, daughter to the last 
William de Fortibus. After whose death all the Romley's 
lands above Darwent and beneath, both the barony of 
Egremont and Allerdale, came wholly to the heirs of 
Reginald Lucy, and of Annabel Romley his wife, second 
daughter to the said William FitzDuncan. 

Annabel Lucy (one of the daughters and co-heirs of 
Richard de Lucy, son to Reginald de Lucy and Annabel 
Romley his wife, the daughter of William FitzDuncan), 
for her moiety enjoyed the barony of Egremont, (all saving 
Lowes Water) which was more by a twentieth part than 
the residue which was enjoyed by her sister Lucy. Anna- 
bel was married to Thomas Multon, by whom she had 
Lambert de Multon, who had issue Thomas de Multon, 
whose son John de Multon, left the barony of Egremont to 
his three daughters and heirs, Elizabeth (married to 
Haverington, of Haverington), Joan (married to Robert 
FitzWalter), and Margaret (who was married to the Lord 
Thomas Lucy). At which time this barony was broken 
into parts, which from the conquest had continued intire, 
except Lowes Water, and the lands between Cockar and 
Darwent, and the five towns granted to Waldeof, as afore- 
said. But now of late it is reunited by the Earls of 
Northumberland, who are Lords thereof, by gift and pur- 
chase but not by Discent from any of the co-heirs* 

Within this great barony of Copeland, now called Egre- 
mont, are diverse knight's fees which are mannors of 
themselves holden of Egremont Castle, or the Lords 



* These words are underlined in both manuscripts : in the marjfin of the Scaleby 
one is set against them " This is a later addition." The following pedigree is in 
the Scaleby manuscript, but I doubt if it is in Gilpin's handwriting-. The claimant 



8 EGREMONT. — [mILLUM] . 

thereof as heirs to the aforesaid William de Meschines or 
their assigns as the tenor of their charters do import, or 
prescription has gained by consent of lord and tenant. 

MiLLUM. Amongst which mannors the lordship or 
signory of Milium (in tlie south-west corner of the said 
barony) is the first, and of greatest liberties ; containing also 
in itself divers manors which are holden of Milium, (as 
Milium is of Egremont) immediately, with some difference 
of service. 

This mannor reached from the river of Dudden unto 
Eske, ten long miles in length, and from the west sea, up 
into the mountains above the manor of Thwaits about six 
miles in breadth, in form triangular. It is most inhabited 
along the rivers of Dudden and Rske, and on the sea coast ; 



mentioned in the note to the pedigree, is well known as the " Trunk maker." See 
Burke's Ficissitudes of Families. Editor. 

Henry 5th E. of Northumberland. 
I 



I I 
Henry 6th E. Sir Thomas Sir Ingelram. 
dyed without issue. executed for 
treason temp. 
H. 8. 

I I 

Thomas 7th E. Henry 

executed at York, 2nd son of Sir The. 

temp. Q. Eliz. Sth E, shot himself 

in the Tower temp. 
O. Eliz. 
I 
Henry gth E. 15 years a prisoner in the Tower. 

Algernon loth E. 

I 
JOCELINE iiih E. dyed without issue male. 

Note.— Thomas ye 7th E,, was new created by O. Mary to him and the heirs 
male of his body with the remainder to his brother Henry. 

Upon the death of Joceline the eleventh Farl of Northumberland without issue 
male, a.d. 1670, the estate descended to Elizabeth his daughter and the heir who 
was first married to Earl of Ogle, eldest son and heir to Duke of New- 
castle, but he dying without issue by her ; she was afterwards married to Charles 
Duke of Somerset, who now enjoys the estate of Northumberland, against whom 
James Percy, son of Henry son of Henry of Favenham, in Bedfordshire, son of Sir 
Ingelram 3rd son of Henry 5th Earl of Northumberland, (ut per se tiilit) claimed 
as lieir in tail and managed a long and expensive suit serf non prevaluit. 



EGREMONT. — [MILLUM] . 9 

the rest is forest ground, hills, and great mountains, best 
fitting for sheep pasture. 

Milium Castle, the antient seat and capital mansion of 
this manor, is placed at the foot of the river Dudden, and 
through length of time threatens ruin. Howbeit the lords 
thereof make it still their dwelling place and abode, holding 
themselves content, that the old manner of strong building 
there, with the goodly demesns and commodities which 
both land and sea afford them, and the stately parks full 
of huge oaks and timber woods and fallow deer, do better 
witness their antient and present greatness and worth, 
than the painted vanities of our times do grace our new 
upstarts. 

This great mannor in the time of King Henry i^* was 

given by William Meschines, Lord of Egremont, to - 

de Boyvill, father to Godard de Boyvill, (named in antient 
evidences Godardus Dapifer) who being of Milium did give 
unto the abbot and monks of Fourness a carcucate of land 
there with the appurtenances called yet to this day Monk 
Force, which Arthur the son of Godard confirmed unto 
the abbey, and after him in like sort his son and heir 
Henry the son of Arthur, reserving only the harts and 
hinds, wild boars and their kinds, and all aieries of hawks. 

But whatsoever the Lord of Egremont William Meschines 
reserved upon the first grant to the Boyvills, whether 
demesn or forest liberties, Dame Cicely Romley, (one of 
the co-heirs of William FitzDuncan), Countess of Albe- 
marle, to whose purparty this Milium was allotted by 
partition, gave and fully confirmed the same to the said 
Arthur FitzGodard, and to Henry his son and their heirs 
by her charter yet extant, under seal, bounding the same 
thus " Dedi et Concessi Henrico filio Arthuri et Heredibus jus 
Hereditatis viz : totam terram et totum feodum inter Esk et 
Dodden cum pertinentiis &c. ; and Dame Hawise her sole 
daughter and heir, then the wife of William de Mande- 
vil, advised her husband to confirm it. 



10 EGREMONT. — [MILLUm]. 

And for a recognition of the grant made to the Boyvills, 
Arthur and Henry his son by Dame Cicely the Countess, 
they paid to King Henry 2nd for a postfine one hundred 
pounds and five couple of hounds, the records terming 
them decern fugatorcs . 

An old tradition makes these Boyvills to have been very 
near of kin to the Lords of Egremont, and gives us an 
account of the occasion upon which Milium was transferred 
to the said Boyvills, which is said to be thus : The baron 
of Egremont being taken prisoner beyond the seas by the 
infidels, could not be redeemed without a great ransom, 
and being for England entered his brother or kinsman for 
his surety, promising with all possible speed to send him 
money to set him free ; but upon his return home to Egre- 
mont, he changed his mind and most unnaturally and 
unthankfuUy suffered his brother to lye in prison, in great 
duress and extremity untill the hair of his head was grown 
to an unusual length, like to a woman's hair. The Pagans 
being out of hopes of the ransom, in great rage most 
cruelly hanged up their pledge, binding the long hair of his 
head to a beam in the prison, and tied his hands so behind 
him that he could not reach to the top, where the knot 
was fastened, to loose himself. During his imprisonment 
the Paynim's daughter became enamoured of him, and 
sought all good means for his deliverance but could not 
enlarge him ; she understanding of this last cruelty, by 
means made to his keeper entered the prison, and taking 
her knife to cut the hair, being hastened, she cut the skin 
of his head so as with the weight of his body, he rent 
away the rest, and fell to the earth half dead ; but she 
presently took him up, causing surgeons to attend him 
secretly till he recovered his former health, beauty, and 
strength, and so entreated her father for him that he set 
him at liberty. Then desirous to revenge his brother's 
ingratitude he got leave to depart to his country, and took 
home with him the hatterell of his hair rent off as afore- 



EGREMONT. — [MILLUM.] II 

said, and a bugle-horn which he commonly used to carry 
about him when he was in England, where he shortly 
arrived and coming towards Egremont Castle about noon- 
tide of the day, when his brother was at dinner, he blew 
his bugle-horn which (says the tradition) his brother the 
baron presently acknowledged, and thereby conjectured his 
brother's return, and then sending his friends and servants 
to learn his brother's mind to him, and how he had 
escaped, they brought back the report of all the miserable 
torment which he had endured for his unfaithful brother 
the baron, which so astonished the baron, (half dead before 
with the shameful remembrance of his own disloyalty and 
breach of promise) that he abandoned all company and 
would not look on his brother, till his just wrath was 
pacified by diligent entreaty of their friends, and to be sure 
of his brother's future kindness, he gave the lordship of 
Milium to him and his heirs for ever. Whereupon the 
first lords of Milium gave for their arms the horn and the 
hatterell. 

But whatever the occasion of the grant was, the Boy- 
vills were from the place called de Milium, and have 
antiently held the same with great liberties, and had jura 
regalia there ; John Huddleston did prescribe thereto in 
the twentieth year of King Edw. i^' and was allowed before 
Hugh de Cressingham in the pleas of Quo Warranto holden 
for the king. 

The Boyvilles held the same in their issue made from 
the time of King Henry i"' untill the reign of K. H. 3"^^ 
above one hundred years, viz : 

Boyvili, first Lord of Milium. 

Godardus Dapifer, his son. 

Arthur FitzGodard. 

Henry FitzArthur. 

William FitzHenry. 

Adam FitzHenry, brother and heir to William. 



12 EGREMONT. — [mILLUM] . 

Joan Boyvill, sole daughter and heir to Adam Fitz- 
Henry, wife to the said John Huddleston, Kt., by whom 
the inheritance was transferred to the Huddlestons whose 
heirs males enjoy it at this day by the following course of 
descent, viz : 

John Huddleston, Knt., in right of Joan his wife 
temp. Ed. I. 

John Huddleston, their son. 

Radulph Huddleston, son of John. 
*Richard Huddleston, son of Radulph. 

? John Huddleston, son of Richard. 

John Huddleston, Knt. 

Anthony Huddleston, son of John. 

William Huddleston,! son of Anthony, who enjoys 
it at this present. Howbeit the right name of these Hud- 
dlestons is Pennington, they being all descended from one 
Gamel de Pennington, the first of that name which I read 
of, which Gamel in like sort took his addition of Penning- 
ton, from Pennington his chief seat, about the time of the 
Conquest. 

The first Boyvill gave to his second son William Boyvill, 
the manor of Kirksanton, with the appurtenances whose 
posterity enjoyed the same till the reign of K. Edw. 2°*^. 

Godard de Milium, second Lord of Milium, gave Monk 
Force aforesaid to the Abbey of Fourness, and the 
churches of Butle and Whittingham, (now Whitcham), and 
all the parishes between the river of Eske and the parish 

* In Hen. 7th time Richd. Huddleston of Milium, Esq. dying without issue, 
the estate being intailed upon the male heirs passed from his two sisters and co- 
heirs (Johan married to Hugh Fleming of Rydal Esq., and Marg-aret to 
Launcelot Salkeld of Whitehall Esq.,) and went collaterally to Sir John 
Hodleston, Knt., 2nd brother of Sir Richd. Hodleston father of the said two co- 
heirs. Sir D.F.s MS. This note is not in the Scaleby MS. which puts a ? and 
several asterisks between John Huddleston son of Richard, and John Huddleston 
Knt. Editor. 

t Ferdinando Huddleston. 

Sir William Huddleston, son of Ferdmando, who dyed in prison at Carlisle. 

Ferdinando Huddleston, son of Sir William,who dying without issue the es- 

Joseph Huddleston, his brother and heir, who now (16S7) enjoys the same. 

Gilpin. 



EGREMONT. — [MILLUM] . I3 

of Milium to the Abbey of St. Marie's of York, to which 
Abbey his wife Matilda also gave Anderset, now Agnes 
seat. 

Arthur de Milium son of Godard third Lord of Milium, 
confirmed his father's grants of Monk Force, and of the 
parishes to the Abbeys of York and Fourness, and granted 
to Fourness the services of Kirksanton in Milium, which 
Robert de Boyvill his cousin german then held of him, 
and presently after did mortgage the same to the Abbot of 
Fourness till he returned from the Holy Land. 

Henry the son of Arthur the son of Godard, fourth 
Lord of Milium, confirmed his ancestors grants, and en- 
feoffed Radulph Corbett and his heirs of the manor of 
Brettaby,* with the appurtenances in Milium. He also 
gave Raisthwaite in Dunnersdale, to one Orme the son 
of Dolphin. And Leakley to Henry FitzWilliam in frank 
marriage with his daughter Goynhild Boyvill, with shields 
for her cattle, and common of pasture in Croch-beeghe, 
which Goynhild afterwards (being a widow) gave to the 
Abbey of Holm Cultram. And William de Milium (the son 
of Henry de Milium, the son of Arthur de Milium), brother 
of the said Goynhild did after confirm the same, and 
afterwards John Huddleston and Joan his wife, sole 
daughter of Adam de Milium, son and heir of the said 
Henry, confirmed Leakley and the liberties aforesaid (so 
granted by Goynhild), unto the abbot and convent of Holm 
Cultram and his successors. 

The said Henry FitzArthur gave other lands in Leakley 
(now called Seaton), unto the nuns of Leakley or Seaton, 
which of late were granted unto Sir Hugh Askew, Knt., 
when the nunnery was suppressed by Hen. 8*. But 
Seaton is now the inheritance of John Pennington gentle- 
man. 

The deed of feoffment made by the said Henry Fitz- 

* I do not find this place in the Ordnance Map, but conjecture that it is repre- 
sented by Lord Muncaster's manor of Birliby. Editor. 



14 EGREMONT. — [MILLUM] . 

Arthur to Goynhild his daughter approves the same, for 
therein is excepted as follows : " Excepta Terra in LeakUy 
quam dedi Sanctis Monialibus servientibus Deo et SandcB 
MaricB in Leckleya.^' It takes the name of Seaton from 
the sea, for that it stands nigh the same. And the rest of 
Leakley or Seaton, formerly given to the Abbey of Holm 
Cultram as aforesaid, is now also part of the possessions 
of the late nuns of Seaton. 

All the residue of the fees of Milium were thus granted 
by the Boyvills, Lords of Milium, to their kinsmen or 
friends, or with their daughters, or sisters in marriage, 
and accordingly by the Huddlestons and their heirs, some 
as manners, and some as lesser freeholds, as, namely, 
Ulfhay, Thwaits, Dalegarth, and Waybergthwaite, and 
some in mortmain, as Leakley and Kirksanton. All which 
places gave sirnames to the posterity of the feoffees, as 
Thwaits of Thwaits, Wayberthwaite of Waybergthwaite, 
and the rest, whereof some do yet remain, and some names 
are worn out but antient records do report and remember 
them. 

Ulfhay. Ulfhay was granted to one Ulff, the son of 
Evard, whose posterity enjoyed it till the time of K. Hen. 
3'''>. Ulff had issue, Ailfward, and Retell. Ailfward paid to 
K. Hen. 2"*^ in the 27th year of his reign, twenty marks for 
a fine assessed upon him for an attaint. Retell had diverse 
sons, Bennett, William, and Michael. Bennett lived in R. 
John's time, and had a son named Alan. But now the 
land is reduced to demesne again, and Mr. Huddleston, 
the pi'esent Lord of Milium, and diverse of his ancestors 
have made there a park enclosed for deer, which yet to 
this day is called Uffhay Park. 

Thwaites. Thence along down the river of Dudden 
stands the manor of Thwaites, between the river and the 
mountains, now the antient seat of Joseph Thwaites of 
Ulnerigg Esq., and the place being a stony mountainous 
country is not everywhere altogether fit for tillage meadow 



EGREMONT. — [MILLUM] . I5 

and pasture. But in several parts and pieces as they are 
marked by nature, differing in form and quality of soil or 
otherwise by the inhabitants inclosed from the barren 
wastes of the fells, such pieces of land are now and were 
of old called Thwaites in most places of the shire, some- 
times with addition of their quality, as Brackenthwaite 
of fearns, Sivithwaite of rushes, Stonythwaite of stones, 
Brenthwaite of its steepness, Brunthwaite of burning 
with the sun, Redthwaite of the colour of the soil, Over- 
thwaite of higher lying, Moorthwait of the heath, Sourth- 
waite of the wet soil, Langthwaite of the form of lying, 
Micklethwaite of the quantity, and diverse others. 

This manor being an antient fee, holden of the Lord of 
Milium, for a dowry was by Ellen the wife of John 
Boyvill and Michael de Corney, passed by fine levyed 35 
Hen. 3'^<J., of land in Thwaites. And John Huddleston 
impleaded William the son of John Thwaites, for 200 acres 
of pasture there An. 16 Edw. 1=='. 

The gentlemen of this family do bear for their arms a 
cross argent fretty gules in a field . . . which seems 
to be derived from the Huddleston's coat of whom they 
hold the manor of Thwaits. 

Whicham. At the west end of Donersdale, near the fell 
and foranenst Milium, stands Whitcham* or Wicheham 
alias Whittingham which all or the most part thereof was 
another fee holden of Milium, and as I take it the place 
took the name of one Wyche, the first feoffee of the same. 
He lived about the time of K. Hen. i''*. Two of his sons, 
William FitzWych and Godfrey, were witnesses to a 
mortgage of Kirksanton, in the time of Hen. 2°''. But the 
issue general brought their lands into other families about 
the time of King Hen. 3'^'^. For then one Radulph de 
Bethom had the land, and anno 6 Edw. 1=^' he granted 
estovers to John, parson of Whitcham, in his woods there. 

* Whitcham belonged to the family of Latus. Sir D. F's MS. 



l6 EGREMONT. — [mILLUM] . 

And one Robert the son of Radulph de Bethom, warranted 

lands in Selcroft and Saterton, in Milium, g Edw. i^'. But 

the manors of Selcroft and Whitcham, were in another 

family 9 Edw. 2"*^., as appears by a fine thereof levied 

between William Corbett and Alicia his wife querentes, and 

John de Corney deft. 

Whitbeck. Some deal westward under the mountains 

stands the church or chapel of Whitbeck, which William 

Morthing, Lord of Whitbeck, gave by fine levied to the 

prior and convent of Coning-Seai in the 45th year of Hen. 
3rd. 

These Morthings and Corbets were antiently seated in 
Milium. I have seen of their names in writings and 
evidences made in the time of K. Hen., or Edw. 2°"^., and 
to have been men of good worth and quality there, as 
namely one William de Morthing, and John de Morthing, 
William Corbet, and Radulph Corbet. Diverse of the 
Corbets seated themselves in Scotland, in those famous 
wars of K. Edw. i^'., where their posterity do remain to 
this day. 

BooTLE. Next unto Whitbeck, in the Common High 
Street, more toward the west is Butle, where of old stood 
a mansion of the Couplands. They bear for arms. Or, a 
bend sable, a canton and two barrs gules. I have seen a 
register of their descent, namely : 

Sir Richard Cowpland, Knt. 

Alane Cowpland, son of Sir Richard. 

Richard Cowpland, son of Alan, who 
died seised of Buile, 26 Edw. i^'. 

John Cowpland, son of Richard. 

Richard Cowpland, son of John. 
They continued in the issue male till the time of K. Rich. 
2, and K. Hen. 4, and now their lands are transferred into 
other famines. 

CoRNEY. The manor of Corney lyes next Butle in 
Milium, more toward the north-east under the mountains 



EGREMONT. — [MILLUM] . I7 

upon the top of lesser hills. Corney is called also Cornhow, 
and Corno. Of this place, the posterity of Michael le 
Falconer and himself took the sirname of Corney, for they 
had a feoffment thereof antiently in the time of K. John, 
and K. Hen. 3. 

Seaton. And nearer the sea westward is seated the nun- 
nery of Seaton, of the endowment of the antient Lords of 
Milium confirmed by the barons of the seignory of Egre- 
mont to the nuns there : which did remain until by the late 
suppression of abbeys it came to the Crown. Hen. 8* 
gave the scite and lands there unto his servant Sir Hugh 
Askew, and his heirs. This knight descended from one 
Thurston de Bosco, who lived in the days of King John, 
and had a feoffment from the Lords of Kirksanton of a 
place then called the Aikskeugh or Oakwood, and from a 
poor estate was raised to great honour and preferment by 
his service to K. Hen. S^^ in his house ordinary, and in 
the field at the seige of Bullen and wars of France. But 
it is now become the lands of the Penningtons. 

To John Huddleston who married Johan, the daughter 
and heir of Adam de Milium, and was in her right Lord 
of Milium, K. Henry the 3rd granted, in the 35th year 
of his reign, liberty to keep a fair and market in Milium. 

MuLCASTER. The next fee unto Milium, holden im- 
mediately of the barony of Egremont, is Mulcaster, seated 
on the north side of the seignory of Milium. The manor 
is bounded between the river Eske and a little rill or beck 
called Mite.* It is in form a long ridge or rising ground of 
hills from the foot of Eske, extended along between those 
rivers unto the great and vast mountains belonging to 
Egremont in Eskdale, Wastdale, and Mitredale. There 
are not many under fees belonging to this mannor. 

The place is now corruptly named Moncaster, howbeit 



* The parish of Muncaster or Mulcaster includes the manor of that name, 
which is without Milium, and the manor of Birkby (Brettaby ante, p. 13) which 
is within. Editor. 



l8 EGREMONT. 

the right name is Mulcastre or Meol-castre, of an old 
castle there towards the water side near unto Eskmeal, 
which was the antient dwelling place of the Penningtons, 
and is yet visible in the ruins, they call it the Old Walls ;* 
(for their present mansion house is of later erection, made 
by some of them), much better and more conveniently set 
for state and avoidance of the air, and sharp distempers 
from the sea). It was called the Meolcastre or Mulecastre, 
from the meal on which it antiently stood, and it is accor- 
dingly written Mulecastre and Mealcastre, in all their old 
evidences and records. Eskmeal (whereon the antient 
castle stood), is a plain low dry ground at the foot of Esk, 
between the mountains and the sea, which sort of grounds 
lying under the mountains and promontories into or at the 
sea, are commonly called mules, or metis, as it were the 
entrance or mouth from the sea into a river or such like 
place, as this meal of Esk, Kirksanton meil, Cartmeil, 
Mealholm, the Mule of Gallowav, and Milium itself, and 
many other such like. 

The estate is now in the possession of Joseph Penning- 
ton Esq., whose ancestors have enjoyed the same ever 
since the Conquest, sometimes collaterally but for the 
most part lineally descending by their issue male to this 
time. They were for the most part knights successively, 
and men of great valour in the king's services, on the 
borders and marches, and in other expeditions where it 
pleased the king to command them. They took their 
name from Pennington in Lancashire, and though this 
mannor (of Mulcasterl, was always theirs as aforesaid, 
yet some have greatly mistaken the same to have been 
first the Mulcasters' patrimony and to have come from 
them to the Penningtons by marriage or purchase. All 



* Now Walls Castle. This is the remains of a Roman villa, standing- close to 
the Roman camp, which names the place. Transactions Ciiinherland and West- 
morland Antiquarian and Archceological Society, vol. iii., pp. 17 and 23, and vol. 
vi., p. 216. 



EGREMONT. IQ 

the Mulcasters are descended from one David de Mul- 
castre the son of Benedict Pennington who lived in King 
John's time. He had two sons John and Adam, called 
both de Mulcaster, and so their posterity take their sir- 
name of the place where their first ancestor David died.* 

Ravenglass. Ravenglass, now a village, antiently a 
green of ferns, (corruptly called of two Irish words Rainigh 
ferns and Glass green), was antiently another fee of Egre- 
mont. It stands at the foot of Esk, where, by King John's 
grant made to Richard Lucy, then Lord of Egremont, dated 
the tenth year of that king's reign, was kept a market and a 
fair yearly in right of the haven there by the Lords of 
Egremont, as Lords paramount, and the same Richard 
Lucy, in the same year, confirmed by fine levied to the 
mesne Lords and terrtenants all the land and fee of Raven- 
glass, namely to Alan Pennington, WiUiam FitzHugh, 
and Roger FitzEdward, to hold the same of the said 
William and his heirs, and gave them moreover estovers 
to make their fishgarths in the river Esk, which is con- 
tinued to this day. The Penningtons have long enjoyed 
the mannor and other lands there now adjoyning. 

Carleton. Between Mite and the river Irt, at the sea 
stands Carleton, and on the other side of Irt, Dregg another 
fee of Egremont, now the Penningtons' land. Carleton was 
first villa rusticata, a town of husbandry and then called 
Karlston, then as now inhabited by Carls {i.e., husbandmen) 
but afterwards made a demesne. 



* Gamell de Pennington. 

I 
Benedict de Pennington. 



I I 

Alanus. David de Mulcaster. 

I ^ I 

Alan. 



John. Adam. -, , 

Mulcaster. 



John. 

I Johanna. Robert 

William. 



20 EGREMONT. 

Dregg. Dregg on the other side of Irt, had great sort of 
oaks in the elder times, and thereof the Scots and inhabi- 
tants (at and before the Conquest), called the mannor Dregg 
of Derig or Dergh, which is oak in the Scottish or Irish 
language. And much old wood beaten down with the wind 
from the sea is yet digged up out of the mosses and wet 
grounds there, as in diverse other places in the country. 
And in Scotland there are several places which got their 
names from Derigg, oaks; as Glendergh, and some others in 
Cumberland as Dundragh. And in our English, Aikton, 
Aikhead, Aikskeugh, &c. 

In King Henry 2"^^, time the Estutevilles were possessed 
of this mannor. The whole patrimoney descended by a 
daughter to the Lord Baldwin Wake, Baron of Liddal, 
when Henry 3""^ reigned, of, which Baldwin, William the 
son of Thomas de Greystock, and the Lady Adingham in 
Fourness, in the tenth year of Ed. i^'., held a knight's fee 
between them in Dregg. And in the 29th Ed. 1°'., the 
Abbot of Calder, Patrick Culwen, and the Lady Margaret 
Multon, held Dregg of John de Graystock, and of John the 
son of Robert Harrington, and they over of John Wake. 

Irton. a little above Carleton, on the south side of Irt, 
stands the mannor and town of Irton and Irtondale, which 
are so named of the river Irt. The antient family of the 
Irtons took their first sirname of this town and seat of 
Irton, which yet continues in their name and blood to this 
day. One of their younger sons named Radulph, by his 
painful diligence in study and learning became the 8th 
Bishop of Carlisle, in the beginning of K. Ed. i". reign. 

Above Irton, in the fells and mountains, lies a waste 
forest ground full of red deer, which was called the 
Wastdale, now Wasdale, the inheritance of the Earl of 
Northumberland: and before, the Lucys' lands, being a 
parcel of their third part of the Barony of Egremont, which 
Thomas Lucy got with his wife Margaret, one of the 
daughters and co-heirs of John Multon, last of that name 
Baron of Egremont. 



EGREMONT. 21 

GosFORD. Above Dregg lies the parish manner and town 
of Gosford whereof the Gosfords an antient family in those 
parts took their sirname. Robert Gosford the last of their 
house, left his lands to be divided amongst five co-heirs. 
I. Mariotte, the wife of Adam Caddy, eldest daughter and 
co-heir of Robert Gosford. 2. Isabel, the wife of Henry 
Huscock, his second daughter. 3. Johan, the wife of 
John Garth, his third daughter. 4. Ellen, the wife of 
William Kirkby, his fourth daughter. And 5. John Mul- 
ton, the son of Agnes Estholme the fifth daughter and 
co-heir of Robert Gosford. In the second year of K. Ed. 
3'^'*., Sarah the widow of Robert Leyburn held Caddy's 
part, John Penyston Kirkby's part, and the said John 
Multon the residue. But now Pennington, Kirkby, and 
Sennus of Seaskall, hold it. 

Hale. Hale in Hen. 3rd's time was the land of Alex- 
ander de Hale ; Agnes and Constance his daughters held 
it 23 Ed. i"., of Thomas Multon of Gilsland, but in Edw. 
2^^. time she is named Christian in John Multon's office. 
The Ponsonbys got Agnes's part, and in Rich. 2^^. time 
William Beauchamp, Robert Harrington or Everington, 
Richard Murthing, and the heir of John Stanley the other 
part. But now Ponsonby holds it wholly. 

Towards the sea coast stands Seaskall Hall, now the 
mansion house of John Sennos, which is so called of this 
word Skale, drawn from the latin Scalinga ad mare a Scale 
or Skeele, for cattle and sheepcot at ye sea. 

Sellowfield. And near it Sellowfield or Sea-low-field 
seated upon the brook that falls from the mountains by 
Calder Abbey. 

Ponsonby. Upon the same brook stands Ponsonby, 
whereof that race of gentlemen the Ponsonbies took their 
name, some of whom yet remain. I read of Alexander the 
son of Richard Ponsonby, who lived about the time of 
Edw. 2"''., and William in Edw. s'''^., and Robert in Rich. 
2"*^. But the said Ponson of whom the place took name, 



22 EGREMONT. 

lived in K. Stephen and Hen. I'K, time. His son John the 
son of Ponson was fined in Hen. 2""^., time because he 
wanted his pledge. It it now the lands of ..... 

Saunton. Saunton was in Hen. 3'''^. time the in- 
heritance of one Alane de Copeland, his capital mansion 
house was in the township of Botle (or Butle), where he 
held lands, (and in Seaton) of the Lord of Milium. And his 
twenty pound lands in Santon, Irton, and Bolton, he held 
of Thomas Multon of Gilsland, who held over of the Lord 
of Egremont. After Alane and Richard his son succeeded 
Alane, John and Richard. And in the 22nd year of Rich. 
2"'^., one Alane son to Richard Copeland held lands there 
in Retrawtrell.* At this present it is Mr. Irtons, and one 
Winders who bought his part of Latus, and he of Mr. 
Lancaster. 

Bolton. Bolton in Copeland was the Waybergthwaites' 
lands in Edw. ist time. One William Waybergthwaite 
held 23rd Ed. i^'., decern libratas terrce there of Thomas 
Multon of Gilsland, and his lands in Waybergthwaite of 
the Lord of Milium. It is at this day the land of Senhous 
and Kirkby. 

Cauder Abbey. And at the other side of this beck is 
seated the Abbey of Cauder, or Caldre, so called from the 
rill or beck falling from the mountains of+ . . into the 
dale where the abbey stands, and thence into the west 
ocean. The water had that name of the Irish inhabitants 
there taken from the form and nature of the place. The 
Abbey as I have read was first founded in the year of Grace 
1134, about the last year of King Hen. i"., when William 
FitzDuncan was Lord of Egremont. Howbeit I think it 
was not perfected till Thomas de Multon finished the 
works and established a greater convent of Monks there. 

* This name is queried in the margin of the Milbourne manuscript : nothing 
like it occurs on the Ordnance Map. Editor. 

f The mountains from whence the beck falls are named Caldfell (perhaps from 
the cold blasts there usually found) and the name seems thence to be derived to 
the rill. Gilpin. 



EGREMONT. 23 

Thomas Multon gave to the Abbey half the mannor of 
Dereham, in the county of Cumberland, with the advowson 
of the church there, " ad sustentationem unius Conventus 
apud Caldram, prceter Conventum ibidem prius statutmn : " 
Ranulp Bonekill confirmed unto them their lands in 
Gilcruse. John Fleming gave JoUan Abbott there the 
patronage of Arloughden with some lands in great Becker- 
met. 

Jollanus was Abbot there 26 Hen. 3''''. 
John - Abbot 30 Hen. 3'"'^. 

Walter - Abbot 40 Hen. 2>"^.* 



St. Brides. Between Cauder Beck and Beckermet 
toward the sea stands St. Brides.t 

Beckermet. A little above St. Brides lies the mannor 
of Beckermet, now and of old the Flemings' lands of 
Rydal, who as mesne Lords between the Barons of Egre- 
mont and the possessors and land tenants of Rotington, 
Frisington, Arloghden, and Weddikar, did hold them as 
fees of Beckermet, and itself as a demesne of the baron as 
a fee of Egremont Barony. The first Fleming that I read 
of was Reginer Fleming whose son John was seized of the 
same in K. Ed. z^^. time and his son Thomas the son of 
John in Ed. 3'''^. time. 

* Cavvder Abbey is now (1687) the inheritance of Richard Patrickson Esq., the 

son of John Patrickson (a younger son of Patrickson of ye How), and 

Bridget one of the daughters of Sir Richard Fletcher the son of Thomas Fletcher 

of Cockermouth. The said Sir Richard Fletcher purchased the Abbey of 

and settled it upon his daughter Bridget, who enjoyed it for some time sole, and 
afterwards conveyed it by marriage to John Patrickson as aforesaid to whom 
she had issue, the said Richard now living and one daughter Bridget married to 

John Aglionby of Drawdykes Esq. The Patricksons give for arms Arg. 3 

greyhounds currant sable ferreted being the same coat with the Briscoes excepting 
only the terretts, but query for secundum P. the Patricksons' arms are Or a Bar 
between 3 greyhounds currant Sable. GiLPlN. 

For an accmnt of this abbey, and of its founder, and a list of the abbots, see 
papers by the Rev. A. G. I^oftie, Transactions, Cumberland and Westmorland 
Antiq. ArchcE. Society, vol. viii. and ix. Editor. 

t Evidently left unfinished. Editor. 



24 EGREMONT. 

St. Bees. The church of St. Begh* was antiently a 
parish church erected and dedicated in honour of an Irish 
woman (named by some writers Begogh) sometime there, 
of great sanctimony, whereupon the town was first called 
Kirkby Begogh, i.e., villa sive habitatio ad Fanum Begce, 
and by that name of Kirkby Begogh the church, rectory, 
and town, (containing then seven great carucates of land) 
were given to the abbey of St. Marie's at York, by William 
de Meschines, then Lord of Egremont barony, and by him 
made a cell of York Abbey. t He also laid the first founda- 
tion of the priory, and that church which now standeth 
and endowed it. And his brotherj Randolph Meschines 
gave lands in Annerdale, or Annanderdale, and half a 
carucat of land in Egremont, and other nobles, barons, 
and gentlemen of the county did afterwards contribute 
unto the same, till it became, of a small foundation, a 
priory of good revenue able to support a prior and six 
monks there at all times and to defray all charges of 
building and other necessaries of the house yet always as 
cell of York untill it was dissolved by Hen. Sth. The 
name Begogh is Irish, derived of two words Beg-og, which 
by interpretation are englished Little Young. 

The bounders of William Meschines aforesaid which he 
gave the priory are in these words : " Totam terrain et totuin 
Feodum inter has divisas viz : a pede de Whitofthaven ad Ketel 
et per Ketel donee cadit in Egre et per Egre quousque cadit in 
mare." Retell runneth from off Whilly mere by Cleetar 
and Egremont and so into Eyn at Egremont : Egre is the 
foot of Eyn which falleth out of Eynerdale. 

* Benedictus de Roting-ton pro salute animae &c., gave Deo & Sancte Marise 
Eboracensis & Sanctae Beg;ae in Couplandia et Monachis ibidem Deo servientibus 
in libera Elemosina decern acras terrse et tres particas de solio meo in campo de 
Rotington quarum duae acrae et dimidium jacent in . . . vocato Kenelflat, item 
una acra quae vocatur Garebrad jacet juxta terram sanctae Begae quae vo'catur 
Kirkland. Testibus Uno Gilberto de Wyr . . . Dno Mich : de Haverint^ton 
Dno Thoma de Cleterge, Roberto de Branthayth Hugone de Moriceby et aliis. 

„ Gilpin. 

•f- A.D. 1 140. Gilpin. 
j This is queried in the Scaleby MS. \t should be " son." Editor. 



EGREMONT. 25 

Eynerdale. Alnanderdale is that which is now called 
Eynerdale, a town and chapelry in the fells above Egre- 
mont. To this priory and abbey of St. Mary's at York, 
Waldeof as Lord of AUerdale son of Earl Gospatrick gave 
Stainburn, that prayers should be said there for the souls 
and health of K, Hen. i". Matilda his wife, the donor, 
his wife children ancestors and successors. The charter 
made to Thurstan, Archbishop of York, &c. 

RoTiNGTON. Rotington villa ad prata Rotinge, so called 
because it was usually haunted with Barnacles, Rotgeese, 
and wild fowl before it was inhabited. It it now the 
mansion house of Henry* Sands, the Lord or owner 

thereof of that name according to the following pedigree 
viz :t 

Their ancestor Sands in the year of King 

had by it from Rotington. J But of 

what house or name the Rotingtons came I cannot say 
unless^ they were some younger brother of the Flemings 
for it is a fee of Beckermet. I read in a deed in K. John's 
time Robert de Rotington to be a witness and one Reynold 
de Rotington in K. Hen. 2""^. time. 

Whitehaven. Whithaven or Whit-toft-haven is a 
creek in the sea at the north end of a great bergh or rising 
hill there which is washed with the flood on the west side 
where is a great rock or quarry of white hard stone which 



* The Sands of Roting^ton (called in old writings de Sabulonibus) were originally 
seated upon Burgh Sands where they had their capital house at a place called to 
this day Sandsfield from which they took their sirname. 

Sands the last heir male of that name being dissatisfied as 'tis said, with the 
loss of a mistress, sold his estate at Rotington to Curwen of Workington, and 
went into Ireland, where he died. And Rotington is now (1687) in the possession 
of Henry Curwen of Workington Esq. being advanced by the Curwens to a far 
greater value than it was in the hands of the Sands. The Curwens purchased it 
for ;f 700 and it is now reckoned to be worth ,^300 p. an. GiLPIN. 

t A gap is left for the pedigree in the Scaleby MS. In the margin is [Wm. 
Sands, t. H. 8]. Editor. 

J These gaps are in the Scaleby MS. Editor. 

§ It was antiently given to a younger brother of the Flemings who took their 
sirname of Rotington, from whence it came to the Sands, and from them by sale 
to the Curwens of Workington. It now belongs to Mr. Eldred Curwen, a younger 
brother of the half blood to Tho. Curwen of Workington Esq. Sir D.F's MS. f 



26 EGREMONT. 

gives name to the village and haven. A very little rill 
there falls into the sea which makes the harbour where 
small b?,rks may enter and be defended by the hill from 
the tempests and winds. It was belonging to St. Beghs 
of antient time, for the Abbott of York in Edw. i^*. time 
was impleaded for wreck, and his liberties there by the 
King which he claimed from the foundation and to be 
confirmed by Richard Lucy in K. John's time to his pre- 
decessors.* 

Hensingham. Hensingham or Hansingham Villa ad 
pratinn Johannis is a manner and town there now pur- 
chased by Thomas Salkeld of Satre, from Thomas Skelton 
of Branthwaite. It was holden of the Abbott of St. 
Marie's at York, per quartam partem feodi militis by the 
Skeltons in the time of K. Hen. 6'", But Mr. Robert de 
Branthwaite held a moiety thereof of Adam de Moresby, 
4 Ed. i^'., together with the manner of Branthwaite, per 
Servicium unius denarii per annum ad Natale Domini pro om- 
nibus serviciis. It descended from the Branthwaites to the 
Lords of Banton, and from thence to the Skeltons who 
married the coheir of Thomas de Whitrigg, Lord of little 
Banton. At the conquest one Gillesby or rather Gillesbred 
held the same, whose sons Roger and William granted to 
ye Abbey of York duas Bovatas in Hensingham et terrain de 
de Snartheved. Hence came the tenure to the Abbott. 
A lanus filius Ketelli admonitione Christiance uxoris ejus gave 



* Whithaven is (1687) the inheritance of Sir John Lowtherof Whitehaven Bart, 
descended from a younger son of the Lowthers of Lowther, viz : the son of Sir 
Christopher Lowther Bart., younger son of Sir John Lowther of Lowther, father 
of Sir John Lowtherof Lowther, grandfather to Sir John Lowtherof Lowther now 
living. Gilpin. ' 

For the above note the following has been substituted in the Milbourne MS 
— Editor. 

Whitehaven is now (1749) the possession of Sir James Lowther, Bart, and 
has by the care and industry of that family since they were owners thereof arisen 
from a small village and inconsiderable creek to a well built populous town and a 
safe harbour for ships of any burthen. From whence besides the exportation of 
coals to Ireland &c., a gieat trade is carried on to Virginia and other parts of the 
West Indies, also to Norway &c. 



EGREMONT. 27 

Milnestones to the Abbott of Holme Cultram — infra divisas 
tevv(Z S.S. Hensingham. 

Arlokenden. Arloghden now corruptly called Arloken- 
den, Arnaden and Arladen, is parcel of the seignory of 
Beckermit, a ffee thereof. The place was so named by the 
Irish,* and gives name to the parish, town, and a family of 
gentlemen called Harlakenden, of whose issue male there 
are yet remaining some in the south parts. John le 
Fleming gave the patronage of the rectory to Jollan abbot 
of Caldre, in the 26 Hen. 3'''^. The lay fee was the in- 
heritance of . . . whose three daughters and co-heirs 
transferred their patrimony to the Harringtons, Lam- 
plughs, and ... in King John's time. 

Eynerdale. Eynerdale sallis ad Eyn, both the town and 
parish now called by the inhabitants. The Irish named it 
Lough-Eanheh Lacus vuliicrum, of the fowls that bred there 
in the islands; and the river Oonh-Eanheh and the dale 
Eanor or Ar-ean. The Saxons still retaining the Irish 
name called the bottom and valley Enerdale. It was at 
the Conquest desmene land of Copeland in William Mes- 
chines time, but his sont Randolph Meschines gave it 
to the Abbey of York, and half a carucat in Egremont, or 
as I think but some part of Enerdale, for it was Harring- 
ton's part of the demesn of Egremont in the partition of 
John Multon's three co-heirs, and descended to the 
Boyvills, and to the Grays and Parrs Marquess of Dorset, 
and now to Queen Elizabeth as an escheat for want of 
issue of Parr. 

Frisington. Frisington was antiently a gentleman's 
seat of that name, whose last heir male in Hen 4"^. time 
left three daughters and co-heirs viz : Johan, the wife of 
Richard Gaitfald ; Agnes, the wife of John Lowson ; and 
Ma. the wife of John Atkinson, who sold it to Wm. Lighe, 



* Ar-floghe-daen ad Humidum profundum vallis. Gilpin. 
t The Scaleby MS. has " son," and queries it in the margin ; the modern one 
'brother." "Son " is correct. Editor. 



28 EGREMONT. 

with whose posteritie it continued till Henry the son of 
Thomas the son of William sold the same to Anthony 
Patrickson, now owner thereof. It is a fee of Beckermit 
and holden of Fleming. 

Kelton. Kelton or Ketelton, villa Ketelli, was first a 
parcel of Lamplugh, and made a village by Ketellus, the 
son of Eldred and Saltre the capital messuage and demesne 
there was afterwards given by Gospatrick, the son of Orme 
the son of Retell, to the Abbey of York in frank alms. 
The Abbot made Satre a part of the cell of . . . But 
Kelton continued always a lay ffee and is the inheritance 
of one Moorhouse, grandchild to . . . wife to . . . 
Moorhouse, sometime laundress to Queen . . who gave 
Kelton to them and their heirs male. It escheated to the 
crown for want of issue in the Lord Marquess of Northamp- 
ton, Wm. Parr heir to the barons of Kendal, and to 
the Harringtons of Harrington, and Adingham. Parr 
was heir to the Marquis of Dorset Gray who had right 
thereunto by Cicely the Lord William Boyville's daughter 
and heir: her grandmother was daughter and heir to the 
Harringtons of Harrington. Kelton was holden as a ffee 
of Beckermit until the Lord Paramount's heir (3 copar- 
ceners) Elizabeth daughter of Thomas Multon transferred 
the seignory to Robert Harrington, and thereby ex- 
tinguished the mesualty of the Lordship of Beckermit. At 
the surpression of Abbies Dr. Lighe bought Saltre, and 
now Thomas Salkeld brother to Lancelot Salkeld of the 
Whitehall, doth enjoy the same by purchase from Hen. 
Lighe son to Thomas son to William brother to the Dr. 

Lamplugh. Lamplugh in the fells is that manor house 
and seignory in the barony of Egremont which gave name 
to the antient family of Lamplughs, a race of valorous 
gentlemen successively for their worthyness knighted in 
the field all or the most part of them. They bear for arms 
a sable cross batuny fleurie in a field d'or. Their issue 
male enjoyed the same from the Conquest or near that 



EGREMONT. 29 

time to this day. The first Lord of Lamplugh that I read 
of, was William de Lancaster, who exchanged Working- 
ton and Lamplugh with Gospatrick the son of Orme, 
Lord of Seaton beneath Derwent, for Middleton in Lons- 
dale. This Wm. de Lancaster was a great baron, his 
lands lay about Kendal, in Westmorland. He was a great 
commander under Hen. 2"'^., in the wars against David of 
Scotland and Earl Henry his son, in those parts, and 
helped to recover the counties of Cumberland and 
Northumberland from the Scots, which K. Stephen had 
given them. By that exchange Lamplugh became the 
Lord of Seaton's lands. The said Gospatrick held it all 
his time, but after his death, his son Thomas gave it to 
one Robert de Lamplugh and his heirs for paying yearly 
a pair of gilt spurs to the Lord of Workington. This 
Robert held it in Hen. z^^., and when Rich. i'''. reigned. 
After Robert's death it descended to Adam his son in King 
John's time. To which Adam Richard de Lucy, then 
Lord of Egremont, and all Copeland, as Lord Paramount 
of Lamplugh, confirmed the same and other things, as 
Murton and Arlockden, unto him and his heirs, with 
diverse immunities. After Adam it descended according 
to the following unto John Lamplugh Esq., now Lord of 
the same. 

Wm. de Lancastre. 

Gospatrick the son of Orme. 

Thomas son of Gospatrick. 

Robert de Lamplugh temp. H. 2"<^. and Rich. 1='. 

Adam de Lamplugh temp. K. John. 

Robert de Lamplugh temp. Hen. '^'^. 

William de Lamplugh. 

Robert de Lamplugh. 

John de Lamplugh. 

Radulph Lamplugh. 

Thomas Lamplugh. 



30 EGREMONT. 

John Lamplugh. 

John Lamplugh 

Thomas Lamplugh. 

John Lamplugh. 

John Lamplugh. 

John Lamplugh. 

John Lamplugh the present owner thereof.* 



The place was originally named Glan-Llough or Glan- 
fillough of the Irish inhabitants before the conquest, which 
word signifies the wet dale, Vallis humida, and thereof is 
formed that present word Lamplugh or Lanflogh. 

MuRTON. Murton or Moortown, villa ad Ericetum, is 
next unto Lamplugh westward, and is now the inheri- 
ance of John Lamplugh Esq. Of old his ancestors enjoyed 
the same, and enjoyed great liberties thereby, as to arrest 
and hold plea of greater nature than debt or detinue. Sir 
John Lamplugh held the same in Ed. 2"^"^. time and before 
I read of three of another family successively, grand- 
father, father and son, Gerard, Roger and Adam de Morton 
which have taken their sirname of the place. Morten is 
within the parish of Lamplugh, and is holden of Egremont 
immediately. But Lamplugh itself of Workington. 

LowESWATER. Loweswater lacus in valle vel proftmdo 
is the name of a great lake in the vale next to Lamplugh 
on the east side. It gives name to the town and parish 
church adjoyning, and was the lands of Randal Lyndsey 
in King Hen. 2"^*. time. In the 4th of Richard i". William 
Lyndsey sued a writ of right against Henry Clerk, of 
Apulby, the Countess of Albemarle and Nicholas Stute- 



* John Lamplugh (Coll), died Nov. i6S8. 
Thomas Lamplugh, his son. Gilpin. 



EGREMONT. 3I 

ville, for Loweswater and other lands. And in the 16 
Edw. i^'. it was antient demesne of Egremont, and by the 
partition between the two daughters and co-heirs of 
Richard Lucy, it was allotted to the moiety of Alan Mul- 
ton and Alice his wife as the 20th part of the barony of 
Egremont. Thomas Multon, calling himself Lucy after 
his mother's name, seated himself there, and bought of the 
Moresbies, Brackenthwait, in exchange of the moiety of 
Dissington, and also Thackthwaite, of an Agnes Dundraw 
the wife of Roger Lindby, which he gave in marriage to 
his sister Margaret the wife of Thomas Stanley, and her 
heirs. Howbeit it reverted to the heirs of Thomas Lucy 
and descended to Maud Lucy, who gave it and the rest of 
her patrimony to her 2nd husband the Earl of Northum- 
berland, in whose blood it continued till his posterity gave 
the same to K. Hen. 8*., who sold it to one Robinson, 

a priest whose heir did alien to Stanley, master of the 

mint : Sir Edw. Herbert and his wife daughter and heir to 
Stanley, sold it to Anthony Patrickson now lord thereof. 

Moresby. Morisceby or Mauriceby, now Moresby, took 
name first of one Maurice, who first seated himself there, 
the ruins of whose mansion house yet appearing approves 
the same. In that time when a gentleman placed his 
capital messuage or mansion house forth of a town or an 
antient village he named the same after his own name, as 
this Mauriceby, and such other in the country, viz : 
Gamelsby of Gamel, Etardby of Etard, Ormesby of Orme, 
so Crosby, Canonby, Richardby, Botchardby, Scotby, 
Terriby, Huberby, Alanby, &c., one part of the word re- 
membermg their names and the termination Bee or By 
their being a building there. And as the said Maurice 
gave name to this place so in success of time the same 
gave sirname to his successors there who were called 
Moresbies or Morescebys, the eldest of which family that 
I have yet read of was one Uckman, who gave land in 



32 EGREMONT. 

Harrays and comon in Morisceby, to the Abbey of Holme 
Cultram.* 

DisTiNGTON. Distington, villa ad pratum Disting, lies 
between Harrington and Moresby, it is so called of the low 
wet meadow grounds there and was the inheritance of 
Sir Gilbert, the son of Gilbert de Dundraw (who was son 
to Odard Lord of Wigton barony, called Odardus de Logis), 
he lived in Rich i" and K. John's time, and was Lord of 
Distington, Dundraw, and Crofton. He gave lands to the 
Abbey of Holme Cultram and the priory of Carlisle in 
Distington and Crofton. He had issue Isolda wife to Adam 
de Tinnow. They gave the fourth part of Distington and 
the advowson of the rectory to Thomas, the son of Lam- 
bert de Multon, An. 42 Hen. 3'"^. And he had issue, Ada 
the wife of Stephen de Crofton, who gave their part of 
Distington to Thomas de Moresby and Margaret Lucy his 
wife, An. 6 Ed. i". Margaret did exchange it with her 
brother Thomas Lucy, for lands in Thackthwait, and 
Thomas the same with the Moresbies, for Brackenthwait 
and Lowswater. 

Harrington. Haverington, now Harrington, lies be- 
tween Distington and Workington, and was at the Conquest 
parcel of the inheritance of . . . Lord of . . . and 
is holden of Workington. This place gave name to the 
first of the Harringtons also Haveringtons of which house 
there sprung divers families, as that of Wetherslack, of 



* Moresby is now (16S7) the capital seat of the chief family of ye Fletcher's 
William Fletcher Esq. being present Lord thereof as heir in the 3rd or 4th descent 
to Henry Fletcher of . . . who purchased the same of . . . a.d. The 
said Henry had 3 sons; from the eldest descended this present VVm. Fletcher, 
from Lancelot his 2nd son came George, and from him Lancelot, and from him' 
Henry now alive. They enjoyed Tallantire (which they had by purchase An. 
from Dame Ratcliffe) and other lards to a considerable value near Cockermouth 
which were after sold by George to Sir Richard Fletcher of Hutton his cousin 
german, but Tallen tyre is still in their possession. And from Thomas the youngest 
son of the sd first Henry, the Fletchers of Hutton are descended Wm 
Fletcher present Lord of Moresby married one of the daughters of Sir Henry 
Fletcher of Hutton, Bart. Gilpin. ■' 



EGREMONT. 33 

Aldingham, in Fourness in Lancashire, of Beamont in 
Cumberland, and one in Rutlandshire. The oldest were 
Lords of Harrington, and married the heir general de 
sanguine of Seaton, and therefore confirmed Flemingby 
to the Abbey of Holm Cultram, but he got not the lordship 
of Seaton, for his wife died in the grandfather's time who 
gave the land to her uncle Patrick de Culwen. Afterwards 
they married the sister and heir of William Cancessfield, 
whose father Richard Cancessfield married AHcia the daur. 
and heir of William and sister and heir of Michael Flem- 
ing of Adingham, in Hen. 3"^= time. And in Ed, 3'^'^^ time 
they married with the third co-heir of John de Multon 
Lord of Egremont, and at the last a daughter transferred 
the inheritance to the Bonvills, whose daughter Cicely did 
in like sort the same with the Bonvills' lands to Thomas 
Gray, son of John Marquis of Dorset. They held it three 
descents and lastly it fell to the crown by escheat from the 
death of Wm. Parr Marquis of Northampton. Another 
Harrington married the daughter and one of the two co- 
heirs of Bastingthwaite, whose last rebelled with Martin 
Thwai'th ; another married the third co-heir of Robert 
Brune of Bothill, and had her purparty. 

Workington. Next unto Harrington, between it and 
the foot of the river Darwent towards the sea, stands 
Workington Hall, now the mansion house and chief seat of 
Nicholas Curwen Esq., Lord of the manor of Workington 
in the barony of Egremont, and of the manor of Seaton 
on the other side of Darwent in the barony of Allerdale. 
A gentleman* descended of an honourable and great parent- 
age continually in the issue male from one Ketellus or 
Ketell his first ancestor (that I read of), who lived in 
William the Conqueror's time or in the days of William 
Rufus his son the next king of England, about which time 

* For the Curwen pedigree see the Curtvens of IVorkivgton Hall, by W. Jack- 
son, F.S.A. Transactions Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and 
Archsological Society, vol. v., p. 182. Editor. 



34 EGREMONT. 

time I read of this Ketellus, but without any certainty of 
his father or from whom he descended or in what place 
or country he was seated. There was one Ketellus Lord 
of Newton, and another Ketellus the son of Ulff, a wit- 
ness to diverse antient evidences and deeds of feoffment 
made near that time, which neither in respect of the time 
nor place I may probably think to be the same. 

The first Lord of Workington after the Conquest was 
Wm. de Lancastre, who by the consent of William his son 
and heir, gave the towns of Workington and Lamplugh to 
Gospatrick the son of Orme the son of Ketell, in exchange 
for the town of Middleton in Lonsdale in Westmorland, 
where the said William de Lancastre had other large pos- 
sessions. And he did reserve to himself and his heirs a 
yearly rent of 6d. ad Nundinas Carleoli or a pair of gilt 
spurs, and bound Gospatrick and his heirs to do him 
homage and discharge his foreign service for the same to 
the barony or castle of Egremont. To this deed of ex- 
change was witness Ketell the son of Ulff. 

To this Orme the son of Ketell, one Waldeof the son of 
Gospatrick Earl of Dunbar in Scotland, and then being 
Lord of Allerdale, by the gift of Earl Randolph Meschines 
gave the manner of Seaton beneath Darwent, parcel of the 
said barony in frank marriage with Gunhild his sister. 
And the towns of Cambmerton, Graysothen, and Fleming- 
by. 

Seaton. And so became Seaton a mannor and the said 
Orme first Lord (after the Conquest) of ye same. The 
walls and ruins of his mansion house are to be seen there 
at Seaton to this day. 

The said Orme the son of Ketell had issue a son and 
heir by his wife Gunhild the Lord Waldeof's sister, whom 
he named Gospatrick after the name of Gunhild's father. 

To this Gospatrick the son of Orme and his heir, his 
cousin german Alan second Lord of Allerdale son and 
heir to the said Waldeof gave high Ireby which continued 
the Curwens' lands. 



EGREMONT. 35 

The said Gospatrick the son of Orme, was the first of 
his house that was Lord of Workington, by the aforesaid 
exchange made with William de Lancastre, and second 
Lord of the manor of Seaton. He had issue Thomas, 
Gilbert, Adam, Orme, and Alexander, who took their sir- 
names as the manner was in that age of their father's 
name and were called Thomas fil Gospatricii, Gilbert fil 
Gospatric, &c. 

Gospatrick their father gave two parts of the fishing in 
Darwent and Flemingby to the abbey of Holme Cultram, 
with all the appendices except Waitcroft, which he gave to 
the priory of Carlisle, which Waitcroft John then prior of 
Carlisle regranted to Thomas fil Gospatrick his heir, to 
be holden of the priory freely, paying yearly 7s. rent at 
Pentecost and Martinmass. 

Thomas son of Gospatrick, son and heir of Gospatrick, 
succeeded his father in the inheritance. And had issue 
Thomas the son of Thomas the son of Gospatrick, Pat- 
rick, and Alan. 

To this Thomas the son of Gospatrick, one Rolland the 
son of Ughtred the son of Fargus sometime Lord of 
Galloway, gave the great Lordship of Culwen in Galloway 
in Scotland, in which grant the brothers of the said Thomas, 
Alexander and Gilbert sons of Gospatrick, and Thomas 
and William sons of the said Gilbert, are mentioned as 
witnesses. The said Thomas the son of Gospatrick, con- 
firmed his father's grant of Flemingby to the abbey and 
convent of Holm Cultram, and gave them the whole fishing 
of Darwent, which Thomas the son of Thomas, confirmed 
unto them. And the said Thomas the son of Gospatrick 
gave Lamplugh to Robert de Lamplugh and his heirs to 
be holden of him by paying yearly two gilt spurs. And 
he gave to Patrick his second son Culwen in Galloway. 

Thomas son of Gospatrick, died Dec. 7, a.d. 1152, and was buried in Shapp 
Abbey in Westmorland, to which he was a great benefactor. Sir D. F's MS. 



36 EQREMONT, 

The said Patrick the son of Thomas the son of Gospat- 
rick, by the death of his eldest brother Thomas, the son of 
Thomas, succeeded as next heir to Thomas his father, and 
was called Patrick* Culwen de Workington. He pulled 
down the mannor house at Seaton, and dwelt thenceforth 
at Workington. And from him all his posterity were called 
in Culwen. He gave Cambmerton to his brother Alan1 
which was before a parcel of Seaton and bounded it forth. 
From that Alan the Cambmertons took their name. 
Gilbert de Culwen the son of Patrick de Workington was 
Sheriff of Cumberland 3 Ric. 2°^. 

Brigham. Brigham villa ad pontem was one of the five 
towns which William Meschines Lord of Copeland gave 
to Waldeof Lord of Allerdale at the Conquest. Waldeof 
gave Brigham to Dolphin (the son of Ailward, together 
with little Crosby Applethwaite and Langrig), in frank 
marriage with Matilda his sister. After some descents it 
fell to sisters, for in the 40th year of Hen. t,^^ Beatrice de 
Lowther and Thomas de Huthwaite gave their part of the 
rectory of Brigham to Isabel Countess of Albermarle, then 
Lady Paramount of Allerdale, who in the 8th Ed. i^' 
impleaded Robert de Yenwith and Alice his wife for the 
rectory, but after they agreed by a fine levied, that the 
Countess and the heirs of Isabel the wife of Walter 
Twinham, the daughter of the said Alice, the wife of Yen- 
with, should present alternis vicibus. In the 8th Ed. i'" 
Gilbert Huthwaite held the moiety of Brigham, and after 
that the Swinburnes of Huthwaite ever enjoyed that part, 
and it is this day in the possession of John Swinburn. 
The other moiety descended from Walter Twinham to 
Adam Twinham his son, who died seised thereof 35 Ed. 
i«. And Walter the son of Adam Twinham gave the 
rectory by fine unto John Harcla and his heirs 13 Ed. 2°'^ 
And by the attainder of Andrew Harcla Earl of Carlisle, 

* I find Patricius fil Thomse de Workington witness to a deed. G. 
t This Alan is witness to a deed 8 Ed. I. G. 



EGREMONT. 37 

the rectory was seised to the king, though he stood seised 
in trust to the use of Henry Harcla son and heir to John 
Harcla. 

Wythope. Wythorpe salicum convallis was a wast 
piece of Allerdale above Darwent, and consequently within 
the barony of Egremont. It lies upon Darwent where it 
becomes a greai: lake between Emelthwaite and Thorn- 
thwaite. Dame Alice Lucy the second daughter and 
co-heir of Richard Lucy, and wife to Alan de Multon, 
second son to Thomas Multon, who married the widow of 
Richard Lucy, gave Withorp and half of Whinfell, now 
Lorton, the eighth part of Broughton and certain corn out 
of Aspatrick mill, and three messuages and thirty acres of 
land in Caldbeck, unto John Lucy her son by the said 
Alan Multon, whom she named Lucy and not Multon, be- 
cause that Lucy was the greater family. And, for that her 
elder sister Annabell, who married Lambert Multon, did 
continue the name and arms of Thomas Multon their 
father in the family of Egremont, she caused her children 
to be named Lucy and gave the Lucys' coat to her pos- 
terity. She reserved of Withope a penny rent service or 
a pair of spurs and after it was inhabited it was worth 
£"10 per annum. The residue was worth ^^8 as. 2d., and 
there she reserved a rent service of -^3 per annum. The 
said John Lucy lived in the time of Hen. 3'''^ and Ed. i", 
and dyed in the time of Ed. 2"*^, about the 8th year of his 
reign. Hugh Lowther the son of Hugh Lowther enjoyed 
Withope, for in the 8th year of Ed. 2,'"^, Christian the 
widow of the said John Lucy sued him for her dower in 
Wythope. It descended in the issue male of the Lowthers 
unto Sir Richard Lowther, now knight, according to the 
following pedigree : — 
Hugh Lowther, who dyed 10 Ed. 3'''^. 
Hugh Lowther, Knt., son of Hugh, died 44 Ed. 3'''^. 
Hugh Lowther, son of Sir Hugh and Mary his wife, Ed. 3'^'^. 
Robert Lowther, died 8 Hen. 6'^ 



38 EGREMONT. 

Hugh Lowther, who died 15 Ed. 4"^. 
John Lowther, temp. H. 8"". 

Sir Richard Lowther, temp. Eliz., who sold the same in 
the fourth year of King James, a.d. 1606, unto Richard 
Fletcher* of Cockermouth, chapman (the son of Thomas, 
the son of Henry Fletcher), who now enjoyeth the same 
to him and his heirs for ever and holdeth by the said 
services of Henry now Earl of Northumberland, as heir to 
Henry Piercy the first of that name Earl of Northumber- 
land, to whom Maud Lucy his wife, and last heir of the 
Lucies lands of that name in the 20th year of K. Rich. 
2°d^ gave the seignory of Allerdale. 

Embleton. Embleton, above Darwent, villa Amabilice 
lies next unto Wythope and Seatmurthow on the north- 
west side of Wythope. In the time of Rich, i^* it was 
part of the demense of Allerdale above Darwent. And 
then Robert Courtney, and Dame Alice Romeley his wife, 
one of the three daughters and co-heirs of William Fitz- 
Duncan (Lord of all Allerdale Ward from Duddon to 
Shawk and Wampoll), gave Embleton to Orme de Ireby 
(a younger son of Gospatrick the son of Orme, the son of 

* Thomas Fletcher the father of this Richard who purchased Wythope, was a 
tradesman in Cockermouth, and so was Richard his son after him, whereby they 
gathered together a great estate. But Richard traded not long being content with 
the acquests of his father. He was afterwards knighted, and purchased divers 
lands beside Cockermouth of George Tallantire his cousin german, (the son of 
Lancelot, the son of Henry their common Gd. father). He also purchased Hutton 

of and seated himself there, which after his death descended 

to Henry Fletcher his son, who purchased a baronet's patent. An. . . . Car. 
And was after slain at Chester fight in the quarrels of that king, leaving his estate 
and honour to Sir Geo. Fletcher, Bart, his son and heir, who now (1687) enjoys 
the same and hath made considerable additions to both. His mother was a daur. 

of Dalston of Dalston, He married the Lady .... daur. 

to ... . Lord Coleraine by whom he has issue Henry his eldest son : and 
after her death he married the Lady Mary daur. to the Earl of Annandale in 
Scotland, and widow to Sir Geo. Graham of Netherby, Bart., by whom he had 
issue George his second son. Sir George dyed 23 July, 1700, and was succeeded 
by Sir Hen. Fletcher, Bart., his eldest son. Sir Henry turned papist and died 
in convent in Flanders. He settled his estate upon Thos. Fletcher of Moresby, 
for life remr. to the issue of his body remr. to Henry Vane, second of Mr. Vane 
of Long Newton, coun. Durham, who now enjoys the same. Gilpin, 



EGREMONT. 39 

Ketell Lord of Seaton and Workington), and free com- 
mon pasture in Dockwray and Wythope. This Orme de 
Ireby was seated at High Ireby which his father gave him. 
Of that place his posterity took their sirname and were 
called Irebies. The hamlet Embleton continued in their 
name and possession till the time of K. Ed. 3'^'', according 
to the following pedigree : 

Orme de Ireby 

Thomas 

William 

John 

Thomas who sold the land to Sir John 
Kirkby, Knt. (This Thomas Ireby had issue Wm. Ireby, 
but what became of them afterwards appears not, nor 
doth it appear whether these Irebies are the right heirs 
of the first Orme). In the 3gth year of K. Ed. 3"^'^ Sir 
John de Kirkby Knt. held it in fee, and in the 22nd 
year of Rich. 2°'' one Geoffry Tillioll, in the right of Alice 
his then wife. In the 19th year of Hen. 6"" an assize of 
novel disseisin was brought by Eleanor the daur. of Robert 
Ross Knt. and others against James Kellome and Cathe- 
rine his wife, for Embleton. And 32 H. 6"" the said 
James Kellome and Cath his wife recovered half the lands 
against the said Eleanor Ross. In the 12th year of Edw. 
4* John Pawlett held the same of the Earl of Northum- 
berland. It is now the inheritance of Thomas Braithwaite 
a lawyer. 



(40) 



ALLERDALE BARONY. 

The Barony of The Earl Randolph Meschines gave to 
Allerdale. Waldeof the son of Gospatrick Earl of 
Dunbarr in Scotland the great barony 
of Allerdale, which lieth between the rivers of Darwent 
and Wampool on the south and north parts, and on the 
west side is compassed by the sea, and abutting on the east 
side upon Dalston barony and Sebergham, where it is from 
them divided by the brook called Shawk, which falleth 
down northward into Wathempole or Wampol from Cald- 
beck, and on the other side of the hill by Bowland Beck, 
which falleth southward into Caldbeck beck. Then by the 
same rill running eastward untill it fall into Caldy, which 
river descending between it and Castle Sowerby, and the 
barony of Greystock keeps them asunder there on the 
east side of the mountain Carrak and Grysedale fells. 

It is called Allerdale of the river Alne. It was antiently 
writ Aln-er-dael, viz : the dale upon Aln. This syllable (er) 
being interposed betwixt Aln and Dale which signifies 
" ad " or " apud " at, or, upon, as in other names of places 
of that country, as Miterdale, the Dale upon Mite. Eyner- 
dale, the Dale upon Eyn; Ananderdale, contractly Aner- 
dale, the Dale upon Anand ; Duddenerdale, Dunnerdale, 
the Dale upon Dudden. 

The Lord Wm. Meschines baron of Egremont, brother 
to Earl Randolph, gave to the same Waldeof the son of 
Gospatrick, all the lands between the rivers of Cockar and 
Darwent, and the five towns, Brigham, Eaglesfield, Crake- 
sothen. Dean, and Branthwaite, and the two Cliftons and 
Stainborn, whereby they became united to Allerdale barony 
and are commonly called Allerdale above Darwent, (tho' 
they be within the fejirony of Egremont). As all the estate 



ALLERDALE. 4I 

on the other side of Darwent, for distinction sake is now 
commonly called Allerdale beneath Darwent. 

Waldeuf first baron of Allerdale seated himself first at 
Pap Castle* where he had a mansion house, but afterwards 
he moved to Cockermouth. 

He gave divers mannors within Allerdale to his kinsmen 
and followers viz : to Odard de Logis he gave the barony 
of Wigton which hath five mannors within it, viz : Wigton, 
Kirkbride and Ulton, Waverton, Dundragh, and Blincogow. 

To Odard the son of Lyolf, Tallentyre and Castlerig 
with the forest between Greatey and Colter. 

To Adam the son of Lyolf, Ulndale and Gilcruse. 

To Gamel FitzBrun, Bothill. 

To the Priory of Gisburne, Appleton and Bridekirk with 
the patronage of the Church of Bridekirk. 

To Melbeth his physician, Brumfield Town excepting 
the patronage of the Church there. 

To Waldeof the son of Gilmyn with his sister Uchtreda, 
he gave Brochton, Ribton, Little Brochton, and Bowalded, 
ad unam Logam. 

To Orme the son of Retell, he gave Seaton, Cambmer- 
ton, Flemingby and Craksothen, with Gunhyld his sister: 
and to Dolphin the son of Ailward, he gave Applethwaite, 
Little Crosby, Langrigg, and Brigham, with the patronage 
of Brigham. 

This Waldeof FitzGospatrick went to Jerusalem and 
brought thence a piece of the Holy Cross. 

Alan second baron of Allerdale had issue a son named 
Waldeof, who dyed in his father's life time, and therefore 
he gave to the Priory of Carlisle rhe body of his said son 
Waldeof, and Crosby now called Cross Canonby, with the 
patronage of the church there and the service of Uchtred, 
(To which Uchtred, the said Alan gave a carucat of land 



* This place by a number of monuments layeth claim to be a Roman Antiquitj'. 
Here lieth the carcase of an antient castle, which it seems was the first seat of 
Waldeof, first baron of Allerdale. 

Sir D F's MS. 



42 ALLERDALE. 

in Aspatrick to be summoner in Allerdale, which is called 
at this day Uchtredsett) the patronage of Aspatrick Church 
with the services of Alan of Brayton, the patronage of the 
Church of Ireby with the services of Waldeof de Lang- 
thwait and the piece of the Holy Cross which his father 
Waldeof brought from Jerusalem. 

He gave also to Hen. 2^^ the forest ground of Allerdale 
now called Westward, and the Holm Cultram. 

To the Priory of St. Begogh he gave or confirmed his 
father's gift of Stainburn. 

To Randolph de Lindsey and his sister Ochtred he 
gave Blenerhasset and Uckmanby. 

To Ughtred the son of Fergus Lord of Galloway with 
his sister Gunhyld, he gave Torpenhow and the Rectory 
there. 

To Gospatrick the son of Orme aforesaid his cousin ger- 
man, he gave High Ireby pro tertia parte unius villce. 

To Odard he gave Newton cum pertinentiis. 

To Randulph Engayne, he gave Ishall cum pertinentiis, 
Blencrake and the services of Newton. 

To Gospatrick his bastard son, he gave Bolton, Basing- 
thwaite and Eastholm. 

To Simon Sheftling, half of Dereham. 

To Dolfin the son of Gospatrick, the other half of 
Dereham. 

To Waldeof son of Dolphin, he gave Brackenthwaite. 

And to Herbert, the third part of Thursby. 

And to Dolfin, six oxgangs of land in High Crosby, to 
be the king's sergeant or bayliff in Allerdale. 

And he gave to his three huntsmen Sehff and his fellows, 
Hayton. 

Finally he died without issue male, therefore his nephew 
William FitzDuncan Earl of Murray succeeded him in 
his inheritance. 

William Romeley (called also W° FitzDuncan), Earl 
of Murray (who married Alice the daughter and heir of 



ALLERDALE. 43 

Rob. Romeley Lord of Skipton in Craven, begotten by the 
said Robert on his wife, the Lord W™ Meschines daugh- 
ter and heir baron of Egremont or Coupland, and the Earl 
Randolph Meschines brother), was the third baron of Aller- 
dale and also of Egremont, and Lord of Skipton in right 
of his wife. He had issue Wm. first (?) Lord of Egremont, 
who died under age, and three daughters — Sybill or Cicely, 
married to Wm. le Gros Earl of Albermarle with the 
. honour of Skipton for her purparty by K. Hen. 2^^ — Anna- 
bel married to Reginald Lucy, with the Seignory of 
' Egremont by the same king : and Alice Romeley first 
married to Gilbert Pippard, with the honour of Cocker- 
mouth, Aspatrick, and Allerdale, by the said King Henry, 
and afterwards to Robert Courtney by the Queen. But 
because the barony of Egremont was lesser in value than 
Allerdale, Reginald Lucy had some part of the barony of 
Allerdale (after the death of W™ FitzDuncan), but Dame 
Alice Romeley his wife's sister was chief lady of the 
seignory. 

Alice Romeley the third daughter and co-heir of W™ Fitz- 
Duncan was therefore the fourth lady of Allerdale. But 
having no children alive at her death she gave away divers 
mannors and lands to houses of religion and to her friends 
and kinsmen. She had a son named William, who was 
drowned in Craven coming home from hunting or hawking. 
His hound or spaniel being tyed to his girdle by a line, (as 
they crossed the water near Barden Tower in Craven), 
pulled his master from off his horse and drowned him. 
When the report of the mischance came to his mother, she 
answered Bootless Bayl brings endless Sorrow. She had also 
three daughters Alice, Avice, Mavice, who died all un- 
married and without children. Wherefore the inheritance 
was after her death parted between the house of Albemarle 
and Reginald Lucy baron of Egremont, descending to her 
sisters' children and their posterity. 

A moiety of the barony of Allerdale came to W" de 



44 ALLERDALE. 

Fortibus Earl of Albemarle, as son and heir to Hawise 
daughter and heir lo Cybill or Cecill the sister of Dame 
Alice Romeley, and after his death to W™ de Fortibus his 
son, whose sole daughter and heir Avelina (wife to Edward 
Crouchback, brother to K. Edward i^'.,) dying without 
issue, that moiety thereupon came also to Thomas Lucy 
and his heirs in the right of Annabel the second daughter 
of W™ FitzDuncan, and sister to Alice Romeley. That 
moiety contained Cockermouth and Papcastle and the fees 
holden of them, viz., of Cockermouth — Brigham, Eagles- 
field, Dean, Clifton, Crakesothen, Huthwaite, Collundland, 
Ullaik, Branthwait, Embleton, Pardeshew, and other lands 
above Darwent. And of Papcastle — Threpland, Holmes, 
Castlerigg, Tallentyre, Broghton, Ribton, Ireby base, Bol- 
ton, and Wigton, with their appurtenancies. 

The other moiety of this barony descended to Alice and 
Annabel Lucy daughters and co-heirs to Reginald Lucy 
and Annabel his wife, sister to the said Alice Romeley, 
whereby that moiety was subdivided. To Annabel Lucy, 
Lambert Multon the son of Thomas succeeded. Lambert 
had issue Thomas. Thomas had issue John Multon Lord 
of Egremont, whose three daughters parted his lands 
amongst them. Margaret the youngest of them was mar- 
ried to the last Thomas Lucy, and united again the moiety 
of Allerdale. 

Alice Lucy the other daughter of Reginald Lucy had 
issue Thomas Lucy, who had issue another Lucy, to whom 
the other moiety of Allerdale deiX;ended by the death of 
Avelina Countess of Albermarle. 

Anthony Lord Lucy brother and heir to the last Thomas 
Lucy, succeeded in the inheritance. He married Eliza- 
beth the daughter of Robt Tilliolf Lord of Scaleby. This 
Anthony Lucy was he who arrested Andrew Harcla Earl 
of Carlisle in K. Ed. 2'^ time, and gave judgement up- 
on him for his treason. He had issue Thomas, and died. 
Thomas married Margaret one of the daughters of John 



ALLERDALE. 



45 



Multon of Egremont, and by ntr again brought in again 
the fourth part (jf Allerdale. He dyed the 39th Ed. 3""^ 
Anthony succeeded Thomas, who died* .... 

DovENBY. Dovenbie or Dolphinby in Allerdale, was 
first called of one Dolphin the son of Ailward who first 
seated himself there and called the name of his mansion 
house Dolphinby from his own name. His posterity were 
called Dovenbies of the place corruptly instead of Dolphin- 
bies. In Henry 2'^'^ time, one Richard de Dovenby 
possessed the same, and his son Benedict de Bridekirk 
confirmed to the Abbot of Caldre lands in Gilcrouse. 
Waldeof first Lord of Allerdale gave unto the said Dolphin 
the son of Ailward, with Maud his sister, Applethwait 
besides Keswick, Little Crosby, Langrigg, and Brigham, 
with the patronage of Brigham. Ailward his father seated 
himself at Ailwardby, naming the place after his own name. 
After the issue male of Dolphin were extinguished, which 
was about the time of Hen 3"''' Dovenby fell by marriage 
to the Rawlles or Rowles. In the 51st year of Hen 3'^'^ 
one Roger de Rawll was possessed of Dovenbie. After 
him one Alan de Rawll held the mannor of Dovenbie, in 
the 33rd Ed i^', of Thomas Lucy. In the 23rd of Edw 
3'''^, Richard Kirkbrydet was Lord of Dovenby, and died 
then seised thereof, leaving his son Richard a ward. He 
died ye 22nd Rich z^, or the ist of Hen 4"^. And by his 
daughter or sister, Dovenby was transferred into the family 
of the Lamplughs, she being married to a younger brother 
of Sir Thomas Lamplugh of Lamplugh, in whose issue 
male the right thereof remaineth at this day. 

IsHALL. When Ishall was demesne of Allerdale it con- 
tained Rugythwait, Blencrake, Warthole, Redmain, half of 

* Left blank in the Milbourne MS. but the Scaleby one says "in the 12th year 
of Ed. 3rd " and puts a " ? " in the margin. 

Mr. Jackson's paper An HiatorieaL and Descriptive Account of Cockervmuth 
Transactions Cumberland and Westmorland Archaeolog^ical and Antiquarian So- 
ciety, vol. iv. !09, should be consulted on the subject of the lords of Allerdale, 
Editor. 
t Bridekirk was the seat of the Tolsons. GiLPIN. 



46 ALLERDALE. 

Plumland and Sunderland, with their appurtenances. Alan 
the son of Waldeof gave Ruthwait and the third part of 
the wastes of Ishall to Gamel le Brun Lord of Bothil, 
ad tertiani partem unius villcB. And he gave the principal 
mannor of Isha.l\, cum pertinentiis Biencrake and the ser- 
vices of Newton to Radulph Engayne. Radulph had issue 
William Engayne, and he a daughter named Ada mother 
to Sir Hugh Morvill. Of her it is written (by a monk) that 
in the old age of her husband she was greatly enamoured of 
one Lyolf, a young gentleman that served her husband 
whom by no means she could persuade to abuse himself to- 
wards his master, he dutifully avoiding every occasion that 
might further her desire. But being commanded one day by 
his master to carry a dish of meat to her when she kept her 
chamber : after he was entered, she caused a gentlewoman to 
make fast the door and forthwith shamed not to move him 
to lye with her, as often times before she had done. But 
he continued resolutely faithfull to his master, and would 
not consent for anything she could do or say. Where- 
upon fearing that he would discover her lewd incontinency 
and turning her inordinate lust into revenge, she presently 
made her gentlewoman to make a great outcry. When 
her husband heard them he came into the chamber with 
his servants and in great rage asked the cause of such 
disquietness. She accused the young gentleman that he 
would have ravished her, and thereupon he commanded 
him to be bound and cast into a lead full of scalding 
water. Sir Hugh Morvill his son by that wife, afterwards 
killed Thomas Beckett the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
wherefore the monks of that time gladly took hold of what- 
soever might disgrace him or his parents to posterity.* 

After Radulph Engayne, the estate fell to William his 
son, and from him to Sir Hugh Morvill's father in the 

* Sir Hugh Morvills were common as peas in the north of England, and Sir 
Hugh of Ishall and Burgh was not the murderer of Thomas a Beckett: Sir Huo-h 
of Knaresboroug-h was. Editor. ° 



ALLERDALE. 47 

right of the said Ada Engayne his wife, and by her death 
to Sir Hugh Morvill himself, and after his death with his 
daughters and co-heirs to Sir Richard Lucy Lord of Egre- 
mont and Sir Richard Waryne or Werune, who enjoyed 
the same together with the barony of Burgh, and after 
them it fell to Thomas the son of Thomas de Multon, (as 
will hereafter appear in the title of Burgh). Thomas de 
Multon in the time of Hen. 3'^'^ entailed Ishall and Blen- 
crake with the appurtenancies to his two younger sons 
Edward and Hubbert, and their heirs general successively. 
And so lost the lords of Ishall the services of Newton, 
because that tenure remained in the granter Thomas Mul- 
ton and his heirs as it had to him descended. 

By that intail Hubert Multon enjoyed Ishall, and William 
his son after him, whose daughter Margaret brought the 
inheritance into the family of the Lighes in Ed 2^ time, 
whose issue male have enjoyed it till old Thomas Lighe, 
the last of that name, gave it to his wife Maud Redmain, 
whom he married being a widow, after the death of his 
first wife, a lusty young gentlewoman, who granted it 
presently after his death to Wilfred Lawson, her present 
husband.* 



* Maud Redmain the widow of old Thomas Leigh of Ishall being- possessed of 
the inheritance as appears by the context, soon after married Wilfreij Lawson, and 
as frankly conveyed over the inheritance to him as she had received it of Leigh, 
which Wilfred, (afterwards Sir Wilfred), having no issue by the sd Maud his wife, 
settled his estate upon William Lawson, a kinsman of his own, to the great dis- 
gust of Mary Irton, (heir general of Maud Redmain), who had long time before 
continued in hopes that he would have settled it upon her, but being disappointed 
in that she attempted to recover it by law agst William, pretending that Maud 
Redmain had not made a legal conveyance to Sir Wilfred, and that what she did 
was the effect of horrible threatenings and violence. But the suit was at last 
ended by composition, William Lawson giving her for her title the tithes of Blen 
crake and the demesne of Threlkeld, worth together about ,^200 per annum. 
The pedigree of the Lawsons of Ishall 

William Lawson married the daughter of Bewly of Heskat in Caldbeck, and 
had issue by her Sir Wilfrid Lawson, Knt. now (16S7) Lord of Ishall. Sir Wilfrid 
Lawson purchased Heskat hall and married ye daughter of Sir Edward Mus- 
grave, of Hayton, Knt., (the father of William, the father of Sir Edward Mus- 
grave, Bart, the father of Sir Richard now living), by whom he had issue William, 

Wilfrid, Edward, Henry, and George, and daughters 

William the oldest son of Sir Wilfrid Lawson married Strickland, 

daughter of Sir . . . Strickland, and became blind and died in the lifetime of 



4^ ALLERDALE 

Threpland. Threpland, contentionis terra, is now a 
village and the inheritance of John Salkeld, a younger 
brother of Lancelot Salkeld of Whitehall. He holds it 
of AUerdale barony and had it by purchase from Lancelot 
Skelton of Arminthwait Esq. It descended to him by 
several descents of the Skeltons from Thomas Skelton a 
younger brother who married the co-heir of Henry Multon 
Knt and Margaret his wife, in Ed 3"''^ time. Multon and 
his wife had it by fine from W™ de Rednesc alias Mul- 
castre, An. 15 Ed 2. And the said W" Thomas and 
John Mulcastre brethren successively had it before Mul- 
ton by the gift of Michael de Harcla in the time of Ed. 
IS', father to Andrew Earl of Carlisle. 

Uldale. The mannor of Ulndale lyeth above Bolton, 
and is so called of the river Eln running through the 
same, which river is diversely named as Elne, Alne, and 
Olne, (the Romans named it Olena), and from thence the 
valley thereof is called Ulndale. This mannor (being a 
parcel of the barony of AUerdale), together with the man- 
nor of Gilcrouse, was given by Waldeof the son of Earl 
Gospatrick, unto Adam the son of Lyolf brother of 
Phorme the son of Lyolf baron of Greystoke, from which 
Adam they descended by a daughter to the Bonckhills, who 
granted forth Gillcrouse to a younger brother Robert 
Bonekill : And the sons of the said Robert, Thomas 
Bonekill and Walter, gave away their inheritance in 
Gilcrouse to the abbey of Caldre, which Ranulph Bone- 
kill Knt., then Lord Paramont both of Ulndale and 
Gilcruse, confirmed to the abbot. Sir Ranulph had issue 
Alexander, who had issue Adam, who gave Awerthvvait 
parcel of his mannor of Ulndale to the priors of Carlisle 



his father leaving- on Wilfrid and two daug-hters. Sir Wilfrid Lawson purchased 
a baronet's patent and dyed Dec. i, i6SS, leaving his estate and honour to Sir \V. 
L. Bart., his grandcl ild. Wilfrid the second son of Sir Wilfrid Lawson had by the 
gift of his father Bray ton and other lands of equal value with the paternal which 

he now enjoys. He married the daughter of ... . James, 

of Washington, in the county of Durham, by whom he has issue. Gilpin. 



ALLERDALE. 49 

The said Adam had issue another Alexander Bonekill 
whose daughter and heir first married to John Stewart 
kinsman to the King of Scots, and afterwards to David 
Bregham a Scottish knight of great valour, and by him 
transferred the inheritance to the family of the Breghams. 
This David Bregham was a companion of W'" Walleys 
that was executed for treason at London, committed against 
Edw. i*^' by resisting that king's attempt for the superior 
Lordship of Scotland, and by taking part with Robert 
Bruce against the Balliols' right to the crown of Scotland. 
Walleys was a man of extraordinary strength, and David 
Bregham an extraordinary good horseman, whereupon the 
Scots thus rymed on them : 

The man was ne'er so wight or good 
But wurthy Walleys durst him byde 
Nor never horse so wyld or wood 
But David Bregham durst hin ryde. 

David Bregham thereby forfeited his estate to Anthony 
Lord Lucy, then Lord of AUerdale. And so Ulndale again 
became parcel of that antient barony, and the manor 
extinguished of right. Yet it was continued as a manor 
by the Lucies posterity and the Piercys Earls of Northum- 
berland untill the sixth Henry of that name gave his 
inheritance to Hen. 8*, which king granted forth the man- 
nor of Ulndale to Thomas Dalston and Eleanor his 2"** 
wife, and to the heirs of their two bodies, and now Chris- 
topher Dalston gent, their heir as in their right enjoyeth 
the same. 

BoTHiLL. Bothill was demesne of AUerdale till Waldeof 
Lord of AUerdale gave the town to Gamel the son of 
Brun in Hen. i^' time, whose posterity enjoyed the same 
in the issue male. His father's chief mansion was at 
Brunskeugh beneath the river Eden near the wastes. 
Whereupon Radulph the son of Gamel was called Ranulph 
de Feritate, Rauf of the waste, and so his son Robert 
de Feritate. They were Lords of Glasson, Beaumont, 



50 ALLERDALE. 

Drurnburgh, and Bowness, which they held of the Lords 
of Brough. In Hen. 3'^'^ and Ed. i^' time, one Richard 
Brun was Lord of Bothill and of the. sixth part of Tor- 
penhow and the premises, and after that Robert Brun, in 
Ed. 3"^^ time. Afterwards Bothill and the Bruns' lands fell 
to three co-heirs married to Nicholas Harrington brother 
or kinsman of the Lord of Harrington, W™ Culwen of 
Workington, and Thomas Bowet. In the part of Nicholas 
Harrington succeeded James who died 5th Hen. 5*, and 
after James, Sir Rich. Harrington Knt. 7th Ed. 4*'', and 
it is now in the possession of Thomas Denton of Warnhill. 
To W™ Culwen's part succeeded his heirs of Workington 
till Sir Henry Culwen Knight, father of Nicholas, sold the 
same to Anthony Barwis of Hildkirk Esq. Bowet's part 
of Bothill is now enjoyed by Thomas Ellys, whose ances- 
tor W™ Ellys purchased the same of Nicholas Bowet by 
fine levyed 8th Ed. 4*. 

The town stands on the side of a hill, where in old times 
the watch was kept day and night for sea wake, which 
service was performed by the county beneath Darwent at 
that place, and above Darwent in Coupland at Buthill, or 
Bothill in Milium and at Bothilton in Egremont barony. 
It is called Servituim de Bodis in old evidences, whereupon 
Bothill was named the Bode or Both-hill, and a village at 
the foot of it Bothillton — Bodorum Collis. The country 
people call a lantern a bowet, which was a name then in 
use for a light on the shore to direct sailors in the night ; 
properly signifying a token, and not a light or lantern. As 
they call a message warranted by a token a bode-word at 
this day. And the watchmen be called bodesmen, because 
they had a bode or watch word given them for the enemies 
fraud in the night. 

ToRPENHOW.* Torpenhow was at the Conquest of 
England ancient demesne of the barony of Allerdale, until 

* In this town there was an antient seat belonging to the antient family of the 
Applebies which is now enjoyed by Sir Geo. Fletcher of Hutton. Sir D. F's MS. 



ALLERDALE. 5I 

Alan the son of Waldeof gave the same in frank marriage 
with Gunhyld his sister to Ughtred the son of Fargus 
Lord of Galloway to be holden by him and bis heirs by 
cornage and other services. In Hen. 2*^= time, one Philip 
de Valomes in the right ov his wife held the same of 
Reginald Lucy and Annabel his wife, who had the moiety 
of AUerdale till the King seised the tenure. And in King 
John's time Robert Stuteville brother to the Lord Nicholas 
Stuteville (Lord of Lyddall barony) held it. An. 31 Hen. 
3"^, W™ the son of William de Ulfesby gave three caru- 
cats of land there to Robert Mulcastre, and held five parts 
of Torpenhow, (Brun held the other sixth part which he 
adjoined to his manner of Bothill) of the said Lord of 
Lyddall heir to Stuteville. The said five parts descended 
to the Mulcastres, and from them to the Tilliolfs, whose 
co-heirs transferred the same with other lands to the 
families of the Moresbies and Colvilles. 

It is called Tor-pen-how, every syllable of which word 
in the several languages of the people which successive- 
ly did inhabit the place doth signify after a sort one 
thing. The Britons who were the first inhabitants call a 
rising topped hill (such an one as is there) Pen, i.e., a head. 
The Saxons next succeeding them, and not well under- 
standing the signification of Pen, called it Tor-Pen, i.e., 
the pinacle Pen. And they who came next, perhaps under- 
standing neither of the former names, called it (as we do 
yet) Torpenhow, i.e., the how or hill Torpen. Others have 
thought it so named upon this occasion: the Saxons 
called a village dorp, or rather thorp, and finding a hill 
there to be called of the Britons (their forebears) Pen a 
head or hill top, they named it Dor-pen-how, the Town hill. 
Others will have it named of one Turpe, whom they sup- 
pose to have been lord thereof, of which name they find 
upon record one Robert Turpe sometime Lord of Eden- 
hall, but with better probability they may conjecture 
Edenhall to have been first a country village and therefore 



52 ALLERDALE. 

the said Robert to be rightly called Robert de Dorpe, and 
he and his ancestors might cause his house and that 
dorp or village afterwards to be called Edenhall, or the 
hall upon Eden, after his ancestors had seated themselves 
there and built a hall or capital messuage or mansion 
house.* 

Bolton or Bothilton. Bolton or Bothilton was an- 
tient demesne of Allerdale till Adam the son of Waldeof 
gave the same to Robert Bastingthwait, and the Isle of 
Estholm to his bastard brother Gospatrick the son of 
Waldeof, one of whose posterity took the name of Basten- 
thwait. I read of divers knights of that name, one Sir 
Robert de Bastenthwait in Hen. . . . time, and Adam 
his son, and one Alexander in Ed. i'** time. The said 
Gospatrick seated himself at Bolton, from whom it des- 
cended unto the Lascells by Christian the wife of Duncan 
in Rich, i*^' time : and to Thomas in Hen. 3"^"^ time. 
Thomas de Lascelles his son Lord of Bolton married 
Christian daughter of W" de Ireby, and confirmed to ye 
abbott and monks of Holm Cultram the hermitage of St. 
Hyld, now called Hildkirk, and granted them common in 
Bolton. His widow Christian Ireby the daughter of W™ 
dyed 33rJ Ed. i^* seised of Heslespring in Westward, 
Gamelsby and Unthank beyond Eden, and of Market Ireby, 
which Ireby she held of John Boyvill of Thoresby. In 
Ed. 2°*^^ time Roger Mowbray Lord of Bolton forfeited his 
estate therein by taking a part with Robert Bruce. After 
it came to his son Robert Mowbray in Ed. 3'"'^ time, and to 
Alexander Mowbray, and after to the Nevills, 12 Ric. 2°'^.t 
John Nevill of Raby died seised of Bolton and the Mowbray 
lands in Gamelsby and Unthank. In the 22nd of that 



* I read of one Adam de Torpenhow, but I know not whether he was father of 
Alice Stutevill or issue male to Ughtred Valones or Stuteville. Roger de Quincy 
constable of Scotland in the rig-ht of his wyfe, one of the daughters and fieirs of 
Allan son of Roland son of Ughtred, had the tuition of Sybill de Valones, and 
g-ave the king fifty marks 7 Hen. 3. Gilpin. 

f Ric. 2nd., granted it to Nevill of Raby, A.R.i., par. 2, m 13, in Turri Lend, 

MiLBOURNE MS. 



ALLERDALE. 53 

king's reign Radulphus Nevill held Bolton and Basting- 
thwait of Maud Lucy. Thenceforth the Nevills Lords 
Latimer held the same untill it fell to Henry now Earl 
of Northumberland, by the death of his mother the 
Countess one of the daughters and co-heirs of the last 
Lord Latimer, of the name of the Nevills.* 

Caldbeck. Caldbeck was long after the Conquest a 
wast forest ground parcel of Allerdale. It is a dale lying 
between Warnell Fell and the mountains Carrick and 
Grisedale Fells. It was first called Caldbeck of a rill or 
beck that falleth down eastward through the same into 
Caldey, and therefore Caldey Beck contractly Caldbeck : or 
of the coldness of the place which is for most part in win- 
ter covered with snow, and therefore called the Coldbeck, 
which in the dialect of the country is Caldbeck. It con- 

* The Lords of Bolton were as foUoweth : 
Gospatrick the bastard, Hen. 2. 
Adam de Bastinthwait. 
Robert de Bastingthwaite. 
Christian wife of Duncan Lascells, and afterwards wife of Robert Bruce, 

Ri. I. and K. John. 
Thomas Lascells, Hen. 3. 
Thomas Lascells who married Christian daughter of William de Ireby, 

dyed 33 Ed. L 
Geoffray Mowbray, i5 Ed. L 
Roger Mowbray, Ed. 2. 
Robert de Mowbray, 39 Ed. 3. 
Alexander Mowbray. 
John Nevill, 12 Ri. 2. 

Radulf Nevill, and so by the Lords Latimer to the Earls of Notth umber- 
land. 

But in another hand this pedigree is inserted in the margin : 
Waldevus, Hen. ist. 
Alanus, Hen. 2nd, and Steph. 
Gospatrick, ye bastard son of Waldeof, H. 2nd. 
Christian, wife of Duncan Lascells, Ric. ist. and K. John. 
Thomas Lascelles, 15 H, 3rd. 
Thomas Lascelles, 53 H.3rd. 
Galfrid Mowbray, Ed. 1st. 
Jo. Mowbray, 33 Ed. ist. 
Alexander Mowbray. 
Robert Mowbray, 39 Ed. 3rd. 

Jo. Neville, 12 Ric, 2nd., and Eliz. Mowbray his wife. 
Radulph Neville, 22 Ric. 2nd. 

George, Lord Latimer, 10 Ed. 4th. 

Gilpin. 



54 ALLERDALE. 

taineth that dale now inhabited, and a great part of the 
mountains of Mosdale and Grisedale untill the White- 
Water Dash at the head of Alne or Elne that falleth into 
Ulndale. The two dales on the east side of the mountains 
are hence named viz : Mosdale of a great moss ground 
there, and Grisedale of a store-house there, which the 
barons of Greystoke held of Caldbeck, where they kept 
their sheep, cattle, and swine, and suffered the porklins 
to run wild in the woods that grew in the skirts and borders 
of the mountains. 

Out of Westmorland and the east parts of Cumberland 
there lay (as yet there doth) an highway or beaten street 
through Caldbeck into the west country of Cumberland, 
which was dangerous to passengers, who were often robbed 
in that place which was much haunted by thieves in the 
woods and mountains there, whereupon Randulph Engayne* 
the chief forester of Englewood granted to the prior of 
Carlisle license to build there an hospital for the relief of 
poor travellers that might happen to be troubled in these 
thievish parts or annoyed by the storms or snow in winter. 
And he further gave liberty to the prior to inclose a part 
of the same, which he did where the church stands at this 
time, which inclosure became part of the glebe of the 
church. The prior procured not his consent for the right 
of the soil but without his consent it could not be inclosed, 
for that great large deer lodged continually in the moun- 
tains and woods there, and it was then used as a park 
or forest ; and the right of the soil was in the barons of 
Allerdale. After this hospital was built they founded the 
church to the honour of St. Mungo ; and the place became 
fully inhabited in that part of the same called Caldbeck 
Uppeton. And afterwards it grew inhabited under the fell 
sides, which later buildings they called Caldbeck Underfell. 



* Or Sir Hugh Morvill. Gilpin. 



allerdale. 



55 



First that part towards Greystock, as Hesket* and Halt- 
clugh, was brought to tillage as best fitting for corn which 
is^he lower end of the dale, andUhereforth the' hamlet at 
the church standing higher in the] dale was called Cald- 
beck up in the town, and contractly Uppeton. 

The priors became patrons of the rectory by the grants 
and confirmations of William de Vescy and Burga his 
wife, and Dame Alice Romeley Lady of Allerdale. They 
then dissolved the hospital and endowed the church with 
the lands thereof, about King John's time. In Hen. 3'''^^ 
time one John Francigena, Francois, or French, a kins- 
man of Gilbert Francois Lord of Routhcliff was parson 
there and got a great inclosure in Warnhill bank in the 
forest of Englewood, which he joined to the glebe, but the 
monks of Holm so quarrelled him that he was glad to 
part stakes and gave them that moiety of the same which 
is now called Friar Hall, and kept that moiety to himself 
called the Parson's park. 

K. Hen. 8*^ sold Caldbeck Uppeton to Thomas Dais- 
ton de Caldbeck; and Caldbeck Under Fell to Thomas Ld. 
Wharton and his heirs, who being warden at that time of 
these West Marches so treated the said Thomas Dalston 
that he was glad to sell him Uppeton also, and now Philip 
Lord Wharton his grandchild enjoyeth the same. After- 
wards in the time of Qu. Mary, the Earl of Northumberland 
granted the reversion of Caldbeck to him and his heirs 
male. 

* I have seen an old brass seal belonging- to the Bewlies (fenes Wilfrid Lawson 
de Brayton who now enjoyes the estate of Heskat, by the gift of Sir Wilfrid Law- 
son, Knt. and Bart, his father, who purchased the same of the Bewlies his mother's 
kinderd), the seal is this coat of arms (arg. a chevron between three daws heads 
erased sable), but the inscription about it is (in the German character used in 
England about 200 years ago) SigMuvi jFohamiis Sutton, so that (it seems) the 
Bewlies had this coat from the Suttons, together with the estate by the heirs 
general. Gilpin. 

It is now called Hesket Newmarket, from a market lately set up there, and 
in contradistinction to another Hesket in the forest of Englewood. It was accord- 
ing to Mr. Gilpin, formerly the estate of the Suttons, and descended from them 
by the heirs general to the Bewlies. Sir Wilfrid Lawson, of Ishall, Bart., (whose 
mother was a Bewley), purchased it of his mother's relations, and gave it to 
Wilfred Lawson, Esq., of Brayton, his 2nd son (afterwards Sir Wilfred), in whose 
family it is, 1749. Milbourne MS. 



56 allerdaLE. 

Ireby. Ireby, Camden saith it was called Arbeia in ye 
time of the Romans. Their band of soldiers called the 
Barcarii Tigrienses were then placed there. At the Con- 
quest it was a gentleman's seat, and a village, and then 
called Ireby, and now it is become two mannors, High 
Ireby, in old evidences called Alta Ireby, because it stands 
higher on the hill : and Low Ireby, in antient writings 
named Ireby Base, and Market Ireby also, of a liberty to 
hold a fair and market there granted by the King . . 
to . . . Lord thereof, and ever since continued. The 
High Ireby is more antient, howbeit the other is seated in 
the better place : and being land of greater men successively 
hath always been of more account and hath some deal 
obscured the other. 

High Ireby. High Ireby was parcel of the demesne 
of Allerdale in Waldeof's time, and Allan his son and heir 
granted it to Gospatrick the son of Orme Lord of Seaton 
and Workington. The same Gospatrick gave it to his 
younger son Orme the son of Gospatrick who was there- 
upon called Orme de Ireby, and from him all the Irebys 
are descended and take their sirname. Robert de Courtney 
and Dame Alice his wife one of the three co-heirs of 
William FitzDuncan Lord of Allerdale gave to this Orme 
de Ireby Emelton in Rich. 1=^' time. And he held lands in 
Waverton. He had issue Adam his heir, and William a 
priest that gave lands in Gilcruce to the Abbey of Holm 
Cultram. Adam had issue Thomas his heir, and WiUiam 
and Allan, father of Isaac who gave his dwelling house in 
Ireby (called Isaacby, now Prior Hall), to the priory of 
Carlisle. Thomas had issue John, and he Thomas, the 
father of W™ Ireby (the last Lord of that name of Ireby 
Alta that I read of). Lord of Gamelsby and Glassenby. 

Ireby Base. Ireby Base, or Market Ireby, is now 
Musgrave's lands of Crookdake, and was the Tilliofs' from 
the death of Robert Tilliof, that died 39 Ed. ^'■^. Robert 
had it of Thomas Middleton the son of Peter the son of 



ALLERDALE. 57 

Adam, to whom Christian the daughter of W" de Ireby 
then wife of Robert Bruse, and late widow to Thomas Fitz- 
Duncan Lasciell of Bolton gave it by fine 33 Ed. 1='. She 
held it of W" Boyvill of Thoresby Knt. whose father 
Guido Boyvill married the heir general of the Thoresbies ; 
whose ancestor one Herbert de Thoresby had first made 
it an assart in the forest and rented it to the King. W" 
de Ireby was but a younger brother, but was advanced by 
K. John to a far better estate than his eldest brother, who 
also made him Knight and preferred him to the marriage 
of Odard's daughter and heir, Lord of Glassonby and 
Gamelsby, then the King's ward.* 

Blennerhasset and Uckmanby. Blennerhasset and 
Uckmanby was parcel of AUerdale, which Alan Fitz- 
Waldeof gave unto Radulph de Lindsey with ye sister of 
ye said Alan named Ochtreda in frank marriage. From 
them the inheritance came into the Mulcastres. In the 
time of King H. 3^^ Robert de Mulcastre held the same. 
After him Wm his son who had issue Walter, and he 



* Market Ireby is now (1687) the inheritance of Sir John Ballantine of Crook- 
dake, who married Ann, one of the daughters and co-heirs of William Musgrave, 
last lineal heir male of the Musgraves of Crookdake, and purchased of the other 

two co-heirs Chartres Askeugh their respective 

purparties. 

From Robert de Tilliol aforesaid, it descended to Peter his son, whose son 
Robert the fool (last heir male of the Tilliols) dying without issue, 14 H. 6th, 
A.D. 1433, the Tilliols' lands were divided between Isabel the wife of John Colvil, 
and Margaret the wife of James Moresby, the two daughters and co-heirs of Peter 
de Tilliol. Ireby was allotted inter alia to Isabel from whom it descended to Wm. 
Colvill alias Tilliol her son, who dying Ig Ed. 4th, A.D. 1479, without issue male, 
his two daughters, Phillip the wife of William Musgrave, and Margt. the wife of 
Nicholas Musgrave inherited his estate. From Nicholas Musgrave and Margaret 
his wife Sir Richard Musgrave of Hayton is descended in the right line (v. title 
Scaleby). But Ireby was allotted to the elder sister Phillis, from whom it descended 
according to the ensuing pedigree : 

Wm. Musgrave in the right of Phillis Colvill, his wife. 

Cuthbert Musgrave, son of Wm. and Phillis, he married Ann Lowther. 

Mungo, son of Cuthbert. 

Cuthbert, son of Mungo. 

Cuthbert, son of Cuthbert. 

William, son of the last Cuthbert. 

Cuthbert, son of William. 

William, son of Cuthbert, who dying without issue male, Crockdake and 
Ireby (after a long suit with the next heir male), came in the manner above-men- 
tioned to be the possession of Sir John Ballantine. Gilpim. 



58 ALLERDALE. 

another William whose son Robert transferred the Mul- 
castres' patrimony by a daughter to the Tilliols, viz., 
Hayton and Torpenhow.* 

Radulf Lindsey Lord of Blennerhasset and Uck- 

manby, temp. Hen. 2""^. 
Nicholas Stutevile, Ric. i^'. 
Wm. Peircy, Hen. 3'''^. 
Walter Peircy. 
Robert Mulcastre. 
t Wm. Mulcastre. 
Walter Mulcastre. 
Robert Mulcastre. 
Langrig. Langrig is a hamlet of Bromfield. 

Agnes uxor Adse de Feritate petit versus Adam de Feritate 

tertiam partem duarum bovatarum ibidem 20 Ed. I. 

Agnes uxor Gilberti de Langrigg petit versus Johannem de 

Croolidaik 25 acras terras, 15 acras prati et 2" 5^ redditus ibidem. 

Eadem versus Ceciliam Tradegill 4 acras ibidem. 

Eadem versus Tliomam de Langrig 30 acras terrse et 14 acras 

prati ibidem 9 Ed. I. 

Agnes uxor Ranulphi de Osmunderley et Alicia uxor Thomse 

del Lathes Alias etheredes Thorns de Langrig, vide Registrum 

cartarum de Holm Cultrum. 

Finis levata inter Hugonem de Langrig et Matildum uxorem 

ejus et Ricardum Bouch de duabus partibus decem bovatarum 

in Bromfield et de dimidio tertii partis manerij de nova Sower- 

by habendum Hugoni et Matildae et heredibus 30 Hen. 3. 

Johannes de Bromfield et Thomas de Lowther tenent terram in 

Langrig et reddunt ad cornagium 6^ 8'^ et per vigilia maris 7^ 

Valent per annum 5' 39 Ed. 3. 

Thomas Lowther et Ricardus Eaglesfield tenent tertiam partem 

de Langrigg per cornagium 20^ et vigilia maris 2'' 22 R. 2. 

Johannes Bromfield tenet libere et reddit 3d et ad cornagium 

10" 2'i per vigilia maris s^ et valet per annum 5' 29 Ed. 3. 

Johannes Bromfield et Thomas Lowther in Langrigg ut supra. 

Et Johannes Bromfield pro carta terra in Bromfield ad 

cornagium 3* lo^ et vigilia maris 5^. Et Arnand Monceux 2 

messuagia et 4 bovatas ad cornagium 6d 42 Ed. 3. 

*Sir Fran. Salkeld of Whitehall, Lord of Blennerhasset, (16S7). Gilpin. 
t He was Sheriff of Cumberland, t,i Ed. I. Gilpin. 



ALLERDALE. 59 

Thomas filius Isabellse de Langrigg felo tenet messuagium et 
4 acras in Langrigg et postea Johannes de Langrigg filius dicti 
Thomse et Matilda uxor ejus tenuerint 46 Ed. 3. 
Christopher Sowerby tenet 4 messuagia et molendum ventriti- 
cum in Langrigg 2 coatagia in Meldrigg et Dundraw 16 Hen. 6. 

Newton. Newton in Allerdale is now the inheritance 
of Edward Musgrave second son to William and his wife 
Isabel Martindale, one of the co-heirs of . . . Martin- 
dale, last of that name Lord of Newton. To him it 
descended from one Roger Martindale his ancestor, who 
married the daughter and heir of Thomas de Newton lord 
thereof in Ed. 3'''^^ time, which Thomas and his ancestors 
lineally descending from father to son enjoyed the same 
from the time of K. Stephen untill the death of Thomas 
fil Thom, fil Rich, fil Adam, fil Rich fratris Adam fil 
Retell de Newton fil Odard de Wigton, to which Odard 
Alan 2nd Lord Paramount of Allerdale gave Newton, and 
afterwards granted the seignory thereof to Radulf Engayne 
with Ishall. The said Retell gave to Alan of Hensingham 
his third son a piece of land where he first built his capital 
messuage and named it Al .... (Alanby), now that 
township so called to this day . . the inheritance of 
William the son of . . . who married another co-heir of 
Martindale. 

Holm Cultrum. The Holm Cultrum was waste forest 
ground replenished with red deer, and a demesn of Aller- 
dale at the Conquest. Howbeit it seems by the charters of 
the Abbey that it was the soil and inheritance of Henry 
Earl of Carlisle son to David Ring of Scots that died 
before his father, (for Malcolm the Maiden succeeded his 
grandfather David in the Ringdom of Scotland, as eldest 
son to the said Henry and next heir to the Ring). In the 
time of Stephen, when he usurped the state of Engtetnd, 
he gave Cumberland to the Scots to be assured of their 
friendship. And this Earl Henry then gave two parts of 
Holme Cultrum to the abbot and monks there and granted 



6o ALLERDALE 

the third part thereof to Alan the son of Waldeof for his 
hunting there, which Allan then lord of Allerdale gave 
instantly the said third part to the Abbey as that which 
the"said Henry FitzDavid had given him at the foundation 
thereof. And Waldeof the son of the said Alan consented 
to the grant with his father which the said Henry con- 
firmed and David and Malcolm aforesaid. 

At the death of King Stephen Henry FitzEmpress the 
2nd of that name King of England entered upon Cum- 
berland, which K. Stephen had before given to David 
King of Scots, and therefore the monks acknowledged him 
their founder. He granted them by his charter totam 
Insulani de H olmcultnim et Raby by their right bounds 
timber and pasture in the forest of Englewood, which his 
gift K. Rich, and King John his sons and successors in 
the kingdom also confirmed with many liberties expressed 
in their letters patent without mention of any act done by 
the Scots. It was then bounded by that little syke of 
water that falls into Wampool at Kirkbride ascending up 
into Cockley as the moss and hard ground meet. Thence 
it goes into the middle of the moss between Wathholm 
and Lawrenceholme and so by the moss and wood to Anter- 
potts. Thence down Waver unto Crompbeck, Thence 
up Crompbeck till it receive Wythskeld, so up that syke 
unto the head thereof, then turning west unto a syke that 
compasselh Mealdriggs on the north and west side till it 
fall into Pow-Newton, so as Pow-Newton falls into the 
sea, thence along the coast unto the foot of Wampool, and 
so up Wampool unto Kirkbride aforesaid. All this was 
the first foundation of the Kings, wherein those monks pre- 
sently erected five granges for husbandry, viz : Old Grange, 
Grange de Terms, Maybergh, Skinburn and Calfhow, and 
Raby, and turned all into arable meadow and pasture.* 

Shortly after Gospatrick the son of Orme gave them a 

* The Scaleby and Milbourne MSS. have blanks in this paragraph, which have 
been supplied from the IVIS. belonging- to the Society of Antiquaries. Editor. 



ALLERDALE. 6l 

part of his manner of Seaton and the chapel there and 
the town of Kelton, and his son Thomas a fishing in . . 
. . He exchanged also with them Waitcroft for the said 
Kelton. Sir Hugh Morvill gave them his rectory of Burgh 
which they did appropriate to their house. And his daugh- 
ter Joan and his successors a salmon fishing in Eden. 
Sir Hugh Morvill also gave them pasture in Lasingby for 
500 sheep, ten kine, and ten oxen, and certain lands for 
their young cattle of a year old. 

Reginald Carliel gave them Newby on the moor which 
his cousin Richard the son of Richard the son of Troit gave 
him. 

Robert Turpe gave them land and pasture for 700 wea- 
thers in Edenhall. 

Richard de Elneburgh and William son of Simon 
Sheflings Lords of Elneburgh and Dearham gave them 
a fishing at the mouth of the river Alne. 

Henry FitzArthur FitzGodard Lord of Milium gave 
them Leakley in Milium which belongs to Seaton nunnery 
there. S"^ Gilbert FitzGilbert de Dundragh gave them 
lands and pasture for 600 sheep in Distington. 

And Adam de Harrays at Branstibeck and Hugh Mores- 
by in Distington. 

1257. Robert de Bruce his fishing in Tordoff in Annan- 
dale. 

Odard de Wigton gave them pasture in Wigton for a 
bow of kine. 

Waldevus the son of Gamel the son of Welp gave them 
a grange in Kirkby Thwar. 

Adam the son of William de Newton, gave them com- 
mon of pasture in Newton. 

Thomas de Bromfield and Adam his son land and pasture 
in Bromfield. 

Margaret daur. of John de Wigton the rectory of Wig- 
ton which they appropriated. 

King John and his brother Rich. i. gave Hildkirk and 
Hberties in the forest of Englewood. 



62 ALLERDALE [wIQTON] . 

And K. Hen. 3'''*. Freerhall at Caldbeck. 

Lambert de Waverton and other freeholders there gave 
much land in great Waverton. 

Richard Earl Strongbow and John de Curcy lands and 
liberties in Ireland. 

Ughtred FitzFergus Lord of Galloway gave them the 
town of Kirkgunnyon there ; and divers others in Scotland, 
as W" FitzMichael de Kirkonnell, lands in Kirkonel ; 
Patrick FitzThomas of Workington, Lochentor or Locho- 
tor; the Bp. of Glasgow the chapel of Kirkguiam; Durant 
FitzChristina Mayby in Kirkonnell. 

And divers other persons gave lands in Cumberland. 
Thus in short time they encreased their possessions to a 
great revenue yearly which maintained a lord abbott and 
monks. They built them a church and the whole scite of 
the abbey of free stone which continued till these our times 
that K. Hen. 8'*^ took down the habitations and made the 
church serve the inhabitants as a parochial church, but 
now the same is also utterly defaced for the steeple lately 
fell down through age and they burnt the church with fire. 
The rectory Q. Mary gave to the University of Oxford. And 
the seignory of Holm Cultrum remaineth yet in the king's 
hands but all the other land and commodities in England 
ai-e sold to strangers by the kings predecessors. 

WiGTON. Wigton was antient demesn of Allerdale till 
Waldew the son of Earl Gospatrick gave that barony unto 
Odard de Logis. It containeth Wigton, Waverton, Blen- 
cogo, Dundraw and Kirkbride, with their appurtenances, 
which live townships are several mannors within them- 
selves known by metes and bounds and lye within the 
barony of Wigton. 

Odardus built Wigton church and endowed the same. 
He lived unto K. John's time. K. Hen. i^* confirmed 
Waldew's grant of the barony to him, by which it appeareth 
probably that he lived above an hundred years. The Earl 
Randulph Meschines gave Staunton to him, and K. Hen. 
i^t gave him Blackhill and Melmerby. He had issue Adam, 



ALLERDALE [wIGTON] . 63 

Adam had issue Odard the 2nd whose son and heir Adam 
the snd died without issue, therefore the inheritance came 
to his brother Walter who had issue Odard the 3rd who 
died without issue, and Odard the 4th Hkewise, wherefore 
the brother John de Wigton the son of Walter entered 
and had issue a sole daughter and heir Margaret, who a.d. 
. . . granted the church of Wigton to the abbott and 
convent of Holm Cultrum, which they presently did appro- 
priate to their house in the year of grace 1334. In K. 
Edw. 3''<^^ time Margaret was married to Sir John Denhara * 
Knt and was impleaded for her birth right, and her mother 
Idionsia Lovetot the wife of Sir John de Wigton was for 
a time hindered of her dower. Yet her adversaries did not 
prevail. Wigton barony shortly after her death came to 
Thomas Lucy the . . of that name Lord of Allerdale 
and thereby in right that seigniory of Wigton was extin- 
guished and became again part of the antient barony of 
Allerdale, though it is yet taken and reputed as a manner 
of itself. From the Lord Lucy it thenceforth as other 
lands descended to the Lucies and Earls of Northumber- 
land as appears in the title of Allerdale, and the rest of 
Odard de Wigton's lands to others as appears in other 
titles. 

KiRKBRlDE. The mannor of Kirkbride contains the 
township of . . . and Oulton a hamlet of the same 
with their appurts. It was first granted forth from the 
barony of Wigton in K. John's time by Adam 2nd Lord of 
Wigton to Adam son of Adam his 2nd son a knight, brother 
to Odard the 2nd. His posterity took the name of their 
mansion house at Kirkbride. The church there founded 
before the conquest was dedicated to the honour of a 
religious Irish woman of great sanctimoney called Brydock 
and corruptly St. Bride, and gave first name to the 
township. The said Adam son of Adam was witness to a 
deed of gift of his cousin Henry the son of Adam de 

* S Jo. Denom by whome she had issue a daughter married to Jo. Weston. 

Gilpin. 



64 AtLERDALE [wIGTON]. 

Waverton made to the monks of Holm Cultrum of lands in 
Waverton, and had issue Richard de Kirkbride : Richard 
had issue Robert whose issue male enjoyed the moiety of 
Kirkbride till it fell to the co-heirs of George Kirkbride 
the last of that house, who transferred his inheritance to 
the Dalstons, Cleburns, and Weddalls that married them. 

Adam fil Adse. 

Richard fil Adse. 

Richard fil Rici. 

Robert fil Rici. 

Richard frater Robti. 
•Walter. 

Richard, 5 Ed. 2. 

Walter, 10 Ed. 2. 

Richard, 23 Ed. 2. 

Richard, 22 Ric. 2. 
* * » * 

George Kirkbride, last of that house. 
The other moiety went forth by a daur. of . . . whose 
posterity sold that part in success of time to the Lord 
Paramount of Wigton in whose hands it continued till 
the Earl of Northumberland gave his patrimony to K. 
H. 8, which King sold it to Thomas Dalston grandfather 
to John Dalston, now entire lord of the same. 

DuNUKAGH. Dundragh, Collis Quercuvi (an Iiish name), 
a hamlet of the barony of Wigton. Odard de Logis first 
Lord of Wigton gave it to his son Gilbert, and the place gave 
sirname to him and his posterity. After Gilbert succeeded 
Gilbert his son, and after him I read of one Simon de 
Dundragh who lived in the 17 ^ year of King Henry 3'''^, 
but whether he held the manner or not I know not yet; 
for the four daughters and co-heirs of the 2" Gilbert of 
Dundragh did inherit his lands in Dundragh, Crofton, 
Thackthwaite, and Distington, viz. : Cicely the wife of 
Jordan ClapoU who gave her part by fine to William 

• This Walter was a Knt., I find him named as witness to a deed Ano imo, 
Ed. 3. Gilpin 



ALLEUDALE [wIGTON] . 65 

Cundall, in whose right succeeded Ralph Cundell. Matilda 
the wife of Wilham Multon who gave her part of Dis- 
tington to Thomas son of Lambert de Multon lord of 
Egremont, and her part of Thackthwaite to Thomas Lucy 
the son of Alice and of Alan Multon. Isolda the wife of 
Adam de Tinmouth who sold her part of Thackwaite to 
Thomas Lucy, and of Distington to Thomas the son of 
Lambert Multon. And Ada the wife of Stephen de Crof- 
ton whose part descended by the Croftons till the time of 
K. H. 4*, thenceforth to the Briscoes who yet enjoy the 
same in Dundragh and Crofton ; and she gave her part in 
Distington to Thomas Morisby and Margaret his wife and 
the heirs of Thomas ; and her part in Thackthwaite to 
Marg' sister of Thomas Lucy and wife to Thomas Stanley. 
Little Waverton. Little Waverton, now called Las- 
sonhall, is within the barony of Wigton, and holden of 
the same by .... It is now the inheritance of S"^ 
John Dalston of Dalston K"', the son of John Dalston, 
the son of Thomas who bought the same of . . . Pen- 
nington of Mulcaster. The Penningtons had enjoyed it 
for several discents. In the S"' year of Ed. a"**, John de 
Malton held it of the lady Margaret sole daur and heir of 
S"' John de Wigton, being then valued at lol. p. annum. 
And in the 32""^ year of Edw. i", S"^ Henry Malton K°' 
bought it by fine levyed of John de Canton and Alice his 
wife, daughter and heir of . . . Then Helen late wife of 
ooe Elias Brayton held it in dow"" for her life, the inherit- 
ance being in Alice the wife of the said John Canton. In 
the 31 Ed. i^' it was in the King's hands by the death of 
John de Mulcaster alias John de Easton, and by the forfei- 
ture of Alice daughter of Benedict de Mulcaster next heir 
to the said John de Mulcaster. In 6 Ed. i'', Alanus de 
Lascells and Elizabeth his wife by deed indented . . . 
and was impleaded then for the same by William Sparling 
and Alice his wife and her two sisters. Of the Lassells it 
was called Lassellhall, and since corruptly Lassonhall. 
Before them the Wavertons held it as a fee of Wigton 



66 ALLERDALE [WIGTON] . 

from Adam de Parva Waverton who lived in the times of 
K. R. i^^' and K. John. Adam was witness to a deed of 
gift A.D. 1203. 

Adam de Parva Waverton. 

Serlo. 

Radulphus. 

Robert. 

Allan Lassels and Isabel his wife. 

John de Mulcaster. 

John Canton and AHce his wife, heir of John Mul- 
caster who sold it 32 Ed. i^' to 

S"^ Henry Malton K°'. 

John de Malton 
from whom it came to the Penningtons who sold it to 

Thomas Dalston. 

John Dalston. 

S'' John Dalston of Dalston now Lord of Waverton. 
Great Waverton. Great Waverton villa ad Waver is 
a hamlet and fee of Wigton. It was anciently a forest 
ground, and was assarted by the posterity of the first 
Baron of Wigton, which of the place took their sirname 
and were called de Waverton, as namely : Gamel de 
Waverton, Lambert, Serlo, Retell, Gerard and others, 
whereof some of them gave parts thereof to the Abbey of 
Holme Cultrum to have their bodies buried there ; also the 
Thoresbies being foresters in fee of Allerdale rented divers 
parts thereof to the Ring, which from them descended as 
Thursby did to the Boyvills.* 



* MS. in a later hand : 

8 Ed. 2 Lambert de Waverton 4 partes valent per annum 20s et gs lib. redd. 
(Anno 12 Ed. 2, heredes Johan Waverton 8s id Adam Laithes Vendidit). 
Rob. Dykes 8 partes valent 30s. 
John Hormesby 8 partes valent 30s. 
William Osmotherby 12 partes valent 40s. 
Symon de Whinhow 12 partes valent 409. 
John de Bothell 12 partes 40s. 
Wm Dilces 5 partes. 

Heredes Clemt SK-elton 6 partes. Gilpin. 
The portion within ( ) is supplied from the S. A. MS. Editor. 



(67) 



BURGH BARONY. 



The Barony of Next unto Allerdale upon the south 
Burgh. side of the river Wathempool or Wat- 

holmpool now Wampol h'es the barony 
of Burgh-by-Sands or Burjrh barony. On the west and 
north-west it is washed by the sea flowing up to the foot 
of the river Eden, and by the said river towards the north 
and north-east unto the city of CarHsle : and from Carhsle 
to the river Wampool on the south-east it is divided from 
Dalston barony by the beaten high street, which leadeth 
from Carlisle through Thursby to Wigton. 

In this barony were divers mannors holden of Burgh, 
and some within the bounder, and yet no part of the 
barony (as Orton and Gamelsby) nor holden of the same. 
Ranulph Bohun* de Meschines gave this barony of Burgh 
to one Robert de Estrivers or Trivers together with the 
chief foresters office in the forest of Englewood ; which 
office with great and many liberties thereunto belonging all 
the Lords of Burgh enjoyed successively untill Thomas de 
Multon de Gilsland forfeited the same by treason com- 
mitted against the King ... in the insurrection made 
by Simon de Montford Earl of Leicester. 

Ibria Trevers daughter to Robert de Trevers and wife 
of Radulph Engayne Lord of Ishall transferred the barony 
of Burgh to the Engaynes. 

After Radulph Engayne succeeded W™ Engayne his son 



* Both the Scaleby and Milbourne MSS. have " Bohun " but it is clearly a slip. 

Editor. 



68 BURGH. 

by the said Ibria. The said Radulph and Ibria and 
William their son gave Henrickby alias Herriby besides 
Carlisle to the priory of Carlisle which gift Hugh Mor- 
vill confirmed. 

After W™ Engayne succeeded S'' Hugh Morvill (as son 
and heir of Ada sole daughter and heir of the said 
William). In the time of Hen. 2°^ this S"^ Hugh Mor- 
vill was of great possessions. In Cumberland he was 
Lord of Burgh barony Lassonby and Ishall ; in West- 
morland of Temple Sowerby, Hoflun, &c., and about 
Wharton he had diverse lands. The great mountain 
Hugh-Seat-Morvill was called after him. He was one 
of the four Knights who killed S* Thomas a Becket Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, after which deed he came to great 
misery. He gave therefore the rectory of Burgh to the 
abbey of Holm Cultrum, which the Bishops of Carlisle, 
Bernard, Hugh, and Walter did appropriate to the monks. 
The sword that killed St Thomas was at Ishall in my 
father's time, and since remaineth with the house of Arun- 
del. He was greatly hated of the churchmen of his time ; 
therefore they wrote many things to his dishonour hardly 
to be credited, which I omitt. After great repentance he 
died and left his two daughters his heirs, Johan wife to 
Richard Worun or Gerun, and Ada wife first to Richard 
Lucy second to Thomas Multon and third to W™ Lord 
Furnival.* 

After S' Hugh Morvill succeeded Richard Lucy and 
Richard Werun, with the daughters of S*^ Hugh in the in- 
heritance of Burgh. 

Richard Lucy had by his wife Ada only two daughters, 

* This is a dreadful muddle : Denton confounds Sir Hugh Morvill of Burgh 
with the murderer of Thomas & Becket, another Sir Hugfh, great uncle probably to 
the first mentioued Sir Hugh. See Mr. Hodgson Hinde. Archceological jour- 
nal, vol. xvi., p. 234, and see Observations on the Sword of Sir Hugh de Morville. 
Ibid vol. xxxvii., p. 99. 

For the descent of the Barony of Burgh, see The Barony of Gilsland. Trans. 
Cumberland and Westmorland Archse. and Antiq. Society, vol. iv., p. 446. 

Editor. 



BURGH. 69 

Annabel and Alice, and therefore after his death the 
moiety of Burgh fell to the second Thomas Multon afore- 
said brother to Lambert Multon of Egremont. 

Richard Werun had by his wife Johan Morvill, Sara (or 
Ada) a daughter married to Richard Boyvill Baron of 
Kirklevington who had issue Hawise the wife of Eustace 
of Baliol, which Hawise died without issue, and thereupon 
that moiety of Burgh also descended to Thomas son of 
Thomas of Multon aforesaid, or to Thomas de Multon de 
Gilsland his son the third of y^ name.* 

The second Thomast de Multon married Matilda Vaux 
y^ sole daughter and heir of Hubert Vaux Baron of Gils- 
land, and by her had issue Thomas de Multon de Gilsland, 
and died the 55 Hen. 3'''^. He forfeited the chief forester's 
office of the forest of Englewood by an insurrection with 
Simon de Montford. 

Thomas Multon de Gilsland was Baron of Burgh and 
Gilsland, he married Isabel daughter of . . . (which 
Isabel was afterwards married to John de Castre K"'), by 
her Thomas de Multon had issue another Thomas de 
Multon de Gilsland and died 23 Ed. i^'. 

Thomas de Multon de Gilsland the fourth of that name 
had issue a daughter and heir named Margaret married 
to Randulph Dacre the son of William, so became the 
Dacres first to be Barons of Burgh and of Gilsland. This 
Thomas de Multon dyed 8 Ed. 2°*^. 

Ranulph Dacre and Marg' his wife succeeded her father 
Thomas Multon and had issue W™ Dacre. Randulph died 
13 Ed. 3'''^ and Margaret the 36* of the same King, and 
W™ Dacre died in his mother's life time 35 Ed. 3'''*, and 
had issue Ranulph the 2°"^ who succeeded his grandfather 
in the baronies of Burgh and Gilsland together with 



* See infra p. 71. EniTOR. 

t This is that Thomas de Multon who is named as a witness in Magna Charta, 
9 H. 3. Gilpin. 



70 BURGH. 

Rowcliff, Lazonby and Kirkoswald, which he left to his 
posterity as follows : 

Ranulph y'^ 2"*^. 

Hugh who died 7 Ric. 2"^. 

William who died 22 Ric. 2""^ 

Thomas 

Thomas y^ 2""^. 

Ranulph y^ 3''''. 

Humphry. 

Thomas y^ 3'^'^. 

William y'= 2"*^. 

Thomas y*^ 4'^. 

George the last of the name of y^ Dacres, after 
whom was three sisters and co-heirs. 

* The estate of the Dacres being- forfeited to the crown by the rebellion and at- 
tainder of Leonard Dacre, brother and heir in tail to Thomas, in Queen Elizabeth's 
time, nothing- in reality did descend to the three sisters and co-heirs of George, but 
one of them dying without issue, and the other two (Anne and Elizabeth) marrying 
the Earl of Arundel and Lord \Vm. Howard (the two sons of that Thomas D. of 
Norfolk, who was executed about the business of Mary Q. of Scots), they pro- 
cured the estate to be granted to them again from the crown ; and Burgh and 
Graystock were allotted to the Earl of Arundel, and the barony of Gilsland to 
Lord William Howard. 

PhiHp Earl of Arundel, in right to Anne his wife. Lord of Burgh. He died 
1595, and was succeeded by 
Thomas his only son, who died at Venice, 4 October, 1646. 
Henry Earl of Norfolk, son of Thomas, died 1652. 

Thomas (restored to the title of D. of Norfolk) son of Henry, died 167S, un- 
married. To him succeeded 

Henry his brother, who died 16S3, and was succeeded by 

Henry his son, who 16S . . sold this barony for jf 14,000 to Sr. John Lowther, 
Bt., who i6g6 was created Baron Lowther and Viscount Lonsdale, and died 1700. 
Richard his son died 1713 unmarried, and was succeeded by Henry his brother, 
now (1746) Lord of this barony. Gilpin and IVIilbourne. 

The pedigree of Henry Lowther Lord Viscount Lonsdale, now (1749) Lord of 
this barony of Burgh. 

Gervaslus de Lowther, Knt., temp. H. 3. 

Sir Hugh de Lowther. who lived temp. Ed. L was Attorney General to that 

king. 
Sir Hugh de Lowther in 1331, 5 Ed. 3. was a judge of the King's Bench. 
Sir John Lowther ye 26, 27, and 28, Ed. 3. was Knt. of the shire for Cumber- 
land, as he was in the 14, 33, 46, and 50th of the same reign, 
and the 3 Rich. 2nd for Westmorland. 
Sir Robert Lowther his son. was 15 Rich. 2., and 4th Hen. 5., Knt. of the shire 

for Cumberland. He died A.D. 1430. 
Sir Hugh Lowther was High Sheriff of Cumberland in the iSth and 34th Hen. 
6., and a Knt. of the Bath. He married Dorothy, daur. to 
Thomas Lord Clifford. 
Sir Richard Lowther was Sheriff of the sd county in the Sth and 30th Eliz. He 
died in 1607 and was succeeded by 



BURGH. *ri 

AiKTON. Aikton villa quercuni is a mannor town and 
parish in the barony of Buigh-upon-Sands and was the 
principal seat of Johan de Morvill the 2nd dau;;hter and 
one of the two co-heirs of Sir Hugh Morvill Lord of Burgh. 
A little hamlet (now called Downball and ever so named 
after the Scots burnt it) was the capital messuage of Aik- 
ton where the said Johan Morvill and her husband Sir 
Richard Gernon (or Gerun, or Wdun) dwelt, and after 
them another Richard Gernon and Helewise his wife, he 
the kinsman of the elder Richard and she the daughter 
to Johan Morvill, to whom Johan gave six carucats of 
land for their maintenance in frank marriage. Johan died 
the 31st year of Hen. s"""^, and Helewise her daughter 
34 Hen. 3'^'^. By her death the land fell to Ada her sister 
and heir late wife to Radulph Boyville de Levington, and 
then wife to William Furnival ; the same Ada died 55 
Hen. 3'^'^. And after Ada, her daughter and heir Hawisa 
the late wife of Eustace Balliol succeeded in the inherit- 
ance of Ada and of Radulph Levington the first husband, 
which Hawise died 55 Hen. 3'^'^ without issue. Therefore 
the lands of Radulf Boyvill of Levington fell to his six 
sisters and co-heirs, and Hawise's fourth part viz : the 
moiety of her grandmother's moiety of the Morvills 
lands in Burgh and Kirkoswald to Thomas de Multon de 
Gilsland.* And the mannor of Aikton and the other fourth 
part of Burgh barony to Roger son of Walter Colvill and 

Sir Christopher Lowther Knt., married Eleanor, daur. to Wm. Mu.sgrave, of 

Hayton, and died a.d. 1617. 
Sir John Lowther his son, married Eleanor daur. to Wm. Fleming of Ridal 

Esq., and died 1637. To him succeeded his son. 
Sir John Lowther who was created a Bart, of Nova Scotia, and married Mary 

daur. to Sir Richard Fletcher of Cockermouth Knt. 
Sir John Lowther his son, who in 1696 was created Baron Lowther, and Viscount 
Lonsdale, married Catherine daur. of Sir Henry Frederick 
Thynne, Knt. sister to Thomas Lord Weymouth. Died 1700. 
Richard his son, died unmarried 1713, was succeeded by 
Henry his brother, now living. 

Arms 
Or 6 Annulets 3, 2, i. Sab. 

MiLBOURNE MS. 

* Supra p. 69. Editor. 



72 BURGH. 

Margaret his wife, as the right of Margaret aforesaid ; by 
descent as some think from Hawise but it seems otherwise, 
for the lands are found to be holden of the Lords of Burgh 
afterwards, and not of the King immediately. After Roger 
succeeded Edward Colvill his son and heir, 14 Ed. i^' 
Lord of Aikton ; his mother Margaret dyed gth Ed. 3'''^, and 
then Robert Colvill son and kinsman to Roger was 
found heir. In the 23 Ed. 3'^'^ Thomas Daniel dyed Lord 
of the same and the other lands in Burgh in the right of 
Isabell his wife the heir of Colvill, and left his daughter 
Margaret a child of three years of age his heir, who in the 
40th year of Ed. 3'''^ intailed the land to the heirs male of 
John Radcliff her husband and hers. The remainder to 
Richard their son for life. After to the heirs male of 
Robert, Thomas, Richard and John, sons of the said 
Richard successively. After to the heirs male of John the 
son of Catharine de Cliftley. After to the heirs male of 
John the son of William Ratcliff of Longfield. After to 
the heirs male of Robert the son of William, the son of 
Richard Ratcliff; and after to the right heirs of Margaret 
Daniel the grandmother, for ever. She dyed 44 Ed. 3'''^. 
Afterwards these lands and mannor was sold in the time 
of K. Hen. 6* to the Lord Thomas Dacre father of 
Humphrey by Sir John Savage Knt, in whose blood they 
continue at this day and so are become demesns of the 
Lord Paramount of Burgh, united to the antient seignory 
from whence they were divided by the partition of Sir 
Hugh Morvill's daughters (as is before mentioned) in the 
time of King John. 

The parish contains Gamelsby, Biglands, Wigganby, 
Whitriglees, Drumleyning, Lathes and Wampool. 

Parton. Parton (a mannor and township so called) 
adjoyneth to the west side of Crofton, and is divided from 
the same by a rill called Catt-beck. It lyes between the 
river of Wampool on the south and the Powbeck on the 
north, extended from the Catt-beck unto the Karrs-mouth, 



BURGH. 



73 



where the rill called Powbeck falls into Wampool. The 
first Lords thereof after the Conquest took their sirname 
of the place and were called Parton. The eldest hne of 
them by a daughter transferred the inheritance to one 
Richard Mansell whose son and heir John Mansell sold the 
same to Robert Mulcaster, who gave the same to Robert 
de Grinsdale in Hen. 2'^ time. Robert Grinsdale had issue 
Gilbert Grinsdale who had issue Allan and Robert ; Allan 
by his wife Margery had issue Thomas and Henry who died 
without issue of their bodies. Therefore their lands at 
Carliell fell to Sir William de Arthuret Knt in right of 
Marriotte his wife who was their sister and heir general 
after the death of Henry Grinsdale her brother. But Par- 
ton fell to Margaret the wife of Gilbert Pepper or Pipperd 
in Ed. 3"^'^ time, another heir of the Grinsdales, who dying 
without issue for that she was of the half blood her part 
fell to Robert de Grinsdale. Marriotte made John Denton 
of Cardew her heir. And Margaret gave her part to 
Robert Roose her 2nd husband whose nephew and heir 
Richard Roose sold the same to John Carliell parson of 
Kirkland, his brother's son. Robert the son of Robert 
Carliell sold to W"^ Denton the son and heir of John Den- 
ton aforesaid the moiety of Parton, whose posterity in the 
issue male still enjoyeth the same.* 

The manor and town contains the hamlets of Parton 
and Micklethwaite, Whinhow and Whinshill ; and Drom- 
leyning was parcel of the same untill the Lord Paramount 
purchased the same of Thomas heir general to John 
Dalston sometime freeholder of lands in Parton. 

Drumleyning. All Parton is within the parish of 
Thursby saving that of Drumleyning which is in the parish 
of Aikton, and now doth service to the mannor of Aikton. 
It is called corruptly Drumleyning, the right name thereof 

* The moiety of Parton continued in the issue male of the Dentons, till George 
Denton of Cardew, last possessor thereof, sold the same to Sir John Lowther, a.d. 
1686. Gilpin. 



74 BURGH. 

is the Myre-Dromble-Heyning ; Wee call a bittern a Myre 
Dromble because she haunteth myres, boggs, fens and carrs, 
and for that she hath a thundering voice which we call 
rumbling. Heyning is the fryth or freed spring of the place. 
A wood new cut for springing, a fryth and spring we call a 
Heyning of the word Heyned which signifies freed or spared 
or forborn. 

Gamelsby and Biglands. Gamelsby is the next town 
to Parton, and stands upon the north side of the river of 
Wampool, between it and the fields of Aikton. It con- 
taineth the two hamlets of Gamelsby and Biglands, which 
Biglands is so called of that kind of grain called beer or 
barley which plentifully grows there, which grain Cumber- 
land men call bigg and thereupon the hamlet is called 
Bigglands. 

These two hamlets were antiently a manner the chief 
capital house whereof stood at Gamelsby which was so 
called of one Game! that first builded there. It was 
antiently parcel of Burgh and granted forth to one William 
Brewer by the Lords of Burgh, to be holden as part of the 
same of the crown, as the barons held the rest of the king. 
It is called in antient evidences Gamelsby juxfa Aikton, 
therefore not de Aikton nor within the bounds of the same. 
Before Gamel built there, it was a woody waste haunted 
with deer. The next Lord that I read of was one Adam de 
Crookdake who had it by fine of William Brewer : after it 
descended by two daughters to the families of the Raugh- 
tons and of those Boyvills which were Lords of Westlinton, 
and therefore called de Levington or Linton. Raughtons' 
part descended to a daughter named Catherine the wife of 
John Aspilon, a Buckinghamshire man, who sold the same 
to the Warcops, who sold the same to the Crakinthorps or 
Southeraikes, who exchanged the same with the Dentons 
of Cardew for their lands in Skelton. One of the posterity 
of the Dentons sold the same of late to the several inhabi- 
tants and tenants of that part who now enjoy the same. 



BURGH. 75 

And the other moiety the Levingtons' part descended 
long in the heirs male till by a daughter the same was 
transferred to one Alexander Highmore of Harbybrow, 
whose heir sold the same to the Lord Dacres. And it is 
now in the Queen's hands by the attainder of the heir of 
the Dacres. 

Wampool. Wathompool or Wampool lyes next unto 
Biglands and Gamelsby, and is so called of the river Wam- 
pool upon the banks whereof it standeth. The oldest that 
I read of that were Lords of the same was one Robert 
Brunne the son of Radulf who was called Robert de 
Wathompool because he dwelt there. He married Mar- 
garet the daughter and heir of Richard the son of Trute 
Lord of Newby beneath Carliell. She confirmed Newby 
to the abbey of Holm Cultrum, being covert baron, therefore 
Hervey de Wampool,* Robert de Dunbraton, William de 
Feritate and Radulf his brother, were her pledges for 
that assurance. Afterwards Blennerhasset, Dacre, and 
Warwick of Warwick were Lords thereof. Richard War- 
wick heir of the Warwicks' part lately sold the same to 
the inhabitants who are Lords of the freeholds. It is holden 
of the barony of Burgh and was antiently a demesne, but 
is now divided into four tenements, two whereof are War- 
wicks, and Blennerhasset and Dacre have the other two. 
Warwicks' moiety descended from Thomas de Whitrigg 
Knt ; Blennerhassetts' part from William Arthuret Knt, 
heir to Adam de Crofton. 

Whitrigg. Whitrigg or the White Ridge is a great 
long white rigg upon the banks of Wathinpool, and was so 
called of the waste ground there fashioned like a corn rigg. 
It was first inhabited by the Brunes, who were antiently a 
great family ; Whitrigg was the inheritance of Robert de 
Dunbretton so called because he dwelt at Dunbretton, but 



* I read of one Hervy de Wampol et Agnes uxor soror Willielmi Tarraby. 

Gilpin. 



76 BURGH. 

his sirname was Brun and his posterity were called Whit- 
rigg of this place. Another hamlet belonging to the same 
is called Whitrigg-Lees which was the pasture ground and 
Lee of Whitrigg when it was demesne. 

Lathes. Lathes is a hamlet next unto Wampool, and 
was so called of a grange or farm which the Lord of 
Whitrigg had there. Of that place the family of the 
Lathes took their name, who antiently well nigh the Con- 
quest have enjoyed the same in the issue male untill Adam 
Leathes now owner of the demesne thereof sold the tene- 
ments and residue of the hamlet to the inhabitants. It 
was antiently part of the demesn of Whitrigg, and given 
by Robert the son of Robert de Dunbretton to his kinsman 
Henry,* whose posterity as aforesaid were thereupon called 
de le Leaths. We call a barn for corn a Lath, whereupon 
the place was so called being a very good soil and antiently 
kept in tillage. It is in the parish of Aikton. 

Langcrofts. There is also a hamlet called Langcrofts 
parcel of Whitrigg so called of the long ridges of land 
which lye between the town and Wampool. 

Caerdurnok. Towards the sea coast at the foot of 
Wampool, stands an old village called Caer-durnok, a 
British name which signifies the town of the thorns, of a 
wood there then all of thorns which was long after called 
the Eyen Thorns, or Old Thorns, and now are all wasted 
away. And the place where they did grow stands now a 
village yet called Aynthorn. 

FiNGLAND. There is another village called Finland, 
Fingland and Fennland, which is almost environned with 
a moss and fenny ground. All these were the Brun lands 
and did belong unto and were parcels of their manors of 
Bowness and Drumbugh. 

BowNESS. Bowness is a common name to the manner 
town and parish there. One of the first barons of Burgh 

* Robertus filius Robert! dedit Leathes Henrico fratri suo Hen 3. Gilpin. 



BURGH. 77 

after the Conquest gave the same to Gamel le Brun, It 
containeth, on the north side where the sea floweth up into 
the river of Eden, the town of Bowness itself, Glasson 
Drumbugh and Easton, where the bounder of the same 
crosseth over southward on the east side of Fingland and 
Whitrigg unto Wathempol, and taketh in all the aforemen- 
tioned towns of Whitrigg, Whitrigg-Lees, Langcrofts, 
Fingland, Aynthorn and Caerdurnok, all which make a 
great point of land into the sea, thrusting in between the 
waters of Wampool and Eden. A goodly manner it was 
while entire, but now it is divided into several parts. 

Bowness was antiently called Bulgitim Blatum of the 
Romans, who, as I think, framed this word Bulgiiim of 
a word now in use with us, namely Bulge, which signi- 
fieth a breaking in, as the sea, there swelling, breaks in. 
But where they took the word Blatum I cannot perceive 
unless from that place in Scotland a little from Tordoss 
called Blawtwood, which soundeth the sea swelling or 
bulging in at Blawt. But this name Bowness as some 
have thought was given to the place of this word Noose, 
which the Scots and this country people call Neese, which 
signifies a point of land into the sea : and so they commonly 
call it, and for that the land here makes a crooked point 
into the sea they call it Bow-ness. Others have writ it 
Bowl-ness as a word made of bowling which is swelling, 
and the said word ness a point ; for that often times the 
tide coming with the wind the sea breaks in at the point 
with great fury. 

But however it was called, it was a most antient thing 
and a great building as appeareth by the antient founda- 
tions and paved streets which are daily found in the 
common fields by the inhabitants. It is seated at the 
west end of that memorable work the Picts Wall. 

Drumbugh. The church is placed at Bowness but 
the capital messuage at Drumbogh where the said Gamel 
Brun and his posterity dwelt. It is called Drumbugh of 



78 BURGH. 

that fenny mire or bog, then full of shrubs and haunted 
with bitterns which the people call myre drombles, or mire 
drumnles, so as that word Drumbogh signifies the bitterns' 
fen. 

Easton. The next town to it is Easton for that it is 
the eastermost town of the manner. 

Glasson. The other hamlet named Glasson was so 
called by the Irish inhabitants for that it is a green on a 
river, Glass in Irish signifying green, and Oon a river. 
It gave name to the family of gentlemen called Glassons, 
some of whose race builded at Glassonby besides Kirkos- 
wold manner, which place was thereupon called Glassonby. 
The last of that name W™ de Glasson, who held Glasson 
of Robert le Brun de la Feritie Lord of Bowness, forfeited 
the same, being outlawed for the death of one Patrick 
Taylor ye 6 Ed. i. 

Brunskeugh. After the aforesaid Gamel le Brun 
diverse of the Bruns were Lords of Bowness successively 
as Robert, Radulf, Robert, Richard &c. One of those 
Roberts and Radulf his father had a mansion house 
without Eden nigh a brush of wood, called therefore Brun- 
nesskeugh or Brunneswood where the town of Brunskeugh 
now standeth. And for that the same is seated towards the 
wild wastes, they were called de Feritate, but their'sirname 
was Brun. Their lands were divided amongst three copar- 
ceners, the daughters and heirs of Richard Brun the last 
Lord of that name. One of them named Helen was 
married to the house of Workington. Another to Har- 
rington of Harrington. And another to Bowet whose 
posterity sold the same to Ellys, who yet enjoyeth the third 
part in Bothill, but hath sold his part in Bowness to 
Robert Graham of the Fald. 

BowsTEAD Hill. The next hamlet to Easton in the 
parish of Bowness is Bowstead Hill, so named of a bow 
of kine there kept for their dairy by the Lords of Burgh. 

Langbergh. And next unto Bowstead Hill is a hamlet 



BURGH. 79 

called Langbergh, so named of this word bergh which 
signifies a rising ground. Both this and Bowstead Hill 
were antient demesne of Burgh, and their pasture ground, 
and now for better strength of the borders are letten forth 
to tenancies. 

DiKESFlELD. And so was a hamlet called Dykesfield 
(without Langbergh), which gave name to the Dykes, a 
family of gentlemen. 

Burgh. Next to Langbergh stands Burgh itself, where 
the barons of Burgh had a capital messuage, the ruins 
whereof are yet seen at the east end of the town. 

And between Burgh and the Sands was a mannor house 
where one Henry de Sands a gentleman held there of the 
barons of Burgh a carucat and an half of land in demesn 
of which place he his ancestors and their posterity took 
their sirname, and were called in old evidences de Sabuloni- 
bus, whose issue male is now Lords of Rottington ; but that 
their mannor house and the lands belonging to the same 
lye now waste and are the pasture ground now belonging 
to the inhabitants of Burgh. But it is yet called the 
Sandsfield. 

WoRMOLBY. Next unto Burgh towards Carliell is a 
little hamlet called Woormolby or Wormondby, so named 
of the first inhabitant there. 

Beaumont. On a fair hill next unto Wormolby is 
Beaumont, a town so named of the fair hill on which it 
stands from whence every way lies a goodly prospect which 
gave occasion of this name. It was anciently a manor 
belonging to the Brunnes Lords of Bowness, who were 
patrons of the church there. But of later times the barons 
of Burgh have bought it of the co-heirs and granted the 
same forth in customary tenancies. 

KiRKANDERS. Next unto Beaumont stands the parish 
and town of Kirkanders, so named of the church there 
dedicated to St. Andrew, which the antient Lords of Burgh, 
as I think, did grant together with the service of the 



8o BURGH. 

manor of Orton unto the barons of Levington and severed 
the same from the barony of Burgh ; for though they lye 
now within the same yet are they not part thereof. And 
upon the next office found by inquisition after the making 
of the statute of Magna Charta in Hen. 3'''' time the 
barons' lands of Levington wheresoever they did lye were 
found to be one barony by the inquisition, as other men's 
lands then were that were holden in capite of the king, 
as Lesingby distant from Burgh six miles yet is found to be 
parcel of Burgh. And Skelton so remote from Kirkleving- 
ton yet is found to be parcel of the same barony of Leving- 
ton. The Lords of Burgh have now annexed Kirkanders 
town again to the barony of Burgh. But Orton is holden 
still of Levington but it lies in Burgh. 

Grinsdale. Next unto Kirkanders lies Grinsdale, a 
parish town and mannor within Burgh barony and holden 
of the same. It gives sirname unto a family of gentlemen 
called Grinsdalls. The most antient of the name that I 
read of was one Udard de Grinsdall, and after him Asketill 
the son of Robert de Grinsdall that lived in the time of 
Hen. i^*, Stephen, and Hen. 2"'^. The eldest line failed 
about King John's time when the inheritance fell to two 
daughters whereof one was married to the Lord of Newton 
in AUerdale. One Thomas de Newton held by that right 
the moiety of Grinsdale of Thomas de Multon Lord of 
Burgh, in Hen. 3'''^ time. And the other moiety was then 
so holden by one William de la Sore, whose ancestor had 
married the other coparcenor. A second bi-other of Aske- 
till called Robert was a citizen of Carliell and purchased 
lands there and in Parton, which descended according to 
the following pedigree untill the coparcenors and their 
heirs sold the same to the Dentons of Cardew, in Hen. 4* 
time, whose issue male enjoyeth the same at this day. 

Udard de Grinsdall. 

Robert. 

Asketill. 



BUKGH. ^1 

Robert brother of Asketill. 

Gilbert. 

, /Robert. 

\ Gilbert. 

Allan. 

Henry who had issue two daufjhters and 
heirs Marriot and Margaret, who conveyed the estate to the 
Dentons as aforesaid, and in whom expired that race of 
gentlemen, unless perhaps the Grindalls be of their pos- 
terity. 

Newton's moiety of Grinsdale fell by marriage to Martin- 
dale, and to one of the Dacres named Richard Dacre in 
the right of his wife one of the co-heirs of Martindale. 
His issue William Dacre and himself for following Leonard 
Dacre in the last rebellion lost the same and now it is in 
the Queen's hands by attainder. The other is Michael 
Studholme's lands son of Richard son of John son of 
Richard son of Michael son of John son of Richard son 
of William, who bought the same of Jo. de Kirkanders 
son and heir of John de Parton & Kirkanders, An. lo 
Ed. f^ 

It is called Grinsdale or Greensdale for that the Town- 
field was antiently a low green bottom or dale by the river 
side of Eden. 

Banton magna et parva. Bampton villa Bembce vet 
Banibce is a township within Brough barony. It was the 
principal seat of Hildred de Carliol, a K°* in the time of King 
Hen. 2^^. The township contains Great Banton, Little Ban- 
ton, Ughtredby and Studholm. The rectory lies in Great 
Banton. In the partition of Hildred's estate after his death 
his grandchildren Richard and Robert the sons of Odard 
the son of Hildred parted this manner. Adam son of 
Robert son of Odard son of Hildred dedit medietatem Ecclesics 
Dom Sii Nich. Carliol. And Eudo de Carliell tenant of the 
same ii Hen. 3'''* gave four carucats in Ughtredby and 
Little Bampton to Waltre de Bampton by fine, which by in- 
quisition taken 23 Ed. 1=' was valued to 20I land, and to be 



82 BURGH. 

holden of the mannor of Burgh. And another part Dame 
Elizabeth Montacute Countess of Sarum held 36 Ed. 3'^'^ 
as of the inheritance of W™ Montacute Earl of Sarum ; 
and the same year S"^ Bryan Stapleton of Bedal in York- 
shire also, as by purchase (I think), whose posterity in Hen. 
S"' time sold it to Thomas Dacre of Lanercost, and Chris- 
topher hath now sold it into many parts to the inhabitants. 

Walter de Bampton, David le Marshall, Robert de 
Wampool et Margaret uxor ejus filia Rici, filii Rici, filii 
Troite carrucatam in Comberdale, duo carucatas in Comb- 
quintin quartuor carrucatas in Ughtredly et Bampton parva 
II Hen. 3'''^ per finem levatam inter eos et Eudonem filium 
Adam fiHi Robert filii Odard filii Hildred de Carliel. 

Walter filius Barnardi per Heredem Rici filii Troite 15 
Regis Johis. 

Orton. Above Grinsdale and Kirkanders more towards 
the south stands Orton or Overton, which name is common 
to the parish mannor and town being so named in respect 
of the situation and higher standing of that place in 
reference to Kirkanders and the lower towns towards Eden 
and the borders of the country. It is parcel of the barony 
of Levington and holden of the same and gave sirname to 
a family of gentlemen of mark called Orton. They gave 
for arms vert a lion rampant argent crowned and armed 
gules. The first of the name I read of was Simon, who had 
issue Alan de Orton to whom K. Hen. ^'^^ granted free warren 
in Orton. After him succeeded John his son (they were 
all Knts), and after him Giles whose daughter and heir 
Johan was wife to Sir Clement de Skelton, to whom he 
had four daughters and heirs ; one named Agnes married 
to the Lighes of Ishall, another named .... married 
to Bellasis, another named .... married to Ridley. 
The fourth named .... married to Blennerhasset. 
They divided the mannor into three parts which Lighe, 
Blennerhasset, and Ridley enjoyed and charged the land 
with a rent of £8 to Bellasis whose heir sold the same to 
one Codall a merchant of Carliell, which Robert Brisko 



son of Leonard a younger brother's son of the Briskos of 
Crofton, enjoyeth in the right of Eleanor his wife, daughter 
of Richard Codall son of John son of John. 

And the mannor is now the inheritance of John Brisco 
of Crofton an infant, son of William, son of John, which 
John the grandfather purchased the Lighs' parts from 
Wilfrid Lawson and Maud his wife, (late wife of Thomas 
Ligh to whom he gave his lands), and of Thomas Blenner- 
hasset of Carlisle another part, and the other third part 
Nicholas Ridley sold to the tenants there, whereof one sold 
his part to Denton of Cardew, another kept his part, and 
the third .... right of patronage of the rectory. The 
residue sold their parts to the said William Brisco the 
infant's father. 

WiGGONBY. Next unto Orton stands Wiggonby, which 
was antiently the Ortons' lands, and as I think parcel of 
Orton. Yet I have seen offices that have found it a man- 
nor of itself. It descended with the Ortons' lands as Orton 
did to the co-heirs. Ligh sold his part to George Porter 
of Bolton. Blennerhasset yet holds his, and Ridley sold 
his part to the inhabitants. 

Crofton. Crofton is the next town and mannor to 
Thursby in the parish of Thursby, and lies betwixt Thursby 
and Parton towards the east and west and between the 
rivers of Wampool and the Pow on the south and north. 
It is called Croft-town of the word Croft, as the town 
standing upon the Crofts. The iirst Lord that I read of 
the same was a Knt, Sir Gilbert the son of Gilbert de 
Dundraw. He gave a parcel of the same to the hospital 
of St. Nicholas of Carlisle, and bounded it out in the place 
called Gillmartinridden. He lived in K. John's time. He 
bound that land to grind at his mill at Crofton. Next 
after him the Lords of Crofton had to their sirname Crofton, 
as John de Crofton,* Robert de Crofton, John de Crofton, 

* MS. John de Crofton, Robert de Crofton, Thomas de Crofton, John de Crofton, 
John de Crofton, Adam de Crofton, Marriott wife of WiUiam de Arthuret and 



§4 BURGH. 

Clement de Crofton. They had lands in Carliell and 
Birkskugh which corruptly is called Bruskowgh and Bris- 
kow. One Isold de Briskow married the heir of Crofton 
whose posterity in the issue male have hitherto enjoyed the 
same. And at this day John Brisco an infant the son of 
William son of John son of Robeit, who was slain at 
Sollom Moss, is Lord thereof. 

They were called de Birkskugh because their first an- 
cestors dwelt at Birkskeugh or Birchwood, a place by 
Newbiggen in a Lordship belonging to the priory of Carliell 
which lands they yet enjoy or part thereof. And when 
Gualo Cardinal of St. Martin in K. John's time, and after 
him Pandolf in Hen. 3'^'* time as legates from the Pope 
made distribution of the lands belonging to the church of 
Carliell between the bishop and the prior which till then 
were holden per indivisum, the said first named John de 
Crofton held the same land in Brisco as a freeholder.* 



daur. of John de Crofton : Margaret one other daur. and co-heir of Sir John de 
Crofton, married Isold Brisco, by whom he had Crofton, Whinhovv and Dundraw. 

IVIS. Willielmus de Arthuret de jure Mariottae uxoris relictae Thomae Morpat 
medietatem de Cumbersdall feofatus in feodo cum Thoma predicto. Quartam 
partem alterius medietatis jure Hereditatis ejusdem uxoris per decessum Adje de 
Crofton alias le Usher sive Marshall avunculi ejus. Alteram quartam partem de 
perquisitione ab Adamo de StafFole facta per Willielmum de Arthuret. Et Thomas 
de Whitrigg' tenet aliam quartam partem, in quibus duabus partibus ultime dictis 
Newby continetur. 

Adam de Crofton et Robertus de Whitrigg junior Comquintin. Eglionby tenet 
nunc partem Adae Crofton et Skelton partem Roberti VVhittrigg. 

26 Ed. 3, Adam de Crofton's lands now divided by partition amongst .... 
co-heirs. One part whereof was to Sir William de Arthurett jure Mariota; uxoris, 
another to Adam de Staffold. Gjlpin. 

* It appears by an ancient writing dated (now in the custody of 

John Brisko Esq.,) purporting an arbitrement between then prior 

of Carliol, and Christopher Brisko then Lord of Crofton, that the sd Chr. Brisko 
and his ancestors were Lords of the mannor of Brisko, but that he being taken 
prisoner by the Scots and enforced to pay a great sum of money foi his ransom 
was necessitated for the raising of the same to mortgage his mannor of Brisko to 

prior of Carliol. And afterwards they coming to an account about 

the same, the arbitrators whom they chose to adjust their differences ordered that 
the prior and his successors should enjoy the whole mannor except the capital 
house and best tenement, and that Christopher Brisko and his should have 
liberty to cut wood for building and dig for stones, and have such a proportion of 
the comon if ever after it happens to be improved : and accordingly the Briskoes 
have since enjoyed the sd tenements and messuages (now cantoned into many little 
tenements), and the prior and his successors and now (in their right) the Dean 
Snd Chapter the residue. In the late times when the parliament prevailed agst K. 



BURGH. 85 

They give to their arms three greyhounds sable currant 
in a field d'or* which as I think the heralds devised alluding 
to the word Briskugh which in the British tongue implieth 
agility in leaping, from which word the Saxons took the 
word frisk or leap. But their right name is de Birkskeugh. 
These words Skeugh, Scawgh, Shaw, I have seen in antient 
evidences thus differently written yet always importing the 
same viz : a wood ground standing on a hill as this Birk- 
skeugh and Whinnow Shaw their own land, so called in 
old evidences Middleskewgh and Middleskowgh. Three 
pieces of wood land in Dalston called the Skaw, the little 
Skaw and Raysons Skaw, named in old writings Skaugh or 
Scough. 

John Brisko, grandfather to abovesaid infant, added to 
his coat for a crest a greyhound sable bearing a hare 
proper. 

John de Crofton gave lands to the priory of Carliell, his 
seal was a pelican and her young ones in her nest under 
her. Robert his son gave lands also to the church of Car- 
liell, he sealed with a lilly pot of three flowers. 
The pedigree of the Briskoes is as followeth : 

Robert Brisko Lord of Brisko. 

Alan son of Robert. 

Jurdayn son of Allan. 

Robert son of Jurdayn. 

John Brisko son of Robert lived An. 6 Ed. 2"** as 
appears by a release made to him by his mother of her 
dower. 

******* 

Isold Brisco who married Margaret one of the daugh- 
ters and heirs of Sir John de Crofton Knt, temp. Ric. 2""^. 



Chas. ist. and the Bps and Dean and Chapter's lands were sold, Wm. Brisko 
Lord of Crofton, purchased the Dean and Chapter's part of Briskoe manner, 
thereby reuniting again the antient inheritance of his ancestors, but upon the 
restoration of C h 2d. the same was again restored to the Dean and Chapter, and 
is now by them enjoyed as formerly. GiLPlN. 
* At this day the field is silver. Gilpin. 



86 BURGH. 

Chris. Brisko son of Isold Lord of Crofton, Brisko 
and Dundraw.* 

Robert Brisko son of Ctiris. married Isabel daughter 
of William Dykes of Warthole. 

Robert Brisko.t son of Robert. 

John Brisco son of Robert married with Salkeld of 
Korky. 

Richard Brisko son of John married with Leigh of 
Frisington. 

Robert Brisco son of Richard married with Coldal of 
Harrington, and was slain at Sollom Moss. 

John son of Robert married with Musgrave. 

William son of John married with Orfeur of High 
Close. 

John son of William now Lord of Crofton 1582, an 

infant, t 

RoTHCLiFF. On the north side of the river Eden lyes 
the parish town and mannor of Rothcliff, (it is not within 
the ancient barony of Burgh nevertheless it was antiently 
held of the same and is now reputed as parcel thereof 
together with the mannor of West Levington, (which lies 
upon the river Levin on the north-east of Rowcliff,) and 
they do both now perform service of court at Burgh). 
RothcHff abuts on Carghow on the east, on Levington on 
the north, and is bounded by the foot of the river . . . 
on the west. The mannor was antiently the inheritance 



* Xpoter B. kept 14 soldiers at Brisco Thorn-upon-Esk, and was taken prisoner 
at the burning of Wigton and upon these occasions was forced to mortgage a 
great part of his estate. GiLPIN. 

t Married Cuth. daur. and hr. of Clement Skelton, of Petterellwray. Gilpin. 

J William Brisco Esq. the son of John the Infant (who was Lord in Ano. 1582), 
and of Mary daughter of Thomas Braithwait of Burnshead is now Lord of Crofton, 
Ano. 1687. Wm Brisco died 25 February. 16S7. He married a daughter of 
Brown, Merchant in London and was succeded by 

John, who married Mercy, daughter of Wm. Johnson of Newcastle merchant, 
and dyed 14 February 1690. 

WiUiam his eldest son dyed unmarried by which the estate came to John Brisco 
second son of John, who married Catherine daughter to Sir Richard Musgrave of 
Hayton Castle, Bart, who is now Q|f49) alive and has several sons. Gilpin and 

MlLBOURNE. 



BURGH. 8/- 

of Radulph de Bray, who gave the same to Wilham the 
son of John de RothcHff in the sixth year of King John, 
and in the fifth year of the same King one Adam de Bray 
gave the rectory to John, prior of St. Marys of Carliell, 
who did appropriate the same to the church of Cadiell. 
In the fourth year of K. John Radulph Bray farmed the 
rectory for corn for term of life granted by William then 
priest of RothcHff. In the 33rd year of Hen. 3'''^ William 
de Hardrighall and Matild his wife (William I take to be 
the aforesaid William de RothcHff, and Matild to be a 
daughter of the Brays), did give the mannor to John 
France, to be holden of them and their heirs paying £^ 
per annum rent, as I take it. The same year John France 
redeemed it of John Ludbroke and Johan his wife. The 
land was holden of Burgh 2s. vel unum esperuarhim. 34 Hen. 
3'^'' Gilbert France held the lands by the said service and 
dyed 6 Ed. i"^'. And his son Richard France being under 
age one Michael de Harcla took him and married him to 
his daughter whereof the King seised Michael's lands and 
fined him. In the 22nd year of the said King, the King 
gave the mannor of Rockcliff to Richard Vernon or Gernon 
for his life and to return after him to Richard his son, and 
to Eleanor daughter of Giles Fynes, Richard's wife and 
the heirs of their bodies which mannors the King had of 
Richard Vernon the father's gift. The Frances are named 
in evidences Francoys and Francigense, (which I think 
was so for that the first so named was born in France). 
It may therefore be the sirname was Vernon. Afterwards 
in the 23rd year of K. Edw. 3'''^ Thomas Danyel died seised 
of RothcHff, whose daughter Margaret wife of John Rat- 
cliff intailed the same and her other lands to the Ratcliffs 
and the heirs male of their kindred, an. 40th Ed. 3"^"^ and 
died in the 44th of the same King. And after her posterity 
sold it to the Lord Dacre (and so it became united to the 
barony of Burgh in demesne). 

OuTERBY. Ughtredby Habitatio Ughtredi is the name 



of a little town in Bampton parish in the barony of Burgh, 
the place was so named before the Conquest of one Ughtred 
the first builder there, but what family he was of appears 
not. It was the inheritance of Hildred de Carliell, in 
Hen. 2""^ time and descended as the other lands in Comb- 
quintin to his two grandchildren Richard and Robert, the 
sons of Odard the son of Hildred Lord of Bampton. 
Robert had issue Adam and he Eudo, who ii Hen. ^"^ 
gave to Walter de Bampton, David Marshall, Robert de 
Wampoole and Margaret his wife, sister* and heir to 
Richard the son of Richai^d son of Troite the heir and suc- 
cessor of Richard Carliell four carucats in Ughtredby and 
Little Bampton, two in Combquintin and one in Combers- 
dale in partition of Hildred's lands or satisfaction for their 
parts of the same. 

* Ante p. 82, sKg is called daughter. Editor. 



(89) 



THE FOREST OF ENGLEWOOD. 



The forest of Englewood is in the midland parts of the 
county and lieth between the rivers of Shawk and Eden 
about 10 miles broad and is extended from Carliell to 
Penrith about i6 miles of length. It abutts upon the 
baronies of Burgh and Allerdale on the west, on the barony 
of Greystock on the south, and upon the river Eden on the 
east and north. By which account it comprehends the 
barony of Great Dalston which is now reputed as part 
thereof, tho' antiently it appears to have been a distinct 
barony. Great Dalston lies on the west of the river Cal- 
dey and takes up most part of that ground which is 
therefore called The Westward viz : of the great forest of 
Englewood, tho' of late it has been used as the name of a 
distinct forest. 
The Barony of Between Burgh barony and the forest 
Great Dalston. of Englewood lies ye barony of Great 
Dalston, which is divided from the 
forest by the river Caldey on the south side, and it reached 
from Carliell unto Welton in Sebergham, where it is divi- 
ded from Sowerby by the river Caldey and taketh in little 
Raughtonfield untill the foot of Rawgh, where Caldey 
bounders it again along great Raughtonfield. 

The Earl Randolph Meschiens first gave this seignory 
to one Robert (that was second brother to Hubert de 
Vallibus first Lord of Gilsland) and his heirs whereupon 
he was called Robert de Dalston. This Robert and his 
issue enjoyed it till K. Stephen gave Cumberland to David 
K. of Scots. And presently after Hen. of England the 
second of that name banishing the Scots seised that barony 
among others and united them to the forest of Englewood 



go FOREST OF ENGLEWOOD [GREAT DALSTON] . 

when Allan de Nevill was chief forester ultra Trent. It 
continued forest from that time during all the reigns of the 
said K. Hen. 2^^, of Rich, x^' and John his sons, and of 
Hen. 3'^'^ John's son until the 14th year of his reign, who 
then first disafforested the same and granted Dalston with 
great priviledges to Walter Malclerk then Lord Treasurer of 
England and Bishop of Carliell, and to his successors 
Bishops there. And at this day Henry Robinsoa Bishop of 
Carliell enjoyeth the same being the 35th Bishop of Carliell 
as appears by this ensuing catalogue of the Bishops of that 
see. 

1. Athelwold or Athulf, first Bp. of Carliell, he was 

Hen. i^'^ chaplain and prior of St. Botolphs, 
cons. 1 133, dyed 1157. 

2. Bernard, cons. 1157, dyed 1186. 

3. Hugh .... after a vacancy of 32 years, 

cons. 1218, died 1223. He was Abbot of Battel. 

4. Walter Malclerk, cons. 1223, resig. 1246. 

5. Sylvester de Everdon, cons. 1246, died 1254. 

6. Thomas Vipont, cons. 1255, died 1256. 

7. Robert Cherry or de Chause, cons. 1258, died 

1279. 

8. Randolph Irton, cons. 1280, died 1292. 

9. John Halton, cons, 1293, died 1324. 

10. John de Rosse, cons. 1324, died 1332. 

11. John de Kirkby, cons. 1332, died 1352. 

12. Gilbert de Welton, cons. 1353, died 1362. 

13. Thomas de Appleby, cons. 1363, died 1395. 

14. Robert Reed, cons. 1396, died 1415. 

15. Robert Merks, . . . died . . . This Bp. 

was attainted of High Treason, Hill : 2 Hen. 
4, for conspiring the restitution of Ric. 2"*^, but 
was afterwards pardoned. 

16. William Strickland, cons. 1400, died 1419. 

17. Roger Whelpdale, cons. 14 19, died 1422. 
j8. William Barrow, cons. 1423, died 1429. 



FOREST OF ENGLEWOOD [GREAT DALSTON] . QI 

ig. Marmaduke Lumley, cons. 1430, transl. 1450. 

20. Nicholas Close, cons. 1450, transl. 1452. 

21. William Percye, cons. 1452, died 1462. 

22. John Kingscot, cons. 1462, died 1463. 

23. Richard Scroop, cons. 1464, died 1468. 

24. Edward Story, cons. 1468, transl. 1478. 

25. Richard Bell, cons. 1478. 

26. William Sever, cons. 1495, transl. 1502. 

27. Roger Leyburn, cons. 1503, died 1508. 

28. John Penny, cons. 1509, died 1520. 

29. John Kite, cons. 1521, died 1537. 

30. Robert Alleridge, cons. 1537, died 1555. 

31. Owen Oglethorp, cons. 1557, died 1559. 

32. John Best, cons. 1561, died 1570. 

33. Richard Barnes, cons. 1570, transl. 1573. 

34. John Mey, cons. 1577, died 1598. 

35. Henry Robinson, cons. 1598, died 1616. 

36. Richard Snowdell or Snowden, cons. 1616. 

37. Richard Milborn,* cons. 1621. 

38. Richard Senhouse, cons. 1624, died 1626. 

39. Francis White, cons. 1626, transl. 1628. 

40. Barnaby Potter, cons. 1628, died 1641. 

41. James Usher, cons. 1641, died 1655. 

42. Richard Sterne, cons. 1660, transl. 1664. 

43. Edward Rainbow, cons. 1664, died 1684. 

44. Thomas Smith, cons. 1684, died 1702. 

45. William Nicolson, cons. 1702, transl. 1718. 

46. Samuel Bradford, cons. 1718, transl. 1723. 

47. John Waugh, cons. 1723, died . . . 

48. George Fleming, cons. . . . died 1747. 



* He was born at UUerbank in Gilsland, in this county, was first vicar of Seven- 
oak in Kent, Dean of Rochester, Bishop of St. David's, and from thence translated 
to Carlisle. He married Frances daur. of Francis Trapps, and widow of one 
Pett, of Sevenoak afsd, and by her had issue one son and two daurs. Chrysogon, 
ye eldest of which married Isaac Singleton, of 

Ex MS. p. Hum. Senhouse Ar. Milbourne. 

Singleton was Archdeacon and Chancellor of Carlisle. Editor. 



92 FOREST OF ENGLEWOOD [gKEAT DALSTON j . 

49- Richard Osbaldiston, cons. 1747.* 

Robert de Dalston brother of Hubert de Gilsland afore- 
said had another brother named Reginald, to whom 
Randolph Meschiens the Earl gave the mannor of Castle 
Sowerby, Carlattan and Hubertby, as appeareth in the 
title of Sowerby hereafter. 

The said Robert de Dalston had issue a son whose pos- 
terity in the eldest line by a daughter transferred the right 
of the seignory of Dalston to the Harckleys wherefore after 
that K. Hen. 3'''^ had granted away the barony to the 
Bishop of Carliell, which his grandfather King Henry 2°*^ 
had seised as an escheat taken from the Scots, one Michael 
de Harckley (father to Andrew Harckley sometime Earl of 
Carliell) did implead Robert Cherry Bishop of Carliell in 
the first year of King Edw. i^' in Michaelmass term for the 
said barony in a writ of right. 

Little Dalston. The same Robert Dalston or some 
of his posterity granted to a younger brother the mannor 
of Little Dalston, whose posterity in the issue male yet 
enjoy the same to this day lineally (for the most part) des- 
cended from father to son and sometimes collaterally from 
brother to brother as appeareth by this true pedigree 
gathered by survey of divers antient evidences yet extant 
that may prove the same. 

Reginald de Parva Dalston. 

Henry son of Reginald who gave Brownelston to the 
priory of Carliell, his seal was a quaterfoil. 

Adam son of Henry. 

Henry son of Adam. 

Simon son of Henry. 

Henry son of Simon. 

* The dates to the above list of Bishops are all from the Milbourne manuscript: 
in it and in the Scaleby manuscript the name of Bishop Robinson is underlined, 
denoting where John Denton's list terminated : the list in the Scaleby manuscript 
has been written up by Gilpin to Thomas Smith and continued in three different 
handwritings to George Fleming: Bishops Sever and Usher are omitted; and a 
William Senos inserted after Leyborn. The list in the Milbc^rne manuscript is 
brought down to Richard Osbaldiston, cons. 1747. Editor. 



FOREST OF ENGLEWOOD [GREAT DALSTON J . 93 

John son of Henry. 

John son of John who had issue a daughter married 
to Ribton. 

Henry brother of John who as heir male recovered 
the lands by intail from his brother's daughter. 

Robert son of Henry who married a daughter of 
Southaik. 

John son of Robert who married one of Kirkbride's 
daughters and heirs. 

Thomas son of John who married Mabel Denton of 
Cardew. 

John son of Thomas who married Catherine Tolson. 

John son of John who married Ann Tirrell, and 
Frances Warcop. 

George son of John.* 
Cardew. The mannor and town of Cardew in the 
barony of Dalston were antiently called Kar-thew, i.e., palus 
sive mariscus Deorunt and took first name of that great fenny 
ground at the head of the river Wampool now called Car- 
dew-myre and of the antient inhabitants Kar-thew which 
is by interpretation Gods-fenn or Gods-bogg, and so called 
by them because it adjoined to Thursby where the Danes 
had a house or temple of sacrifice, or a publick place 
where those pagans offered up the blood of captives to a 
God t whom in that sort they honoured, as Everardus some- 
time abbott of Holm Cultrum hath registered to posterity 
who lived in the days of K. Hen. 2°'^. 

Cardew was antiently a forest ground as all the rest of 
the barony of Dalston was before it was inhabited, and 
part of the great forest of Englewood and became first in- 
habited in William Rufus or Hen. i^' time. The first 
inhabitant I read of was William who took sirname of the 
place and was called William de Carthew. I read of that 
name likewise one Stephen and one Thomas de Karthew. 

* The Milbourne manuscript calls this one John, it also omits his father's second 
marnag-e. Editor. 
tThor. Gilpin. 



94 FOREST OF ENGLEWOOD [gREAT DALSTON] . 

The last inheritor sold his patrimoney to one Berrington 
a chaplain, which Berrington gave the same to the Bishop 
of Carliell in trust to the use of John Burdon. John 
Burdon had issue a son called also John Burdon, to whom 
his father gave land to him and the heirs of his body, and 
for default of such issue to John Denton and Joan his 
wife and the heirs of their body, whose issue male hneally 
descended from father to son enjoy the same at this day in 
that right. The said John Denton was Lord also of 
Ainstiblighe and of the forest of Garnerie and Kirkpatrick 
and Agingrey in Scotland, which he had of the gift of 
Edward Baliol King of Scots. His letters patents thereof 
were sealed in the Isle of Eastholm. The said John 
Denton was the steward of all Annerdale,* under the Lord 
Humphrey de Boayl Earl of Hereford and Essex Lord 
High Constable of England, to whom the said Edward 
Balioll or John BalioU his father gave the whole seignory 
of Annerdale which was antiently the Bruces' lands. The 
said John Denton deserved so well in those wars between 
the BaHolls and the Bruces competitors for the crown of 
Scotland that Baliol (then King) preferred him to that forest 
late the Bishops of Glascow's lands and to Kirkpatrick 
late the lands of Sir James Frissold adhoerents to the 
Bruces' faction. And the Earl of Hereford preferred him 
to the stewardship of Annerdale, the principal office in 
that seignory for that he first entered the same and held it 
to the Earl his master's use in despite of the Bruces' 
faction. And when Baliol was banished Scotland he kept 
still the principal house till it was fired under him, beaten 
and undermined till it was ready to fall, whereupon his 
heirs give now in remembrance thereof for their crest a 
castle or tower sable, flames issuing out at the top thereof 
and a demi-lion rampant with a sword in his right paw 
issuing out the flames. t 

*Annandale? Gilpin. 

t Bohun ? Gilpin. 

J In the Scaleby MS. the crest is drawn. Editor. 



FOREST OF ENGLEWOOD [CARLISLE] . 95 

Sebergham. Sebergham is so called of the place where 
it stands which is a hill or rising ground in the forest of 
Englewood, which of the west side was woodland and dry 
ground, but the north-east side a wet spungy earth covered 
with rushes which the country people called selves, and 
thereupon the place was called Seevy-Bergh. Before it 
was inhabited it was a forest and a great waste and wilder- 
ness at ye Conquest. After in the latter end of Hen. z"'^ 
time one William Wastall or de la Wastdale, began to 
inclose some parts of it. He was an hermit and had lived 
there to an extreme age by the labour of his hands and 
fruit trees which he planted. He came thither in Hen. i^' 
time and died about the end of K. John's time or in the 
beginning of K. Hen. 3'^'^. King John granted him the hill 
and he left it to the prior of Carliell. The hermit's grant 
was afterwards confirmed by certain bounds under the seal 
of the King of Scots to whom the King of England had 
given divers parts of the county in frankmarriage. 

William Wastall had a chapell there where the church 
now stands and a little cell, but after his death the prior 
let all forth to tenants and farmers and enlarged ye church 
and made it parochial and the place a village now called 
Villa de Sebergham & Langholm which is a long dale and 
low holme by the river of Cawdey now also inhabited 
and parcel of the forest, and first enclosed as purpresture by 
the foresters the Raughtons, and others since the Conquest 
and are now and of long time have been so named and as 
one township whereof ye Kirthwaits are parcel. 

Carlisle. In the north-west corner of the forest of 
Englewood stands the antient city of Carliell, environed 
with the rivers Eden on the north-east, Petterell on the 
south-east, and Cawdey on the south-west, and inclosed with 
strong walls of squared stones, fortified with a castle ram.- 
pired in the west end and the citadel in the east. It was 
before the Saxons time called Luguvallum or Luguballum 
and by some Lugubalia, whereupon the Saxons called it 



g6 FOREST OF ENGLEWOOD [CARLISLE]. 

Luell or Luwall, and the last Brittons there inhabitants and 
the Irish of that word Luell named it Carluell or Leyll. It 
lay waste for the most part of 200 years before the last 
Conquest saving a few cottages among the ruins inhabited 
by Irish Scots. After the Danes had wasted the country 
with fire and sword William Rufus returning that way from 
Alnwick where he had made peace with King ... of 
Scotland, seeing the place to be of strength convenient to 
entertain his forces at any time against Scotland, com- 
manded the same to be reedified and to be so fortified with 
walls and with a castle. This was about the latter end of 
his reign, but he was prevented by an untimely death 
before he could perform all which he intended for the good 
of the city. Yet he placed there a colony of Dutchmen 
which were shortly thence translated into the Isle of 
Anglesey by him or his next successor Henry Beauclerk 
his brother, and instead of them a new regiment of southern 
men of Essex, Kent, Middlesex and other parts of the 
realm were brought to supply their place and to inhabit 
the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, under the 
leading of Ranulph de Meschiens sister's son to Hugh 
Lupus or Loup first Earl of Chester. When the city was 
replenished with people, for to maintain better policy in the 
same, and to inform the people, instead of a nunnery which 
had been there before (and which William Rufus had 
translated thence and established at Ainstaplighe, or rather 
in recompence of the lands to that nunnery belonging had 
founded another at Ainstaplighe endowing the same with 
other revenues there), K. Hen. i^' founded a college of 
secular priests in the 2nd year of his reign and made Athel- 
wald his confessor or chaplain (prior of St. Botolphs) first 
prior of Carliell, dedicating the church to the honour of the 
blessed Virgin Mary, and endowing them with the tiths of 
the churches then founded in the forest of Englewood. 
But being hindred by the tumults and troubles of his time 
he could not perfect all things before the 33rd year of his 



ENGLEWOOD FOREST [CARLISLE] . 97 

reign, and then strucken with grief for the loss of his 
children that were drowned coming from Normandy, by 
the council of the prior Athelwald and to please God for 
his sins (as he thought) he erected a bishop's see at 
Carliell, and made the said Athelwald first bishop thereof, 
whom the Archbishop of York named Thurstan did con- 
secrate in the year 1133. And in his stead another chaplain 
of the said King Henry named Walter was made the 
second prior of that house who a little before his election 
had taken upon him by the king's licence a religious habit 
that of a regular canon there, which order of canons the 
King and Bishop Athelwald had placed in that house, 
banishing the secular priests immediately upon his conse- 
cration. The said Walter gave to the church of Carliell 
for ever in pure alms his lands in Lynstock, Richardby, 
Crosby, Little Crosby, Walby, Brunskewgh,Carleton, Little 
Carleton and the wood and the churches and rectories of 
St. Cuthbert in Carlisle, and Staynwiggs, (which the King 
had given him) and the same gift was confirmed unto them 
both by the King and Bishop Athelwald. 

The rectory of St. Cuthbert in Carliell was founded by 
the former inhabitants of CarHell before the Danes over- 
threw the city, and by them dedicated to the honour of St. 
Cuthbert of Duresm, who of antient times was Lord of 
the same for 15 miles about Carliell. At the first founda- 
tion of the church every citizen offered a piece of money, 
a coin of brass then current which they buried under the 
foundation of the church steeple there, as was found to be 
true at the late new reedifying of St. Cuthbert's steeple 
An. Dom. ... for when they took up the foundation 
of the old steeple they found well near a London bushell 
of that money. 

After the said priors Athelwald and Walter succeeded 
John who gave Watercroft in Flemby to the Lord of 
Workington, Thomas son of Gospatrick, and after John 
Bartholomew, who in the time of Bishop Hugh confirmed 



gS ENGLEWOOD FOREST [cARLISLeJ. 

Orton in Westmorland to the prior of Conyshead. After 
him Radulf was prior who confirmed the impropriation of 
the rectory of Burgh to the abbey of Holm Cultrum in the 
time of Walter Bishop of Carlisle. The rest follow in 
this ensuing catalogue of the priors of Carliell. 

Athelwold, first prior. 

Walter. 

John. 

Bartholomew. 

Radulph. 

Robt. Morvill. 

Adam Felton. 

Allanus. 

Galfridus. 

John de Horncastle. 

John de Penrith. 

Wm. Dalston. 

Robt. Edenhall. 

Thomas Hoton. 

Thomas Barnby. 

Thomas Huthwaite. 

Thomas Gudybour. 

Simon Senos. 

Christopher Slee. 

Lancelot Salkeld. 
I. Lancelot Salkeld,* last prior and first dean after 
King Hen. S"' had changed the priory unto a deanry and 
cathedral church of a new foundation! at the suppression 
of abbeys adding thereunto for their better maintenance 
the revenues of the dissolved priory of Wetherall (a cell of 
St. Mary's in York), dedicating the church to the honour 
of the Holy and Indivisible Trinity the Father, the Son, 

* L. Salkeld was deprived on K. Edw. accession to the throne, and was suc- 
ceeded by Smith as above. And when Edw. died and Mary came to the throne, 
Salkeld was restored An. 1553, but he was a second time deprived An. 1559, and 
again succeeded by Smith, who held it to his death, viz : 1577. Milbourne. 

t The new foundation charter is dated 8th May, 1541, 33 Hen. S. Editor. 



ENGLEWOOD FOREST [CARLISLE] . QQ 

and the Holy Ghost. After Salkeld succeeded in the 
deanry as follows : 

2. Sir Thomas Smith, An. 1547, died 12 Aug. 1577. 

3. Sir John Woolley K"', const. 11 Oct. 1577, died 

1595- 

4. Christopher Perkins,* const. 1596, died 1622. 

5. Francis White, const. 1622, made Bp. of Car- 

lisle 1626. 

6. William Peterson, const. 1626, made D. of Exeter 

1629. 

7. Thomas Comber, const. 1630, died 1653. 

8. Guy Garleton, const. 1660, made Bp. of Bristol 

1671. 

9. Thomas Smith, const. 1671, made Bp. of Carlisle 

1684. 

10. Thomas Musgrave,t const. 1684, died 1686. 

11. William Graham, const. 1686, made D. of Wells 

1704. 
la. Francis Atterbury, const. 1704, made D. of Xt. 
Ch. Oxon. 1711. 

13. George Smalridge, const. 1711, made D. of Xt. 

Ch. Oxon. 1713. 

14. Thomas Gibbon, const. 1713, died 1716. 

15. Thomas Tullie, const, died . . . 

16. George Fleming, const. . . . made Bp. of 

Carlisle . . . 

17. Robert Bolton, const. ... 

The priory wanted not for reliques of saints for Waldeive 
the son of Gospatrick Earl of Dunbar brought from Jeru- 
salem and Constantinople a bone of St. Paul and another 
of St. John Baptist, two stones of Christ's sepulchre, and 
part of the holy cross which he gave to the priory together 
with a mansion near St. Cuthbert's church where at that 

• So far from Denton. Milbourne. 

t This Thomas Musgrave was 5th son of Sir Philip Musgrave of Hartley Castle, 
coun. Westmorland Bart. He first married Mary daur. of Thos. Harrison, of 
AUerthorpe, coun. Ebor Knt. His 2nd wife was Anne daur. of Sir John Cradock, 
ol Richmond, coun. Bbor Knt. Milbourne. 



lOO ENGLEWOOD FOREST [CARLISLE]. 

time stood an antient building called Arthur's chamber 
taken to be part of the mansion house of King Arthur the 
son of Uterpendragon, of ... . memorable note for 
his worthiness in the time of antient kings. Waldeive 
also gave other antient buildings called Lyons Yards often 
remembered in that history of Arthur written by a monk 
the ruins whereof are yet to be seen, as it is thought, at 
Ravenglass distant from Carliell according to that author 
50 miles placed near the sea and not without reason 
thought therefore to be the same. 

After the death of Richard Earl of Chester (who was 
drowned with the king's children) Ranulph Meschiens 
removed to Chester and was Earl thereof. Presently after 
K. Hen. i^' dyed and K. Stephen usurping the state gave 
the county of Cumberland to David K. of Scots to procure 
his aid against Hen. 2""^ right heir to the late king, as son 
to Maud the Empress daughter and sole heir to Hen. i^'. 
But ye Scots secretly favoured him for his rights sake and 
for that he had made the said Henry FitzEmpress Knt at 
Carliell. Yet accepting the gift of the county whereunto 
he pretended his own right (before granted to his ancestors 
by the Saxon kings), he made his eldest son Henry Fitz- 
David Earl of Huntington and Carliell, which Henry 
founded the abbey of Holm Cultrum in the time of K. 
Stephen, his father David confirming the grant of the 
revenues wherewith he endowed that house and so his son 
Malcolumb K. of Scotland after David. After Henry Fitz- 
David was dead and K. Stephen, K. Henry FitzEmpress 
took Carliell and the county from the Scots and granted to 
the city the first liberties I hear of that they enjoyed after 
the Conquest. But his charter was burned by a casual fire 
that happened in the town, which defaced a great part of 
the same and all the records of antiquity of that place. 

At the repairing the city in William Rufus's time it was 
divided into streets as at the present without any great 
alteration. In the great street now called Abbey Gate 



ENQLEWOOD FOREST [CARLISLE] . lOI 

were placed the Irishmen, who dwelt there in cottages 
when it was waste, which street was then thereupon called 
Vicus Hibernensium, and the port or gate at the end of 
that street is called the Irish Gate. In the street now 

called were the Frenchmen or Normans 

placed and therefore it was then called Vicus Francorum. 
The other streets were called Vicus Richardi of the gate 
leading to Richardby, Vicus Bochardi of the port and gate 
leading to Bochardby, Vicus Castri of the castle standing at 
the end thereof. In these three last and other most com- 
mendable places of the city leading to and nigh the market 
place and churches dwelt the chief and best citizens, natural 
Englishmen. In the surburbs of the city beyond Caldew 
towards Caldcotes* or Caldew cottages and towards Dais- 
ton in Shadwinggate dwelt the remnants of the Flemings, 
whereupon that street was called Vicus Flandrensis. In 
the lowest place of the city were placed the fish shambles 
Vicus piscatorum, in the head whereof then stood the flesh 
shambles or butcher's row, Vicus Carnificum. In the 
middle the market place. On the south side the priory. 

BocHAKDBY. Bochardby villa Bochardi was the inheri- 
tance of one Bochard a Fleming one of those that iirst 
peopled Carliell, he had a grange there for the provision 

* The manner of Caldcotes alias Harrington house was Gilbert Caynterells 
A.D. 1371, who left it to Julian his wife. She conveyed it to John Seman and 
Isabel his wife whose son Thomas Seman 26 Hen. 6, sold it to Richard Coldale 
of Carlisle Merchant, from whom it descended as followeth. And from this 
Coldale has got the name of Coldale Hall. 
John Coldale son of Richard. 
Richard Coldale son of John. 

John Coldale son of Richard, 
ohn Coldale. 

Richard son of John. 

Eleanor daughter and heir of Richard carried the inheritance by marriage 
to Robert Brisco, son and heir of Leonard Brisco second son of Richard Brisco of 
Crofton. 

George Brisco son and heir of Robert conveyed it to 

Henry Sibson D.D. Rector of Bewcastle. 

Mary daughter and heir of Henry Sibson married Henry Dacre of Lanercost 
who conveyed to 

Arthur Forster of Stonegarthside. 

Nic. Forster son of Arthur. 

John Forster cousin and heir of Nic. recovered it by law from Henry 
Forster second son of Arthur now enjoys the same 1687. Gilpin. 



I02 ENGLEWOOD FOREST. 

of his house at Carliell, and when the Flemings went to 
Anglesea in Wales he left that patrimoney to Guy the 
forester, with his daughter Isold. To this Guy the hunter 
K. Hen. i*"' confirmed Bochardby to hold the same by 
cornage paying yearly 6s. 2d. to the cornage silver to the 
king. It is gildable and vicontiel and gives aid with Comb- 
quinton to the Sheriff yearly 4s. /\d. turn silver. It lineally 
descended in the issue male unto William the son of 
Otho, or Odon son of Ralph son of Guido the Hunter of 
Bochardby. This William lived in the time of K. John 
and held the manner of him. Then William* de Bochardby 
and Adam de Bochardby descended of younger brothers 
held parts of the same. In the 12th year of K. Hen. 3'''^ 
Radulph the son of said William de Bochardby entered to 
the seignory. His sisters Alice, Pavy, and Agnes were his 
heirs. Alice and Agnes gave their parts to Jakoline le 
Blonde of Carliell, and Pavy her part to Adam Leger her 
son and to William son of Ivo. The five daughters of 
Jakoline did inherit viz : Sunimote, Johan, Matild, Julian, 
and Marriott, 

Bochard. 

Guido Venator and Isold his wife. 

Ralph son of Guy. 

Odo son of Ralph. 

William son of Odo. 

Ralph son of William. 



Walter. 
Adam. 



Robert Parving. 
Adam Parving, 3 Ric. 
Robert Parving. 
William Stapleton. 
William Stapleton. 



* Or Walter. Gilpin. 



ENGLEWOOD FOREST. IO3 

Margaret Stapleton. 
. . . Musgrave. 

Thcrnas Birkbeck. 

Blackhill. Blackball or Blackbill, commonly called 
Bleckell, is tbe name of tbe town and mannor, so called 
of old before it was inbabited, being a black heathy ground 
part of tbe antient forest of Englewood and given by Hen. 
i^' to Odard de Logis baron of Wigton and citizen of 
Carliell, after tbe Flemings were thence translated. Odard 
first builded there and planted habitations, holding part in 
demesne and the residue in service some free which he 
granted forth to be holden freely, others in bondage and 
villanage, some both persons and land, some land only, let 
to free men, the persons in that age called Brings and the 
tenure in law is called Drengagium.* 

Bleckhill thus made a mannor by Odardus and his pos- 
terity descended by his issue male according to the pedigree 
of Wigton until the time of Ed. 3'''* when Margaret de 
Wigton sole daughter and heir of Sir John de Wigton Knt 
(last issue male of the eldest son of that house) to defend 
her birthright was glad to give away the mannors of 
Bleckhill, Melmerby and Stainton, to Robert Parving the 
King's sergeant-at-law for her strength at the common 
law, the rectory of Wigton to the Abbey Holme for the 
civil law, and Wigton itself to the Lord Anthony Lucy for 
his help in the country, because her mother Idyonsay 
Lovetot was bitterly taxed of incontinency at the instance 
of Sir Richard Kirkbryde next heir male apparent to the 
land. But Margaret de Wigton reserved an estate in all 
things (but the rectory) to the heirs of her body and died 
without issue. Therefore Bleckhill fell to Sir Robert 
Parving who married Dame Katherine the sister of the 



* Notandum est eos omnes eorumve antecessores qui e Drengorum classe erant 
vel per Drengagium tenuere, sua incoluisse patrimonia ante adventum Norman- 
norum. Spelman, cited in Milbourne. 



I04 ENGLEWOOD FOREST. 

said Kirkbride K°' to Adam Parving als. Peacock the 
son of John Peacock who married Johan one of the 
daughters and co-heirs of the said Robert Parving. After 
Adam it descended in the blood of the Parvings some few 
descents, untill Margaret the wife of Tho. Boyt and Wm. 
Boyt his son descended of the said Johan. And Matild 
Walker daughter of Alice Atwood and Thomas Whitelock- 
man son and heir of Margaret Pape daughters and heirs 
to Eme wife of John Scaleby, the other daughter and heir 
of the said Robert Parving, sold the same to William 
Stapleton and Marriotte his wife of whom the Lord Dacre 
purchased it. 

Aglionby. The mannor of Agillunby (corruptly called 
Aglionby), was first so called of one Agillun that came 
into England with the Conqueror, and into Cumberland 
under Radulph Meschiens. He gave name to the place of 
his dwelling house, calling his chief seat or capital dwelling 
Agillunby, Agillun's building. His alliance to the house of 
Warwick or attendance under them (or under the abbott 
of York and prior of Wetheral), preferred him to that 
place of his dwelling and first seat which successively they 
have holden from the Conquest, and their heirs males do 
so at this day without any great difference or alteration of 
their first estate by rising or fall. In success of time they 
withdrew themselves into Carliell and let their mannor 
into tenancies, which is now become a township and is 
holden of Warthwick. Their first ancestor was called 
Walter Agillun, he had issue Everard, Lawrence and 
Werry. Werry had issue Elias and he Allan father of 
William who had issue Adam. John his son had issue 
another Adam from whom the inheritance descended unto 
Thomas and to his posterity successively viz : William, 
Thomas, John, Thomas, Edward, John, Edward and 
Edward now an infant. 

Walter Agillun. 

Everard son of Walter. 



ENGLEWOOD FOREST. I05 

Lawrence brother of Everard. 

Werry brother of Lawrence. 

Elias son of Werry. 

Allan son of Elias. 

William son of Allan. 

Adam son of William. 

John son of Adam. 

Adam son of John. 

Thomas son of Adam, Mayor of Carlisle 
26 Hen. 6">. 

William son of Thomas. 

Thomas son of William. 

John son of Thomas. 

Thomas son of John. 

Edward son of Thomas. 

John son of Edward. 

Edward son of John. 

Edward son of Edward now an infant. 
Warwick. The manor of Warthwick was first the in- 
heritance of Odard first Lord of Chorkby, who left the 
same to his second son William son of Odard (and to Osbert 
his heir Chorkby), Osbert the elder brother died without 
issue, therefore William became Lord of all. He had 
issue John and Robert and diverse other children whom 
he preferred, John his eldest son held Warthwick and let 
his brother Robert have Chorkby. He is named in old 
evidences John son of William son of Odard. 

Odard.* 

William son of Odard 1167. Osanna his wife. 

John son of William temp. R. i^* and John. 

* The dates and names to this pedigree, after William son of Robert, are 
additions in the Milbourne MS. : the Gilpin MS. in a note has 
Sir William de Warthwick, 14 H. 3. 
John de Warthwick, 33 Ed. i. 
Sir John de Warthwick, 44 Ed. 3. 

Thomas Warthwick, Esq., (1689) Lord of Warthwick. 
John Warthwick son of Thomas. Editor. 



I06 ENGLEWOOD FOREST. 

Sir William son of John 17 Hen. 3''^. 

Robert son of William temp. Ed. i^'. 

William son of Robert temp. Ed. i^'. 

Sir John de Warthwick* son of William Ed. 2^'^. 

John de Warthwick nephew of Sir John Ed. s"^**. 

George de Warthwick Ric. a"**. 

John de Warthwick Ric. 2°<*.t 

Wederhall. The cell of Wederhall was first founded 
at the instance of Stephen first abbot of St. Mary's at 
York, in the first year of William Rufus a.d. 1086 by the 
Earl Randulph Meschiens who gave his manner of Weder- 
hall to the said Stephen with other lands thereunto 
belonging in pure alms to the abbey of York. Stephen 
dedicated the same to God and St. Mary and to St. Con- 
stantine and gave all such things as the said abbey held 
in Westmorland and Cumberland to the said cell or priory 
of Wederhall, as the fishing in Eden and the mill there, 
the two churches of St. Lawrence and St. Michael in 
Apulby, all of the gift of the Earl Randulph Meschiens 
with the church of Wederhall and chappell of Warthwick 
and the chamber of St. Constantine and two oxgangs of 
land in Chorkby. Of the gift of Adam the son of Swene 
a great baron, the hermitage of St. Andrew, on the east 
side of Eden. Of the gift of Ughtred the son of Lyolf, 
the third part of Croglin lands in Easton and Combquinton, 
the tith of Sowerby demesnes and Scotby mill. Of the 
gift of Emsant son of Walter a carucat of land in Colby. 
The church of Morland and three carucats of land there 

* I find Nicholas de Warwick Attorney General in 28 Ed. I. and Sir John de 
Warthwick Knt, Lord of the manor 11 Ric. 2. Milbourne. 
f John de Warthwick, temp. Ed. 4. 

Lancelot. 

Richard. 

Christopher. 

Richard. 

Thomas who married Dalston of Acorn Bank, com. West. 

John his son married Mary daughter of Francis Howard of Corby Esqre. 

Francis Warwick his son married Jane daughter of Thomas Howard of Corby 
Esqre, by Barbara daughter of John first Lord Viscount Lonsdale. Milbourne. 



ENGLEWOOD FOREST. I07 

which Retell the son of Eldred gave them. The church 
of Bromfield, the mannor of Salkeld and the tiths of that 
demesne which Waldeof the son of Gospatrick gave with 
his body to be buried. 

CoMBQUiNTiN. The mannor of Combquintin was at 
the Conquest the lands of Hildred a K°', to whom the 
Earl Randolph gave the same and William Rufus and 
Henry Beauclerk. A great signory and also large posses- 
sion on the east side of the river Eden. He dwelt at 
Carliell and was afterwards called Hildredus de Carliell,* 
he left that sirname to the antient family of Carliells who 
were Knights successively untill Ed. i^' time, when their 
chief seated himself in Scotland, at Kinmoont, when Ed. 
i^' invaded Scotland. At which time he sold most of his 
lands here in England. His name was Wm. Carliell ; of 
him the barons Carliell in Scotland are lineally descended, 
whose heir male of the eldest issue ended of late in my 
time and his living is fallen to a daughter, but there are 

* This following pedigree of Hildred Carliell is in the MS. but crossed out with 
the same ink with which it is writ : ideo vide Newby infra. 
Hildred Carliell. 

Richard son of Odard son of Hildred. 
Robert son of Richard. 
Eudo. 
William. 
Eudo. 

William who sold to Mansel. 
Richard Mansell. 
John Mansell. 

Adam le Usher et Eliz. uxor, alias Adam de Crofton. 
Wm. Arthurett jure Mariottse uxoris heres Adae de Crofton. 

J. . . Ag-lionby. 
And the pedig-ree of Robert son of Odard son of Hyldred stands thus in the 
MS. but is likewise rased with antient ink. 

Hildred Carliell. 

Robert son of Odard son of Hildred. 

Adam. 

Eudo. 

Edmond de Combquinton who sold the wood to Robt. Parving-, who sold it 
to the cell of Wedderhall, and 'tis now enjoyed by the Dean and Chapter of Carliell. 

John. 

Thomas Whitrigg. 
Robert Whitrigg. 

. Gilpin. 
Skelton. 



I08 ENGLEWOOD FOREST. 

yet a great number of that sirname both in England and 
Scotland. 

Hildred had issue a son named Odard who died in his 
father's lifetime, therefore Combquintin descended to his 
hephews and grandchildren Richard Carliell and Robert, 
between whom their grandfather divided his lands. And 
this mannor to make the partition equal was divided into 
two moieties, which till this present time is not yet united, 
for the Skeltons enjoy one part, the Agillunbies another. 
And the Dean and Chapter of Carliell a piece, which part, 
the cell of Wederhall purchased in Ed. y^ time of Robert 
Parving who bought it of Edmond Combquintin. 

Raughton and Gaitskaill. Raghe is the name of a 
river which taking his rise at . . . runneth headlong 
by Thistlethwait, Stockhillwath and Gaitskale, where it is 
received into Cawdey. The Raghe is a word which signi- 
fieth running. The village Raughton now standing on the 
hill side there (whose fields adjoyning make the east banks of 
Raghe at the foot of the river) doth take name thereof. And 
the hamlet Gaitskail was at first but a whinny place where 
the inhabitants of Raughton made skales and shields for 
their goats, which pastured on the blossoms of whins there, 
though now it is inhabited and converted into tillage mea- 
dow and pasture. About the Conquest it was forest and 
waste ground untill a great purpresture was there inclosed 
by one Ughtred son of ... . and entered to the K. 
(William Rufus) to be holden in fee farm and by sergeantry 
for keeping the aieries of hawks which bred in the forest of 
Englewood for the King. And then the Raughtons gave 
the sparrow hawk for their cognizance. And these arms 
were born by the Raghtons viz : by John Raghton and 
"William his brother in Ed. 3'^'^ time. Their first ancestor 
Ughtred aforesaid had issue Roger, Richard and William, 
whose issue successively were called to their sirnames of 
Raghton of the place where they dwelt. Roger gave part 
of his lands to his brethren there, and every one of them 
increased his possessions within the forest of Englewood 



ENGLEWOOD FOREST. lOg 

by renting purprestures to the King at Sebergham, Raugh- 
ton, Gaitskail, Brekenthwait, and elsewhere. One of 
their posterity gave Little Raughton Field to the Bishop 
of Carliell. The last of Roger's name gave the mannor 
of Raughton to Margaret Stapleton his wife and her heirs, 
for want of issue between them. Thereupon Wiljiam 
Stapleton of Edenhall became heir to her part of Raugh- 
ton, and by the heir general of the Stapletons it fell to the 
Musgraves who enjoyed the same till Humphrey Musgrave 
sold it to the tenants in fee. 

Skelton. Skaletown (villa ad Scalingas), now called 
corruptly Skelton, is a village in the forest of Englewood 
in that place where of antient time the country people that 
had their swine, sheep, and milch beasts adgisted in the 
forest, had certain shields and little cottages to rest in, 
whilst they gathered together the summer profit of such 
goods. And about the time of K. Hen. i^' the Boyvills 
then Lords of Levington first planted a habitation there 
for themselves and afterwards set some tenants there. In 
their possession it continued in the heirs male untill the 
death of Radulf de Levington. And his daughter and 
heir Hewise wife of Sir Eustace Baliol Knt dying without 
issue of her body, the Boyvills' lands in Levington, Kirk- 
anders and Skelton, were divided amongst the six sisters 
of Radulf Levington, aunts and next heirs to the said 
Hawise for the seignory thereof. Howbeit their father 
Richard de Levington and his ancestors had given forth 
before that descent divers parts of the same to them and 
others in frank marriage to whom it descended. 

The purparty of Euphemia wife of . . . Kirkbride 
continued in her blood six descents and then Walter Kirk- 
bride sold it to Robert Parving. Sir Adam Parving, sister's 
son to Robert, sold it to John Denton of Cardew and his 
posterity enjoyed it four descents untill they sold it to the 
Southaiks, who held it three or four descents and now John 
Southaik hath sold it to the land tenants and customary 
possessors. 



1 10 ENGLEWOOD FOREST. 

The second part fell to Margary the wife of Robert de 
Hampton, whose nephew and grandchild William Loc- 
hard son of Simon Lochard, sold the same to John Seaton 
whose son and heir forfeited his right to King Edw. i=* 
and the said King gave it to Robert Clifford, in whose 
blood it continued till George now Earl of Cumberland 
sold it to the inhabitants. 

The third portion was allotted to Isabel the wife of Patrick 
Southaik, son of Gilbert son of Gospatrick of Workington 
from which Patrick it descended to John Southaik who 
sold it to the customary tenants there. 

The fourth part one Walter Corry held in the right of 
Eva his wife, but their son and heir taking part with 
Robert Bruce and the Scots against the King of England 
forfeited his estate, which the King granted to one William 
Marmion. 

The fifth co-heir Julian the wife of Patrick Triumpe had 
issue another Patrick Triumpe who sold that part to 
Robert Tillioll Knt. 

The sixth portion fell to Agnes the wife of Walter Twin- 
ham Knt, who had issue Adam father to Walter the 
younger, and he sold it to Walter Kirkbride. 

Newton Reigny. Newton Reigny is a mannor and 
village in the forest of Englewood. It is called Regny of 
William de Reigny sometime owner of the same. In the 
33rd year of K. Hen. 2""^ William de Regny was impleaded 
in a writ of right by one William de Lascells for a K"'^ 
fee of land in Newton Reigny, sed non prcsvaluit for John 
Reigny succeeded after William his father 4 King John, 
and William his son after him who died 4 Ed. i^*. Then 
the inheritance fell to four sisters Elizabeth or Isabel 
wife of . . . Horsley a fourth part, Nicholas de Walton 
a fourth part, Robert Kirkby and John a fourth part, and 
Hugh Littlecomb and Johan his wife and Robert Bruce 
and Alice his wife the other fourth. But all their estates 
were in Robert Burnell Bp. of Bath for in the i8th Ed. i^' 



ENGLEWOOD FOREST. Ill 

he gave the manner by fine unto Hugh de Lowther who 
died 10 Ed. 3''"^ and left Sir Hugh Lowther his son and 
heir his successor in the 44th year of Ed. 3'^'^. Sir Hugh 
the son dyed and left Hugh Lowther his son by Margaret 
his wife his heir. After him succeeded Robert Lowther* 
who died 8th Hen. 6"^, and after Robert Lowther entered 
Hugh Lowther who died 15 Ed. 4'^^. 



* See the pedigree of the Lowthers ante p. 70 n. 

John Lowther temp H. 8. 

* # # 

Sr Richard Lowther temp Eliz. 

S"" Christopher Lowther. 

S' John Lowther. 

S'' John Lowther, Bart of N. S. He married . . . . the daugh- 
ter of Sr Richard Fletcher of Cockermouth and afterwards ot Hutton. 

Sf John Lowther Bart of N. S. now living 1687 (son of John Lowther, 
Esq., and .... Bellingham who dyed in the lifetime of Sr John Lowther 
his father). He married Katherine daughter to Sr Henry Frederick Thynne and 
and sister of Thomas now Lord Viscount Weymouth. Gilpin. 

The genealogist will notice that the Gilpin or Scaleby MS. contains a generation 
omitted in the Milbourne MS. ante p. 70 viz. : the father of Sir John the first 
Viscount. Editor. 



(ii2: 



THE BARONY OF GRAYSTOCK. 



The Barony of On the east side of Allerdale at the 
Greystock. mountains Carrock and Grisedale fells 
and adjoyning to the south side of the 
forest of Englewood lies the barony of Graystock, which 
contains all that part of the county above the said forest 
between the seignory of Penrith and the manner of Castle- 
rig towards Keswick. The barony the Earl Randolph 
Meschiens gave to one Lyolf or Lyulphe, and K. Hen. i^' 
confirmed the same to Phorme the son of the said Lyolph 
or Lyulph, whose posterity took the name of the place 
and were called de Graystok. Their issue male continued 
barons till K. Hen. 8*^ time, when by a daughter named 
Elizabeth the Lord Thomas Dacre to whom she was 
married became baron in her right. It is holden of the 
King by Knights service in capite by homage and cornage 
paying yearly four pounds at the fairs of Carliell, and suit 
at the county court monthly and to serve the King in 
person in his wars against Scotland. 
A catalogue of the barons of Graystock : 

Lyolf first baron of Greystock. 

Phorme son of Lyolf temp. Hen. i. 

Ivo son of Phorme. 

Walter son of Ivo. 

Ranulph temp. K. Staph, and Hen. 2. 

William son of Ranulph R. i and K. J. 

Robert son of William dyed 38 Hen. 3. 

Thomas brother of Robert. 

William son of Thomas died 17 Ed. i. 

John son of William died 34 Ed. r. 



GRAYSTOCK. II3 

Ralph brother of John. 

Robert son of Ralph died lo Ed. 2. 

Ralph son of Robert. 

William son of Ralph. 

Ralph son of William. 

John son of Ralph. 

Ralph * 

Dalemain. Dalemainet Doniinicum in valle, is now the 
mansion house of . . . Laton, Esq., and the name of 
the village adjoyning which his tenants farm there. It is 
holden of the barony of Graystock by cornage and other 
services as a fee of the same. The first that I read of that 
possessed the same was John de Morvill and Nigell his 
son, and Walter the son of Nigell. In the 38th of Hen. 
3'''^ Sir Richard de Laton was Lord thereof, and of Aldby 
in whose issue male it hath continued to this time according 
to the following pedigree. And tho' the land be holden in 
Knights service I do not find any heir to have been ward 
of this house. 

John Morvill, Hen. 2. 
Nigell son of John, 10 John. 

Walter son of Nigell, Hen. 3. 

* « * « « 

Sir Richard de Laton, Knt, 38 Hen. 3. 
Roger Laton, Knt, 10 Ed. 2. 



* Upon the marriage of the two sisters and coheirs of the family of the Dacres 
with the two sons of Tho. D. of Norfolk ante p. 70 n. Graystock was granted to 
. . . Earl of Arundel and the Lady .... his wife after whose death 
it came to Henry D. of Norfolk their son and by his death to Henry now (16S7) 
U. of Norfolk who for some time enjoyed the same. But the E. of Arundel 
having made a lease tor years upon trust for Charles his third son upon the death 
of ... . his eldest son without issue &c. And that contingency happening, 
after a long suit at law it was recovered by the said Charles Howard, Esq., third 
son of the E. of Arundel lessee for . . . . years of Graystock the remainder 
in ffee to the D. of Norfolk his nephew. GiLPIN. 

t Dalemain was purchased of the executors of the last Mr, Laton, who had 
devised his lands there to be sold for raising portions for his daughters, by Edward 
Hasell who was afterwards knighted. He married Dorothy Williams daughter 
and heiress of William Williams, and was succeeded by Edward Hasell his son, 
who married Julian daughter of Sir Chris. Musgrave of Edenhall Bart. 

MiLBOURNE. 



114 GRAYSTOCK. 

William Laton, Knt, 33 Ed. 3. 
Thomas Laton, Knt, 49 Ed. 3. 
William Laton, Knt, 14 Hen. 6. 



(115) 



THE BARONYS OF ADAM FIL. SWENI, 
AND HENRY FIL. SWENI. 



Beyond the river Eden on the east side thereof lyes a 
great tract of land which (together with Edenhall on the 
west side of the said river) were given to Adam the son 
of Sweine a potent man in those days, and to Henry 
the son of Sweine his brother, and for sometime kept up 
the reputation of distinct baronies, but soon after a great 
part thereof reverting to the crown, and the rest by several 
mean conveyances being divided amongst several families, 
it lost that reputation and is now to be looked upon as 
distinct estates which have little or no dependance one 
upon another. 

CuLGAiTH. Culgaith and other lands in Cumberland 
beyond Eden were given or confirmed by K. Hen. i^' to 
Adam son of Sweine son of Ailrich, to be holden by cornage 
Reddendo de Cornagio £5 12s. 6d. Regi. Adam's two daugh- 
ters named Annabell and Matild were married to Alexander 
Crenquer and Adam de Montebegon. Annabel was wife 
afterwards to William de Nevill by whom she had issue 
Thomas de Burgo, or a daughter to him married ; and 
Thomas had issue another Thomas de Burgo who gave 
to the monks of Brecton or confirmed to them his right 
to those lands which William Nevill his grandfather and 
Annabell his wife gave to them and which Adam the son 
of Sweine gave them before. The said Thomas de Burgo 
the younger gave to Simon son of Walter and Sara his 
wife diverse of the lands by fine in the 7* of King John. 
In whose time Roger de Montbegon, Simon son of Walter, 
and Alexander de Nevill held the lands in Cumberland 
that were the inheritance of Adam son of Sweine. The 



Il6 BARONY OF ADAM FIL.SWENI. 

said Roger de Montbegon was son to Adam Montbegon 
and to Matild* his wife aforesaid. They had issue also 
Clementia a daughter married to . . . . de Longviller 
who as I think was heir to Roger her brother. 

In the i6th year of K. Hen. 3'''^ one WilHam son of John 
by fine gave the moiety of Culgaith to one Gilbert or 
Galfrid de Nevill and to Mabell the wife of G . ... 

In the sixth year of the next King Ed. i'^* Michael de 
Hartcla father to Andrew de Harcla the Earl of Carliell 
held the moiety of Culgaith, and Walter Mulcaster and 
Gilbert son of Robert Hawkesley the other half. Andrew 
Harcla's part was forfeited by treason in Ed. 2°*^ time. 
The residue became the lands of Sir Christopher Morisby. 
In the 28th Ed. 3'''^ he died thereof seised, from whom it 
descended to Lady Knevet the heir general to the Picker- 
ings and Morisbies who sold the same to Henry Crekinthorp 
of Newbiggen Esq., and the lands to four feoffees who 
assigned to the tenants. 

Blenkerne. Blenkarn was parcel of the barony of 
Adam the son of Sweine and William de Nevill's lands at 
the first, but afterwards it was granted forth in frank 
marriage and became freehold holden of the heirs of Adam 
and William Nevill ; and some part in frankalmoign granted 
to the priory of Carliell. 

In the time of K. John and before, the Thursbies of 
Thursby held a moiety, and the Whitbies the other moiety. 
In the nth of K. Hen. f^ Evon de Vipont and Sybill 
(filia Adce) his wife gave six bovats in Blenkarne to Bernard 
Thuresby, and her lands in Ainstable and Waverton ; all 
which William Boyvill had in possession in his own right 
as heir to the Thursebies in the 6th year of Ed. i^*. 
He granted part thereof to the priory of Carliell which the 
Dean and Chapter there yet hold. The residue descended 
to Edmund Boyvill his second son, who sold it to John 

* Matilda was afterwards wife to John Mansoild. Gilpin. 



BARONY OF ADAM FIL.SWENI. II7 

Hartcla. His brother Andrew Hartcla Earl of Carliell did 
forfeit it to the King, who granted it to Wilham Enghsh 
father to William brother to Julian the wife of Ralph 
Restwold mother to William Restwold father to Richard 
Restwold whose heirs sold it to . . . Lough. 

Skirwith. Skirwith was parcel of the said barony. 
In the time of K. John one Jordan Spiggornell had free- 
hold there and others, but the first that I read of that held 
the township as mesne Lord thereof was Robert son of 
Walter whom I take to be one of the Lancasters, he held 
it in Edw. i^' time, and in the latter end of the reign of K. 
Hen. 3'''^. Afterwards one John Lancaster de Holgill was 
owner and died seised thereof in the 8th of Edw. 3'''^^ reign 
and held the same of Thomas de Burgh, then one of the 
heirs of the great barony or seignory of Adam son of 
Sweine aforesaid. From John Lancaster it descended to 
his cousin and heir Richard son of Richard Place, whose 
heir gave it by fine to one William Lancaster, whose heir 
general married to John Crakinthorp father to William 
Crakinthorp father to John, whose three daughters and 
heirs were married to Hutton of the Forest, Sandford of 
Askham, and Middleton. Afterwards the Middletons were 
Lords thereof. And now Hutton son of Thomas of Hutton 
in the Forest and of . . . Middleton his wife daughter 
and one of the co-heirs of ... . Middleton enjoyeth 
the same in his mother's right, that is a part : and the rest 
by purchase of the coparceners. 

MelMorby. Melmorby Habitatio ad planitiem magnani 
is the name of the town parish and capital messuage there, 
now the dwelling house and seat of ... . Threlkeld 
Esq. It lies between Gamelsby and Ulnesby and was 
parcel of the barony of Adam son of Sweine. In the 
reign of Hen. 3'''^ Odard then Lord of Wigton dyed seised 
thereof, after whose death his son Walter de Wigton, John 
son of Walter, and Margaret sole daughter and heir of the 
said John and Dyonisia Lovetot his wife, were successively 



Il8 BARONY OF ADAM FIL.SWENI. 

Lords thereof. Margaret was married to two husbands, 
John Denom, K"', and John Weston, K"t, by whom she 
had no issue. She gave Melmorby to Sir Robert Parving, 
K"', the Kings Sergeant-at-law and Blechill also. After 
Sir Robert his sister's son Adam son of John Peacock, 
who named himself Adam Parving; he died 4 Ric. 2°*^ and 
then Henry de Threlkeld entered to Melmorby in which 
family of the Threlkelds it hath ever since continued in the 
issue male. 

AiNSTABLE. Ainstaplighe is a mannor and township 
on the south side of Gilsland divided from that barony by 
Northskeugh Beck and reacheth from the river Eden on 
the west up eastward into the mountains and bordereth 
upon Staffold Lordship toward the south. It containeth 
Ainstaplighe, Rucroft, and the Nunnery, which Nunnery 
was founded by William Rufus. 

This seignoi"y and other lands in Cumberland K. Henry 
i^* gave to Adam the son of Sweine aforesaid, from whom 
it descended in K. Hen. 2""^ time to William de Nevill, 
whose lands in Cumberland in the reign of K. John were in 
the holding of Roger Montebegon, Simond son of Walter, 
and Alexander de Nevill. In K. Hen. 3'''^ time Ainstable 
Lordship became the inheritance of John Mussey, Henry 
Terriby, Michael de Valle son of David, and others about 
the year of our Lord God 1239. ■^"'i i" the latter end of 
that King's time William Boyvill of Thursby, Knt, was Lord 
thereof and held the same of Richard Nevill. When he 
dyed it fell to his son John Boyvill, whose brother Edmund 
sold Ainstapligh to Andrew Harcla who forfeited it to the 
King, who gave it to others and from them to John Den- 
ton of Cardew, son to Sir Richard Denton whose posterity 
William and John Denton enjoyed it as Lords thereof suc- 
cessively from father to son untill Thomas Lord Dacre 

* Humphrey Threlkeld of Melmorby, An. 6 Jac. I. married Margaret daughter 
of Lancelot Salkeld of Whitehall. 

Lancelot Threlkeld son of Humphrey and Margaret had issue Ann who married 
William Threlkeld clerk. Milbourne. 



BARONY OF HENRY FIL.SWENI. lig 

extorted it from the said last John Denton in the time of 
Hen. 6"" for that the said John Denton was towards the 
party of K. Edw. 4*. Which tyranny of the Dacres God 
seemed to revenge, for shortly after the said Lord Dacres 
and Randal his son were both slain at Towton Field or 
drowned in the river at Ferrybriggs in Yorkshire, where 
K. Ed. got the victory against Hen. 6* and thereby the 
crown of England. Afterwards the Lord Humphrey Dacre 
by marrying with Dame Mabel Parr daughter of the King's 
favourite recovered the Dacres land and still kept Ainsta- 
phgh by his father's pretended right, and so did his posterity 
untill all their lands fell to the crown by attainder. 

Langanby. Langwathby villa sive habitatio Waldeofi 
longi. It is called in the records at Westminster Long- 
Waldeof-by where it is also recorded that K. Hen. i^' gave 
it to Henry son of Sweine together with Edenhall. How- 
beit this town did not long so continue with him nor his 
posterity, for the King shortly after held it as Regium 
Dominicum. King John had possession of it. Henry ^^'^ 
gave it to Alexander King of Scots in part of ^£"200 land 
granted to the Scots 1237 i^ the 21st year of his reign by 
composition for the release of Cumberland and Northum- 
berland, and other things in demand. The Kings of Scots 
enjoyed it till John Balliol forfeited his lands, thenceforth 
they did continue till Ric. 2°"^ time in the crown. He 
granted those in Cumberland to Radulph Nevill Earl of 
Westmorland and Johan his wife and the heirs of their 
bodies, whose grandchild Richard Earl of Warwick did 
forfeit them to Ed. 4* who granted them to the Duke of 
Gloucester his brother afterwards King by the name of 
Rich. 3'^'^. And ever since this and the rest have continued 
Regium Dominicum. 

Edenhall.* Edenhall Aula ad Rivum Eden as aforesaid 



* Edenhall is now (1687) in the possession of S^ Richard Musgrave Bart, (son 
of Sr Philip Musgrave Bart.) for life, with the remainder to his issue male, and for 
default of such issue, with the remainder over to Sr Christopher Musgrave, Knt., 



120 BARONY OF HENRY FIL.SWENI. 

was given to Henry son of Sweine second brother of Adam. 
It stands on the west side of the river, and in the forest 
of Englewood. It is now the inheritance of the best house 
and family of the Musgraves whose ancestor Thomas 
Musgrave had it by the marriage of William Stapleton's 
second daughter and co-heir in the time of Hen. 6*. And 
before that the Stapletons held it from the first year of 
Ed. 3'^'^ for five descents. It came to them by the marriage 
of Julian one of the two daughters and co-heirs of Robert 
Turpe, whose father Adam Turpe was but a child of seven 
years old in Hen. 3'''^'^ time at the death of Robert his 
father who then died seised thereof. 

Robert Turpe, died Hen. 3. 
Adam Turpe. 

Robert Turpe. 
Julian daughter of Robert and wife of Wil- 
liam Stapleton. 
William Stapleton, 36 Ed. 3. 
William Stapleton, 3 Ric. 2. 
William Stapleton. 
. . . Stapleton. 
William Stapleton, 11 H. 6. 
Marriotta Stapleton, wife of Thomas Mus- 
grave, 39 Hen. 6. 

OwsBY. Vlnesby als. Ousby but rightly Vlfsby, Habi- 
tatio Vlfi vel Olavi Dani was the seat and mansion of one 

second son of the said Sr Philip. Their estate having' been formerly reduced to a low • 
ebb, is considerably advanced of late, and is Hke to receive a great improvement 
yet if it come (as 'tis likely), into the hands of Sr Christopher Musgrave or his heirs. 

Their original estate was Musgrave in the County of Westmorland, from which 
they took their sirname, and Bewley Castle in that county. 

There were severall considerable branches of this family, some whereof (as the 
Musgraves of Fairbank and the Musgraves of Crokedaik) are now extinct, but 
the family of Haton, another branch sprung from that house is still continued in 
the person of Sr Richard Musgrave of Haton Bart, son of Sr Edw. Musgrave 
Bart. They give for arms azure, six annulets or, being the same coat with the 
Lowthers except in the colours. For the Musgraves ot Hayton, vide injra sub 
voce Scaleby ; for the Musgraves of Crodaik ante p. 57. 

Sr Richard Musgrave Bart, dyed without issue male . . . Dec. 16S7, where- 
by the estate and house is descended upon Sr Christopher Musgrave Knt. and 
Bart., his brother and heir according to the intail. Gilpin. 



OWSBY. 131 

Olave (whom the people commonly called Vlf), a Dane or 
Norwegian, that after the spoil of the country by the 
Danes (before the conquest of England by the Normans) 
seated himself there under the edge of the east mountains. 
He was one of the three sons of Haldan, the other two 
were Thorquell and Melmor : Melmor and this Vlf were 
placed in this part of the country, and Thorquell at Thor- 
quellby near Keswick. The posterity of Vlf were called 
Vlfnesbies of this place, as the place itself took name of 
his first building there. It seems near the Conquest to 
have been parted between two sisters, and shortly after a 
moiety thereof betwixt four sisters ; for in the time of Hen. 
3'^'^ one Julian Falcard and William Armstrong held the 
moieties, and Henry le Sergeant and Patrick de Vlnesby 
held eight parts, and the rest by alienations broken in 
small parcels, whereof some were given to Lanercost, 
some to the prior of St. John of Jerusalem, and others in 
frank marriage and many small purchases. But William 
Armstrong's part descended four descents and then was 
given to Clement Crofton and Johan his wife by Adam 
Armstrong who gave a third part thereof to Roger Sal- 
keld and John lieauchamp. And Thomas Worship gave 
to John Raghton and he to Roger Salkeld an eighth part. 
Salkeld's part descended by Alice and Margaret his daugh- 
ters and heirs to their husband's children, John Cracken- 
thorp and Thomas Plumland. And John Crofton the son 
of Clement gave the other two third parts to William 
Threlkeld and Katherine his wife. 

Glassonby and Gamelsby. Glassonby beyond Eden 
was first named Glass-oon by the Irish inhabitants, viz. : 
the green towards or near the river being then a pasture 
ground and not inhabited ; and afterwards it was called by 
the Saxons Glassonby i.e., Hahitatio sive villa ad Glasson, 
as the other village is named Gamelsby i.e., habitatio 
Gamelli, the first founder of any building there. And 
Gamelsby was a town before the Irish possessed the place. 



122 GLASSONBY AND GAMELSBY. 

Both were one seignory bounded in then at the north by 
the rill or httle beck called ... * that falleth from 

the east mountains by and so descendeth 

westward through Kirkoswald park into Eden which doth 
bound it on the west, from whence the Lordship is extended 
of a great breadth into the mountains untill it bound with 
Aldred's town-moor a great waste on the east. 

Gamelsby and Glassonby were given by K. Hen. i"' 
William the Conqueror's son) unto one Hildred and his 
heirs to be holden of the crown by cornage in capite red- 
dendo per annum 2s de Cornagio, from whom it descended 
to a daughter named Christian being ward to King John 
who gave the wardship to William de Ireby. She was the 
daughter of Odard son of Odard son of Odelyne son to 
the said Hildred. William de Ireby had by Christian his 
wife two daughters and heirs Christian and Eva. Eva had 
a rent-charge out of the land and was married to Robert 
D'evill and after to Adam de Chartres. She released to 
her sister Christian the wife of Thomas Lassells of Bolton, 
who had issue Aruinna Lassells married to John Seaton 
whose son Christopher Seaton forfeited the same and 
other lands to K. Ed. i^' by taking part with Robert 
Bruce and the Scots. 

The King thereupon gave his lands in Gamelsby and 
Unthank to William Latimer father to William who had 
issue William Latimer father to Elizabeth the wife of 
John Nevill, father to Ralf Earl of Westmorland, who 
gave his lands in Cumberland and diverse others to 
George his son Lord Latimer from which George they 
descended as their limitation directed to the Lords Lati- 
mers named in the ensuing catalogue untill the last Lord 
Latimer dyed. And then the four co-heirs his daughters 
entered. The heir male is Edmund now Lord Latimer. 



* In the Milbourne MS. this blank is filled up with " Dale Raughton." 

Editor. 



GLASSONBY AND GAMELSBY. 123 

Hildred. 

Odelyne. 

Odard. 

Odard. 

Christian, wife of William de Ireby. 

Christian Ireby, wife of Thomas Lascells. 

Aruinna Lascells, wife of John Seaton. 

Christopher Seaton, who forfeited the estate 

by Treason whereupon the King gave the 

same to 
William Latimer. 
William Latimer. 
William Latimer. 

Elizabeth Latimer, wife of John Nevill. 
Ralf Nevill, Earl of Westmorland. 
George Lord Latimer. 

Rennok. Raven wick villa in angulo curvato ad Fhimen 
Raven is now the lands of the Provost and scholars of 
Queen's College in Oxford, whose predecessors had the 
same of one of their founders Robert Eaglesfield some- 
time chaplain to Ed. 3'^'^'^ wife named Phillippa, who 
endowing the college as chief founder called the same 
Queen's College. The said Robert had Ravenwick in the 
first year of Ed. 3'^'^ and one named Thomas Stavely and 
Margaret his wife 20 Ed. i^'. The Stavelies (ancestors 
to the said Thomas Stavely), held it from the Conquest. 
For Henry i^' gave it to one Adam de Stavely and his 
heirs, tenendum per cornagium de Rege. That river is called 
Raven of the violent fall and running thereof. Adam 
Stavely was also Lord of Dent and Sedbergh. 

KiRKoswALD. Kirkoswald* Ecclesia Sancto Oswaldo 



* The demesnes of Kirkoswald are now ( 16S7), the inheritance of Timothy Fether- 
ston son of Thomas son of Sir Timothy Fetherston Knt., who was executed for 
. . . being taken prisoner at Chester fight, having been a zealous promoter of 
K. Charles i against parliament and commonwealth as it was called. They area 
branch of the Featherstons of Featherston-haugh, in the county of Northum- 
berland and to keep their descent from that family in remembrance, they do still 



124 BARONY OF ADAM FIL.SWENI [KIRKOSWALD] . 

sacra is the name of the town and parish there and of very 
antient time it hath been so termed. The castle was 
built by the Engaynes Lords of Burgh, Ishall, Herriby and 
Kirkoswald. It was first founded by Radulf Engayne, 
but far short of that beauty and state which it had after- 
wards by his successors. Sir Hugh Morvill in K. John's 
time inclosed the park in the second year of that reign by 
the King's license. And Radulphus de Levington that 
married Ada daughter of Johan Morvill daughter and co- 
heir of Hugh Morvill, added thereunto a part of Gamelsby 
and Glassonby. Thomas son of Thomas de Molton and 
John de Castre that married the widow of Thomas Multon 
of Gilsland in Ed. 2""^^ time made additions to the castle. 
But the Lord Thomas Dacre that married the heir of 
Greystock did finish it and mote it about with great 
charge which notwithstanding in the third descent after 
him is now in a manner altogether ruinous. 

It was first parcel of the seignory of Adam son of Sweine 
son of Ailrich, and granted forth with a daughter to Trives 
Lord of Burgh chief forester in fee of Englewood Forest, 
by whose daughter Ibria wife to Radulf Engayne it came 



usually write themselves Featherston-haugh. This estate belonged to Leonard 
Dacre in Q. Ellz. time, and upon his rebellion and forfeiture came to the Crown. 
K. James Ano. R. sui S>'o granted it to John Eldred and Wm. Whitmore of Lon- 
don Fsq. for go years who assigned the same term to Tho. Bartram. 

The Seignory is now (Ano. 1687) in Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex Lord 
Dacre. Gilpin. 

Part of the demesnes of Kirkoswald are now (1749) the inheritance of the 
Featherstones, who are a branch of the Featherstones of Featherstonhaugh, com. 
Northumberland, and generally write their names Featherstonehaugh or halgh. 
The first of them I meet with was 

Henry who married a daughter of Wyberghs of Clifton. 
Timothy, afterwards knighted, their son, who was a great royalist during 
the civil war and being taken prisoner at Chester fight was executed for fighting 
against the parliament. He married a daughter of the Patricksons of Calder 
Abbey and had issue 

Thomas who married a daughter of the Dacres of Lanercost, and had 

issue 
Timothy who married a daughter of the Bellinghams of Levins, and 

had issue 
Heneage who married one Lidstone a Devonshire Lady, and had issue 
Timothy now in possession. The arms of this family are gules three 
Ostrich feathers argent; or, gules a chrevon ermine between three 
Ostrich feathers argent. Milbourne. 



BARONY OF ADAM FIL.SWENI [kIRKOSWALD] . 125 

to him. This Lordship did contain Kirkoswald, New 
Staffoll or Staffle, Ravenwick, Harskeugh, Huddleskeugh, 
Little Croglin, and Kabergh alias Langbergh, and all the 
lands and waste towards the east mountains from the river 
Eden on the west and between Croglin water on the north 
and the little rill Dale Raghon beck on the south that di- 
vides it from Glassonby and Gamelsby. The heirs of Adam 
son of Swene were Yorkshire men therefore not regarded 
here and the owners of Kirkoswald commanders. And 
after the making of Magna Charta and the rebellion of 
Roger Montebegon mesne Lord the terrtenants and inferior 
Lords held it of the King in baronia immediately. 

Newstaffol or Staffle lyes between Kirkoswald and Ain- 
staple, from the river Eden to the mountains. It is a fee 
of Kirkoswald and gave name to a family so called. The 
issue male whereof ended about the time of King . . 
and then the inheritance fell to daughters who did transfer 
it by their marriages to the Chambers, Mulcasters, and 
Blennerhassetts of Carliell. 

Croglin parva stands in the same parish and township 
and is a fee of Kirkoswald. It was antiently the Beau- 
champs, untill K. Hen. 7"^ time, and then the Dacres 
Lords paramount purchased it to their seignory. Antiently 
toward the time of K. Hen. i=* one Vghtred held a part 
thereof, and Dame Ibria de Trivers another. And after- 
wards one Elias de Croglin, William his son and William 
son of William his nephew who gave some part of the 
same to the house of Wederhall, which Roger Beauchamp 
confirmed, that is the fifth part of the town now (as I 
think) called Cringle Dyke. 

Harskeugh. Harskeugh superior silva is a village or 
stead near Ravenwike, now the lands of Henry son of 
Christopher son of Sir Thomas Dacre Knt, who holds it 
by purchase from K. Hen. 8"^ and was belonging to the 
priory of Lanercost. The priors predecessor had it of the 
gift of Dame Ada de Engaine, daughter of William son of 



126 BARONY OF ADAM FIL.SWENI [kiRKOSWALd] . 

Ralph Engayne. Her son Hugh de Morvill son of Simon 
de Morvill, confirmed it to the prior in K. Hen. 2^^ time 
or in the beginning of King John's reign. And before it 
belonged to Kirkoswald as part of that seignory. The 
Channons used it for cattle and the mountains for sheep 
pasture. And thereupon I should think that stoney hill to 
be called Careg-monach in old evidences and now corruptly 
Cattermanak, but that the word Carrock is British or Irish 
and therefore some deal more antient. By some others 
religious therefore having right there it hath been so named 
before the conquest. 

HuDLESKEUGH. Huddleskeugh Capreolarum Silva was 
in times past a woody place on the common pasture of 
Kirkoswald where the township of Kirkoswald and the 
Lords thereof wintered their herds of young goats, but 
now the wood is gone and the place is become a little 
village demised to tenants. In King John's time one 
Robert de Hudleskeugh held it of the Morvills Lords of 

Kirkoswald, and then one Radulf de toff 

in Westmorland gave a part thereof to the house of 
Wetherall for Sir Hugh Morvill's soul (that killed Thomas 
a Beckett Archbishop of Canterbury), his landloi^d some- 
time of the same or the feoffor that gave it to his ancestor. 
And the prior presently granted it to Robert de Salkeld by 
consent of Robert then abbot of York, and to any of 
Robert Salkeld's sons in heritage whom he would make 
choice of. I take the same Robert Salkeld to be called 
Robert de Hudleskeugh, because he then did dwell there. 



127) 



THE BARONY OF GILSLAND. 



The Barony of The ^reat barony of Gilsland lyeth on 
GiLSLAND. the east side of the river Eden all along 

the river side from the border of Lin- 
stok and Crosby barony unto Northskeugh beck, a rill that 
divides Ainstaplygh from the same. Above that beck to- 
wards the mountains the border of Gilsland compasseth in 
Croglin up eastward into the fells, where the bounder of the 
county divides the barony from Northumberland untill the 
head of a rill called Powtross. Then the Powtross untill 
it be received of Irthing : and from thence the river Irthing 
itself till it receive Troutbeck. And thence Troutbeck 
untill the head thereof on the north-east side of the same 
on the utmost limits both of the barony and county. 

It is called Gilsland of many little narrow valleys in the 
same, which the inhabitants call Gills, in latin Valles, in 
French Vaulx. 

This great barony was given by the Earl Randolph 
Meschiens to one Hubertus to be holden of him by two 
Knights fees and by cornage.* The same Hubert was 
called de Vallibus or Vaulx of the dales and valleys between 
hills whereof that country is everywhere full. That 
French word Vaulx (pronounced Vaus) became thence a 
sirname to the said Hubert and his posterity there, and to 
diverse other families that took their beginning from the 



* For the true history and descent of this Barony, and the story of Gillesbueth, 
see Tlie Barony oj Gils'.aiid, by R. S. Ferguson, F.S.A., Transactions Cumber- 
land and Westmorland Archaeo. and Antiq. Society, vol. iv. p. 446, also The Pipe 
Rolls Cumberland, H'estmorland and Durham, pp. lix. Henry H., granted it to 
Hubert de Vallibus, who took his name from tlie family possessions in Normandy. 

Editor. 



128 GILSLAND. 

younger brothers of this house : as Vaulx of Triermaine, 
of Ainstaplygh, of Caterlen, of Caldbeck, &c. 

Hubertus was a kinsman or follower of the said Earl 
Randolph in the latter end of the Conqueror's time when 
the peace of the county began to be established, and 
served under the Earl's brother William Meschiens there 
in Gilsland. 

King Henry i^' confirmed this barony unto the said 
Hubert to be holden of the King in capite, when the Earl 
Randolf resigned the county of Cumberland to the King 
and obtained the Earldom of Chester after the death of 
Richard the second Earl of Chester who with the said 
King's children coming out of Normandy was drowned in 
the sea on the coast of England, to which Richard the 
said Randolf was next heir and cousin german, the son 
of John Bohun by his wife Margaret the sister of Hugh 
Lupus first Earl of Chester. 

The said Hubert did bear to his arms checqer d'or et 
gules. His seal was a griphon eating a lacert.* 

After he was possessed of the barony peaceabl}- he gave 
diverse parts thereof by the name of mannors and other 
lands some lo the antient inhabitants and other to his 
friends and kinsmen : and such as he so preferred he bound 
them by alliance and marriage to his house and by all 
other good means he could devise. 

He gave Denton in Gilsland to one Wescop, by his deed 
of feoffment in these words: Omnibus Cumbrensibus Franci- 
genis Alienigenis, Danis, Normannis, Hubertus de Vallibus 
Salutem &c., which makes probably to prove his antiquity 
and what people did then or late before inhabit that 
country. 

Hubert de Vallibus had two brethren Robert de Dalston 
and Reginald de Soureby ; to this Reginald he gave Carlat- 

* A lizard. Editor. 



GILSLAND. 129 

ton in Gilsland and Hubertby beside Carliell, which gift 
Randolph Meschiens confirmed. 

He gave also Farlam to one Westfalan, and Chorkby to 
to one Odard, and divers other manners and lands in Gils- 
land partly to his followers and partly to the antient 
inhabitants to lye them more firmly to his house. Yet his 
new reconciled enemies continued but a short time his 
friends, for in King Stephen's time when the Scots under 
their King David and Earl Henry FitzDavid possessed the 
county of Cumberland, they stood with the antient heir 
one Gillesbueth or Gill son of Bueth, against Hubert's 
title to Gilsland. 

I read of one Beweth a Cumberland man, about the 
time of the conquest. He builded Bewcastle and was 
Lord of Buecastle Dale. His son Gillesbeweth had a pre- 
tended right to all or part of the barony of Gilsland, at 
least to that part of the same which adjoineth to Bew- 
castle. He was kinsman to the antient Lords of Burgh 
barony which were before the conquest either by consan- 
quinity or affinity. This Gillesbeweth and Bueth his father 
it is said stood with Hubert de Vallibus and before him 
with William Meschiens when he lay there in garrison by 
commandment of his brother Earl Randolph, in the Con- 
queror's time, the father Beweth being then a follower 
of Gospatrick the great. But attempting something after- 
wards for the recovery of his antient right of which it seems 
he was dispossessed or upon some other discontent he was 
banished. And though the register book of the Abbey of 
Lanercost reports his son Gillesbeweth (who is there called 
Gill fil Beweth) to be Lord of Gilsland, yet he never pos- 
sessed a foot in the same, for that he was an infant at the 
time of his father's banishment and was afterwards seated 
in Scotland where he dwelt till he was slain, as will after be 
made appear. His children and posterity in Scotland were 
called of his name Gillesbeweth or Lairds Gillesbeweth 
corruptly Gillesbies or Lairds of Gillesby, of the place 



130 GILSLAND. 

where he dwelt which was so called because he first 
builded there. 

Being thus disinherited and malecontent he wasted the 
country and in King Stephen's time when the Scots were 
let into Cumberland he took that opportunity to incite as 
many as he could to assist him to recover his estate in 
Gilsland from Hubert de Vallibus. And it seems notwith- 
standing the alliances and other obligations which the 
said Hubert had laid upon the inhabitants to bind them 
to him they took part with Gillesbeweth as the right heir. 

But afterwards when Henry FitzEmpress obtained the 
crown of England and took Cumberland again from the 
Scots, he regranted the barony of Gilsland to Hubert de 
Vallibus in Jicbc verba — Totam terramquam Gillfil Bueth tenuit 
et de incvemento Chorkby quant Westubright fil Willmi Stephen 
tenuit et Caterleng ctim molendino quce Willitred fil Halden 
tenuit. Afterwards about the loth year of Hen. 2^^ Hubert 
dyed so that K. Hen. 2"*^ rather confirmed Gilsland to 
Hubert de Vaulx than first gave it, for if Hubert then lived 
he was of extreme age. Yet the copy of an inquisition 
returned by the Sherriff of Cumberland into the Exchequer 
saith : Robertus de Vallibus tenet terrani suam de Dno Rege 
per servicium duoruni Militum quam Rex Henricus pater Dni 
Regis dedit Hugoni de Vallibus antecessori suo per prcedidum 
servicium. This inquisition was taken in King John's time. 

Upon the grant by K. Hen. 2""^ unto Hubert de Vallbus, 
Robert de Vallibus his son a valorous gentleman and well 
learned in the law of this land, entered into the barony 
of Gilsland and enjoyed the same, but yet not so but 
that Gillesbeweth still continueth to give him disturbance, 
whereupon a meeting for agreement was appointed between 
them under trust and mutual assurance of safety to each 
other (which meeting they call a tryste). At this meeting 
Robert de Vallibus slew the said Gill which shameful 
treason made him bear arms and betake himself to his 
book at the Inns of Court, where he so profited that he 



GILSLAND. 131 

came justice itinerant into Cumberland in the 23'''' year of 
K. Hen, 2"'^, with Ranulph Glanvill and Robert Piknet his 
associates (which Ranulph Granvill succeeded Richard 
Lucy in the office of Lord Chief Justice of England, in the 
26''' year of that king, when Richard became a monk in the 
Abbey of Lenos or Westwood, resigning that office for age 
and debility). Robert de Vallibus was of so much account 
with Hen. 2"'^, that that King did little in Cumberland with- 
out his advice and council, yet could not his conscience be 
at quiet untill he made satisfaction for the murder of Gilles- 
beweth, by endowing Holy Church with part of that patri- 
mony which occasioned the murder, and therefore he 
founded the priory of Lanercost in Gilsland. 

The king remitted 18'' cornage rent due out of these 
lands to this Robert ; yet he was fined for suffering money 
to be current in his liberties, which the king had forbid by 
proclamation, and for the escape of certain prisoners, 
Robert dyed without issue male and Hugh his kinsman 
and next heir succeeded him, to whom K, Hen, 2"^ for the 
better strengthening of his title confirmed the Barony of 
Gilsland, as appears by the old inquisition afterwards 
taken in K. John's time, to whom succeeded Ranulph de 
Vallibus in the seignory of Gilsland in Rich, i^' time ; and 
after Ranulph his son and heir Robert de Vallibus other- 
wise called Robert fil Radi. This was the same Robert 
Vaulx that was found to be tenant of the land by the 
said inquisition taken in King John's time, and remaining 
yet of record. He confirmed to the priory of Wederhall 
certain lands in Korkby, Denton, Newby and Burdoswald, 
as lord paramount. 

After this Robert Vaux, Hubert was Baron of Gilsland, 
whose daughter and heir Matild or Maud lady of Gilsland 
was married to Thomas son of Thomas de Multon and Ada 
Morvill daughter of Hugh Morvill, by whom she had 
issue the third Thomas Multon, called Thomas de Multon 
de Gilsland, who died in the 23'''^ year of King Edward i'^'. 



132 GILSLAND. 

By this Maud* the Vaux's lands in Cumberland were trans- 
ferred to the Multons, who enjoyed the same for four 
descents lineally from father to son named all successively 
Thomas with some addition. 

The first Thomas Multon married Ada Morvill, late 
wife to Richard Lucy by whom he had issue Thomas the 
second, called Thomas fil Thomse ; and by a former wife he 
had issue Lambert Multon and Alan Multon, whom he 
married to the two daughters and co-heirs of Richard 
Lucy, named Annabill and Alice. Lambert by his wife 
Annabil became lord of Egremont, and Alan by his wife 
was lord of the moiety of Allerdale, and the twentieth part 
of Egremont. 

The second Thomas Multon named fil Thomse married 
Matild Vaux as aforesaid, and by her had issue Thomas 
Multon de Gilsland his heir of Burgh and Gilsland, and 
two younger sons Edward, and Hubert to whom he gave 
Ishall, which Hubert bore for his arms the same coat 
which the Lighs of Ishall his heirs by blood now give, 
viz. : five pieces barwise azure and argent. t See the rest 
of the barons of Gilsland in the title of Burgh, pp. 67. 69. 

KiRKCKOGLiN. Croglin lactis ad riipem is the name of the 
river that divides Kirkoswald seignory from the Barony of 
Gilsland at the head thereof, and after it comes towards 



* This Lady Maud survived her husband and her son Thomas, for in an old re- 
cord — Ad assissas captas apud Penrith in Com. Cumb., An. K. Ed. i., 30. — I find 
her — Dna de Gilsland et manerij de Cuquyntyngton infra Baroniam illam. 
Gilpin. 

t After the attainder of the Lord Dacres and the marriage of the two sisters and 
co-heirs of the Dacres with the two sons of the D. of Norfolk (which see ante p. 
70), the barony of Gilsland came to 

William Lord Howard a younger son of Thomas D. of Norfolk and the 

Lady .... his wife after whose death it descended upon 
Charles Howard Esq., his grandson ( . . , . Howard his eldest son 
dying in the lifetime of his father^ He married Ann daughter of Lord 
Howard of Escrick, and upon the restoration of K. Charles the 2nd 
was made Earl of Carlisle. He dyed An. Dm. 16S . and his estate and 
honour descended upon 
Edward now (16S7) Earl of Carlisle and Baron of Gilsland. He married 
. . . . daughter of ... . and widow of ... . Lord, 
.... who was slain at sea An. Dm. . . . against the Dutch, 
by whom he enjoys a plentiful! estate. Gilpin. 



GILSLAND. 133 

Ainstaple it turns to StaffoU and divides them till it be 
received of Eden. It is called of two British words careg 
a rock and lyn a water. Of these words is corruptly framed 
ths present name Crog-lyn, which gives name to the town 
and church. It was antiently (Hen. 2""^) the freehold of 
one Philip Hastings, in whose issue male it descended till 
Ed. i^' time and then Croglin and his other lands in West- 
morland fell to his daughters, married to 

Wharton, ancestor to the now Lord Wharton and to War- 
copp, but now the Lord Wharton holds it all to himself. It 
is part of Gilsland and holden of the lords thereof. One 
of these Hastings was with King ... at the seige 
of Jerusalem, and received a grant of the king there of 
lands which the king gave him in England. The Lord 
Wharton's coat is the arms of those Hastings, but he 
hath added to them a border of Or charged with lion's paws 
in saltire about the Hastings coat, which is a manche 
argent in a field sable. 

Chorkby. The mannor of Chorkby in Gilsland hath 
been from the Conquest of England a gentleman's seat. 
It was given by Hubert first baron of Gilsland to one 
Odard to whom also the Earl Randulph gave the mannor 
of Warthwik on the west side of the river Eden. Odard 
had issue Osbert and William. Osbert succeeded in the 
inheritance, and granted to the house of Wederhall the 
chamber of St. Constantine, and diverse liberties in 
Chorkby and lands in Warthwik. Osbert died without 
issue, wherefore the mannor fell to his brother William 
who had issue John and Robert by his wife Oswina. John 
was eldest yet he seated himself at W^arwik and let his 
brother Robert possess Chorkby. William son of Odard 
had issue another son named Alan who was Lord of Lang- 
thwait, his brother Robert gave him lands in Warthwik, 
and another son called Ranulf. 

After Robert son of William son of Odard, I find one 
Adam de Chorkby a Knt, and William son of Roger and 



134 



GILSLAND. 



Osuina his wife Lords thereof. In the 23rd year of Ed. 
i^' one Walter de Routbury was Lord thereof. And in 
Ed. 2"'*'" time Andrew de Harcla Earl of Carliell forfeited 
the same. And in Ed. 3'"^'' time Richard Salkeld was 
Lord thereof.* 

Odard de Chorkby. 

Osbert son of Odard. 

William brother of Osbert. 

Robert son of William. 

Adam de Chorkby. 

William son of Roger and Oswina his wife. 

Henry Brebor. 

Walter de Routhbury. 

Andrew de Harcla Earl of Carliell. 

Richard Salkeld. + 

* Chorkby is now (16S7) the inheritance of Francis Howard Esq., son of Sir 
Francis Howard Knt, son of William Howard 2nd son of Thomas U. of Norfolk 
who was executed temp. Eliz. about the business of Mary Queen of Scots. 

The said Lord VVilHam by his marriage with one of the daughters and co-heirs 
of George Lord Dacres of Gilsland (but truly by grant from the crown) was Lord 
of Gilsland, which from him descended to Kdward now Earl of Carlisle. He 
purchased Chorkby of Sir Francis Salkeld Knt, which (together with other lands 
to a good value) he settled upon Sir Fr. Howard his :;nd son, from whom it des- 
cended upon his son Fr. Howard Esq., now governor of Carlisle, who married 
. daughter of ... . and after her death .... daughter of 
Townly, of Lancashire. Gilpin. 

In the M.S. after William son of Roger and Oswina his wife, 'tis legible in 
the original that K. John in the 10th yeare ot his reign gave Chorkby to one 
Henry Breber, but it is expunged with fresher ink, as is also the pedigree in the 
Context, and with a later (but yet an ancient) hand this following pedigree is sub- 
Joined in the room thereof 

Will. Stephanus. 
Wescubriijht. 
Hubert de Vallibus. 
Odard. 

Osbert son of Odard. 
William brother of Osbert. 
Robert son of William. 



Robert l^ascells 



GILSLAND. 135 

Newby. Newby on the more nigh or in the bounds of 
Cumbersdall was the lands of Hildred Carlieli, and des- 
cended as aforesaid in Combquintin* untill it came to 
Richard son of Richard son of Trute, who gave the same 
to Reginold de CarHell, and he gave it to the abbey of 
Holm Cultrum to whom the heir of Richard son of Richard 
son of Trute viz : Margaret the wife of Robert de Wam- 
pool released ; and the abbot exchanged it with the prior of 
Carlieli. Now the Dean and Chapter hold it of the Kingt 
Hildred. 

Trute. 

Robert fil Trute. 

Richard fil Trute. 

Richard son of Richard who gave Newby to 

Reginald de Carlieli who gave it to the abbey 

of Holm Cultrum. 



William son of Roger & (in a third hand) Oswinna his wife. 
Robert son of William. 
Alan de Lascells & Isabel his wife. 
Adam Lascell 
Robert son of Adam. 

Walter Routhbery and Isabel his wife daughter of Robert son 
of Adam. 



Andrew Harcla. 
Richard Salkeld. 



Thomas Salkeld of Salkeld and Chorkby, he quartered his arms 

as foUoweth : first Salkeld, 2nd Thornbrough, 3rd Vaux of 

Triermain, the 4th as the first. 

Sir Francis Salkeld Kt., (who sold Chorkby and other lands in Cumberland to 

the Lord William Howard) he dyed An. . . . and lyes buried in Wetherell, 

with this rude epitaph upon his tomb. 

Here lyes Sir Francis Salkeld Knight 
Who in this land was mickle of might 
The governor of Carlisle Castle was he 
And also the Lord of Chorby 
But now he lies under this stane 
And by him his wife the Lady Jane. 
As wee are now so must you be 
Pray for our souls of Charity. 
After his death his grandchildren pretended a title to the estate by virtue of an 
old intail and sued for the same, aed non prevalueriint. Gilpin. 
» Ante p. loS. Gilpin. 
f See more of Newby in Crosby barony to which it belongs. Gilpin. 



136 GILSLAND. 

Margaret daughter of Richard son of Richard 
wife of Robert Wampole : she released to the 
abbot of Holm Cultrum. 

Helwise daughter and heir of R. Wampole and 
Margaret his wife married to John Crofton. 

John Crofton son of John and Helwise.* 

Adam Crofton son of John married Helena. 
CoMREW. Combrew is wanting in the MS. 
Castle Carok. The first freeholder that I read of, 
of Castle Carok, was one Eustace de Vallibus, to whom 
Hubert de Vallibus first Lord of Gilsland gave it in Hen. 
2"** time, together with Hayton also. This Eustace gave 
a carucat of land in Hayton and another in Castle Carok. 
to the house of Lanercost. It is called Castle Carok 
quasi Castrum de Rupe and was also in Hen. 2°*^ time the 
inheritance of one Robert de Castle Carok, after him it 
descended successively to Robert his son and Richard his 
grandchild, whose son Robert was the last of that name 
inheritor thereof. He died in Ed. i^' time and left three 
daughters which he begot on the body of Christian de Crok- 
dake (aunt and one of the two co-heirs of John son of 
John son of Adam Crokdaik), viz : Johan wife of Thomas 
Newbiggin, Christian wife of Michael Apulby, and Margery 
wife of William Eglesfield. Newbiggin's part descended 
to three daughters and heirs, viz., Helen wife of Richard 
Hale, Margaret wife of Thomas Hale, and Alice wife of 
John Hale, all of Kirkby Thore. Alice's part came to the 
Lothers of Crokdaik, and from them to the Musgraves 
of Crokdaik, now owners thereof. Margaret's part by a 
daughter named Alice wife of Collinson fell to two daugh- 
ters, Johan wife of Gilbert Carlton and Margaret wife of 
John Bethom of Thrimby. And in the fourth descent 
Elizabeth Bethom their heir wife of Robert Salkeld had 



» Ante pp. 83, loS. 



GILSLAND. 137 

issue Roger who sold it to Loughe. I find no issue of the 
eldest sister Helen, but one William Kitchen who sold 
the ninth part of Castle Carok to Ranulph Daker that 
married Multon's heir.* 

The purparty of Christian Castle Carok fell by her 
daughter named Christian to William Ritson, and by their 
daughter Mariott to Thomas Alanby, and by their daughter 
to John de Westlevington, and by his daughter Elizabeth 
to Alexander Highmore, whose heir in the third or fourth 
descent sold it to Daker. 

The third co-heirs part Margery wife of Eaglesfield. 

Hayton. Hayton Villa in Colle was freehold in Hubert 
Vaulx's time who gave it to Eustace Vaulx his cousin, and 
so it continued four descents. The Lord thereof had a 
daughter and heir married to John son of Robert son of 
Anketin de Denton. 

Taukin. (Wanting in MS). 

Farelam. Farleham hath antiently been a fee of Gils- 
land, it was granted by Hubert de Valibus first Lord of 
Gilsland to one Westfalan, and afterwards it was granted 
by . . . Lord of Gilsland to one Walter de Windsore 
i'n K. Hen. 2"*^^ time brother to Alexander de Windsore 
being so called because they dwelt at Wyndsore, but they 
were both brethren to one William de Kersmier the . . . 
of Willitred son of Haldan sometime Lord of Katerleing, 
which K. Hen. a"'^ gave to Hubert Vaulx after he had 
seised it, (because Willitred took part with K. Stephen) as 
forfeited. And therefore in King John's time the said 
William de Kersmyra brought a writ of mort d'ancestor 
against William Vaux son of Hubert and Robert son of 
the said William then Lords of Katerleng, but could not 
recover the land. The said Walter de Windsore had issue 
another Walter and his son called Adam de Farleham held 



* I find one Gamel de Castle Carok witness to deed of William son of Odard in 
Charta Cellw de IVedderhall. Gilpin. 



138 GILSLAND. 

the land in 23 Ed. i^'. And in Ed. 3'''*^ time John de 
Farleham held it who gave it unto Ranulph Daker and 
Margret Multon his wife then Lords of Gilsland, and to 
their heirs after John de Farleham's death and of one 
Andrew Latton. Thenceforth it hath continued demesne to 
the Lords of Gilsland. The said Walter Wyndsore gave for 
arms a saltier sable in field d'argent. There are some of 
this sirname left at this day which are descended from one 
John de Wyndsore, brother to the second Walter Windsore 
(to whom he gave Farlam parva). John had issue Rayner 
and Solomon, and Rayner had Bernard the father of 
Richard, which Solomon and Richard endowed the houses 
of Wederhall and Lanercost with lands in little Farlam. 

Brampton. Brampton in Gilsland was for the most 
part demesne lands and the town was of long time a 
market town, first granted so to be by King .... to 
. Lord of Gilsland, and so continueth to this 
day. At Brampton the Lords do yearly keep the courts 
leet and view of frank pledge for the barony of Gilsland 
now, howbeit the head and chief seat was at Irthington in 
the Vaulx's time and the Multon's. The town is now all 
customary tenancies or demesnes for the Dakers have 
wronge out all the freeholders of Irthington and Brampton 
save Corkby and some few small tenancies of the meaner 
sort of people. 

CoMBCATCH. Comb-catch Convallis ad dorsam Collis, 
is now a farm in Brampton parish and is demesne. It 
stands in a bottom on the backside of a hill, and is en- 
vironed with hills and wood ground. In K. Hen. 3'''' and 
Ed. i^' time one Robert del More held it as a fee of Bramp- 
ton by Knt service. And after him one John del More and 
his son in Ed. -^"^ and Rich. 2"^^ times. 

Naworth Castle. Naworth castle is now the principal 
seat of the barony of Gilsland, and hath so been from Ed. 
2""^ time. In the 36th of Ed. 3'^'* Margret daughter and 
heir of Thomas Multon (last of that name Lord thereof), 



GILSLAND. 139 

dyed seised thereof ; and before that time I do not read of 
it. The ancient capitall mansion house of Gilsland was 
at a place in Irthington parish called the Castlestead, 
where is as yet to be seen the ruins of the castle where 
Gill fil Bueth dwelt, and which Hubert Vaux had of the 
gift of Henry 2"'*. And it was called the mannor of Irth- 
oon-towne, contractly Irthington villa ad rivttm Irthing. 
The river gave name to the town, mannor, and the castle. 
The Lords thereof suffered it to decay as a thing of rude 
edification, and of the ruins thereof built Naworth which 
in success of time was bettered by the owners and by like 
time through negligence more than age begins now to 
decline and lose that beauty and strength which it lately 
had, as all such worldly things do which are subject to 
time. 

Denton. Denton villa in profimdo. The place in Gils- 
land where Denton stands is a great deep valley. The 
Irish call " deep " in their language Dgen. Upon that 
Irish word the place was called by the Saxons Dsein and 
upon the first habitations there Daein-town. There are two 
Dentons there. Over Denton which is in Northumber- 
land* now the Withrington's lands and stands beyond the 
great Bottom ; and Nether Denton in Cumberland late the 
Dakers lands in the Low. Both of them are parcel of the 
barony of Gilsland. The first possessor that I read of 
was one Wescop, to whom Hubert de Vallibus Lord of 
Gilsland gave Denton in or about Hen. 2""^^ time, Wescope 
gave it to one Gilles Bueth or Bueth's Barnt (otherwise 
that Gillesbueth and Bueth Barn was but one person). 
He had issue Robert son of Bueth, who died without issue. 
His sisters were married to Addock Lord of Bothcastre 
and to Eustace Vaux Lord of Hayton in Gilsland ; the 
one had Over Denton and the other had Nether Denton, 

* Over Denton is now in Cumberland. Editor. 

t Barn signifies child, so that Gill Bueth Barn is Gill son of Bueth or Gills 
Bueth. Gilpin. 



14° GILSLAND. 

which was the two moieties then by partition. Hayton's 
part was given to John son of Robert son of Anketin or 
Asketill de Denton, and Robert brother to the said John 
married the heir to the other part. The said Robert fil 
Bueth was their mother's brother. He gave the church 
to the house of Wedderhall, and after his death David son 
of Tirry and Robert son of Asketill, gave it to the house 
of Lanercost, whereupon grew great suit till the contro- 
versy was ended by the mediation of the popes legate who 
divided the profits between them and gave the presentation 
of the vicarage to the Bishop. 

Over Denton 7 Ed. i'" was given by Richard Stowland 
and Helena his wife to John Withrington with whose 
issue male it remains at this day. 

And Nether Denton descended from the said John son 
of Robert son of Anketin to John and to Richard Denton 
Knight his son's son, whose daughter Margaret wife to 
Adam Copley of Bateley in Craven, had it in marriage 17 
Ed. 2"*^. John son of Adam had issue Richard Copley 
whose daughter Isabel wife to Adam Denton son of 
Thomas del Hall had Denton from her father in marriage 
in Hen. 4* time. Thomas Denton Esq., now of Warnell, 
the son of Thomas son of John holds Warnell in exchange 
for Denton, which exchange was made in the 23rd of Hen. 
7**^ by the said John and Thomas with the Lord Dacre, 
which John Denton was son to Richard son of Thomas son 
of Adam son of Thomas del Hall as aforesaid. 

Lanercost. Lanercost* ad Costeram vallis, was first a 



* The pedigree of the Dacres of Lanercost. 
This family is supposed to be an illegitimate branch of the Dacres, Lords of 
Gilsland, for in their coat of arms there is the Bar of difference or Bastard Bar. 
However the first Sir Thomas was a man of great prowess and made his fortune 
by the sword, for Edward the sixth (pursuing the intentions of his father Henry 
8.), gave him the scite of this dissolved priory and the estate belonging thereto as 
a reward for his services, as appears by the following verses which were formerly 
in the windows of the dining room belonging to the family, but are now in the 
east window of the Parish Church. 

Mille et quingentos ad quinquaginta novemque 

Adjice et hoc anno condidit istud opus. 



GILSLAND. 



141 



Ian or plain in that glen or valley at the foot of a bank or 
rising ground where the Pight wall standeth. And Walton 
was so named of the first habitations there, as built on 
part of that wall. At the conquest it was a great forest 
and waste ground. In K. H. 2"'^" time they were granted 
by Robert son of Hubert Vaulx Lord of Gilsland, to the 
prior and convent of Lanercost (which was there first by 
him founded in the name of Mary Magdalen) in these 
terms Landam de Lanercost et villam de Walton, and bounders 
them by certain limits. He gave them also the churches 
of Walton, Irthington, Brampton, Karlatton and Farlam, 
with the chapel of Trevermain and the lands of Warby, 
Colman, Roswrageth, and Apletreethwait, and divers 
liberties for their goods in his forests thereunto adjoyning 
at Lanercost there. About the year of Grace 1116,-- they 
begun to build the scite of the priory and the church, where- 
unto in success of time they moved the gentlemen to give 
much land and revenue to have their bodies buried there and 
for their souls health, as the Engaynes and Morvills in 
Harskeugh, the Windsors in Catch and Farleham, Dentons 
in Denton, Vaulxs in Hayton, Geltsdale, and Triermaine, 
Newtons and Robert de la Sore in Grinsdale, and many 
others in diverse parts of the country, till they had gotten 

Ihomas Dacre Eques sedem qui primus in istam 
Venerat, extlncta religione loci. 
Hsec Edwardus ei dederat devoverat ante 
Henricus longre praemia miiitife. 

Sir Thomas Dacre Knt. 

Christopher Dacre his son. 

Henry Dacre his son. 

Sir Thomas Dacre his son. 

Henry Dacre his son dyed 1696. 

William Dacre his son, who died without issue and was succeeded by 

James Dacre his brother, who dying unmarried was the last heir male of 

this family, with whom also the estate ended in this family. For the 

grant from the crown was found to extend no further than to the heirs 

male. 
It is now the estate of Henry Earl of Carlisle as lessee under the crown. 

MiLBOURNK. 
The estate was reputed to be ,f 1400 per annum when it was granted to 

the first Si- Thomas. Gilpin. 
* This date is too early, see Lanerci'st Priori/, Transactions Cumberland and 
Westmorland Archaeological and Antiquarian Society, vol. i., pp. 95, gS. Editor. 



142 GILSLAND. 

a goodly stipend for every person in the priory, and enough 
to defray their extraordinary charges. The greatest cause 
that moved Robert Vaux to found this priory was the 
death of Gill fil Bueth antient Lord of the barony of Gilsland 
whom the said Robert had caused to be slain under trust 
at a meeting set for agreement between him and Hubert 
Vaulx father to Robert to whom the King had given Gill's 
patrimony because he took part with the Scots as history 
reporteth. Howbeit the deed and charter made to the 
prior by the said Robert is pro anima Regis Hen. 2 et Huberti 
patris met et GrcEcice matris &c. It was dissolved by K. 
Hen. 8* and given to Thomas Dakers Knt, and now Henry 
Dacre son of Christopher son of Thomas enjoyeth the 
same. 

AsKERTON. Askerton and Whithill was first given by 
. . . Lord of Gilsland to S'' Roger Vaulx his . . . 
to whom succeeded his son William son of Roger, but 
after his death was thenceforth always demesne lands and 
not freehold. But the lord had certain bondmen and vil- 
lains which laboured the town to the lord's use in Ed. i^'^ 
time and before. But now there is a little stone peel where 
the land sergeant of Gilsland doth reside, that commands 
and leads the inhabitants of the barony in the lord's ser- 
vice for the queen against Scotland, and hath the demesne 
lands there. The residue is demised to customary tenants. 
In the Lord Dacre's time there was a baylif. 

BuRDOSWALD. Burdoswald was in K. John's time and 
some deal before the freehold of Walter Bavin, William 
Bavin and Radulf Bavin, they did successively hold it and 
gave part thereof to the house of Wederhall, and land in 
Combquinton to the House of Lanercost. After in Ed. 
I'" time one John Gillet held lands there ; but now and 
of long time before the Lords of Gilsland have reduced 
the freehold and demised it to tenants. 

Fenton. Witt@ de Windsore 10'' terr ibm 23^* Ed. 

I de Thoma Multon per quartam partem 
feodi militis. 



GILSLAND. 



143 



Robert TylioU et uxor ex done Rogeri fil 
Willmi carucatam ifem per quintam deci- 
mam partem feodi militis. 
Will@ Windsore tenet Fenton de Mar- 
garet Dacre p. decimam partem feodi 
militis 36 Ed. 3. 

Finis levata inter Johem Warwick quef et 
Jo. de Tyllioll et Margaret uxor de 
dimidio de Fenton Manerij et terrarum 
in Hayton 33 Ed. i. 
Tryermaine. Tryermaine was at the conquest a fee of 
Gilsland. One Gilandus was Lord tiiereof, he stood 
against the Conqueror, and his son and heir Gilarnor got 
his own peace with Randolf Meschiens, Lord of Cum- 
berland and his brother WilUam Meschiens, and quietly 
enjoyed it in Hen. i""^ time, and builded the first chapel of 
wood by license of Athelwald first Bishop of Carliell : and 
by consent of Enoc then parson of Walton Kirk (in whose 
parish it was) he made his cousin Gilamor first chaplain 
thereof, after which chaplain succeeded one Daniel, and 
after him Augustine that lived in the time of Thomas 
parson of Walton, which Thomas became a canon in 
Lanercost when it was founded, and then the Rectory was 
appropriate to Lanercost. After the death or banishment 
of Gilamor Lord of Triermaine and Torcrossock, Hubert 
Vaulx gave Triermaine and Torcrossock to his second son 
Ranulph Vaulx, which Ranulph afterwards became heir to 
his elder brother Robert founder of Lanercost, who died 
without issue. Ranulf being Lord of all Gilsland gave 
Gilamor's lands to his own younger son named Roland, 
and let the barony descend to his eldest son Robert son of 
Ranulf. Roland had issue Alexander and he Ranulf after 
whom succeeded Robert and then they were named 
Rolands successively that were Lords thereof untill the 
reign of Ed. 4*. That house gave for arms In a field vert 
a bend dexter checquy d'ore et gules. 



144 gilsland. 

Spadadam. 

Kirk Cam hock. Kirk Cambock Ecclesia ad convallmi 
paludis. The place where Cambogh stands was named 
Camb-bogh-glan by the first inhabitants, whereupon the 
Romans formed this name Camboglana and now Cambok 
and Cammok corruptly. The nature of the soil and form 
of the place caused the first name, for there is a great bog 
or fenny mire in a bottom or low round hole in the glan or 
dale near unto the town. The first possessor that I read 
of was one Alfred de Camok in K. Hen. 2"'^ time. After- 
wards in Hen. 3^^*^= time and Ed. i^'^ it belonged to the 
Tirryes. One Richard Tirry held it of Thomas Multon 
then Lord of Gilsland, by the eighth part of a Knight's fee 
and after him one Thomas de Leversdale, and Thomas his 
son. In 36 Ed. 3"^*^ William Stapleton and Robert de 
Leversdale. And 22 Rich. 2""^ Stapleton's part descended 
to the Musgraves with other the Stapleton's lands and a 
daughter. 

Stapleton. Stapleton was first demesne of Gilsland 
and granted very antiently forth as a fee to the Lords of 
Kirklevington. Richard de Levington died seised of a 
moiety thereof in 34 Hen. 3'''^, from him it descended to 
Radulf Levington who by Ada Gernon his wife (daughter to 
Richard Gernon the elder, and to Johan Morvill the second 
daughter and co-heir of Sir H ugh Morvill) had issue Hawise 
the wife of Sir Eustace I^aliol. Hawise died without issue, 
therefore Stapleton and other the Levington's lands fell to 
her father's six sisters so -became Matild de Carrick her 
heir of Stapleton. Roland Carrick her son gave it to 
Piers Tyllioll in Ed. y^'' time. And at that time the Staple- 
tons held the other moiety which descended to the Mus- 
graves, and the other moiety to the Moresbies and Covills 
the heirs of the Tyllyolls. 

Harper Hill. 

Leversdale. Leversdale was first given to one Bernard 
le Flemminge by Robert the son of Hubert Lord of 



GILSLAND. 145 

Gilsland in Hen. 2"'^' time. He had two sons Robert and 
Walter which did successively inherit. After them William 
de Leversdall in the latter end of K. Hen. 3''''= time. He 
died 24 Ed. i^'. Then Thomas his son entered who had 
issue Thomas. In King Ed. 2""^ time Henry de Malton in 
right of Margaret his wife and after him Thomas Malton 
36 Ed. 3^<i. Then Thomas SI * * * 

Newby. j 

Carlatton. Karlatton stands in Gilsland but is no 
part thereof. In Hen. 2'"^ time one Gospatrick fil Mac- 
benok held it of the King and paid 50 marks. Mac-ben-og 
(i.e., filius jimioris uxoris) was an Irishman and took part 
with K. Stephen, thei-efore his son Gospatrick compounded 
with K. Henry for his father's living. After him K. John 
gave it to Robert Ross of Wark in Tindall, together with 
Sowerby and Hubbertby, untill the said Robert Ross 
recovered his lands in Normandy, which he lost in the 
King's service. Hen. 3'^'' took them from him and gave 
them to Alexander King of Scots and his successors who 
held the same untill K. Edw. i^' seised them for the revolt 
of John Baliol K. of Scots, since which time it was Regiuin 
Dominicum untill K. Rich. 2'"^ time who granted the same 
to Radulf Nevill Earl of Westmorland, and Johan his 
wife. After him it descended to Richard his son Earl of 
Salisbury. And after him to Richard Earl of Warwick 
his son, who was slain at Barnet. After whose death King 
Ed. 4"" gave it to his brother Richard Duke of Gloucester 
being afterwards King. And since that time it continued 
in the possession of the crown. I read of one Ughtred de 
Karlatton and after him Robert de Karlatton in Henry 3'^'* 
and Ed. i^' time but whether they held any freehold there 
it appears not. 

Bewcastle. Bothcastre alias Bewcastle. Northwards 
above Levington toward the wasts between Nicholl Forest 
(part of Lyddall) and the barony of Gilsland, lyes Bew- 
castledale, which took that name first of the castle there 



146 BEWCASTLE. 

built by one Bewth which was called Bothcastre after- 
wards Bewcastle and thereupon the dale where it stands 
was called Bewcastle Dale. Antiently it was the seat 
of the said Beweth then Lord of Gilsland, or a great part 
thereof but he being banished for taking part with the 
Scots in King Stephen's time, seated himself in Scotland 
as did his son Gillesbueth after him, and this dale together 
with all the rest of his lands were given by Hen. 2°*^ 
to Hubert de Vallibus, but whether or no he enjoyed it 
does not appear. But shortly after it was possessed by 
one Addock who married with the Lord of Denton, which 
Denton the said Hubert de Vallibus had then lately given 
to one Wescop his follower or kinsman. But whether the 
said Addock was kinsman, friend, or enemy to Beweth's 
posterity I find not. It would seem that Gillesbueth being 
dispossessed himself and he and his posterity forced to 
settle in Scotland, he made the place too hot for any of 
Hubert Vaulx's posterity, wasting all that part of the 
country in revenge by frequent inroads upon the same, 
for being greatly infested by the Scots, as it is to this 
day, none durst inhabit there till the barons of Burgh 
barony took upon them to summer their cattle there and 
made them shields and cabbins for their people, dwelling 
themselves in tents and booths for defence, at which time 
it was a waste forest ground and fit for the depasturing of 
the cattle of the Lords of Burgh and their tenants they 
having no other pasture for them, because the barony itself 
was very populous and well inhabited, fitting better for 
corn and meadow than for pasture. And thereupon it is 
always found in antient inquisitions as parcel of that 
barony and to be holden of the same. But it is not within 
the said barony for the two seignories of Lyddall and 
Levington lye between Burgh and it. It became inhabited 
originally long before Hen. 3'''^ time upon the building of 
that castle which is now there standing. And in Hen. 3'^'^ 
days Richard Baron of Levington by his right in Burgh 



BEWCASTLE. 147 

held there demesne lands and other lands, rents, and 
services as parcel of Burgh. 

In Ed. 2"*^ time Adam de Swinburne held the same of 
the Lord of Burgh, Ranulph Dacre and Margaret his wife, 
and after him Adam Swinburne his son. 

In Ed. 3'''^ time Sir John Strivelyn Knt, in the right of 
his wife Jacoba .... Swinburne's daughter. 



(148) 



THE BARONY OF LYDDALL als. ESK. 



The Barony of The barony of Lyddal* (now called 
LiDDALL als. EsK. Esk) inhabited by the Grahams bor- 
dereth upon Scotland lying on the 
north side of the river Eden between the river of Leven 
and Scotland. It containeth Esk, Lyddall, Arthurett, 
Stubhill, Carwendlow, Speersyk, Randolf-Levington, Eas- 
ton, Northeaston, and Brakenhill. The freeholders of 
this barony defrayed the charges of the baron's eldest son 
when he was to be made Knight and paid his daughters' 
portions. Solpart and all that great forest untill Lyddis- 
dale called antiently Nichol forest of Nicholas Stuteville 
sometime Lord thereof is also parcel of the barony. It 
was given first after the Conquest to Turgens Brimdas a 
Fleming, by the Earl Randolph Meschiens, and to him 
confirmed by K. Hen. i'''. In King John's time the Lord 
Nicholas Stutevill enjoyed it. His daughter and heir who 
married Sir Hugh Bigot transferred it from the Stutevilles 
to the Bigots. And from them it came to the Lord 
Baldwyne Wake. The said Baldwyne John and Thomas 
Wake held the same successively, and after them Prince 
Edward named the Black Prince, Edward the third's 



* This barony was purchased of the Lord Clifford tempore James I., by Sir 
Richard Graham Bart, who from a low and inconsiderable beginning- by his great 

industry was raised to a great fortune. He married by whom he 

had issue 

Sir George Graham Bart, he married Mary the daughter of . . . Earl of 
Annandale, by whom he had issue Sir Richard his eldest son now 
Viscount Preston, 2 James, 3 William Dean of Carlisle, 4 Reynold, 5 
Fergus. His lady survived him and afterwards married Sir George 
Fletcher of Hutton, Bart. 
Sir Richard Graham the eldest son was by King Charles 2nd created 
Viscount Preston. He married Ann daughter to Charles Earl of 
Carlisle. Gilpin, 



THE BARONY OF LYDDALL uls. ESK. T49 

eldest son, in the right of his wife the Earl of Kent's 
daughter, and after her death (she dying without issue) 
King Edward bought it for money of the Earls of Kent 
and gave it to his son John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster. 
It is now holden by lease as of the Duchy of Lancaster. 



(15°: 



THE BARONY OF LEVINGTON. 



The Barony of Upon the east side of the barony of 
Levington. Lyddall lyes the barony of Levington,* 
which the Earl Randulph Meschiens 
gave and Henry i^* confirmed unto Richard Boyvill a com- 
mander in the Army Royal under the Earl Randulph. 
His posterity changed their sirname from Boyvill unto 
Levington, so many of them as did reside there, viz., the 
Lords of the chief seignory at Kirklevington, a younger 
brother named Reginald Lord of the mannor or capital 
messuage of West Levington, and his posterity Adam, 
Hugh, Hugh, John, and John, whose daughter transferred 
the inheritance of West Levington to Alexander Highmore 
of Harbybrow and his heirs in Ed. 4*^'^ time. And in 
Henry 8'^ time one of the heirs of the said Alexander sold 
the same to the Lord Dacres, whose patrimoney is now in 
the Queen's hands by attainder. And another brother of 
the Boyvills named Randolf also seated himself at Ran- 



* Tromp's purparty of this barony as below, was in the second descent sold to 
Robert Tilliol Knt, and so likewise was another of the purparties of the said 
co-heirs, whereby he became possessed of a third part of Levington barony, which 
from him came at last amongst other of the Tylliol's lands to the Musgraves. 
And Joseph Appleby son of Edmund Appleby now (16S7) enjoys the mannor of 
Kirklevington parcell of the said barony, which Edward purchased the same of Sir 
Edward Musgrave Bart, who in right of his part of the said barony held (as the 
Applebys have done since) a court leet and view of frankpledge at their mannor 
of Kirklevington. Gl I.PIN. 

Edmund Appleby. 

Joseph Appleby his son, married Dorothy Dacre daughter of Hen. Dacre 
of Lanercost Esq., who had issue 

Joseph who married Susannah Maria Gilpin, had issue 

William, sans issue 

Joseph (married Catherine daughter of Sir Geo. Fleming Bart, Lord 
Bishop of Carlisle), who being the heir of the Dacres of Lanercost by the female 
side (the male line being extinct) changed his name to Dacre, and is 1750 Lord of 
Kirklevington and Castlesteads. Milbourne. 



LEVINGTON. I51 

dolf Levington in Lyddal barony, so naming the place of 
his dwelling which by his daughter in the next discent 
became the Kirkbride's lands, so much doth Almighty God 
scorn that foolish ambitious desire of man, thinking to live 
by trust in himself and by his own will and strength to 
establish his name and succession. Another brother named 
Robert was placed on a carucat of land at Bothcastre and 
thereupon was called Robert de Bothcastre. Another 
brother married the daughter and heir of Thuresbies Lords 
of Thursby and Waverton, his name was Guido Boyvill. 
He gave to his arms argent a frett vert whereunto was 
added a canton in the right corner or quarter of the field, 
of what colour or content I cannot report. I have seen 
his seal of arms at diverse evidences, and the colours on 
glass in St. Maryes church in Carliell on the south side 
of the quire, the canton broken out and defaced. This 
Guido had issue William and he John. They two were 
both Knights and all foresters in Allerdale from Shawk to 
Eln, which was the Westward of the Forest of Englewood 
which office descended unto them from Herbert deThuresby 
first Lord of Thuresby, by the gift of Alan second Lord of 
Allerdale the son of Waldeof. 

Richard de Levington the last of that name baron 
Levington dyed the 34 of K. Hen. 3'"'' his . . . Radulf 
of Levington had issue Hawise his onl}' daughter and 
heir, who was wife to Eustace Balioll and was heir to 
Richard de Levington. And she dying without issue left 
her inheritance of the barony of Levington to ... . 
co-heirs her father's sisters and their children. And her 
moiety of Burgh, Aikton, Kirkoswald, and Leysingby to 
her cousin german Thomas son of Thomas de Multon. 
And her moiety of Glassonby and Gamelsby to Adam de 
Crokdake. Her lands in Stapleton to ... . and her 
lands in Bothcastre to Adam Swynburne. 

The CO heirs of Levington were Richard Kirkbryde, 
William Lockard, Eufemia wife of John Seaton, Walter 



152 SCALEBY. 

Twinham Knt, Gilbert Suthaik, Matild wife of Niciiolas 
Aghenlocks, Matyld Carrik, Patrick Trompe, Walter son 
of Walter Corry, and Margaret wife of Henry Malton. 

Orton in the barony of Burgh, and Skelton in the 
forest of Englewood, are notwithstanding parcel of this 
barony of Levington. And all the lands that were in the 
possession of the Lords of Levington were by inquisition 
found to be parcel of their barony where ever they lay. 

ScALEBY. Next unto the barony of Levington eastward 
untill Brunskugh Beck lyes the manner and castle of 
Scaleby, which took name first of the buildings there 
which they call scheales or skales more properly of the latin 
word Scalinga a cabbin or cottage. When King Henry i^' 
had established Carliell he gave that Lordship unto one 
Richard the Ryder, whose sirname was Tylliolf* who 
planted habitations there. From him it descended by one 
or two degrees unto Simon Tylliolf, in the latter end of K. 
Hen. 2"*^ time. His son Piers Tylliof or Peter, was ward to 
Geoffrey Lucy by the King's grant about the time of King 
John. (This Geoffrey de Lucy did bear the cap of main- 
tenance before K. Richard i=' at his coronation). Peter 
Tylliolf married the daughter of the said Geoffrey Lucy his 
tutor and guardian, and had issue two sons by her, one 
named Geoffrey after his wife's fathers name, and another 



* The pedigree of the Tilliolf's in the custody of Sir Edward Musgrave makes 
the Geoffrey Tilliol mentioned in the context to be the grandson, not the son of 
Peter, interposing another Geoffrey betwixt them, making the descent as follows: 

Peter de Tilliol, who died ad. 1247, 31 Hen. 3. 

Galfrid de Tilliol son of Peter, wfio died a.d. 1271, 10 Ed. i. 

Galfrid de Tilliol son of Galfrid, who died A.D. 1295, 23 Ed. i. 

Robert de Tilliol son of the 2nd Galfrid, who dyed 1320, 13 Ed. 3. 

Sir Peter de Tilliol son of Robert and iVlatilda his wife, died 1348, 22 Ed. 
3. At the parliament 14 Ed. 3, a commission is appointed to be made to the 
Lord Wake of Lyddal, this Sir Piers Tilliol and Sir Anthony Lucy to set forth the 
arrays of Cumberland &c., to punish all rebels, to determine all trespasses &c. 

Sir Robert de Tilliol son of Peter and Isabell his wife, died 1367, 41 Ed. i. 

Sir Peter de Tilliol son of Sir Robert, died 1434, 13 Hen. 6, having 
enjoyed the estate 67 years. He had issue one son 

Robert de Tilliol who was a lunatick and died next year after his father 
without issue, whereby the estate came to be divided betwixt his two sisters*and 
co-heirs Isabel and Margaret. 



SCALEBY. 



153 



named Adam that married the daughter and heir of Henry 
Carmaunce of Houghton, and by her got the inheritance 
of the sixth part of Houghton. This Adam had Rickarby 
for term of life and was therefore called Adam de Rikarby 
of that family are descended all the Rikarbies. 

Peter Tylliolf died 31 Hen. ^'^ and Geoffrey his eldest 
son aforesaid succeeded him in the inheritance who dyed 
32 Ed. i^t. 



COLVILL. 

Isabell, wife of John Colvill, unto whom 
she had two sons in the life of her 
father viz., William and Robert. 

William Colvill the eldest, succeeded his 
mother in her part of the Tilliols' 
lands and died 1479, 19 Ed. 4 
without issue male, whereby the 
Tilliols' lands again became sub- 
divided viz., Phillis and Margaret 
his two daughters and co-heirs. 
The older Phillis was married to 
William Musgrave, from whom 
the Musgraves of Crookdaik are 
descended (accords to the pedi- 
gree in the title of Ireby, page 
— which they successively enjoyed 
in right of the said Phillis. 

Margaret second daughter of William 
Colvill, was married to Nicholas 
Musgrave, and transferred Scale- 
by, Hayton, and other lands to 
his posterity. 

Thomas Musgrave son of Margaret, 
married Elizabeth Dacre, and died 
1535, 27 H. S. 

William Musgrave son of Thomas, mar- 
tied Isabel Martindal, and died 
1597, 39 Eliz. 

Sir Edward Musgrave Knt son of 
William, married Catherine Pen- 
ruddock, he built or repaired part 
of the castle of Scaleby A.D. 1606. 

William Musgrave son of Edward, he 
married Catherine Shirburn. 

Sir Edward Musg'rave created Bart., of 
Nova Scotia, married Graham. 

This Sir Edward afterwards suffering great losses on the account of his faithful 
services to King Charles 1. and 11., was forced to dismember a great part of his 
estate. He sold Kirklevington to Edmund Appleby, Houghton to Arthur Forster 
of Stonegarthside, Richardby to Cuthbert Studholme, and Scaleby to Richard 
Gilpin who now 1687 enjoys the same, together with Richardby which he also 
purchased of Michael Studholme son of Cuthbert. 



MORISBY. 

Margaret wife of James Morisby died 
i459> 37 Hen. 6. 

Christopher Morisby son of James and 
Margaret his wife, dyed a.d. 1460, 
I Ed. 4. 

Christopher Morisby son of Christopher, 
died A.D. 1500, 15 H. 7 without 
issue male, whereby that moiety of 
the Tilliols' lands was transferred 
to the Pickerings by his daughter 
and heir. 

PICKERING. 

Anna wife of James Pickering. 

Sir Christopher Pickering Knt, son of 
James Pickering and Ann Morisby 
his wife, died also without issue 
male whereby his estate came to 
the Westons by his daughter and 
heir. 

WESTON. 

Anna Pickering wife of —Weston, after 
whose death she married Knevet 
and Vaughan successively; she 
died A.D. 1583, 25 Eliz. 

Sir Henry Weston Knt, son of Ann 
Pickering, by Weston her first hus- 
band of whom Sir Edward Mus- 
grave purchased the money of all 
the lands that were the Tilliols' 
below Eden. 



154 SCALEBY. 

Geoffrey had issue Robert Tylliolf who died i8 Ed. 2°'^, 
he purchased the third part of Levington, and had issue 
Peter or Piers and a daughter Elizabeth wife of Anthony 
Lucy. 

Piers* the son of Robert Tylliolf dyed the 23 Ed. ^'^ he 
added to his living the moiety of Newbiggin and parcel of 
Croglin which he held of Hugh de Wharton and had issue 
Robert Tylliolf. 

Robert son of Peter died 41 Ed. ^^'^ and had issue Piers 
and Geoffrey Lord of Emelton, by his wife Alice daughter 
of ... . 

Piers Tylliolf son of Robert dyed 13 Hen. 6'^ he married 
Robert Mulcaster's daughter of Hayton, and his heir, and 
got with her Hayton, Torpenhow, Bothland, and Blemyre. 
And had issue Robert Tylliolf the fool (who died without 
issue), and Margaret his second daughter wife of Thomas 
Crakenthorp, and first of Christopher Morisby by whom 
she had issue Christopher Morisby. And Isabell his eldest 



The Colvills aforementioned are in some old writing^s called Colvill als. Tilliol 
which was upon this occasion. After the death of William Colvill the son of 
Isabel one ot the daughters and co-heirs of Peter de Tilliol, Robert the second son 
of the said Isabel pretended a title to the estate of his grandfather alledging that 
he had made a feoffment to the use of his will, and that afterwards he had made 
a will by which he devised that William Colvill his grandson should change his 
name to Tilliol, and have the manners of Houghton, Richardby, Ireby, Solprat, 
his moiety of Newbigging and his third part of Kirklevington together with the 
castle of Scaleby to him and the heirs male of his body, with the remainder to 
Robert the second son of his daughter Isabel, in like manner and upon the same 
condition that he should change his name to Tilliol. But Robert had not this will 
to produce and so was forced to sit without the estate, which was enjoyed accord- 
ing to the former pedigrees, nevertheless to keep on foot his pretentions he assumed 
the name of Tilliol. There is yet extant an authentic instrument under the seal 
of the Comissary General of York dated September 27, 14S1, (which I have in my 
custody) which testifies that one William Martindale Knt, ,lid in the court of York 
for the discharging of his conscience swear that he saw the will and that it pur- 
ported an intail as aforesaid, and that he and others in the favour of Margaret 
second daughter of the said Peter de Tilliol had destroyed it. Gilpin. 

Since Sir Edward Musgrave sold the estate to the Gilpins it has been enjoyed 
as follows : 

Richard Gilpin. 

William Gilpin recorder of Carlisle from whom this copy of Mr. Denton's 

is taken. 
Richard Gilpin his son, 1749 recorder of Carlisle. Milbourne. 

* MS. Geffray ? Gilpin. 



SCALEBY. 155 

daughter married John Colvill, and thereb}' transferred 
the inheritance to the Colvills. 

The TylHolfs held (as their posterity now do), the said 
castle and mannor of the crown by cornage all save a 
carucat of land which is holden of the barony of Gilsland. 
It containeth Scaleby, Houghton, and Etardby. 

They were Lords of Solport which they held of Lyddall 
and of Richardby in the barony of Linstock near Carliel, 
which they hold of the Bishop of Carliel. At this 
Richardby, Richard the Ryder their first ancestor seated 
himself whereupon it was so called after his name. And 
the gate port and street in Carliell leading thither is from 
thence called Richardgate or Richardby gate, in old 
evidences vicus Richardi. As in like sort the port and 
street leading toward Bochardby (where the first inhabi- 
tant called Bochardus had a place of dwelling) is called 
Botchardgate, both within the port and without. And the 
other gate Caldew Gate of the river Cawdey running by the 
same. At that time the Scots did tyrannize over the 
country next adjoyning them, which enforced the gentle- 
men to dwell in Carliell, and therefore every man provided 
himself to be served with corn, soyle, and hay, as nigh the 
city as they might : as this Richard at Richardby, Bochard 
at Bochardby, Hubert the baron of Gilsland at Hubbertby, 
Henricus father to Radulf Engayne or grandfather to his 
wife Ibria, at Henrikby, Agillon at Agillonby, now corruptly 
called Aglionby, Pavia the widow of Robert de Grins- 
dale in the territory called Paviefield, Avery son of Robert 
in Avery Holme, Albert son of Yervan or Harvey, in 
Harvy Holme, now called Denton Holme, and diverse 
others. 



(156) 



THE BARONY OF LYNSTOCK. 



The Barony of Between the river Eden and Brunskeugh 
Lynstock. Beck lyes the barony of Lynstock and 

Crosby, which is now a seignory of the 
Bishop of Carhell. King Hen. i^' gave Lynstock and 
Carleton to one Walter his chaplain, to be holden of the 
Kings of England by cornage silver to be paid yearly. 
The said Walter voluntarily of himself and by the King's 
licence, took upon him a religious habit of a regular canon 
in the priory of St. Mary in Carliell, and by the King's 
consent he gave Lynstock and Carleton to that house of 
religion in pure alms for ever. Whereupon the King re- 
leased and acquitted the rent and services to the canons 
there and they made the said Walter their prior. He was 
the second prior of that house of St. Mary at Carliell. 
After they were possessed of Lynstock barony they made 
a grange at Crosby which was therefore called Crosby, 
because it was church lands, and sometimes the barony of 
Lynstock is called Crosby which is now become a town of 
many inhabitants. 

At the first foundation of that house of canons by K. 
Hen. i^* and of the Bishop's See at Carliell, both their 
lands were holden pro indiviso as in common. And after 
the first partition thereof made by the Pope's legate Gualo 
Cardinal of St. Martin in King John's time, this barony 
of Linstock fell to the Bishop and his successors, and 
Carlton to the prior and convent and to the Bishops 
remained still undivided untill Pandolph another legate in 
K. Hen. 2^^^ time by the second distribution assigned them 
the Bishops part of Carlton and other things in Cumber- 



LYNSTOCK. 157 

land for their moiety of the appropriate church of Werk- 
wurth in Northumberland. 

The aforesaid Walter the prior and Athelwold the first 
Bishop of that See were witnesses to the grant of confir- 
mation of Holm Cultrum made to the abbot there by 
Malcolumb son of Henry the Earl, son of David King of 
Scots, which Malcolumb lived in the beginning of the 
reign of K. Hen. 2"*^ and was king 12 years. 

This barony contained Lynstock, Crosby, Walby, 
Richardby, and Newby. Walby was so called of the 
Picts Wall whereunto it adjoyneth. And Newby as a later 
building, yet now it is an ancient town. For King Henry 
!«' gave the same Newby to one Hildred to be holden of 
the King by cornage, and one Trute succeeded Hildred, 
and Richard son of Trute succeeded his father. In King 
John's time one William son of Barnard, held that land as 
guardian to Richard the son of Richard the son of Trute 
aforesaid. Shortly after the said last Richard son of 
Richard confirmed Newby to Reginald de Carliell and his 
heirs, to be holden of him by paying los. yearly rent 
service to him, and i6s. cornage and foreign service. The 
said Reginald de Carliell gave the same to the abbot and 
convent of Holm Cultrum, reserving the like rents. And 
after the death of Richard son of Richard, his sister 
Margaret wife of Robert de Warthampole daughter and 
heir of Richard son of Richard son of Trute released her 
right to the same Newby unto the monks of Holm Cultrum 
saving the said rents reserved. Bishop Walter himself, 
Thomas and Robert Cherry his successors acquitted the 
abbot and his men there of all services except common 
aids and los. rent due to the Lord of the fee. 

Carghow. Carghow als. Carighow is a village on the 
north-east side of the river Eden between Rowcliff and 
Stainton. It was first a mannor and demesne, the inherit- 
ance and possession of John de Lacy Constable of Chester, 
who held the same of the King immediately by cornage. 



158 CARGHOW. 

This John Lacy o^ranted the same and Cringledyke (a terri- 
tory there to the same belonging) to William de Vescy and 
his heirs Lord of Alnwick in Northumberland, and of Malton 
in Yorkshire, to be holden of the donor and his heirs for a 
mewed hawk yearly for all services. William Vescy gave 
it to Ewon Karliell Knt, for lands in Yorkshire reserving to 
him and his heirs the same services. And afterwards in the 
second year of Edward i^' Robert de Ross Lord of Werk 
in Tindal died seised thereof, he held the same of Sapience 
the wife of William Carliell the younger, Reddendo a hawk 
or a mark of money yearly ; and discharging the said 
Sapience of foreign service viz., 23*^ de Cornagio ad Scac- 
carium Carliolii. From this Robert Ross it descended by 
many descents in the issue male untill the 32nd year of 
Ed. 3'"''. And shortly after Elizabeth Ross the heir general 
transferred the inheritance to the Parrs of Kendal with 
other lands, in which house it descended by many descents 
untill William Parr late Marquis of Northampton who 
dying without issue the widow Dame Elen exchanged it 
with Queen Elizabeth and took other lands for her jointure 
so it rests now in the crown and in possession of the in- 
habitants as customary tenents. 



FINIS MS. 



ADDITIONS.* 

AwsTWAiTE OR Dalegarth. Awstwaite, now called 
Dalegarth, gave name to the antient family of the Austwaits. 
Constance daughter and heir of Thomas de Austwait 
brought the mannor by marriage to Nicholas Stanley Esq., 

* These additions are in the Milbourne MS. only. Editor, 



ADDITIONS. 159 

in King Edw. 3"^ time. His grandfatlier John was a 
younger brother of William Stanley Esq., Lord of Stanley 
in Staffordshire, and this mannor continues in his issue 
male to this day. The owner thereof being Edward 
Stanley Esq., whose arms are, Ar : on a bend gules three 
Staggs heads caboshed Or. Sir D. F. MS. 

Beckermet v. ante p. 23. The mannor and town of 
Beckermet are placed near the middle way betwixt Calder 
Abbey and Egremont, being about two miles from either, 
and the Highstreet or great Highway leading betwixt those 
two places passeth through this mannor through which 
also a little beck or river called Kerbec doth run. In this 
mannor there is a mount or hill whereon there is yet to be 
seen the ruins of a notable fort or castle of an oblong 
square, the dimensions whereof tho' now much less than 
what they were at first by reason that the earth is much 
shrunk down and altered by plowing, are as followeth viz., 
the length of the castle within the ditch (from the east to 
the west) is about 100 yards and the breadth thereof from 
the north to the south 



(i6o) 



COLLECTIONS.* 

No. I. 
Richard de Lucy's grant of lands and privileges to the 
Borough of Egremont. 
[Not printed here, as a facsimile is in the Cumberland and West- 
morland and Archaeological Society's Transactions, vol. i., p. 284. 
R.S.F]. 

No. 2. 

Henry the 8th : grant of the scite of the Priory of Lanercost 

and other lands &c., to Thomas Dacre. 

[Not printed here, a translation is in Burn and Nicolson's History 

of Cumberland, vol. ii., p. 501, and the original is printed in Dugdale's 

Monasticon, vol. vi. R.S.F]. 

No. 3. 
Edward 6ih : grant of several Churches, Tiths, &c., to 
Sir Thomas Dacre. 
[Not printed here as a translation is in vol. ii.. Burn and Nicolson, 
p. 501, and the original in Dugdale. R.S.F]. 
No. 4. 
William 1st : grant of Cumberland to Randulph Meschines 
&c. Ex MS. antiq. pen. F. IV. Ar.f 
Rex VVillielinus Cognomine Bastardus Dux Normannias Conquestor 
Anglie Dedit Totam Terram de comitatu Cumbrie Ranulpho de 
Meschins et Galfrido fratri ejusdem Ranulphi totum comitatum 
Cestrie et Willielmo fratri eorumdem totam terram inter Duden et 
Darwent. Ranulphus de Meschins Feoffavit Hubertum de Vaux de 
Baronia de Gilsland &c. 

Ex Chronicis Cumbnas in Registro de Wederhal irrotulatis fol. 
161. t 

No. 5. 

Randulph Meschins grant to the Priory of Wederhall 

of a fishery in Eden. Ex Eodem. 

Notum sit omnibus legentibus vel audientibus litteras has Quod 

Ego Ranulphus Meschms Concessi et Dedi in puram et perpetuam 

* These "collections" are in the Milbourne copy only, and must have been 
made by Mr. Recorder Milbourne. 

t F.W. is Francis Warwick of Warwick Hall, who died 1772 or 1774, see 
Hutchinson's History of Cumberland, vol. i., p. 154, 155, where both dates are 
given. He appointed Mr. Recorder Milbourne one of the trustees of his will, for 
which see Ihid, p. 155". 

X This is the lying invention of the monks of Wetheral, which has caused so 
much confusion in the History of Cumberland, see Mr. Hodgson Hinde's remarks 
cited in the preface, and see ante p. 4. 



COLLECTIONS. l6l 

Elemosinam Deo et Sanctae Marias et Sancto Constantino de Weder- 
hale et Monachis ibidem Deo servientibus Exclusagium & Stagnum 
de piscaria et Molendino de Wederhale, quod factum est & firmatum 
in terra de Corl^eby. Qua propter prohibeo ut nee Dominus de Corkeby 
nee aliquis alius violet ipsum stagnum nee disturbet illud firmari in 
terra de Corkeby prohibeo etiam ne aliquis piscetur infra Stagnum & 
Munchewat praeter Monachos Testibus W™ Meschines W"" Archido 
Odardo Hildredo milite Wescubrict Goardo et aliis. Ex Registro de 
Wederhall, iol. 27. 

No. 6. 

Henry 1st : gnint to the Priory of Wederliall of a fishery 

in Eden. Ex eodem. 

Henricus Rex Anglie Archiepiscopo Ebor et Justiciariis et Vice- 

Comitibus et omnibus Baronibus et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis de 

Eboraschire et de Karleolo salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse 

in Elemosina Deo et Ecclesise Sanctse Marias Eboraci et Abbati 

Gaufrido et Monachis ibidem Deo servientibus Exclusagium et 

Stagnum de piscaria et de Molendino de Wederhall quod est factum 

et firmatum in terra de Chorkeby sicut illud factum et stabilitum fuit 

tempore quo Ranulphus Comes Cestrie honorem de Karliolo habuit ei 

tempore Westcutbried. Ex Kegistro de Wederhall, fol. 90. 

No. 7. 
Henry 2nd: grant to Hubert de Vaux of the Barony of 
Gilsland, Corby, and Catterlen. Ex eodem. 
Henricus Rex Anglie Dux Normannise &c archiepiscopis episcopis 
abbatibus comitibus Baronibus Justiciariis Vice-Comitibus Ministris 
& omnibus fidelibus suis totius Anglie et Francis et Anglis salutem- 
Sciatis me Concessisse Dedisse et Confirmasse Huberto de Vallibus 
in feodo et heriditate sibi et heredibus suis Totam terram quam 
Gilbertus filius Boet tenuit die qua fuit vivus et mortuus de quocunque 
illam tenuisset Et de incremento Korkeby cum piscaria & aliis 
pertintencijs quam Wescubrich filius W'"' Steffan tenuit et Kaderleng 
cum Molendino quam Uctredus filius Haldani tenuit Et totam istam 
terram tenebit ipse & heredes sui de me & heredibus meis per Servi- 
tium duorum militum Quare volo & firmiter prsecipio quod ipse & 
heredes sui supradictas terras de me & heredibus meis habeant & 
teneant bene & in pace libere quiete et integre & honorifice cum 
omnibus pertintencijs suis in bosco et piano in pratis et pascuis in viis 
et semitis in aqui'S et molendinis et piscariis et mariscis et stagnis 
infra Burgum et extra in omnibus rebus et locis cum Thol & Theoloneo 
et Socha et Sacha et Infangentheof et cum omnibus aliis libertatibus 
et liberis Consuetudinibus quiete ab omni Rentegelde Testibus R. 
Archiepo R. Epo Lincoln. H. Dunelm. Epo. H.Comite Norff. Comite 



l62 COLLECTIONS, 

Albricio Comite Galfrido Ricardo de Lucie Manefero Biss Dapifero 
H. de Essex Constabulario Hugone de Morevill Roberto de Dunstan- 
mill W'"" filio Johis Simone filio petri Nigell de Broch W™ Mallett 
Rogero filio Richardi Roberto de Stutevill Turgo de Ruasedal. Apud 
novum Castrum super Tynam. 

No. 8. 

Tlie Dcgvadation and Sentence of Andrew Harcla E. of Carlisle, 

for High Treason, taken from a MS. intituled " Honor , 

and Arms " v. Stow Chronic. 

[Not printed here, as it is given in Jefferson's Carlisle, p. 27. 

R.S.F.] 

No. g. 
Ex MS. antiq. pen. F.W. Ar. 
Carta Confirmacionis Isabella Relictas Roaldi filii Alani facta 
Willmo de Corkby de medietate de Langtwaite in Corkby A° 1284 12 
Ed. I. Hiis testibus Dno Tlioma de Multon Dno Hugone fratre ejus 
Dno Huberto fratre ejus militibus Robto de Tilliol tunc Vice-Comite 
Cumbrias Robto de Wartwic et aliis. 

No. 10. 
Ex eodem. 
Carta Relaxationis Thome de Richmond de terris et tenementis in 
Warthewick facta Johi de Warthwick consanguineo suo A" 29 Ed. I. 
H. T. Randulpho iilio W"" Marmaduco de Twenge Johe de Wigton 
Robto de . . . W™° de Karlo Alexandre de Branthwaite militibus 
Henrico de Multon Robto deWiterigg Robto de Bampton Michael de 
Haverington Hugone de Levington Tho. de Newbie Robto de la More 
The. de Birkinside et aliis. 

No. II. 
Ex eodem. 
Carta Relaxationis Margerise Lascells de Maneriis de Corkby et 
Torcrossock facta Andras Harcla Comiti Carliol. a.d. 1322, 15 Ed. 2. H. 
T. Dno petro de Tilliol W'"o de Blound Rico de Denton Militibus Johe 
de Warthwic tunc Coronatore Johe de Kirkoswald Rico de Whitefield 
Thoma de Newbie Ada de Birkinside et aliis. 

No. 12. 
Ex eodem. 
Litterse patentes per quas Rex Edwardus tertius Concessit Rico de 
Salkeld Armigero Manerium de Corkeby in feodo A" 9 Ed. 3, Teste 
Rege apud Berevvicam super Twedam. 



COLLECTIONS. 163 

No. 13. 
Ex eodeiii. 
Scire facias pro Rolando de Vaux tangens Manerium de Torcrossock 
in Com. Cumbrias A° 37 Ed. 

No. 14. 
Ex eodeiii. 
Carta de Manerio de Torcrossock facta Rolando de Vaus per Regem 
Ed. 2, A.R. 16. 

No. 15. 
Ex eodem. 
Adam de Vaus Concessit Robto filio Willmi pro Homagio et Servitio 
suo Torcrossock cum omnibus petinencijs suis Hiis Testibus Dno 
Huberto Cantar. Archiepo Robto de Vaus Willmo de Vaus Magistro 
Godifrido de Insula Galfrido de Bocland Radulpho de Vaus Walter 
Bonner Stephano filio Richardi Gilberto de Camera Radulpho Ride 
Radulpho de Vaus Stephano Clerico. 

No. 16. 
Ex eodem. 
Charta Robti de Vallibus filii Ranulphi facta Rolando de Vallibus 
fratri suo de villa de Triermain H. T. priore de Lanercost Rich, de 
Levington Adam filio Odardi Rado de Feritate Eudone de Carliell 
Robto filic Willmi Roberto filio Ade Roberto de Leversdale Waltero de 
Windesor Robto de Dentona Johe fratre ejus Alan de Hasting Walter 
Salvagio Robto filio Augeri Henrico Camerario Johe Clerico et aliis. 

No. 17. 
Ex eodem. 
Charta Rolandi de Vallibus Ranulpho filio suo de terra in Trever- 
maine permetas. H. T. Dnis Willm de Vallibus Robto de Castlekairoc 
Willmo de Warthwick Robto Albo tunc Senescal. Gilleslandias Johe 
de Denton Robto de Denton Willmo de la Blamire John Luneless 
Michael Clerico & aliis. 

No. 18. 
Ex eodem. 
Conventio inter Margaretam Dacre Dnam de Gillesland et Richar- 
dum de Salkeld Dnum de Corkeby Magna alias Comscorkeby. 1348. 

No. ig. 

Ex eodem. 

Compositio inter Roaldum filium Alani et Isabellam uxorem ejus et 

priorem de Lanercost tangens divisiones inter Torcrossoc et Com- 

quenstat a.d. 1252, 37 H. 3, H. T. Dno Thoma de Multon, Dno Johe 



164 COLLECTIONS. 

le Fraunceys, Dno Alaiio de Multon, Dno Rico de Vim, Dno Thorn de 
Lascelles, Willmo de Salcock tunc Vic. Cumberland, Dno Roberto de 
Castelcayrock, Dno Willmo de Vallibus, Dno Willmo de Warthwick, 
Roland de Renegill et aliis. 

No. 20. 
Ex eodem. 
Rex Edvvardus Concessit Thomse de Richemunt liberam Waren- 
nam in omnibus Dominicis terris suis de Korkbie et Torcrossock p. 
litteras patentes datas apud Kinlos 20 Sept. 31 Ed. I. 

No. 21. 

Ex eodem. 

Robertus de Vallibus Confirmavit Deo & Sancto Constantino de 

Wederhall et Monachis ibidem omnes terras sibi datas in Gillesland, 

acetiam dedit dictis Monachis Communem pasturam in villa sua de 

Croglyn. H. T. Waltero priore Karl. Robto Archidecano et aliis. 

No. 22. 
Ex eodem. 
Confirmatio Robti de Vallibus filii Ranulphi de terris redditibus et 
possessionibus facta Monachis de Wederhall ubique in Gilsland in 
feodo. H. T. Robto filio Willmi de Corkeby, Philippe de Hasting 
Will. fil. Rogeri, Huberto de Vallibus, Alano fil. Roaldi de Richmund, 
Robto de Leversdale, petro de Corkeby, Willo de Redes, Willo Clerico 
de Wederhall, Humfred de Wederhall, Waltero Janitore, Odardo 
Clerico et aliis. 

No. 23. 
Ex eodem. 
Willmus fil. Odardi. quietclamavit Deo et Ecclie See. Marie Eboraci 
et Ecclesie Sci Constantini de Wederhall et Monachis ibidem Deo 
servientibus Totam Terram illam quas jacet inter Wederhall et 
Warthwicke que vocatur Camera Constantini. H. T. Xiano epo de 
Candida Case Robto de Vans. 

No. 24. 
Ex eodem. 
Relaxatio Regis Edvvardi 3" facta Rolando de Vallibus de xxvj.s. 
viij.rf. reddituum reservatorum super Torcrossoc A.R. 14. 

No. 25. 
Ex eodem. 
Willus fil. Odard. Confirmavit Monachis de Wederhall Totam 
partem piscationis in Edena quas ad villam meam de Corkeby pertine- 
bat totamque Ripam in qua piscaria firmata est ab ilia piscaria usque 
ad locum qui dicitur Munthewath. H.T. Rogero Archiepo Ebor. Robto 
Abbe, Waltero priore, Robto Archidecano, Willo Decano et aliis, 



COLLECTIONS. 165 

No. 26. 
Ex eodem. 
Robtus fil. W" de Corkeby Concessit Deo et Beatas Marie et Ecclie 
See Trinitatis de Wederhall Totam partem piscationis in Eden qua; 
ad terram illam pertinebat quse vocatur Camera Constantini Scilicet a 
loco illo qui dicitur Munchewat sub fonte Sci Cuthberti usque ad 
fossatum illud quod fuit juxta domum qu£e fuit Edwini & sic tendit in 
Eden juxta antiquam sedem Molendini. 

No. 27. 
Ex eodem. 
Henricus Rex Angliae Dux Normannize Archiepiscopis episcopis 
Abbatibus Comitibus Baronibus Justiciariis Vice-Comitibus Ministris 
et omnibus fidelibus suis totius Anglie Francis et Anglis salutem. 
Sciatis me Concessisse Dedisse et Confirmasse Huberto de Vallibus 
in feodo et Heriditate sibi et heredibus suis. [Vide ante No. 7]. 

No. 28. 
Ex eodem 
Relaxatio Richardi de Richemound facta Domino Thoma de Rich- 
mund militi de Manerio de Corkeby in Gilsland. H. T. Dno Robto de 
Hasting, Ricardo de Berningham, Thoma de Mannby Miiitibus, Johe 
de Hudleston Thoma de Latoun, Robto de Sokpeth, Michael de 
Latonn & aliis Datum apud Caldwell die Martis ultimo die mensis 
martij A" R.R. Edw. filii R. Edwardi 6 A.n. 1312. 

No. 29. 
Ex eodem. 
Relaxatio Roaldi de Richmund filii et heredis Dni Thomas de 
Richmond facta Andree Harcla de Manerio de Corkeby. His testibus 
Domino Roberto le Brun, Johanne de Harcla, Johanne de Orreton 
Ricardo de Denton, Miiitibus, Johanne de Warthwick, Rogero de 
Edenhall, Willielmo de Wiclive Datum apud Carliol, 21 Septembris 
Anno Regis Edwardi 2, 15. a.d. 1321. 

No. 30. 
Ex eodem. 
Relaxatio Richardi de Richmond facta Domino Andree Harcla 
Comiti Carlioli de Manerio de Corkeby. His testibus Domino An- 
tonio de Lucy, Petro de Tiliiol, Roberto de Brun, Ricardo de Denton, 
Willielmo de Glonnd, Roberto de Askby, Miiitibus Adam de Birkinside 
Thoma de Newby, Willielmo de Wyclof, Thoma de Blatern,& multis 
aliis Datum apud Carliol. 12 Januarii Anno Gratie 1322, 16 Ed. 2. 



l66 COLLECTIONS. 

No. 31. 
Ex eodem. 
In Ecclesia parochiali de Lanercost. 
Si" Roland Vaux yt sometime was ye Lord of Triermaine is dead 
his body clad in lead & ligs law under this Stane Evin as we evin so 
was he on earth a levand man, Evin as he evin so monn we for all 
the craft we can. 

No. 32. 

4 Hen. 5, 1461. S'' W™ Hodleston indentured with the King to 
serve him with 2 men at arms & 4 archers to repel an Invasion 
intended by France. M.S. His. H. 5, An. 4, p. 117. 

No. 23- 

5 Hen. 5, 1417. S'' W™ Hidleston indentured with the King for 6 
men at arms & 18 archers. Id. MS. An. 5, p. 49. 

No. 34. 
5 Hen. 5, 1417. S'' John de Ncyvill S^ Chris, de Curwen & Richard 
Musgrave furnished 44 men at arms. Richard de Skelton Esqrwas in 
France with the King ye same year. 

No. 35. 

S'' James Haryngton a Cumberland gentleman was killed at the 
siege of Caen in Normandy, leaving his son & heir Richard who was 
then about 15 years of age, An. 5, H. 5, 1417. S'' John Hodleston in 
France same yr. 

No. 36. 

Ralph de Hodleston, Walter de Culwen Nicholas de Lamplugh 
Esq''^ went into France with the Duke of Bedford to join the King's 
army, 8 H. 5, 1420. 

No. 37. 

8 H. 5, 1420. Sir John de Bertram was removed from being 
Governor of Roksborough Castle, & John Baron of Graystock was 
put in his place And the King indentured with the Baron to give him 
£1000 in the time of peace & /'2000 in the time of war for the safe- 
guard of that Castle which he was to keep for four years. 

No. 38. 
Geoffrey Lowther was Lieuten' of Dover Castle under the D. of 
Glocester, 10 H. 5, 1422. 

No. 39. 
Ennerdale. Ann. 22 Ja. p' 16 No. 10 
Ennerdale. M. & Forest, possession of Henry Duke of Suffolk, 



COLLECTIONS. 167 

val. £16 4s. lod., except 3 mills in Ennerdale M. val. £1 7s., granted 
inter al. to S'' Hen. Hubert et al. in trust for the Prince of Wales 
Habend. pro. gg years dated 15 June, 32 Ja. I. 

No. 40. 
Dacre. 22 Ja. p^ 17, No. 16. 
Dacre Parke cont. 250 acres, Dacre Fell Dom. Edific. Log. 

&c., parcel. M. de Dacre ac parcell. possession urn Leonardi Dacre 
attincti (Dimissa 22 Dec' An. 30 Eliz. Johe Lancastre & Thome Filio 
ejus pro terminis vitarum Reddendo annuatim £1^)' Concessa Price 
Williams Habenda post determinacionem Status & Interesse predict. 
pro termino 31 Annorum Reddendo Annuatim /'17. 

No. 41. 
13 Ja. p^ 17, No. 2. 
Gillesland Baronia-Molendinum aquaticum granaticum vocatum 
Carlatton super Rivolum ibidem vocatum Karne et piscaria ibidem 
Concessa Fr". Morrice et Edw". Sawyer. 

No. 42. 
14 Ja. p"° 20. 

Peareth als. Penrith, Inglewood, Salkeld, Salkeld magna, Carleton, 
Carleton magna, Scotby, Sowerby, Langwathbye, Gamelsbye, Plomp- 
ton, Plumpton parke, Gatescale ward & Seburham. Honours, &c., 
a mill excepted Concessa Dom. Fr° Bacon Militi & aliis pro termino 
Annorum Datum 4 Feb. 

No. 43. 

Primo pailiamenti Anno P"" Caroli P"' 

Patrick Curwen Esqr 1 ivt'ii ,^ -^ t r- 1 

„,. ^, T^ , , iS t - Wihtes pro Comitatu Cumb. 

S' George Dalston Bar' j ' 

S'' Henry Fane ) ^,- r^- ■, , f, ,■ , 

y,, . ■',• u T- , ■ Cives pro Livitate Carliol. 

Edw. Aglionby Esq' 1 ^ 

No. 44. 
Pat. 2 Cay. i, P'' 4, No. 2. 
A Comission for the Loan Money in Cumberland directed to the 
following Com'** : The Earl of Cumberland, Lord Scro.;p, Lord Clifford, 
Lord William Howard, S"^' George Dalston, S'' Thomas Lamplugh, 
S'' Richard Fletcher, S' William Musgrave, S'' John Lowther, S'' Pat- 
rick Curwen, & Thomas Carleton Esq''. 

No. 45. 
Pat. 2, Ca. I, p'' 4, No. 3. 
Rex concessit ad vitam pro Domina Henrietta Maria Regina 
Angliae, ut sequitur. 



l68 COLLECTIONS 

A yearly Rent or Fee Farm of £zz 3s. gd., out of the Rectory of 
Torpenhow, in Com. Cumbrias. 

The same of £iifi out of the Rectory of Brigham. 

The same of ;^54 17s. yd., out of the possessions of the late Priory 
of Lanercost. 

The same of ^40 out of the City of Carlisle and the Mill there and 
the King's Fishery in Eden in Com. Cumbrie. 

The same of £b 13s. 4d., out of the Manor of Alveston in Com. pro. 

No. 46. 

Pat. i5, Ca. I, ^^ 13. 

Rex confirmavit Cartam Civitatis Carliol.,pro sibi &successoribus. 

No. 45. [A]. 
A Commission of the peace for all England. 
For Cumberland after the officers of State are these which follow : 
Richard Bishop of Carlisle. 
S'' John Dalston. 
S'" Wilfrid Lawson. 
S"^ Edward Musgrave. 
S'^ George Dalston. 
S' Thomas Lamplugh. 
S'' Richard Fletcher. 
S'' Henry Blincoe. 
S'' William Musgrave. 
'■•'■ S' Christopher Dalston. 
•■■■ Patrick Curwen. 
'■'■ John Lowther. 
Joseph Pennington. 
Anthony Hutton. 
Thomas Carleton. 
Peter Senhouse. 
••■ John Skelton. 
■•'■ Thomas Gilb}-. 
George Lamplugh, Clerk. 
All of which were of the Quorum except the five thus (^'■) marked. 

No. 46. [A]. 
Rex &c., Capitulo Carliol. pro Guido Carleton de officio Decani 
Carliol. Miscell. Hist. MS. 

No. 47. 
Rex &c., Decano et Capitulo Carliol. pro Thoma Smith de officio 
prebendarii vacante per mortem Lanceloti Dawes. Ibm. 



COLLECTIONS. I69 

No. 48. 
Rex &c., pro Georgio Buchanan de officio prebendarii Carliol. 
vacante per mortem Henrici Hutton. Ibm. 

No. 49 

Rex &c., pro Lodovico West de officio Arcliidiaconi vacante sursum 
redditionem Petri Wentworth Ibm. 

No. 50. 

Rex &c., pro Arthuro Savage de officio prebendarii vacante per 
mortem Frederici Tunstall. Ibm. 

No. 51. 
Concessio Priori de Carliol, de pensione in Ecclesia Rouberi. 
Ryley's Placita Parliamentaria, p. 18. 

No. 52. 
Petitio Episcopi de Carliol, de Ecclesia de Burgh subtus Staymore. 
Ibm p. 20. 

No. 53. 
Querela Willi de Latimer versus Ricum de Hollebrook de Manerio 
de Corbi. Ibm p. 45. 

No. 54. 
Inter Episcopum Carliol. et priorem ejusdem de Decimis Assar- 
torum in Linthwaite et Crosthwaite. Ibm 49. 

No. 55. 
Petitio Johannis R. Scotie de Terris de Tyndale Penrith et 
Sowerby. Ibm 160. 

No. 56. 
Petitiones Communitatis Comitatus Cumbrie et Regis Responsa. 
Ibm 242. 

No. 57. 
Petitio Burgensium de Cockermouth de reparatione pontium et 
Regis Resp. Ibm 242. 

No. 58. 
Petitio Abbatis de Holmcostran et Regis Resp. Ibm 245. 

No. 59. 
Petitio Michaelis de Harcia petentis allaxationem arreragiorum 
suorum de tempore quo fuit Vice-comes Cumbrie. Ibm 248. 

No. Co. 
Petitiones diversas Communitatis Cumb. 250, 



170 COLLECTIONS. 

No. 6i. 
Petitiones Civitatis Carliol. Ibm 250, 255. 

No. 62. 
Petitio Thomm de Lucy de advocatione Ecclesise de Dene infra 
Honorem de Cockermouth. Ibm 26^. 

No. G3. 
Petitio Multon & Lucy. Ibm 263. 

No. 64. 

Petitiones Abbatis de Holm Cultram. Ibm 300, 304. Statutum 
Carlioli, 312. 

No. 65. 

Nomina illorum qui summoniti fuerunt ad parliamentum Regis 
Edwardi apud Karliolum Anno Reg. 35 — 312. 

No. 66. 
Petitio Margarets uxoris Huberti dc Multon. 328. 

No. 67. 
Petitio Episcopi Karliol. 328. 

No. 68. 
Petitio Thomffi de Lucy. 331. 

No. 69. 
Petitio Villas de Cockermouth. 332. 

No. 70. 
Concessio pro Ade de Middleton de Vaccaria in Heselspring in 
Com. Cumb. Ibm 341. 

No. 71. 
Pro Roberto de Carliolo de duabus partibus Manorij de Ishall. 
Inquisitio & Judicium inde. 343. 

No. 72. 
Inquisitio pro Thoma Redman & Johi Venour de Terris in Cam- 
berton. 363. 

No. 73. 

Pat. 15 Ed. I.,p^ 13. 
In 15 Ed. I., Thomas de Newton, Hubertus de Multon, Walter de 
Mulcastre, were Conservators of the peace for Cumberland. Ibm 
454- 



COLLECTIONS. fjt 

No. 74. 
Pat. 3 Ed. 2., m. 7. 
Mandatum Regis Johanni de Wygeton, Willmo de Mulcastre, 
Gilberto de Culwen, & Vice Comiti de Articulis Statuti Wintonia; 
observandis. Ibm 454. 

No. 75. 

Ex. Chart. Orig. sub Magna Sigillo quod nuper dedi Johanni 

Dalston de Acornbank in Com. Westm. Ar. 

Regina pro Johanni Dalston de officio Senescalli de Burgh by 

Sands p. termino vitse ac etiam de Manerio de RowclifT pro termino 

vita; Reddendo annuatim 29*^ 6'' & Servicia usitata in Considera- 

cionem Sursumreddiconis unius Indenture inde facts p^dicto Johi 

Dalston p. Henricum Comitem Arundelias & Annam uxorem ejus 

et Dom Willm Howard et EHz. ux. ejus. 

No. 76. 
Confirmation of William de Mulcastre to Eufemia sister of Ralph 
Lord Nevill of the Manor of Whithall. Madox 
Formulare Anglicamim p. 62, Form 121. Ex 
officio Augmentationum. 
Universis ad quos presens Scriptum prevenerit Willus de Mulcastre 
filius et heres Domini Roberti de Mulcastre Domini Torpenhow 
salutem in Domino. Noveritis quod cum dictus Dom. Robertus per 
cartam suam fecffaverit Eufemiam sororem Domini Radulfi de Nevill 
Dni de Raby de Manerio suo del Whithall una cum omnibus terris 
pratis molendinis boscis et omnibus aliis suis pertinenciis. Ac de 
omnibus aliis terris et tenementis pratis boscis et pasturis quas 
habuit in Villis ad Uckmanby & Bolton in Allerdale Habenda et 
Tenenda de totam vitam ipsius Eufemise. Volo & Concedo pro me & 
heredibus meis quod ipsa Eufemia Manerium terras et tenementa 
omnia predicta cum suis pertinenciis Habeat et Teneat sibi et assig- 
natis suis ad totam vitam ipsius Eufemias juxta tenorem Chartse dicti 
Dni Roberti patris mei ei inde confects Ita quod nee ego nee heredes 
mei jus aut clameum in pdco Manerio terris aut tenementis pratis 
boscis molendinis pasturis nee in aliqua parte eorundem vivente dicta 
Eufemia exigere vel vendicare potero vel poterimus quovismodo Et 
ego Willus et heredes mei Manerium prsdictum cum terris pratis 
molendinis boscis et aliis omnibus suis pertinenciis una cum omnibus 
aliis terris et tenementis pratis boscis et pasturis prcenotatis dictse 
Eufemiffi et assignatis suis ad totam vitam ejusdem Eufemise contra 
omnes gentes warrantizabimus et defendemus in cujus rei Testimonium 
&c., H. T. Dominis Alexandro de Mowbray & Henrico de Multon 
Militibus Radulfo Dayncount Ricardo de Brantyngham et aliis Datum 
apud Hayton in Allerdale xvi die Januarij Anno regni R. Edwardi 
tertii post conquestum decimo octavo. 



172 COLLECTIONS. 

No. 77. 
Madox Foriiml. p. 205, Form. 342. Ex offic. Atigmentacon. 

Omnibus hanc Chartam visuris vel audituris Thomas Mason Capel- 
lanus Salutem in Domino sempiternam Cum Willielmus de Culwen 
Miles per cartam suam cujus data est die Dominica proxima post 
Festum Assumpcionis beatse Marias Virginis annoregni Regis Ricardi 
secundi post conquestum decimo nono dederit et concesserit Thomje 
Musgrave Militi Johanni de Croft Militi Thomse de Warcop de Warcop 
& michi praefato Thomse et hseredibus nostris omnia terras et 
tenementa sua videlicet Wyrkington Seton & Thornethwayte in Der- 
went Fells cum omnibus suis pertinenciis prout in dicta Carta plenius 
continetur Qui quidem Thomas Musgrave Johannes de Croft & Thomas 
de Warcop per scriptum suum in possessione mei Thomse Mason 
totum jus & clameum quae habuerunt in prsedictis terris &tenementis 
de se et hseredibus suis michi pradicto Thomse Mason & hseredibus 
meis remiserunt relaxaverunt & imperpetuum quiete clamaverunt 
prout in prasdicto scripto quietas clamancise plenius continetur Sciatis 
me prsedictum Thomam Mason Dedisse Concessisse & per hanc 
Chartam meam Confirmasse Petro Redlee Johanni Barton clericis et 
Thomas Grene Armigero omnia predicta terras et Tenementa cum 
omnibus suis pertinenciis Habenda etTenenda omnia prsedicta terras 
et tenementa cum suis pertinenciis predictis Petro Redlee Johanni 
Barton et Thomse Grene hseredibus et assignatis suis imperpetuum 
de capitalibus Dominis Feodi illius per servicia inde debita et de jure 
consueta imperpetuum In cujus rei testimonium huic cartse mese 
sigillum meum apposui. H. T. Willelmo de Leegh Johanne de Lam- 
plogh Alano Penyington Willelmo Osmunderlawe Militibus Willmo 
Martyndale et aliis Datum 6° die Septembris anno Regni Regis 
Henrici quarti post conquestum Anglise duodecimo. 

No. 78. 
Madox t'ormul.p. 146, Form. 246. Ex offic. Augmentacoii. 
Indentura facta inter Ricardum Comitem Sarum ex parte una et 
Henricum Cardinalem Anglias Episcopum Wynton, Willelmum Felter 
Clericum,AlexandrumNevile,Johannem Constable, Ricardum Haryng- 
ton Milites, Jacobum Strangweys seniorem, Thomam Haryngton, Xpo- 
ferum Boynton, Willelmum Scargill seniorem, Robertum Constable, 
Robertum Stele Clericum, Johannem Quixley Robertum Knayton 
Clericum, Robertum Danby, Ricardum Weltden, & Ricardum Roos ex 
parte altera : per quam idem comes Sarum ad firmam demisit pdcis 
Cardinali &c., inter alia — Castrum et Manerium de Penrith et Maner- 
ium de Sowerby cum omnibus Membris Hamlettis et pertinenciis 
suis in Comitatu Cumbrise Habenda pro termino trium annorum 
Reddendo Redditum Dat. 8™ die Junij anno R. Regis Hen. 6"^ 190. 



COLLECTIONS. I73 

No. 79. 
Madox Formul. p. 12, Form. 183. Ex offic. Augmen. 
This Indenture made betwen Richard Erl of Salisbury & Richard 
Erl of Warrewic Wardeins of the Cite & Castell of Kariile & of the 
Westmarches of England fornenst Scotland on that oon partie & 
Thomas Neville Knyght oon of the sons of the said Erl of Salisbury 
& brothre to the said Erl of Warrewic on that othere partie bereth 
witnesse That the said Thomas is bilaft & witholden toward the said 
Erles their Lieutenant of the said Cite Castell & Marches as wel 
in time of paix as of werr and the keping saufgard governance & 
tuicion of the same shall take upon him for the said Erles & them 
thereof keep harmless from the Feste of St. Michael last past unto 
thend of thre years from thence next folowing And the said Thomas 
shal take yearly durying the said three years for his wages of the 
said Erles in time of paix cccxxxiij./. vj.s. vm.d. and in time of werre 
D.L of the which cccxxxiij./. vj.s. vm.d. he shall have take and receive 
paiement in maner & fourn Blowing that to say of the fee ferme of 
the said Citee Ixxx.^. The revenue of the Castell & Lordship of Egre- 
mont caulled FitzWalter lands of the yerely value of x\.l. of the 
Revenuez of the Cornage of Cumberland xliii./. x.d. ob. The Mea- 
doues & pastures of Swift of the yerely value of v].l. xiii.s. iiij.rf. The 
profits of the Fishing of the Fritthenet of the yerely value of viii./. 
xiij.s. m].d. The profittes of the Fisheying of the Water of Esk of the 
yearly value of x.^. The land of Plomton of the yerely value of Ixvj./. 
xiij.s. iiij.i. Of the issues & profits of the Lordship of Penrith with 
the appurtenances xj.^. xii.s. \.d. ob. To be taken by the hands of the 
Receivoure for the time beyng ther : And of the issues & profits 
comying of the Seal of the said Erles of the Marches & of the 
Custumes & Subsidies ther grewing yearly Ixvj./. xiij.s. iiij.rf. And in 
cas the said issues & profits of the said Seal Custumes & Subsidies 
wol not greu in the yere to the some of Ixvj./. xiij.s. n\].d. then the 
said Erl of Salisbury shall make & deliver to the said Thomas suffi- 
cient assignement of paiement of as moche as shall fail ungrewen in 
the yere of the same some And in time of werre the said Thomas 
shall take the said som of cccxxxiij.Z. vj.s. \n].d. to be paid in manner 
& fourm above specified in partie of paiement of the said sum of D./. 
in time of v/err. And of the residue thereof the said Erles shall 
make him due paiement or els give him thereof sufficient & agreable 
assignement. And if eny of the premises be in the moyen time 
evicted from the possession or kepying of the said Erl of Sarum he 
shall then geve unto the said Thomas the yerely value of that soo 
evicted or els geve him for the payment thereof good and sufficant 
assignment And the said Thomas shall during the said three yeres 
here & sustaine of his owne propre Costes the hole charge of the 



174 COLLECTIONS. 

Household that shall bee kept within the said Castell & al othre 
Charges that shuld apperteyne to the said Eries to here or susteigne 
for or upon the safeguard & kepyng aforesaid; the wages of the 
Constable of the said Castell for the tyme beyng and the wages 
and Rewardes of the Comissaries & Deputys of ye said Marches 
except. And if at any time during the said thre years either of 
the said Erles comon to the said Citee & take his looging within 
the s'i Castle he shall pay to the said Thomas for the costs of hym 
& al thym that comon thidre with him to mete & drynk as it 
shall be justly & indifferently rekenned & accompted betwen the 
officers of the same Earl & the officers of the said Thomas, or els he 
shall give unto him in the name of the same costs a convenent 
Rewarde. And the said Erl of Sarum shall have the thirdes of all 
wynnynges of werr to be wone or geten by the said Thomas and the 
thriddes of the thriddes of al wynnyges of werr to be won or geten 
by any of his men that he shall have or kepe in wages within the 
said Citee & Castell; And if any Capiteigne or man of Estate bee 
taken by the said Thomas or by any of his said men the said Erl 
shall have him doyng to the taker reasonable Reward for hym. And 
if at any time afore the ende of the said thre yeres the said Erl of 
Sarum wool for any cause moving him discharge the said Thomas of 
the said Kepyng & saveguard he shal upon warnyng of an halve yere 
to bee by hym given hym admitte & accept his discharge thereof 
And in like wise if the said Thomas wol sue to the same Erie for his 
discharge he shall give thereof like warning to him which then shall 
admitte & accept his said discharge. In witnesse whereof the said 
Erles to that oon partie of thies Indentures remaynyng toward the 
said Thomas have set their Seal of Office, to the tothers partie of the 
said indenture remaynying toward the said Erls the said Thomas 
have set his Seal Yeven the xx day of Octobre the year of the Reign 
of King Henry sixt sith the Conquest of England xxxvi. 

No. 80. 
Ex aiUographo. 
Sciant presentes & futuri quod ego Robertus de Mulcastre miles & 
Dominus de Hayton Dedi Concessi & hac presenti carta mea Con- 
firmavi Clementi de Skelton Militi Thomte de Skelton Thomse del 
Sandes Willielmo de Osmunderlaw & Willielmo del Dykes totam 
terram meam de Threpland cum capitali messuagio meo ibidem & 
serviciis tarn liberorum quam villanorum totam terram meam quam 
Johannes de Hayton quondam tenuit in Alderscogh Sc quandam 
peciam terre in Blenerhayset que vocatur le Maston Fittes cum 
omnibus suis pertinenciis Habenda & Tenenda predictis Clementi 
Thome & Thome Willielmo & Willielmo heredibus & assignatis suis 



COLLECTIONS. I75 

adeo libefe & pacifice sicut unquam aliquis Antecessorummeorum ea 
antea tenuit ut in communis moris mariscis planis pratis pascuis 
pasturis boscis viis semitis aquis molendinis vivariis et omnibus aliis 
libertatibus & assiamentis de Capitalibus Dominis Feodi illius per 
servicia inde debita & de jure consueta Et ego vero predictus Robertas 
& heredes mei omnia predicta terras et tenementa cum omnibus suis 
pertinenciis predictis dementi Thomse & Thomse Willielmo & Williel- 
mo heredibus & assignatis suis contra omnes gentes warrantizabimus 
et imperpetuum defendemus. In cujus rei Testimonium &c. His 
testibus Radulfo de Percy, Johanne de Thirlwall Hugo de Culwen 
Johanne de & Johanne Cotyngham & aliis. Datum 

apud Threpland 17 Novembris, 16 Richard 2.-'- 

No. 81. 
Ex autographo . 
Noverint universi per presentes me Johannem de Skelton attornesse 
et loco meo posuisse dilectum michi in Xro Thomam de Gilleslande 
ad recipiendam nomine meo seisinam in et tenementis que 

habui ex done et feoffamento Thomse de Ireby in le Wra in Villa de 
Bolton Ratum et gratum habiturum quicquid idem Thomas attornatus 
meus nomine meo fecerit in premissis. In cujus rei testimonium &c. 
Datum Karlioli 20 Januarii zndi Henrici quarto. 

No. 82. 
Ex aiitogr. 
Omnibus hoc Scriptum visuris vel audituris Adam de Croseby 
Rector Ecclesie de Bolton in Allirdale Salutem in Domino sem- 
piterno Noveritis me remisisse Relaxasse et omnino de me & heredibus 
meis imperpetuum quietum clamasse Johanni de Skelton heredibus et 
assignatis suis totum jus et clameum quod habui habeo seu aliquo 
modo habere potero in omnibus terris et tenementis in le VVra in 
Villa de Bolton in Allirdale que habui ex dono et feoffamento 
Johis de Ireby Ita videlicet quod nee ego predictus Adam nee 
heredes mei nee aliquis alius nomine meo vel heredum meorum 
aliquodjus vel clameum in predictis terris et tenementis del Wra de 
cetero exigere vel vindicare poterimus sed ab omni accione juris vel 
clamij hoc presens scriptum inde petende sint imperpetuum exclusi 
In cujus rei testimonium &c., His Testibus Willielmo de Louther 
tunc Vice-comiti Cumbriee Willielmo Osmunderlaw Matheu Whyte- 



* In the margin a sketch of " Sigillum appensum" ; a circular seal on which a 
shield, harry of 10 pieces, and a bend dexter; legend + S, robERTI de 
mulcasTROE. 



176 COLLECTIONS. 

hede Bartolimeo Colthyrd Willielmo del Diks & aliis Datum apud 
Karliolem die veneris proximo post festum ascencionis Domini 2° 
Henrici quarti. 

No. 83. 
Ex aiitogr. 

Sachent touz gentz que S"" John de Skelton chivalere Alice sa 
feme jadis feme a Geffray Tilliol et Katine que feust la fille & heir 
le dit Geoffray ont receuz de Robert Mulcastre par lez mayns Mons. 
William de Clifford en le nom et al oeps la dite Katine deuz centz et 
cynquant marcz par queuz toutz les terres et tenz le dit Robert in 
Whytrigg Belises & Thornebanke en la ville de Torpenhoue feurent 
myses en mortgage al dit Geffray & ses heirs & assignez par le dit 
Robert John Mason & John de Arkilby Chapellaynes par le dit 
some come appt par les endentes en dit morgage Des queuz deuz 
cent & cynquant marcz lez dit John de Skelton Alice & Katine 
comma en le nome la dite Katine eux convenont estre paiez et lez 
ditz Robert de Mulcastre & William de Clifford Chivaliers les heirs 
& exec eut acquitent per y costes. En tesmoignage de quel chose a 
parties dy ceste fait endente les parties avant ditz entchangeable- 
ment ount mys les sealx ensemblement ovesque les sealx de Mons'' 
William de Legh, Mons'' William de Osmunderlaue, William Denton, 
John Pardishow, William Beauchamp, Robert del Highmore, et 
dautres adonques & illoeques presentz et la dit paiement eust duement 
fait tesmoignantz Don a Whytrigg sursdit en le fest de sente 
Paule lappoistel Ian du reigne le Roy Hen quat puis le conquest 
Dengleterre sisme. 

Et outre ceo lez ditz John de Skelton Chivalr Alice sa feme & 
Katrine file & heir le dit Geffray relessent & quit clamant par y 
cestes a lez ditz Robert de Mulcastre & S'' William de Clifford 
Chivalers a eux & les heirs & assignez a toutz temps tout le droit & 
clame qils ou ascun de eux ont ou ad en lez ditz terres & tenz de 
Whitrig Belises & Thorneback ove lez appertenancez. 

No. 85. 
Ex mitogr. 
Sciant presentes & futuri quod ego Willielmus de Clifford miles 
Dedi Concessi et hac presenti Carta mea indentata confirmavi Johanni 
de Skelton militi omnia terras et tenementa mea in Whytrig Belysis 
cum Thornebank in villa de Torpenhow simul cum omnibus serviciis 
& commoditis dco Whytrigg Belysis cum Thornebank quovismodo 
pertinentibus sive adjacentibus Habendum & Tenendum omnia pre- 
dicta terras et tentmenta in Whytrig Belysis Thornebank cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis ut predictum est predicto Johanni de Skelton militi 
heredibus et assignatis suis imperpetuum de capitalibus Dominis 



COLLECTIONS. I77 

feodi illius per servicia inde debita et consueta Sub tali condicione 
videlicet quod si heredes Robert! de Mulcaster militis de corpore sue 
legitime procreati vel procreandi vel aliquis eorum solvat vel 
solvant prefato Johanni de Skelton militi heredibus vel assignatis 
suis ducentas quinquagintas et quinque marcas monetze Anglic apud 
Whytrig integro uno die sine fraude et dole ante finem viginti 
annorum prox. seq. post datum illarum indenturarum factarum inter 
William de Clifford & Robertum de Mulcastre milites quod tunc 
bene liceat dcis heredibus Roberti de Mulcastre militis de corpore 
suo legitime procreatis vel procreandis in omnibus terris et tenementis 
prius nominatis cum omnibus suis pertinentiis ut predictum est 
pacifice gaudere et retinere imperpetuum secundum formam indenturse 
facta inter Willielmum de Clifford militem et Robertum de Mulcastre 
militem Et ego vero predictus VVillielmus de Clifford miles et heredes 
mei omnia predicta terras et tenementa mea in Whytrigg Belysis et 
Thornebank cum omnibus suis pertinentiis prefato Johanni de Skel- 
ton militi heredibus et assignatis suis sub condicione predicta contra 
omnes homines warrantizabimus et imperpetuum defendemus. In 
cujus rei testimonium partibus hujus indenture sigilla sua alternatim 
apposuerunt Hiis Testibus Willielmo de Legh, Willielmo de Osmun- 
derlavv militi Ricardo de Skelton tunc Vicecomiti Cumbriffi Johanni 
Pardyshovv Willielmo Beulieu Thoma de Osmunderlaw Johanne 
Eglisfield Willielmo Beauchamp Roberto de Highmore et aliis Datum 
apud Whytrig in festo sancti Johannis Baptist! Anno regni Henrici 
iiij" post conquestum Anglias septimo. 



No. 85. 

Ex a!ito,i;r. 

Humfridus Regum filius frater et patruus Dux Gloucestrie Comes 
Hannon. Holland. Iceland. & Pembr. Dominus Frisie et Magnus 
Camerarius Anglie Omnibus ad quos presentes litteras pervenerunt 
salutem Sciatis quod nos gratia nostra special! dedimus et 
concessimus Dilecto Armigero nostro Johanni vSkelton pro bono 
et fideh servicio quod nobis impendit et in futurum impendet viginti 
libras sterlingorum percipiendas annuatim de exitibus et proficuis 
omnium Dominicorum nostrorum per manus generalis Receptoris 
nostri pro tempore existentis ad festa Paschse et sancti Michaelis per 
equales portiones donee eidem Johanni de aliquo certo officio ejusdem 
valoris ad terminum vitse suse tenendo dispositum per nos fucrit aut 
provisum Ita tamen quod idem Johannes retineatur nobiscum ad 
totam vitam suam. In cujus rei testimonium has literas nostras 



178 COLLECTIONS. 

fieri fecimus patentes Datum sub sigillo nostro Londonia penultimo die 
mensis vSeptembris Anno Re^ni Regis Henrici sexti post conquestum 
secundo. 

No. 86. 
Ex aittogr. 
Omnibus Xri fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit 
Stephanus del Park Capellanus et Willielmus Coldale de Keswyk 
Salutem in Domino sempiternam Noveritis nos prefatos Stephanum 
et Willielmum remississe relaxasse et omnino pro nobis et heredibiis 
nostris imperpetuum quieturn clamasse Johanni Skelton armigero 
totum jus nostrum titulum et clameum que habemus habuimus seu 
quovismodo habere poterimus de et in manerio seu villa de Whytr}'^ 
juxtaTorpenhow cum periinentiis in Comitatu Cumbrise quod quidem 
Manerium seu villam cum ejus pertinentiis habuimus ex dono et 
feoffamento Johannis Skelton militis modo defuncti Ita quod nee nns 
prefati Stephanus et Willielmus nee heredes nostri aliquod jus 
titulum clameum seu demandum in predicto manerio seu villa seu 
ejus pertinentiis de cetero exigere vendicare seu calumpniare poteri- 
mus in futurum sed ab omnia accione et juris titulo sumus exclusi 
imperpetuum per presentes In cujus rei testimonium huic prcsenti 
scripto sigilla nostra apposuimus Datum decimo nono mensis 
Februarii anno regis Henrici sexti post conquestum decimo septimo. 

No. 87. 
Ex ipso Cyi'ogy. 
Hec est finalis Concordi facta in Curia Domini Regis apud 
Westm. a die pasche in tres septimanas Anno regnorum Henrici 
Regis Anglias et Francie sexti a conquestu tricesimo quarto coram 
Johanne Prysot, Thoma Fulthorp, Nichola Aysheton, Petro Arderno. 
Roberto Danvers, Roberto Danby et Waltero Moille, Justiciariis et 
aliis Domini Regis fidelibus tunc ibi presentibus Inter Johannem 
Skelton armigerum Querentem et Jacobum Kelom et Katerinam 
uxorem ejus Deforciantes de 16 Messuagiis 200 acris terre 40 acris 
prati 30 acris pasture et 30 acris bosci cum pertinentiis in Torpenliow, 
Unde &c. 

No. 88. 
Ex aiitograp. 
Henricus Comes Northumbrie Dominus honoris de Cockermouth 
et Petworth ac Gardianus Est et Middelmarcharum Anglie versus 
Scotiam Senescallis omnium terrarum et tenementorum meorum qui 
pro tempore fuerint in comitatu Cumbria; Salutem Sciads me rrc- 
fatum Comitem die perfeccionis presenti Recepisse liomagiLni 
Johannis Skelton de Armethwayt generosi pro omnibus terris et 



COLLECTIONS. 



179 



tenementis que clc me tenet in comitatu predicto. In cujus rei 
testnnonium presentibus sigillum meum feci apponi Datum in castro 
meo de Cockermouth sexto die Septembris Anno Regni Regis Edwardi 
quarti post conquestum Anglie decimo none. J. Newton. 

No. 8cj. 

Put. 21 H. S, p. I, in. 5, Nui'. II. 

Thomas filius Thomte de Multon concessit Edmundo Alio suo in 

feodo talliato manerium de Ishall et terras in Blencrayk. Rex Henri- 

cus 3"'* concessionem confirmavit. Rex Hen. 8™^ etiam confirmat pro 

Jolianne Legh Armigero. 

No. yo. 
Comissio ad inquirendum post mortem Dnie Eliz. Legh nuper uxoris 
Edwardi Redmayne Pat, 31 H. 8, p. 2, m. 17 dors. 18 Febr. 

No. gi. 
Pat. 21 II. 8, p. I, III. 4. 
Pro Comite Essex & aliis de Licentia ahenandi ad Henricum Wyatt 
Militem Manerium de Cargo in Com. Cumb. &c. 

No. 92. 

The Buuiuiavics 0/ the Mitnor of WdJievall. Ex Rugru dc 

Wdhcrliall Diigd. Monast. vol. i, p. 398. 

(Printed in Hutchinson's Cumberland, Vol. i, p. 156.] R.S.F. 

No. 93. 
Sciant presentes et futuri Quod ego Robertus de Mulcastre Milea 
Dedi Concessi et hac presenti Charta mea confirmavi Roberto de 
Heghmore heredibus et assignatis suis villam meam de Bewaldeth 
cum omnibus terris et tenementis firmis pratis boscis pasturis cum 
Molendino aquatico et omnibus aliis libertatibus et esiamentis cum 
medietate proficui Faldagiorum diversorum Avenorum supra 

Moram eidem ville adjacentem Habendum et Tenendum predictam 
villam de Bewaldeth cum Molendino et Medietatem proficui falda- 
giorum averiorum cum omnibus pertinentibus suis ut predictum est 
prasfato Roberto de Heghmore heredibus et assignatis suis imper- 
petuum de Capilalibus Dominis Feodi illius per servitia inde debita 
et de jure consueta Et ego vero predictus Robertus de Mulcastre 
Miles et heredes mei predictam villam de Bewaldeth cum Molendino 
et omnibus aliis prenominatis predicto Roberto de Heghmore heredi- 
bus et assignatis suis contra omnes gentes warrantizabimus et 
imperpetuum defendemua In cujus rei Testimonium huic presenti 
Charte mee sigillum meum apposui Hiis Testibus Willielmo de Legh 



l8o COLLECTIONS. 

Milite W™'-' Lowther tunc Vicecomiti Cumbrice Joho de Skelton W" 
de Osmotherley W'"" de Dikes cum multis aliis Datum apud Bevvaldeth 
3" die Januarij Anno regni Regis Henrici quarti post conquestum 
Anglic 

N. W'" de Lowther was Sheriff of 
Cumberland in the 2'^ & 8'' of Henry 4. 



(i8i 



NOTE TO INDEX. 



This Index has no pretension to either completeness or perfection. 
These pretensions could only be justified by a practical revision of 
the whole ground work of the history of Cumberland. Such a task, 
however inviting and even necessary, is one for which the present 
compiler has neither the qualifications nor the leisure. An index, 
moreover, is probably the form least suitable for the presentation to 
the public of the results of such a revision. 

In the course of my work I have often been met by difficult 
questions as to the identity of persons of the same name appearing 
in different parts of the ' Accompt.' It is a necessar}- result of the 
modern method of indexing that such names should appear consecu- 
tively in the first draft, leaving the question of identification for 
subsequent consideration. In every case where there seemed reason- 
able doubt I have entered two, or sometimes three, similar names one 
after the other (adding dates where any were given), so that each 
reader may arrive at a judgment for himself. 

The mistakes of the 'Accompt' are, of course, reproduced in the 
index. In some cases their character is hinted at by notes of inter- 
rogation or other marks of doubtfulness. 

It is to be observed however that a note of interrogation between 
square brackets is frequently no more than a sign of uncertainty 
which of two people of the same name is mentioned at the reference 
immediately preceding it. 

It maybe as well to add that where a place-name begins with 
'Great,' 'Little,' 'Over,' 'Nether,' 'High,' 'Low,' or 'North,' 
' South,' ' East,' or ' West,' it will be found entered under the dis- 
tinctive name. 

The names of counties and of larger territorial divisions are not, 
as a rule, indexed ; nor do the names of sovereigns appear in the index 
when such names are only used to fix dates. 

There is only one entry for each page, though a name may occur 
several times in it. 



102 NOTE TO INDEX. 

The names uf barunies and smaller territorial divisions are given 
in large and small capitals respectively. The figures before the 
colon and dash (: — ) shew in each case the amount of the book that 
is appropriated to the description of the district named. The recur- 
rences of the name in the course of that description (which are very 
frequent) are not separately noted. The figures after the (: — ) relate 
to other parts of the book. 

Where a place name and a surname are identical in form, the 
place name will usually be found entered before the surname. This 
is contrary to the general rule of indexing, but proves the best for 
this book. 

Surnames between square brackets following the names of 
women are their maiden surnames, save in one or two cases where 
only the name of a penultimate, or ante-penultimate, husband is given 
by Denton or his annotators. 

Where the names of a man and a woman are connected by ' and' 
they are husband and wife. 

R. T. W. 



INDEX. 



Acornbank, Wcstinoi'lanci, loGn, 171 

Adam, i(5-i 

ADAM AND HI'NRY FITZ SWEINE, 

THEIR BARONIES, 115-126 
Adam, son of Gospatrick, 35 

, ■ Lyolf, 41, 4S 

, Odard, 163 

, Swcine, or Swene, loC, t 15- 

I iS, 120, 124, 125 

, Waldeof, 52 

Addock, Lord of Bothcastre, 139, 14O 

Adingham, 28, 33 

Adingham, Lady, 20 

Aghenlocks, Nicholas, and Matild, 152 

Ag-illon, or Agillnn, 104, 155 

Agillun, Agillunby, or Aglionby, Adam 

son of John; Adam, son of William; 

Allan; Edward, son of Edward; 

Edward, son of John ; Edward, son 

ofThomas; Elias, 104, 105; Everard, 



104 ; John, son of Adam ; John, son 
of Edward; John, son of Thomas; 
Lawrence; Thomas, (Mayor of Car- 
liell, 2C H. vi) ; Thomas, son of 
John; Thomas, son of William, 104, 
105; Walter, 104; Werry ; William, 
son of Allan ; William, son of 
Thomas, 104, 105; Aglionby, Brid- 
get [Patrickson], 23n ; Edward, 167; 

John (16S7), vii. ; J , I07n; John, 

(of Drawdykes), 23n; the family 
own part of Combquinton, loS 

Agingrey, 94 

Aglionby family, sec under Agillunby 

Aglionby, or Agillunby, 104, 105: — 104, 
155; the name, 104 

Agnes Scat, or Andersct, 13 

' Aids' in Lyddall Barony, 14S 

Aikhead, 20 

Aikskeugh, or Oakwood, Scaton, 17, 20 



INDEX. 



183 



AlKTOX, 71, 72: — 20, 73, 74, 76, 151; 
the name, 20, 71 

Ailfward, son of Ulff, 14 
see Aihvard 

Ailricli, 115. 124 

Ailvvard, 36, 41, 45 

Aihvardby, 45 

AiNSTABLE, Ainstiblio-he, Ainstaple, 
Ainstaplig"he, or Ainstaplvifli, iiS, 
119: — 94, 116, 125, 127, 12S, 133;! 
the nunneiy, gG, iiS 

Alan of Brayton, 42 

, son of Bennett, 14 I 

, Ketell, 26 1 

, —Thomas, son of Gospatrick, 1 

35, 36, 36n 

, Waldeof, 34,41,46, 51, 53n, 

5(5, 57> 59> fio, 151 

Alanby, 51, 59 

Alanby, Thomas, and Maiiiott [ Ritson], 
'37 

Alanus, prior of Carliell, 9S 

Albemarle, or Aumarle, Avelina, or Ave- 
line, de Fortibus, Countess of, 0, 7, 
44; Cicely, oc Sybill, de Fortibus, 
Countess of [Romeley], g, 10, 30, 
43, 44 ; Hau'isc, Countess of, 6, 
44; Isabel de, 3G ; William de Forti- 
bus, 'le Gros,' Earl of, G, 7, 43, 44; 
William de Fortibus, Earl of, son of 
Wm. le Gros, G, 44; William de 
Fortibus, Earl of, grandson of Wm. 
le Gros, G, 7 

Albert, son of Yervan, 155 

Albo, Robert, 163 

Albricius, earl, (t. H. iii), 1G2 

Aldby, 113 

Alderscogh, 174 

Aldingham, 33 

Aldred's town-moor, 122 

Alexander II., King of Scots, 119, 145 

Alexander, son of Gospatrick, 35 

Allan, ire Alan 

ALLERDALE BARONY, 40-GG:— 33, 
S9, 132 

Allerdale, 5, 7, 34, 37> 3'% G7, 112, 171, 
175; the name, 40 

bailiwick, 42 

forestership, 6G, 151 

ward, 3S 

AUeridge, Robert, bp. of Carliell, 91 

AUerthorpe, Yorks, ggn 

Aln, Alne, or Elne K, 40, 4S, 54, 151 

Alnanderdale, or Eynerdale, 25 

Alne burn, 2 

Alnwick, Northumberland, gG, 15S 

Alveston, 168 

Ananderdale, '<r Anerdale, 40 

Anderset, or /gncs Seat, 13 

Anger, 163 

Anglesea, gG, 102 

Annabell, d. of Adam hi, Swcni, 113 



Annandale, Gl, g4, 94n 

Annandale, earl of, i4Sn; lady Mary, 

38n 
Annerdale, 24, 94, see 94 n 
Anterpotts, 60 
Antiquaries, Society of, their MS., v.. 

Go n, GG n 
Apletreethwait, 141 
Appleby, Catherine [Fleming] ; Dorothy 

[ Dacrel,i5on ; h^dmund, ijOn, I53n ; 

Joseph, (1G87); Joseph, (1750); 
Joseph, i^m. M. Gilpin); Susannah 

Maria [Gilpin], 150 n; Thomas do, 

bp. of Carliell, 90 ; William, 150 n ; 

the family seated at Torpcnhow, 

50 n 

see also y\pulby 
Applethwait beside Keswick, 36, 41,, 45 
Appleton, 41 

Apulby, Westmorland, 30, 106 
Apulbv, Christian, i',;; Christian | de 

Castle Carok] ; Michael, 136 ;"\w 

also Appleby 
^j/'p/« = lreby, 5G 

' ArchiEological Journal ' cited, i., ii., GSn 
Ardern, Peter, 17S 
Arkikby, John de, 17G 
Arladen, Arlecdon, in- Arloghden, see 

Arlokenden 
Arlokende.v, Arladen, Arlecdon, Ar- 
loghden, Arloughden, or /\rnadeii, 

27 : — 5, 23, 29; the name, 27n 
Arloughden, see Arlokenden 
Armathwaite Castle, vi. 
Armethwayt, or Arminthwait, 4S, 17S 
ArMORI.\L BE.\RINGS: 

Bewley (?), or .Sutton, 55n 

Boyvill, Guido, 151 

Boyvills, Lords of Milium. 11 

Brisco, 85> ■?'?'' -3" 

Coupland, 16 

Featherstone, of Kirkoswald, i24n 

Hastings, 133 

Huddlestone, see 1 5 

Lamplugh, 2S 

Eeigh, of Ishall, 132 

Lowther, 71 n, see 120 n 

Multon, 132 

Musgrave, of Havton, i2on 

Orton, 82 

Patrickson, 23n 

Raghton, or Raughton, 108 

Salkeld, I35n 

Stanley, 159 

Sutton, or Bewley ("'), 55n 

Thwaites, 15 

Vaux, of Gilsland, 12S 
, of Tryermaine, 143 

Wharton, Lord, 133 

Wyndsore, Walter, 13S 

run! see Crests, iiint .Seals 
.Armstrong, Adam ; William, (t.H. Ill), iri 



i84 



INDEX. 



Arnaden, sec Arlokenden 

Arthur, King, loo 

Artliiirett, 14S 

Arthuret, Marriot [dc Crofton], Ssn, 8411, 
loyn; Marriotte [Grinsdale], 73; 
Sir William de, 75; Sir William de 
75, S3n, S4n, io7n 

' Arthur's Chamber,' Carliell, 100 

Arundel, Anne, countess of [Dacre], 
U3n, 132 n, 171; Henry, earl of, 
171 ; Philip, earl of, 70 n, ii3n, 
132 n; Thomas, earl of (ob. 1646), 
70 n ; the family preserved Sir Hugh 
Morvill's sword, 68 

Askby, Sir Robert de, 165 

AsKKRTON, and Whithill, 14:; 

Askeugh, 57n 

Askew, Sir Hugh, 13, 17 

Askham, 1 17 

Aspatrick (Aspatria), 7, 37, 42, 43 

Aspilon, John, and Catherine | Ragh- 
ton], 74 

Athelwald, Athelwold, or Athulf, prior 
of Carliell, g6, gS, and afterwards 
bp. of Carliell, 90, 97, 143, 157 

Atkinson, John, and Ma. [Krisingtun], 27 

Atterbury, Francis, dean of Carliell, 99 

Atwood, Alice [Scaleby), 104 

Augmentation Office, 171-173 

Augustine, chaplain of Tryermaine, 143 

Austwait, Constance; Thomas; the 
family, 15S 

see Awstwait 

Avery, son of Robert, 155 

Avery Holme, ii\ 

Awerthwaite, 4S 

AWSTWAITE, or Dalegarth, 15'^, 159 

Aymot (Eamont) R, i | 

Aysheton, Nicholas, 17S 1 

Aynthorn, 7C, 77 

Bacon, Sir I-^rancis, 167 

Baliol, 01- Balliol, Edward, K. of Scots, 

94; John, King of Scots, 94, 119, 

'i45> 169 

see 49 
Baliol, or Balliol, Eustace of, and Hawisa, 

Hawise, or Hewise I^Boyvill], C9, 71, 

109, 144, 151 
rSallantine, Sir John, and Ann [Mus- 

grave], 57n 
Bamba, or Bemba, Si 
Bampton, see Banton 
Bampton, Robert de, 162 ; Walter de,Si, 

82, SS 
Banton, Great, Si 

, Little, 26, 81, 82, 88 ^ 

, Lords of, held Hensingham, 26 

Banton magna et parva. Si, 82 : — 88 ; 

the name, 81 
Buicarii. Tigneiiscs at Irebj', 5(1 
Harden Tower, Yorl;s, 43 



Bai-n, I3gn 

Barnacles at Rotington, 25 

Barnard, 82, 157 [?] 

Barnby, Thomas, prior of Carliell, 98 

Barnes, Richard, bp. of Carliell, 91 

Barnet, 145 

Barrow, William, bp. of Carliell, 90 

Bartholomew, prior of Carliell, 97, 9S 

Barton, John, 172 

Bartram, Tho., I24n 

Barwis, Anthony, of Hildkirk, 50 

Basingthvvaite, Bastenthwaite, or Bas- 

tingthwaite, 42, 52, 53 
Bastenthwaite, or Bastingthwaite, , 

m ; Harrington, 33 ; Adam de, 

32, 53 ; Alexander de, 52 ; Christian 

de, Robert de, 52, 5;n; Sir Robert 

dc, 52 
Bateley in Ciaven, 140 
Bath, 1 10 

Battle, Hugh, Abbot of, 90 
Bavin, Radulf ; William [father and son], 

142 
Beauchimp, John, 121; Roger, 125; 

William, 2 1, 176, 177 ; the family held 

Crogiin Parva, 125 
Beaumont, 79: — 33, 49; the name, 79 
Beckermet, 23, 159: — 5, 23, 25, 27, 

28; the castle, 159 
Great, 



Becket, Thomas, abp. of Canterburj-, i., 

ii., 46, 46n, 68, 6Sn, 126 
Bedal, Yorks, 82 
— i-ee, or big, the termination, 31 
Seer = barley, 74 
Begogh, the name, 24 
Belisis, or Belysis, 176, 177 

Bellasis, , m, , Skelton, 82 

Bell, Richard, bp. of Carliell 
Bellingham, , 1 1 1 n ; • , of Levins, 

m. Timothy Featherstone, I24n 
Bemba, or Bamba, 81 
Bennett, son of Ketell, 14 
Bernard, bp. of Carliell, 68, ro 
Bernard le Flemminge, 144 
Berrington, 94 
Berwick-upon-Tweed, 136 
Best, John, bp. of Carliell, 91 
Bethom, Elizabeth; John; Margaret, 

[Collinson], 13C 
Bethom, Radulph de, is, 16; Robert de, 

16 
Beton, Baldwain, 6 
Beulieu, William, 177 
BewalJeth, 176, see also Bowalded 
Bewcastle, or Bothcastre, [7.1'.] 145- 

147:— loi n, 129, 139, 151 
Bewcastledale, 129, 145, 146 
Beweth, 129, 146, 161 
Bewley, or Bewly family, 55n 
Bewley Castle, Westmorland, I20n 
Bewly, , m, William Lawson, 470 



INDEX. 



185 



Biglands, 72, 75 ; the name, 74 

BiGLANDS AND GaMELSBV, 74, 75 

Bigot, Sir Hugh, 14S 

Birchvvood, Birkskeugh, [q.v.'J i>r Birk- 

skugh, 84 
Birkbeck, Thomas, 103 
Birkby see Brettaby 
Birkinside, Adam de; Thomas de, 162 
Birkskeugh, or Birkskugh, S4, 85 

see also Brisco 
Bishops of Carliell — List, go-92, 

92 n; 
Black-Prince, Edward, 14S 
Blackball, see Blackhill 
Blackhill, Blackball, Bleckell, or 

Bleckhill, 103, 104: — 1,63, 103, iiS; 

the name, 103 
Blatum. 77 
Blawt, Blawtwood, ib 
Bleckell, or Bleckhill, ste Blackhill 
Blemyre, 154 
Blencogo, 4!, 62 
Blencrake, 42, 45-47, 47n, 179 
Blenerhasset, see Blennerhasset 
Blenkarn Beck, (Crowdundle), 2, 2 n 
Blenkerne, Blenkarn, or Blenkarne, 

116, 117 :— 2, 2 n 
Blennerhasset, 42, sSn, 174 
Blennerhasset, Thomas, of Carliell, 83 ; 

the family held part of Newstaffol, 

125 
, , m. Skel- 

ton, S2 
— family held part of Wam- 

pool, 75 
BlENXERHASSET & UCKMANBY, 57, 5S 
Blincoe, Sir Henry, i58 
Blincogovv, see Blencogo 
Blound, Sir William de, 162 
Boay ( '■ Bohun\ Humphrey, earl of 

Hereford, 94, 94 n 
Bochard, or Bochardus, a Fleming, loi, 

155 
BocHARDBV, 101-103 : — 155; the name, 

31, lOI 
Bochardby, Adam de ; Agnes de ; Alice 

de ; Guido or Guy and Isold de; 

(Otho or Odon) de ; Favy de ; Rad- 

ulph de (12 H. Ill) Ralph de, 102; 

Walter (?) de, 102, 102 n; William 

de (t. Job.) 102 ; William (? Walter) 

de, 102, 102 n 
Bocland, Galfrid de, 163 
Bode, hodehill, bodesman, hodeward, 50 
Bohun (?) Humphrey, Earl of Hereford, 

94, 94 n ; John, and Margaret 

[Lupus], 12S; [Ranulph— see 7;o«e] 

67, 67 n 
Bolton, Robert, dean of Carliell, 99 
Bolton in Copeland, 22 : — 5, 22 
Bolton, or Bothilton, 52, 53 :— 42, 

44, 48, 52, 83, 171, 175 



Bonckill, see Bonekill 

Bonekill, or Bonckill, — , m, (i) John 
Stewart, (2) Sir D. Bregham, 49 ; 
Adam, 48, 49; Alexander, son of 
Adam, 49; Alexander son of Ran- 
ulph, 48; Sir Ranulph, 23, 4S ; 
Robert; Thomas; Walter, 48. 

Bonner, Walter, 163 

Bonvill, Cicely ; the family, 33 

Bootle, Botle, or Butle, 16: — 12, 13, 

Bosco, Thurston de, 17 
Botchardby, see Bochardby 
Botch ardgate, 155 
Bothcastre, Robert de, 151 

see Bewcastle 
Bothell, John de, 66 n 
BoTHiLL, in Allerdale, 49, 50; — 41, 46, 

51. 7S 

Bothill, or Buthill, in IVIillum, 50 

Bothilton, in Egremont, ib. 

Bothilton, or Bolton, [7.t'.]52, 53 

Bothland, 154 

Botle, see Bootle 

Bottom, the Great, 139 

Bouch, Richard, 5S 

Boulogne, seige of, 17 

Bowalded, 41, 180; see also Bewaldeth 

Bowet, 50 

Bowet, Nicholas, (S E. iv) 50; Thomas,. 
and [Brun], 50. 78 

Bowland Beck, 40 

Bowness, 76, 77 : — 50, 76, 78 ; the name, 
77 

Bowstead Hill, 78: — 79 

Boynton, Christopher, 172 

Boyt, Tho., and Margaret [Parving]; 
Wm., 104 

Boyvil, Bo}'vile. or Boyville, first 

lord of Milium, 9, 1 1 ; Ada, [Gernon 
or Vernon] 6g, 71 ; 144; Adam de, 
11-13, 17; Arthur de, 9-11, 13; 
Cicely, 2S ; Edmund, 116, 118; Ellen, 
15; Godard, orGodardus. (Dapifer), 
5,9, 11-13; Goynhild, 13, 14; Guido, 
57, 151, Hawisa, Hawise, or Hewise, 
69, 71, 109, 144, 151 ; Henry de, 9, ii- 
13,61; Joan de, 12, 13, 17 : John de, 
(35 H. Ill), 15 ; John, (of Thursby), 

52, llS; Sir John, (of Thursby), 
151 ; Matilda de, [ ], 13 ; Radulf, 
or Randolph de, de Levington, 71, 
109, 124, 140, 151; Randolph, 150; 
Richard, 69, 150; Robert de, 13; 
Robert de, de Bothcastre, 151 ; Wil- 
liam, (of Kirksanton), 12; William 
de, son of Henry, 11, 13 ; Sir William 
of Thursby, (6 E. l), 57, 116, 118, 
151 ; Lord Wm., 28 ; the family arms, 
1 1 

Boyvill, (one branch or other of the 
family) held Eynerdale, 27 ; Gamels- 
by, 74> 75 ; Levington, 150 ; Milium, 



e86 



14; Skelton, log; Thursby, 66; 
Thwaites, 15; Wayberghthwaite, 22 
iff? also under Levington 

Bradford, Samuel, bp. of Carliell, 91 

Brackenthwaite, 31, 32, 42; the name, 
.'5 . 

Braithwait, or Braithwaite, Mary, 86 n; 
Thomas, 39; Thomas, 86 n 

Brakenhill, 14S 

Brampton, 138: — 141 

Branstibeck, 61 

Branthayth, Robert de (witness), 24 n 

Branthwaite, 5, 26, 40, 44 

Branthwaite, Sir Alexander de, 162; 
Robert de (4 E. i) ; the family held 
Hensingham, 26 

Brantyngham, Richard de, 171 

Bray, Adam de ; Matild ; Radulph de, 
S? 

Brayton, 48 n 

Brayton, Alan of, 42 

Brayton, Ellas, and Helen [ ], 65 

Breber, or Brebor, Henry, 134, 134 n 

Brecton , endowment in 

Culgaith, 1 15 

Btegham, Sir David, — his horsemanship, 
&c., 49 

Brekenthwait, loS 

BrenihiLmite, 15 

Brettaby, or Birkby, 13, 13 n, 17 n 

Brewer, William, 74 

Bridekirk, 41, 45 n 

Bridekirk, Benedict de, 45 

Brigham, 36, 37 :— 5, 40, 41, 44, 45, 
16S ; the name, 36 

Brimdas, Turgens, 148 

Brisco, Brisko, Briskow, Bruskowgh, or 
Birkskugh, 84, 84 n, 85 n, 86; the 
name, 85 

Thorn-upon-Esk, 86 n 

Brisco, Briscoe, Brisko, or Briskow, Alan, 
or Allan, 85 ; Catherine [Musgrave], 
86 n ; Christopher, 84 n, 86, 86 n; 
Cuth. r? Catherine] [Skelton], 86 n ; 
Eleanor [Codall, or Coldale], S3, 
loin; George, lol n; Isabel, [Dykes] 
86; Isold de (t. R. 11), 84, S4n, 85, 
S6; John de, (6 E. II, -son of Robert 
son of Jurdayn), 85; John, son of 
Robert, son of Richard, S3-S6 ; John, 
son of Robert, son of Robert, 86 ; 
John, (15S2), son of William, 83- 
S6n ; John, (ob. i6go) S6n ; John, 
(1749), 84 n, 86 n; Jurdayn de, 85; 
Leonard, S3, loi n ; Margaret [de 
Crofton] 85; Mercy [Johnson] S6n ; 
Richard, 86, loi n ; Robert, ist lord 
of Brisco, 85 ; Robert, son of Chris- 
topher, 86; Robert, son of Jurdayn, 
85 ; Robert, son of Leonard, S2, 
loin; Robert, son of Richard, 84, 
S6; Robert, son of Robert, 86; 



William, son of John, S3, S4, 86; 
William, (ob. 16S7) 85n, 86n ; Wil- 
liam, (grandson of last named), 86n ; 
the family arms, 23n 
see also 65, 83 

Brisko, or Briskugh, see Brisco 

Bristol, 99 

Broch, Nigell de, 162 

Brochton, Broghton, or Broughton, 37, 
4ij 44 

, Little, 41 



Bromfield, 41 [?], 58, 61, 107 

Bromfield, Adam de, 61; John de, 58; 
Thomas de, 61 

Brough, see Burgh 

Broughton, see Brochton 

Brown, , m. William Brisco, 86n 

Browne, William, of Tallentire, v. 

Brownelston, 92 

Bruce, Alice, [Reigny], no; Robert and 
Christian de, [de Bastingthwaite], 
53n ; Robert, of Scotland, 49, 52, 
61 [?], no, 122, and see g4 
see also Bruse 

Brumfield Town, 41 

Brun, 49 

Brun, or le Brun, , m. Thomas 

E5owet; , m. Nicholas Harring- 
ton, 50; Adam de; Adamde (hisson) 
58; Gamel, 41, 46, 49, 77, 7S; 
Helen, 50, 78 ; Radulph, or Ranulph, 
(de Feritate), 49, 75, 7S, 165; Ric- 
hard(t. E. l), 50 51 ; Richard, 78; 
Robert, (de Feritate), 49, 75 [?] 78 ; 
Robert, son of Gamel, 7S ; Sir Robert, 
of Bothill (t. E. 111)33, 50,165; the 
family held Beaumont, 79 

see also Dunbretton, Feritate, de, 
Wampool and Whitrigg 

Brunneswood, or Brunneskeugh, 7S 

Brunskeugh, 7S : — 49, 97 

Brunskeugh Beck, 152, 156 

Brunthu'uite, 15 

Bruse, [or Bruce i/.v.] Robert, and Chris- 
tian [de Ireby], 57 

Bruskowgh, see Brisco 

Brydock, St., 63 

Buchanan, George, 169 

Buecastle Dale, see Bewcastledale 

Bueth, see Beweth 

Bueth Barn = Gillesbeweth ((/. u)., 139 

Bulge, Bulgium Blatum, 77 

Burdon, John, [father and son], 94 

BURDOSWALD, I42 

Burgh, lords of, 50, 129, 146 

BURGH BARONY, 67-88 :— 47, 89, 147, 
152 

BuRGH-by-Sands, 79 : — 61, 67, 70 n, 80, 
98, 124, 132, 151, 171 

Burgh-under-Staymore, i6g 

Burgh, Thomas de, (8 E. iii), 117; see 
also Burgo 



Burgh Sands, 2511 

Burgo, Thomas de (father and son), 115 

see Burgh, Thomas de 
Burke, Sir Bernard, his ' Vicissitudes of 

Families ' referred to, Sn 
Burn and Nicolson's History cited, 2n, 

3n, 160 
Burnell, Robert, bp. of Bath, no 
Burnshead [Burneside, Westmorland |, 

S6n 
Burn Tippel Moor, 2 
Buthill, or Bothill, in iVIillum, 50 
Butle, see Bootle 



Caddy, Adam, and Marriotte [Gosford], 

Caen, seige of, 166 

CaeRDURNOK, 76 : — 77 ; the name, 76 

Caldbeck or Coldbeck, 53-55 : — 37, 40, 
47n, 62, 12S ; the name, 53 

Caldbeck beck, 40 

— Underfell, 54, 55 

Uppeton, lb. 

Caldcotes, or Harrington House, loi, 
loi n 

Calder, see Cauder 

Caldew, 101 

Caldewgate, 155 

Caldey,"Caldey Beck, 53, Sg 

Caldfell, 22n, the name, il. 

Caldre, see Cauder 

Caldwell, 165 

Caldy, 40 

Calfhow, Holm Cultrum, 60 

Camb-bogh-glan, 144 

Cambmerton, 34, 36, 41, 170 

Cambmerton family, 36 

Cavtboglana, 144 

Cambok, Camraok, or Cambogh, see 
Kirk Cambock 

Camden, John, cited, 56 

Camera, Gilbert de, 163 

Camok, Alfred de (t. H. 11), 144 

Canada, iii. 

Cancessfield, Richard, and Alicia [Flem- 
ing] ; William, 33 

Candida Casa, bp. of, 164. 

Canonby, 3; the name, 31; Canonby 
Holme, 3 

Canterbury, 46, 68, 126, 163 

Canton, John de, and Alice [Mulcaster], 
65, 65 

Can of maintenance borne by Geoffrey 
de Lucy, 152 

Cardew, 95, 94 :— 73. 73"; 74. So, 93, 
109, iiS; the name, 93 

Cardew, Stephen de ; Thomas de ; Wil- 
liam de, 93 

Cardew-myre, 93 

Cardurnock, see Caerdurnok 

Careg-monach, the name, 126 



Carghow, Cargo, or Carighow, 157, 

155 : — S6, 179 

Carlatton, or Karlatton, 145 : — 92, 12S, 
129, 141 

Carlatton, Robert de; Ughtred de, 145 

Carleton, 19: — I, 5, 20, 97, 156, 167; 
the name, 19 

Carleton magna, 167 

Carleton, [printed Garleton] Guy, dean 
of Carliell, 99, 16S ; Thomas, 167, 16S 

Carliel, Carliell, Carliol, or Karliell, 
Adam de ; Eudo de, 163 ; Eudo de, 
(11 H. in), Si, S2, SS, 107 n ; Eudo 
de, son of Robert (?) ; Eudo de, son 
of William, i07n; Ewon, 15S, Hil- 
dred, Hildredus, or Hyldred (t. H. 
11), 81, S2, SS, 107, 107 n, loS, 135, 
157; Odard de, 81, 82, SS, i07n, 
loS; Reginald, or Reginold de, 61, 
135, 157; Richard de, son of Odard, 
Si, 107 n, loS ; Richard, son of Rich- 
ard, son of froyte; Richard, son of 
Troite, SS ; Robert de, son of Odard, 
Sr, S2, 88, io7n, 108, 170; Robert de, 
son of Richard, I07n; Sapience, 
[ ] 15S ; William de, son of Eudo, 
son of Robert, I07n, William de, son 
of Eudo, son of William, 107, io7n, 
William, the younger (2 E. l), 15S; 
Sir William de, (29 E. l) 162 
see Karliell, and Troite, or Trute 

Carliell, John, (parson of Kirkland) ; 
Robert [father and son], 73 

Carliell, barons, of Scotland, 107 

Carliell, Earls of : 

Harcla, Harckley, or Hartcla, And- 
rew (t. E. 11) 36, 44,48, 92, 116-11S, 
134, I35n, 162, 165 
Howard, Charles (ob. 16S ) 132 n, 
148 n 

— , Edward (16S7) 132 n, 134 n 

Henry (t. Milbourne) J41 n 

Carliell and Huntingdon, Henry, Earl of, 
59, 60, 100 

Carliell, Carliol, or Carlisle, 95-101 
: — i, iii-vii, 4, 12 n, 67, 6S, 73, 79, So, 
S2-S4, 89, 91 n, 101 n, 102-104, 107, 
121, 125, 129, I34n, i4Sn, 152, 154 n, 
158, 161, 164, 165, 16S, 169, 175, 176; 
the name, 95, 96 

Carliell, Abbey Gate, 100 

Archdeacons : Wentworth, Peter, 

169; West, Louis, ib. 

Bishopric, its foundation, 97, 

156 ; its endowments, 97 ; and see hi 
addition Blenkerne, 116, Combquin- 
ton, I07n, 108; Crofton, S4, 84 n, 85, 
S5n, Crosby; Crosby (Little), 156; 
Dalston, 90, 92 ; Englewood tithes, 
96 ; Lynstock, 156 ; Newby, 135, 
Raughton, 109; Richardby, 155; 
Rothcliff, 87 



INDEX 



(jARLiELL Bishops, — List, 90-92, 9211 
Carliell bishops, (not named), l6g, 170 
. Castle, I35n, 173 

Cathedral new founded, gS, 98 n 

Charter confirmed, 16S 

City rent, ib. ; city petition, 170 

Dean and Chapter's MS. iii, v. 

Carliell Deans, — List, 99 
Carliell, Eng-lish Quarter, loi 
Fair, 34 

, Flemish and French Quarters, 

101 

, Henry ii's Charter, 100 

, Irish Quarter, 100, loi 

, Mayoralty held by Thomas Agll- 

lun (26 H. vi), 105 

, M.P's, I Car. L, 167 

' Municipal Records' cited, vii n 

, Priors, (not named), 169 

Carliell Priors, — List, gS 

Carliell Priory, g6-gg, loi ; its endow- 
ments : Awerthwaite, 48 ; Blenkerne, 
116; Carleton, 156; Carliell (Arthur's 
Chamber), gg ; Crotton, 84, 85 ; 
Crosby Canonby, 41 ; Dalston (Little) 
92 ; Henrickby, 68 ; Isaacby, Ireby, 
56: Lynstock, 156; Newby, 135; 
Rothcliff, 87; Sebergham, g5 ; Wait- 
croft, (orWatercroft), 35, 97; Werk- 
worth (Northumberland), 157; their 
hospital at Caldbeck, Szc, 54 

Carliell, St. Cuthbert's Church, g7, gg 

, St. Mary's Church, 151 

, St. Nicholas' Hospital, — Endow- 
ments: Banton, Si; Crofton, S3 

. Statute of, 170 

, Wardens of, (36 H. in), 173 

see alfo Karliell 

Carlton, see Carleton 

Carlton, Gilbert, and Johan [Collinson] 
135 

Caduell, or-leyll=Carliell, g6 

Carmaunce, Henry, 153 

Carrak, Carrick, or Carrock hill, 40, 53, 
112 

Carrick, or Carrik, Matild, 144. 152 ; 
Roland de (t. E. iii), 144 

Carrock, 126 

Carog, 133 

Cartmeil, 18 

Carwendlow, 148 

Castle Carok, 136, 137; the name, 136 

Castle Carok, (Christian de [de Crokdake] 
136; Christian de, m. Michael Apul- 
by, 136, 137; Gamel de, I37n; 
Johande, 136; Margery de, 136, 137; 
Richard de ; Robert de (t. H. 11) 136; 
Robert de (37 H. in, & t. E.i) 136, 
164; Robert de, son of Richard, 
136; Robert de, 163 

Castlerig-, 41, 44, 112 

Castle Sowerby, 40, g2 



Castles preferable to modern houses, 9 
Castlestead, (the), Irthington, 139 
Castlesteads, 150 n 
Castre, John, and Isabel de [ ] 69, 

124 
Catch, 141 
Caterlen, Caterleng, oi- Katerleing 12S, 

130. 137 
Cattbeck, 72 

Cattermanak, Harskeugh, 12G 
Cauder, the name, 22 
Cauder, Calder, Caldre, or Cavvder, 

Abbey, 22, 23, 23n : — iv, 21, 124 n, 

159; endowments: Arlokenden, 27; 

Gilcrouse, 45, 48; partial list of 

abbots, 23 ; , abbot, (29 E. i), 20 

Cauder beck, 22, 23 

bridge, iv 

Cawder see Cauder 

Cawdey R., 95, loS, 155 

Caynterell, Gilbert, and Julian [ ] 

loi n 
Chamber family held part of NewstafFol, 

125 
Charles L, Sjn, I23n, i53n, 167 
Charles IL, i4Sn, 1530 
Chartres, , 57n; Adam, and Eva de 

[de Ireby], 122 
Chause, de, see Cherry 
Cherry, or de Chause, Robert, bp. of 

Carliell, go, g2, 157 
Chester, 100, I23n, 124 n, i6o' 

Constablewick in John de Lacy, 

157 

earls of 

Lupus, Hugh, ist earl, 4, gC, 12S 

, Richard, 2nd earl, 100, 

1 28 
Meschines, Randolph (./.i'.), 128 

Chorkbv, Corbi, Corby, Corkeby, or 
Korkby, 133, 134, 134 n, i35n :— 86, 
106, io6n, I2g-I3i, 161-165, i*3g 

Chorkby, Sir Adam de, 133, 134: Alan 
de, 133; John de, 105, 133; Odard 
de, 105, I2g, 133, 134, 134 n, I37n; 
Os'oert de, 105, 133, 134, 134 n, 
Osanna de, [ ], 105; Peter de, 

164; Ranulf de, 133; Robert de, 105, 
133.' 134- 134"! 164, 165; William 
de, son of odard, 105, 133, 134, 134 n, 
I37n; William de, 162, 164, 165 

Christenbur}' Crag, 2 

Christian, bp. of Whitherne (Candida 
Casa), 164 

Christian, d. of Odard, 122, 123 

, wife of Alan fil. Ketell, 26 

' Chronicon Cumbria ' radically wrong, i 

Clapoll, Jordan, and Cicely [de Dun- 
dragh], 64 

Cleator, see Cleetar 

Cleburn family owned part of Kirkbride, 
64 



INDEX. 



189 



Cleetar, or Cleator, 24 

Clerk, Henry, of Apulby, 30 

Cleterge, Thomas de, 2411 

Clifford, lord, (2 Car. l), 167; Dorothy, 
70 n ; George, earl of Cumberland (t. 
Denton), no, 14S n ; Robert (tt. E. I 
& 11), 6, no; Thomas, lord, 70 n; Sir 
William de (6 & 7 H. iv), 176, 177 

Cliftley, Catherine de, 72 

Clifton, 5, 40, 44, 124 n 

■ , Little, 5 

Close, Nicholas, bp. of Carliell, 91 

Coal trade of Whitehaven, 26 n 

Coatages, 59 

Cocker, or Cockar R., 5, 7, 40 

Cockermouth, v., 7, 23n, 32 n, 38, 3S n, 
41, 43, 44, 71 n, n I n, 170, 17S, 179; 
the castle, 4n, petitions from bur 
gesses &.C., 169, 170 

'Cockermouth, Historical . . . Account 
of,' 451 

Cockley, Co 

Codall, see Coldale 

Coins found in foundation of St. Cuth 
bert's, Carliell, 97 

Colby, 106 

Coldale, ur Codall, , 82 ; , of 

Harrington, m. Robert Brisco, S6; 
Eleanor; John, son of John, S3, loi n, 
John, son ot Richard (i), 101 n ; John, 
son of Richard (ii), S3, loi n ; Richard 
(26 H. VI) 82 [.'], loi n; Richard, son 
of John ■ (iii), 83, loi n ; William, 
.78 

Coldale Hall, loi 

Coleraine, Lord, 38 n 

COLLECTIONS' of William Milbourne, 
160-180 

Collinson, Alice, [Hale]; Johan; Mar- 
garet, 136 

Collundland, 44 

Colman, 141 

Colter, 41 

Colthyrd, Bartholomew, 176 

Colvill, Edward, (14 E. i) ; Isabel (t. 
E. Ill), 72; Isabell, [Tylliolf J, 57n, 
153", 1541, 155; John (14 H. vi) 
57n, 153, 155; Margaret (9 E. iii), 
72; Margaret, m. Nicholas Mus- 
grave; Phillis, 57n, I53n; Robert (9 
E. Ill), 72; Robert, son of John, 
'53n> 1540; Roger, son of Robert, 
72; Roger, son of Walter; Walter, 
71 ; William (ob. 19 E. iv), 57n, 
■53", >54n; the family held parts of 
Stapleton, 144, and Torpenhow, 51 
see also Tilliol 

CoMBCATCH ; the name, 138 

Comber, Thomas, dean of Carliell, 99 

Comberdale, or Combersdale, S2, 8S 

Comquenstat, 163 

COMBQUINTIN, Or Combquinton, 107, 



loS: — 82, S4n, 88, 102, 106, I35n, 

142^ 
Combquinton, Edmond de, io7n, loS ; 

John de, i07n 
CoMBREW deest in MS., 136 
Comscorkeby, 163 
Conflate place-name, 51 
Coningseat, or Conyshead, (Conishead), 

Priory, its endowments at Orton, 

Westmorland, gS ; at Whitbeck, 16 
Constable, Sir John ; Robert, (19 H. vi), 

Constantinople, 99 

Copeland, Coupland, Cowpland, or Kope- 
land, 24n, 27, 29, 36, 43, 50 

, the barony, 5, 7 

Copeland, Coupland, or Cowpland, Alane 
de (t. H. Ill), 16, 22; Alane de, son 
of Richard, 22; John de, 16, 22; 
Sir Richard, (i), 16; Richard (ob. 2G 
E. l); Richard, son of John, i6, 
22; the family arms, 16 

Copley, Adam ; Isabel; John ; Margaret, 
[Denton] ; Richard, 140 

Corbet, or Corbett, Alicia, 16; Radulph 
13; Radulph; William; William, 
(9 E. 11), 16 

Corby, Corkby, or Corkeby, see Chorkby 

Corkby, Brampton, 13S 

Corkeby Magna, 163 

Cornage of Cumberland, 173 
and see Tenures 

CoRNEY, Cornhow, o?- Corno, 16, 17 

Corney, John, 16; Michael de, 15; Wal- 
ter, and Eva [Levington], no, 152; 
Walter (their son) 152 

Cotyngham, John, 175 

Courtney, Robert, and Alice de [Rom- 
ley], 6, 38, 43, 56 

[or Pippard] Alice; Avice ; 

Mavice; William, 43 

Covin, see Colvill 

Cowpland, see Copeland 

Crackenthorp, Crakenthorp, or Crekin- 
thorp, Alice [Salkeld], 121 ; Henry 
(of Newbiggen) 116; John, in. Alice 
Salkeld, 121 ; John ; John (his grand- 
son), 117; Margaret, [Tylliolf J ; 
Thomas, 154; William, n7; the 
family held Gamelsby (.'), 74 

Cradock, Anne ; Sir John, ggn 

Crakenthorpe, see Crackenthorp 

Crakesothen, Crayksothen, or Gray- 
sothen, 5, 34, 40, 41, 44 

Craven, 5, 6, 43 

Crayksothen, see Crakesothen 

Crekinthorp, .see Crackenthorp 

Crenquer, Alexander, and Annabell [d. of 
Adam] lis 

Cressingham, Hugh de, n 

Crests: Brisco, John, 85; Denton, 
John, 94 



igo 



Cringledyke, Carghow, 158 
, Croglin Parva, 125 

Croch-beeghe, 13 

Crockdake, see Crokedake 

Croft, Sir John de, 172 

Crofton, 83-S6 : — 32, 65, 72, 83, 83 n, 
loi n ; the name, 83 

Crofton, Ada de [de Dundragh] 32, 65 ; 
Adam de (alias le Usher sive Mar- 
shall) 75, 83n, 84n, I07n; Adam, son 
of John, 136; Clement de, son of 
John, S4 ; Clement de, m. Johan, 
131; Elizabeth de, I07n ; Sir Gil- 
bert de, 82, 83 ; Helena [ ] ; 
Helwise [Wampole] 136 ; Johan 
[ ] 121; Sir John de (t. H. Ill) 
83, 83n, 84; John, son of Clement, 
121; John de (t. R. 11) 840, 85; 
John de, son of John, 83n, John, son 
of John, 136; John de, son of 
Robert, 83 ; John de, son of Thomas, 
S3n, John, son of Thomas, 136; 
Marg-aret, 84n, 85; Marriott de, 
83n, 84n, io7n; Robert de, 83, Ssn, 
Stephen de, 32, 65 ; Thomas de, 
83n 

Croglin, or Croglyn, 106, 127, 154, 164; 
the name, 132, 133 

, Little, or Parva, Croglin Water, 

'?S . 

Croglin, Elias de; William de [""^le, 
nephew, and great nephew], 125 

Crokedake, 56, 57n, I20n, I53n 

Crokedake, Crockdake, or Crokdaik ; 
Adam de, 14, 151 ; Adam; Christian 
de, 136 ; John de (19 E. 1) 58 ; John, 
son of Adam ; John (his son) 136 

Crompbeck, 60 

Crookburn beck, 2 n 

Crookdake, see Crokedake 

Crosby, or Cross Canonby, 41, 97, 127, 
156, 157; the name, 31 

and Lynstock barony, I35n, 156 

, High, 42 

Little, 36, 41, 45, 97 

Croseby, Adam de, 175 

Cross Canonby, see Crosby 

Cross, the true, relic of, at Carliell, 41, 
42, 99 

Crosthwaite, 169 

Crowdundle, 2 n 

Crusading, 10, 13, 41 

CuLGAiTH, 115, 116 

Culwen, Gilbert de, (3 E. 11) 171 ; Gilbert 
de {3 R. 11) 36; Sir Henry, 50; 
Hugh de, 175 ; Nicholas, 50; Patrick, 
Abbot ofCauder (29 E. 1) 20 ; Patrick 
de, 33 ; Patrick, de Workington, 36; 
Walter de, 166; Wm. of Working- 
ton, 50 ; Wilham de (19 R. Ii), 172 
see also Curwen 

Culwen lordship, Galway, 35 



Cumberland, its boundaries, r-3 ; William 
the Conqueror's disposition of it, 4, 
160; the earldom resigned to H. i, 
128; the county given to David, 
K. of Scots, 59, 89, 100, 129; and 
afterwards redeemed, 25, 119 

, commonalty's petitions, 169 

, conservators of the peace, 

(15 E. I), 170 

, cornage of, 173 

coroners : 



Warthwic, John de, 162 
-, earls of: 



Cliffords, 6; Clifford, George, (t. 
Denton), no, 167 [?] 

-, knights of the shire : 



Curwen, Patrick, 167 
Dalston, Sir George, ib. 
Lowther, Sir John ; Sir Robert, 70 n 
loan commissioners, (2 



Car. i), 167 

-, sheriffs : 



[Bastenthwaite, Alexander de], 3) 

E. II), 171 

Culwen, Gilbert de, 76 

Harcla, Michael de, i6g 

Lowther, Sir Hugh, 70 n 

, Sir Richard, ib. 

, William de, (4 H. ir), 175 

, (t. H. iv), 180 

Mulcastre, William, 580 
Salcock, VVilliam de, 164 
Skelton, Richard de, 177 
Tilliol, Robert de, 162 

A list is in Gilpin's MS., v. 

' , its early History,' very 

misty, i. 

Cumberland and Westmorland granted to 

de Meschines, 4; 'planted' with 

Southerners, 96; History wanted, ii 

Archaeo- 



logical Society, their reason for 
publishing this Accompt, ii ; their 
Transactions referred to, iii, 4n, 5n, 
i8n, 23n, 33n, 450, 6Sn, I27n, 141D 

Cumbersdall, S4n, 135 

Cundall, or Cundell, Ralph ; William, 65 

Cuquyntyngton, 132 n 

Curcy, John de, 62 

Curwen, , of Workington, bought 

Rotington ; Sir Chris, de, 66 ; Eldred, 
(t. Fleming); Henry (1687), 25n ; 
Nicholas, of Workington (t. Denton) 
33; Sir Patrick, 167, 16S; Thomas, 
25n ; the family owned Ireby, 34 
see also Culwen 

'Curwens, (the), of Workington Hall,' 
5", .>3n 



Dacre ; Dacre fell, &c., 167 

Dacre, Lord ,87: Lord , 104: 



igi 



Lord , 142 ; Lord , (23 H. 

VI) 140; Lord (t. H. vin), 150 ; 

, of Lanercost, m. Thomas 
Featherstone, 124 n; purchases 

Christian de Castle Carok's share, 
137 ; Anne, 70 n, i I3n, 132 n ; Chris- 
topher, 82, 125, 141 n 142; Dorothy, 
150 n ; Elizabeth, m. Lord Wiliiam 
Howard, 70 n, 132 n, I34n; Elizabeth, 
m. Thomas Musgrove, I53n, Eliza- 
beth [Graystock] 112, 124; George, 
70, 70 n, I34n ; Henry, of Lanercost, 
son of Christopher (1610), 125, 141, 
142 ; Henry of Lanercost, (ob. 1696), 
141 n ; Henry, of Lanercost, m. Mary 
Sibson, loi n; Henry of Lanercost, 
150 n; Hugh, 70; Humphrey, 70, 
72, II 9; James, of Lanercost, 1410; 
Joseph, alias Appleby, 150 n; Leon- 
ard, (t. Eliz.) 70 n, 81, 124 n, 132 n, 
167 ; Mabel, [Parr], 119; Margaret 
[Multon] (ob. 36 E. Ill) 69, 1 38, 
143, 147, 163 ; Mary [SibsonJ loin; 
Randal (t. H. vi) 119; Randulph 
(ob. 13 E. Ill) 69, 137, 138, 147; 
Ranulph, the 2nd, of Burgh and 
Gilsland, 6g, 70; Ranulph, the 3rd, 
70; Richard, 81; Lord Thomas (t. 
H. vi) 72, 118, 119; Lord Tho- 
mas, (t. H.viii) 112, 124; Thomas 
Lennard, Lord, (1687), I24n; Sir 
Thomas (tt. H. viii & E. vi) 
82, 125, I40n, I4in, 142, 160; Sir 
Thomas, of Lanercost, the 2nd, 
I4in; Thomas, the ist; 2nd ; 3rd ; 
4th, 70; William, father of Ran- 
dulph (i); William, of Burgh and 
Gilsland (ob. 35 E. lii), 69; Wil- 
liam, (ob. 22 R. 11) ; William, 
the 2nd, 70 ; William, son of Rich- 
ard, 81 ; William, of Lanercost, I4in 

Dacre family of Burgh and Gilsland, 
their descent 70, i4on 

Dacre family of Lanercost, the pedigree, 
140 n, 150 n 

Dacre family (one or the other) held : 
Brampton, 138; Croglin parva, 125; 
part of Gamelsby, 75 ; part of 
Nether Denton, 139 ; part of Wam- 
pool, 75 

Dacre Castle, i 

Djen, or Daein, 139 

Dalegarth, oj- Awstwaite, 15S, 159: — 

'4 
DalemAIN, 113, 114:— n3n ; the name, 

113 
Dale Raghonbeck, or Dale Raughton, 

122 n, 125 
Dalston, iii, 65, 66, 85, 101 
Dalston, Great, Barony of, 89-93 :— 

40, 67, 89, 93 ; the forest, 89, 90 
Dalston, Little, 92, 93 



Dalston, , of Dalston, 38n ; , 

m. John Denton, iii; Adam, son of 
Henry, 92 ; Ann [Tirrell] ; Catherine, 
TTolson], 93; Christopher, 49; Sir 
Christopher, 167; Eleanor, 49; 
Frances, [Warcop], 93 ; Sir George, 
93, 167, 16S; Henry, son of Adam, 
92 ; Henry, son of Henry, 93 ; Henry, 
son of Reginald; Henry, son of 
Simon, 92; Sir John, iii, 64-66, 168; 
John, of Parton, 73 ; John, son of 
Henry ; John (his son) ; John, son of 
Robert, 93 ; John, son of Thomas, 
65, 66, 93 [.'] ; John, m. Ann Tirrell, 
93; John, Seneschal of Burgh; 
John, of Acorn-bank, 171; Mabel, 

[Denton] ; , m. Ribton, 93 ; 

, of Acorn Bank, m. Thomas de 
Warkworth, 106 n; Reginald de 
Vaux de, 92; Robert de Vaux de, 
Sg, 92, 128; Robert, son of Henry, 
93; Simon, son of Henry, 92; 
Thomas, 49 ; Thomas, de Caldbeck, 
55 ; Thomas, of Parton, 73 ; Thomas, 
64-66, 93 ; William, prior of Carliell, 
98 

Danby, Robert, 172, 17S 

Daniel, chaplain of Tryermaine, 143 

Daniel, or Danyel, Isabell [Colvill], 72 ; 
Margaret (ob. 44 E. 1 11), Thomas 
(ob. 23 E. Ill) 72, 87 

Danish harrying of Cumberland, 96, 97, 
121 

temple at Thursby, 93 

Danvers, Robert, 178 

Dapifer, Richard, 162 ; see also Godardus 

Darwent R., 5, 7, 33, 34, 37, 38, 40, 44, 
50, 160; the fishery, 35 

David, K. of Scots, 29, 59, 60, 89, 100, 
129, 157 

David, son of Tirry, 140 

Dawes, Lancelot, prebendary, 168 

Dayncoiirt, Radulf, 171 

Dean, 5, 40, 44, 170 

Deans of Carliell, — List, 99 

Dearham, 23, 42, 61 

Dedications : 

S.-S. Trinity, 98, 99, 165. For others 
see among the Saints, infra. 

del Diks, or del Dykes, William (16 R. 
11) 174; William, (4 H. 11) 176; see 
also Dikes, and Dykes. 

del Hall, Thomas Denton, 140 

del Highmore, Robert (6 H. iv), 176; 
see also Heghmore, a?id Highmore 

del Lathes, Thomas, and Alice [de 
Langrigg] 58 

del More, John; Robert, 13S 

del Park, Stephen, 1 7R 

del Sandes, Thomas, 174, 175 

Dene, see Dean 

Denham, m. John Weston, G;^ n ; 



192 



Sir John, and Margaret [de Wig- 
ton], 63, 63n, 118 

Dent, Westmorland, 123 

Denton, 139 : — 12S, 141, 145 ; the name, 

Denton, , [Dalston], iii ; of 

Cardew, iv, S3; m. Addock, 

145; Adam, 140; Anketin, or Aske- 
till de, 137, 140; George, 73n; 
Isabel [Copley], 140; Joan [ ] 

94; John, of Cardew, 73; John, of 
Cardew, log; John (t. H. VI ), 118, 
119; John, son of John, 140; John, 
of Cardew, son of Sir Richard, 118; 
John, son of Richard, (23 H. vil), 
140; John, m. Joan, 94; John, son 
of Robert, 137, 140; John, son of 
William, 118; John de, 163; John, 
the author, iii-vii., 6Sn, 92 n, I54n ; 
origin and particulars of MSS. ot his 
' Accompt,' iii-vii. ; Letitia, [Vachell] 
vii ; Mabel, 93; Margaret; Richard, 
son of Thomas, 140; Sir Richard, 
118, 140, 162, 165; Robert, son of 
Anketin de, 137, 140; Robert, son of 
Robert, 140; Robert de, 163; Tho- 
mas, of Warnell, iii., vii.; Thomas, 
of Warnell, 50, 140; Thomas son of 
Adam ; Thomas, son of John, 140 ; 
William, 73 ; William, i iS ; William, 
(6 H. iv) 176 ; " two persons of thi>j 
name," ii 

Denton family, of Cardew, held Gamels- 
by, 74; Grinsdale, 80, 81; Parton, 
73n ; part of Skelton, log; their 
burial place at Lanercost, 141 

Denton Holme, 155 

, Nether, 139, 140 

, Over, 139, I39n, 140 

Dereham, see Dearham 

Dergh, or Derig, see Dregg 

Derwent, see Darwent R. 

fells, 172 

Dialect : 

.BoHi of kine, 78 ; Botret, 50; Bowling, 
77 ; Heyiiing, 78 ; Lath, 76 ; Myre 
Dromble, 74, 78; Neese, 77 

Dikes, Wm., (8 E. 11) 66n ; William de 
(t. H. iv) 180; see also del Diks and 
Dykes 

DiKESFIELD, 79 

DiSTlNGTON, or Dissington, 32 : — 31, 61, 

65 ; the name, 32 
Dockwray, 39 

Dolfin, or Dolphin (father of Orm), 13 
Dolfin, 42 

, son of Ailward, 36, 41, 45 

, son of Gospatrick, 42 

Dolphinby, see Dovenby 
Donersdale, see Dunnersdale 
Dorpe, or Turpe, Robert de, 51, 52 
Dorset, Gray, Marquess of 28; John 



, Marquis of, 33 ; Parr, Mar- 
quis of, 27 
Dovenby, Dolphinby, or Dovenbie, 45 
Dovenby, Benedict de; Richard de ; the 

family, ib. 
Dover Castle, 166 
Downhall, Aikton, 71 
Drawdykes, 23n 
Dregg, Dergh, or Derig, 20 : — 5, 21 ; the 

name, 20 
Drengage, tenure by, 103, I03n 
Drinics, 103 
Drumbugh, Drumbogh, or Drumburgh, 

77, 78 : — 50, 76, 77 ; the name, 78 
Drumleyning, 73, 74: — 72; the name, 

73. 74 
Duckett, Sir George, his 'Pipe Rolls of 

Cumberland, &c.,' cited, 5n, I27n 
Duddon, Dudden, or Duden, R., 1, 3, 5, 

S, g, 14, 38, 160 
Dugdale, his ' Monasticon ' cited, 160, 

179 
Dunbar, Gospatrick, earl of, 4, 5, 25, 34, 

40, 48, 62, gg, 107, I2g 
Dunbretton, 75 
Dunbretton, or Dunbraton, Henry, 76, 

76n ; Robert de, 75 ; Robert de, son 

of Robert, 76, 76n 
Duncan, brother to David K. of Scots, 6 
Dundragh, or Dundraw, 20, 32, 41, 59, 

62, 64, 65, 84n, 86 ; the name, 64 
Dundragh, Ada de, 65; Agnes, 31; 

Cicely de, 65; Sir Gilbert de, son of 

Odard de Logis, 32, 64, 83 ; Sir 

Gilbert de, son of Sir Gilbert, 32, 61, 

64, 83; Isolda de ; Matilda de, 65; 

Simon de 64 

see also de Logis 
Dunmail, King, i 
Dunmail, or Dunnimail Raise, ib. 
Dunnerdale, or Duddenerdale. 40 
Dunnersdale, 13, 15 
Dunstanmill, Robert de, 162 
Durant FltzChristina, 62 
Duresm, S. Cuthbert of, g7 
Durham county, 2 
Durham, H. bp. of, (t. H. 11), \6i 
Dutchmen 'planted' in Carliell, 96 
Dykes, Isabel, 86 ; Robert, 66n ; VVilliam, 

86 ; the family, 79 

see also del Diks, and Dikes 
Dykesfield, see Dikestield 



Eaglesfield, 5, 40, 44 

Eaglesfield, Eglesfield, or Eglisfield, 
John, 177; Margery [de Castle 
Carok] 136, 137, Richard, 58; 
Robert, 123; William, 136, 137 

Eamont R., see Aymot 

Eastholm, 42 

Eastholm, or Estholm, Island of, J2, 94 



INDEX. 



19.] 



Easton, 7.8 :— 77, 106, 148 

Easton, North, 148 

Easton, John de, alias John de Mulcas- 

ter, 65 
Eden R., i, 3, 4, 49, 52, 67, 77, 78, 82, 

86,89, 95> 107, '15, iiS, 119, 122, 

125, 127, 133, 14S, I53n, 156, 157, 
T65; the fishery, 61, 106, 160, i6i, 
164, 165, 168 

Edenhall, Robert, prior of Carhell, 98; 

Roijer de {15 E. u), 165 
Edenhall, jig, iign, 120, i2on: — 51, 
52, 61, 109, 1130, 115, 119; the name, 
119 
Edmond 'Crouchback,' 6, 44 
Edward I., 6, 16, 44, 49, 65, 87, 107, 1 10, 
122, 123, 145, 1O4 

■ • 11-, 6, *63 

III., 149, 163, 164 

IV., 119, 145 

VI., gSn, 140 n, I5in, 160 

Edward, Black Prince, 140 

Edward Crouchback, see Edmond 

Edwin, 165 

Eglesfield, or Eg'lisfield, see Eaglesfield 

Eglionby, , [= Aglionby .'] 84n 

E^re stream, 24 

EGREMONT BARONY, 4—39 1—40, 
132 

EgRiiMONT, 5-8 ; — S-IO, 19, 2Z, 24, 25, 27- 

31, 43, 44, 47, 50, 65, 69, 159, 160, 
173 J the castle, 5, 7, 11, 173 

Eldred, 28, 107 

Eldred, John, i24n 

Eleanor, Q. of H. II., 6 

Elan, Dame , 158 

Elizabeth, Q., 27, 15S 

Ellys, I homas, (t. Denton) so; William 
(8 E. IV) 50, 78 

Eln, or Elne R., see Aln R. 

Elneburgh, 61 

Elneburgh, Richard de, ib. 

Embleton, Emelton, or Ireby Emelton 
38, 39 :— 44, 56, 154 ; the name, 38 

Emethwaite, 37 

Emsant, son of Walter, 106 

Enerdale, see Eynerdale 

Engayne, Ada de, 46, 47, 68, 125 ; Hen- 
ricus (?) 155; Ibria [Estrivers], 68, 
124, 155 ; Radulf, Ralph, or Ran- 
dulph, 42, 46, 54, 59, 67, 68, 124, 

126, 155; William de, 46, 68, 125; 
the family held E?urgh Barony, 67, 
and Kirkoswald castle, 124; the 
family burial place was at Lanercost, 
141 

ENGLEWOOD FOREST, 89-1 11 :— vi, 
4, 54, 55, 60, 66, 112, 120, 151, 152, 
167; tithes of its churches, 96; 
forestership, 67, 6g, 124 

English, Julian ; William [father and 
son], 117 



Ennerdale, 166, 167 

Enoc, parson of Walton Kirk, 143 

Epitaphs : Salkeld, Sir Francis, I35n ; 

Vaux, Roland, 166 
— er — , in place names, 40 
Escrick, 132 n 

ESK, or lVdDALL BARONY, 148, 149 
Esk, in Lyddall, 148 
Esk, or Eske, R., 3, 3n, 8, 12, 17, 19 ; 

the fishery, 173 
Eskdale, 17 
Eskmeal, 18 
Essex, William de Mandevill Earl, 

6; ■, earl of, (21 H. VUl), 179; 

Essex and Hereford, Humphrey de 

Bohun, Earl, 94, 94n 
, H. de, the constable, (t. H. 11), 

162 
Essex men ' planted ' in Cumberland and 

Westmorland, 96 
Estholm, see Eastholm 
Estholme, Agnes [Gosford], 21 
Estrivers, Trevers, or Trivers, Ibria de, 

67, 125 ; Robert de 67 
see also Trives 
Estuteville see Stutevill 
Etard, 31 

Etardby, 155; the name, 3f 
Evard, 14 

Everardus, abbot of Holm Cultrum, 93 
Everington, or Harrington, [i/.u.JRobert, 

21 
Everton, Sylvester de, bp. of Carliell, 90 
Evill, Robert, and Eva de [de Ireby], 122 
Exeter, 99 

Eyen Thorns, or Old Thorns, 76 
Eyn stream, 24 
Eynerdale, 25, 27 : — 24, the name, 27, 

40 



Fairbank, 120 n 

Fairtlough, Major, iii 

Falcard, Julian, (t. H. m) i2i 

Fald, 78 

Fane, Sir Henry, 167 

Fargus, Lord of Galloway, see Fergus 

Farlam parva, 13S 

Farelam, Farlam, or Farleham, 137, 
138 :— 129, 141 

Farleham, Adam de, (Windsore) 137 : 
John de, 13S 

Fawcett, Mrs., iv., v. ; John, vi. 

Featherstone, Heneage; Henry; Tho- 
mas; Sir Timothy (t. Car. l) 123 n, 
(16S7) 123 n, 124 n; Timothy Timo- 
thy (1749) I24n 

Featherstone of Featherstonhaugh {or 
— halgh), 123 n, I24n; their arms, 
124 n 

Featherston-haugh, ib. 

Felter, Sir William, 172 



194 



Felton, Adam, prior of Carliell, 98 

Fennland, see Fingland 

Fenton, 142, 143 

Ferous, Lord of Galloway, 35, 42, 51, 62 

Ferguson, R. S., his MS. of the ' Ac- 
compt,' described, vi. ; his paper on 
Gilsland Barony referred to, 4n, 68n, 
I27n ; notes by him are on pp. 2-5, 
7. S, 12, 13, 17, iS, 22-27, 33, 45. 46, 
60, 66-69, SS, 91-9-I, 98, III, 122, 
127, 12S, 139, 141, 15S, 160, 179 

Feritate, Agnes de, 5S ; William de, 75 ; 
the family, 78 ; the name, 49 
see also Brun 

Ferrybriggs, 119 

Fetherston, see Featherstone 

Fingland, Finland, or Fennland, 
76 :— 77 

FitzBrun, see Brun 

FitzDuncan, see Romeley 

FitzEmpress, Henry = Henry 11 ('/.«.) 

FitzWalter lands, 173 

FitzVVilliam, Henry, 13 

FitzWych, Godfrey; William, 15 

Flemby, see Flemingby 

Fleming, , of Ridal, holds Becker- 
met, 23; Alicia, of Adingham, 33 ; 
Catherine, i5on; Eleanor, 7in; Sir 
George, Bt., dean of Caeliell, 99; 
and afterwards bp. of Carliell, v., 
91, 92 n, 99, ijon; Hugh, 12 n; 
John (t. E. 11) 23 ; [Michael le, Kt.] 
5; Michael, of Adingham (t. H. ui) 
33; Reginer, 23; Thomas (t. E. in) 
23; William, of Adingham, 33; 
William, of Ridal, 71 n ; the family 
held Becker met, 28 ; and a younger 
branch held Rotington, 25, 25 n 

Fleming, Sir D., notes by him are on po. 
2.5^35, 4i> 50, 159 

Flemingby, or Flemby, 33-35, 41, 97; 
the fishery, 35 

Flemings ' translated ' from Carliell, 102, 
103 

Fletcher, Bridget, 23 n ; Sir George, Bt., 
of Hutton, 38 n, 50 n, 148 n ; George, 
son of Sir George, Bt., 38 n ; George, 
son of Lancelot; Henry, 32 n ; 
Henry, 3S; Sir Henry, Bt. of Hut- 
ton, son of Sir Richard, 38 n ; Sir 
Henry, Bt., of Hutton, (1687), 32 n, 
38 n; Lancelot, son of George; 
Lancelot, son of Henry, 32 n, Mary, 
m. Sir John Lowther, 7in; Mary, 
wo. of Sir G. Graham, i4Sn; Sir 
Richard 23 n, 32 n, 38, 38 n, 7in, 
inn, 167, 168 ; Thomas, of Cocker- 
mouth, 23n, 38, 38 n ; Thomas, son of 
Henry (founder of Hutton family), 
32 n ; Thomas, of Moresby, 38n ; 
William, of Moresby, 32 n 

' Formulate Anglicanum ' cited, 17 1-174 



Forster, Arthur, loin, 153 n; Henry; 
John ; Nic, loin. 

Fortibus, de, see Albemarle 

Foundation laying ceremony, 97 

Fourness, 20, 33 ; how separated from 
Cumberland, i 

Abbey endowments: Butle, 12; 

Milium, (Kirksanton) 13, (Monk- 
force), 9, 12, 13; Whittingham, 12; 
the Abbot a money lender, 13 

France, invasion intended by, &c., 166 

France, or Francois, Gilbert, (ob. 6 E. i) 
53, 87; John, 55; John; Rich- 
ard, 87 

France, Francigenae, Francoys, or 
French family of Rothcliff, their 
origin, 87 

Freerhall, or Friar Hall,** Caldbeck, 55, 
62 

Frisia, Humphrey, lord of (2 H. vi), 177 

Frisington, 27, 28 : — 5, 23, 86 

Frisington, Agnes; Johan ; Ma., 27; 
the family 27, 28 

Frissold, Sir James, 94 

Fritthenet profits, 173 

Fugatores in records, = ' hounds,' 10 

Fulthorp, Thomas, 17S 

Purness, set Fourness 

Furnival, Ada, 71; Ada [de Morvill] 
68; Wm., Lord, 68; Wilham, 71 

Fynes, Eleanor ; Giles, 87 



Gaitfald, Richard, and Johan, 27 
G.\ITSKAILL AND RaUGHTON, IoS, 

109; the name Gaitskaill, 108 
Galfrid, the earl, (t. H. n), 162 
Galfridus, prior of Carliell, 98 ; see also 

Gaufrid 
Galloway, 35, 42, 51, 62, see also Fergus 

, Mule of, 1 8 

Gamel, 31, 74, 121 ; Gamel, son of Welp, 

61 

see also Castle Carok, and Brun 
Gamelsby, 52, 56, 57, 67, 72, 75, 117, 

167; the name, 31, 74, 121 
Gamelsby and Biglands, 74, 75 

Glassonby, 121-123 : — 



124, 125 ; see also Glassonby 
Garebrad (field-name) 24 n 
Garleton (=Carleton (/.v.), Guy, dean 

of Carliell, 99 
Garnerie forest, 94 

Garth, John, and Johan [Gosford], 21 ■ 
Gatescale ward, 167 
Gaufrid, the abbot, 161 
Gaunt, John of, duke of Lancaster, 149 
Gelecrag, 2 

Geltsdale, 141 ; Geltsdale Forest, 2 
Gernon, Gerun, Vernon, Waryne, 

Werun, o)- Worun, Ada, 69, 71, 144; 

F'^leanor [FynesJ, S7 ; Hawise, 72 : 



INDEX. 



195 



Helewise, [ ] 71 ; Johan [de 

MorvillJ, 68, 69, 71, 144; Richard, 
m. Helewise, 71; Richard (22 E. i); 
Richard (his son), S7; Sir Richard, 
47, 6S, 6g, 71, 144; Sara, see Ada 

Gibbon, Thomas, dean of Carliell, 99 

Gilamor, son of Gilandus ; Gilamor, his 
cousin, 143 

Gilandus, 143 

Gilbert, fil. Boet = Gillesbewetli [(/.i'.], 
161 

■ son of Gospatrick, 35, 110 [?] 

Gilcruse, Gilcrouse, or Gilcruce, 23, 41, 
45> 4S, 56 

Gil'. = ].. VaLles=¥r. VauLx, 127 

Gillesbeweth, Gillesbueth, or Gill son ot 
Bueth, i., 1270, 129-131, 139, 142, 
145. 161 ' 

Gillesbred, or Gillesby,held Hensingham, 
26 

Gillesland, see Gilsland 

Gillesby family, 129 

Gillet, John, 142 

Gillmartinridden, S3 

Gilmyn, 41 

Gilpin, Sir Joseph D.A., vi.; Richard 
(16S7), 153 n, 154 n; Richard ( 1749), 
154 n; Susannah Maria, 150 n; Wil- 
liam, iv-vii, 7 n, 92 n, I54n; his 
notes are on pp. 22-27, 30, 32, 36, 
3S, 45, 47, 4S, 52-55, 57> 58, 63, 64, 
67, 7°- 73, 75, 76, 84-S6, 93, loi, 
107, III, 113, u6, 119, 120, 123, 
124, 132, 134, 135, 137, 141, 148, 150 

Gilpin MS. of the ' Accompt,' vii 

Gilsland, i. 5, 21, 22, 67, 6g 70 n, 71, S9, 
gin, 118, 155, 163-165; the nanne, 
127 

Gilsland, Thomas de, 175, see also Vaux 

GILSLAND BARONY, 127-147:— 4 n, 
I27n, 160, 161, 1 67 

'Gilsland, Barony of,' (Ferguson) 4n, 
68 n, 127 n 

, Seneschal of, 163 

Gisburne Priory endowments : Appelton 
and Bridekirk, 41 

Glanfillough, or Glan Llough, 30 

Glanvill, Ranulph, 131 

Glasgow, bishops of, 62, 94 

Glassenby, see Glassonby 

Glasson, 78 : — 4g, 77, 121 ; the name, 
78 

Glasson, William de ; the family, 7.S 

Glassonby, or Glassenby, 56, 57, 78 ; the 
name, 121 

Glassonby AND Gamelsby, 121-123 :— 
124, 125, 151 

Glass-oon, 121 

Glencoin, or Glencune beck, see Glenk- 
wen 

Glendergh, 20 

Glenkrhodden beck, i 



Glenkwen beck, i, 2 n 
Glonnd, Sir William de, 165 
Gloucester, , duke of ( 10 H. v), 166 ; 

Humphrey, duke of (2 H. Vl), 177; 

Richard, duke of ( = R. m), irg, 

145 
Goard, 161 
Godardus dapifer = Godard de Boyvile, 

Godfrey FitzWych, 15 
GOSFORD, or Gosforth, 21 : — 5 
Gosford, Agnes; Ellen; Isabel; Johan; 

Mariotte ; Robert, 21 
Gosforth, see Gosford 
Gospatrick, see Dunbar, earl of 

, fil. Macbenok, 145 

, son of Orme, 2S, 2g, 34, 35, 

42, 56, 60, 97, no 

natural son of Alan son of 



Waldeof, 42 



Waldeof, 52 



53" 

Graham, m. Sir Edward Musgrave, 

iS3n; Fergus, I48n ; Sir George, of 
Netherby, Bt., 3Sn, i4Sn ; Col. 
James; Mary [Annandale] ; Rey- 
nold ; Sir Richard, Bt., (t. jac. l); 
Sir Richard ^created Visct. Preston), 
I48n ; Robert, of the Fald, 78 ; 
VVilliam, dean of Carliell, 99, i4Sn ; 
the family settled in Lyddall, 14S 

Grange de Terms, Holm Cultrum, 60 

Gray, '»- Grey, , Marquess of Dorset, 
2S ; the family owned Eynerdale, 27 

Gray, Thomas, 33 

Graysothen, see Crakesothen 

GRAYSTOCK BARONY, 1 1 2-1 14 ;— Sg, 
ii3n 

Graystock, Greystock, or Greystoke, 40, 
48, 54, 55, 70 n 

Graystock, Greystock, or Greystoke, 
Elizabeth de, 112, 124; John de(ob. 
34 E. l) 20, 112; John de, son of 
Ralph, (8 H. v), 113, 166; Ivo de, 
112; Lyolf de, 48, 112; Lyolf, (his 
son), 48 ; Phorme, son of Lyolf, 48, 
H2; Ralph, or Ranulph de (tt. 
Steph. & H. ir), 112 ; Ralph de, (t. 
E. i) ; Ralph de ; Ralph de, son of 
Robert; Ralph de, son of William, 
113; Robert de (ob. 38 H. lu) 112; 
Robert de, (ob. 10 E. 11), 113; 
Thomas de, son of William (10 E. i), 
20, 112; Walter de, William de 
(tt. R. I. & Job.), 1 12; William de 
(ob. 17 E. 1) 20, 112; William de, 
son of Ralph, 1 13 

Greatey, 41 

Grene, Thomas, 172 

Gresmyre, i 

Greysouthen, see Crakesothen 

Greystock, or Greystoke, see Graystock 



igS 



Grindall family, 8i 

Gkinsdale, So, Si : — 82, 141 

Grinsdale, or Grinsdall, Allan, 73, 81; 
Asketill de. So; Gilbert, son of 
Robert, 73, Ss ; Gilbert (?) 81 ; 
Henry, 73, 81 ; Margaret, 81 ; iVlar- 
Rery [ ]) 73; Marriot, m Wm. 

de Arthuret [(/■"•] 73, 81 ; Robert 
and Pavia [ ] de, 155 ; Robert 
de, father of Asketill, 80; Robert de, 
brother of Asketill, 73, 81 ; Robert, 
son of Gilbert, 73, 81 (?) ; Robert, 
son of Robert de. So; Thomas, 73; 
Udard de. So 

Grisedale ; the name, 54 

Grisedale fells, 40, 53, 112 

Gualo, Cardinal, 84, 156 

Gudybour, Thomas, prior of Carliell, 98 

Guide venator, or Guy the forester, see 
Bochardby, Guy de 

Gunhyld, d. of Gospatrick, 34, 41 

, Waldeof, 42, 51 



H. , bp. of Durham (t. H. 11), 162 

Haldan, 121 

, or Halden, 130, 137, 161 

Hale, or Haile, 5, 21 

Hale, Agnes de ; Alexander de, 21; 
Alice, m. Collinson; Alice [New- 
biggin] 1 36 ; Christian (or Constance) 
21; Helen [Newbiggin], 136, 137; 
John ; Margaret [Newbiggin] ; Rich- 
ard; Thomas, 116 

Haltclwgh, 55 

Halton, John, bp. of Carliell, 90 

Hampton, Margery de [Levington], 109, 
and Robert de, 109, no 

Hanover, Humphrey, earl of (2 H. vi), 

1.77 
Hansingham, see Hensingham 
Harbybrow, 75, 150 
Harckley, Harcia, or Hartcla, Henry, 

37; John, 3G, 37, 116, !I7, 165; 

Michael de, 48, 87, 92, 116, 169; the 

family owned Dalston, 92 

for Andrew Harcia, see under 
Carliell, Earls of 
Hardrighall, or Rothcliff, William and 

Matild [Bray] de, 87 
Harlakenden family, 27 
Harper Hill deest in MS., 144 
Harrays, 32 
Harrays, Adam de, 61 
Harrington, 32, 33 : — 7, 32, 33, 78, S6 
Harrington, or Haverington, Lord 

of, bro. of Nicholas, 50 ; James (ob. 

5 H. v), 50, 166 ; John, 20 ; Michael 
de, 24 n, 162; Nicholas, m. 

Brun, 50, 78; Sir Richard (5 H. v. 

6 7 IJ. iv), 50, 166, 172 ; Robert, 20; 
Robert de, m. Eliz, Multon. 7, 28; 



Robert, 21 ; Thomas (19 H. vi) 172 ; 
the families, 32, 33; family posses- 
sions: Arlokenden, Eynerdale, 27; 
Kelton, 28 

Harrington House, or Caldcotes manor, 
loi n 

Harrison, Mary ; -Sir Thomas, of Aller- 
thorpe, 99 n 

Harskeugh, 125, 126: — 125, 141; the 
name, 125 

Hartcla, see Harckley 

Hartley burn, 2 

Castle, Westmorland, 99 n 

Harvey, or Yervan, 155 

Harvy Holme, or Denton Holme, ib. 

Haryngton, see Harrington 

Hasell, Sir Edward, and Dorothy [Wil- 
liams] : Edward, and Julian [Mus- 
grave], 113 n 

Hasting, Alan de, 163 

Hastings, m. Wharton, 133; 

Philip de, 133, 164; Sir Robert de 
(6 E. II), 165 

Haton, see Hayton 

Hatterel and horn on Boyvile arms, their 
origin, 10, 11 

Haverington, see Harrington 

Hawkesley, Gilbert; Robert, 116 

Hawk-keeping, 108 

Hayton, 137: — 42, 47n, 57n, 58, 71 n, 
120 n, 136, 139-141, 143, 153", 154, 
171, 174; the name, 137 

Hayton, John de, 174 

Hayton Castle, 86 n 

Heghmore, Robert de, 179; see High- 
more 

Hell Belyn, or Helvelon, i 

Henrickby, alias Herriby, 68, 124, 155 

Henricus, 155 

Henrietta Maria, Q., 167 

Henry, I., i, 9, 25, 62, 63, 90, 96, 97, 100, 
102, 103, 107, 112, iiS, 119, 122, 123, 

128, 14S, 150, 152, 156, 157, 161 

II., i, 6, 10, 29, 42, 43, 60, 89, 92, 

100, I27n, 130, 131, 137, 139, 142, 
145, 146, 161, 165 

III., 17, 62, 82, 92, 119, 145, 179 

■ v., 166 

VI., 119 

VUl., 13, 17, 24, 31, 49, 55, 62, 

64, 98, 140 n, 141 n, 142, 160, 179 
HENRY AND ADAM FITZSWEINE, 

THEIR BARONIES, 115-126 
Henry, bp. of Winchester, (19 H. vi), 

172 

, the chamberlain, 163 

, son of Sweine, 115, 119, 120 

, FitzDavid (of Scotland), 29, 100, 

129, 157 

, FitzWilliam, m. Goynhill Boy- 

vill, 13 
Hf.nsixgham. 26, 27 : — the name, 26 



197 



Heraldry, see Armorial Bearing's, Crests, 
and .:ieals 

Herbert, 42 

Herbert, Sir Edward, 31 

Hereford and Essex, Humphrey de 
Bohun, earl, 94, 94 n 

Hermit of Sebergham, 95 

Heskat in Caldoeck, or Hesket New- 
fiiarket, 47n, ^s, 55"; the Hall, 47n 

Heslespring' in VV eastward, 52, 170 

Heiining, 74 

Hidleston, see Hudlestone 

Hig-h Close, 86 

Highhead Castle, v. 

Highmore, , sold Westlevington 

to Lord Dacre, 137, 150; Alexander, 
of Harbybrovv, (t. E. iv) 75, 137, 
150; Elizabeth [de Westlevington], 
137, 150; Robert de, 177; see Hegh- 
more, and del Highmore 

Highstreet, the, 159 

Hildkirk, 50, 52, 61 

Hildred, 161 

de Glassonby, 122, 123 

Hinde, Hodgson, cited, i, ii,6Sn,i6on 

Hodleston, see Huddleston 

Hoflun, Westmorland, 68 

holgill, 117 

HolFand, Humphrey, earl of (2 H. vi), 

'77 

HoUebrook, Richard de, 169 

Holm Cultrum, 59-62: — 42, 93; the 
abbey, 14; its foundation, 100, con- 
firmation thereof, 157; its endow- 
ments, 59-62 ; and see m addition : 
Burgh, 68, 98; Crofton, 32; Dar- 
went fishery, 35; Distington, 32; 
Flemingby, 33, 35; Gilcruce, 56; 
Hensingham, 27 ; Hildkirk, &c., in 
Bolton, 52; I^eakley, 13; Moresby, 
32 ; Newby in Lynstock, 157 ; Newby 
in Gilsland, 135, 136; Newby beneath 
Carliell, 75 ; Seaton fisheries, 35 ; 
VVaverton, 64; Waverton, Great, 

66 ; Wigton, 63, 103 ; the char- 

tulary cited, 58; quarrelsome monks 
there, 55; abbot's petitions, 169, 170 

Holmes, 44 

Holy Sepulchre (the), 99 

'Honor and Arms' cited, 162 

Hormesby, John, 66 n 

Horncastle, John de, prior of Carliell, 98 

Horsehead, 2 

Horsley, ; Eliz., or Isabel [Reigny], 

no 

Hoton, Thomas, prior of Carliell, 98 

Houghton, 153, 1530, 154 n, 155 

Hounds termed /u^a<ore5 in records, lo 

How, 51 

Howard, [Charles' father] ; 

, Lord, of Escrick ; Ann, 1320; 
Barbara, ! Lowther], 106 n ; Charles, 



3rd son of E. of Arundel, ii3n; 
Charles, E. of Carlisle, see under 
Carliell, earls of; Eliz., [Dacre], 
132 n, I34n, 171 ; Sir Francis, 134 n ; 
Francis, (1687), To6n, I34n; Jane; 
Mary; Thomas, 106 n; William, 
Lord, 70 n, 132 n, I34n, I35n, 167, 
171 
see also Norfolk, Dukes, and Earl of 

Hubbertby, Hubertby, or Huberby, 31, 
92, !29, 145, 155 

Hubert, abp. of Canterbury, 163 

Hubert, Sir Hen., 167 

Huddlestone, (t. Denton), 14; 

Anthony, 12 ; Ferdinando (t. Jac. l) ; 
Ferdinando (ii) ; Johan, 12 n; Sir 
John, (16 E. i), 11-13, I5> 17; John 
(son of last named), 12, 165 ; Sir John, 
12 n; John (t. H. v), 166, 167 ; John, 
son of Richard (?), 12, 12 n ; Joseph ; 
Margaret, 12 n; Raduloh de, 12; 
Ralph de (S H. v), i66; Richard, 
12. 12 n ; Sir Richard, 12 n ; William, 
12; Sir William, 12 n; the family 
name is rightly ' Pennington ', 12 

HuDLESKEUGH, 1 26 : — 125 ; the name, 
126 

Hudleskeugh, Robert de, = Robert de 
Salkeld, [(/.«.] 

Hugh, bp. of Carliell, 68, 90, 97 

Hugh-Seat-Morvill, 68 

Huntingdon and Carliell, earl of, see 
under Carliell 

Huscock, Henry, and Isabel [GosfordJ, 
21 

Hutchinson, , his ' History of Cum- 

berland ' cited, 160 n, 179 

Huthwaite, 44 

Huthwaite, Gilbert; Thomas de, 36; 
Thomas, prior of Carliell, 98 

Hutton, 32 n, 38 n. Son, 1 1 1 n, 148 n; 
see Hoton 

Hutton, Anthony, 168; Henry, i6g 

Hutton, , of the forest, m. 

Crackenthorp, 117; Hutton-in-the- 
Forest, Thomas of, ib 



Index, ii, iii ; Note thereto, 181, 1S2 

Inglewood, see Englewood 

Insula, Godfrey de, 163 

Ireby, 56, 57:— 34, 42. 52> 57") '531- 
154 n 

Ireby alta, or High, 39, 42, 56 

base, or Market Ireby, 44, 52, 56, 

57, 57n 

Ireby, Adam de ; Allan de, son of Adam, 
56; Christian [ ], 122, 123; 

Christian de, m. Thomas Lascells, 
&c., 52, 53n, 57, 122, 123; Eva de, 
122 ; Isaac de ; John, son of Thomas, 
56, John, son of William, 39; Orme 



INDEX. 



de (son of Gospatrick), 35, 38, 39, 

56; Thomas de, son of Adam, 56 ; 

Thomas, son of John, 39, 56; 

Thomas, son of Orme, 39, 175 [?] ; 

William de, 52, 53n, 57, 122, 123; 

William de, son of Adam ; William 

de, son of Orme, 56; William, son 

of Thomas, son of John, 39, 56 ; 

William, son of Thomas, son of 

Orme, 39 
Irish Gate, Carliell, loi 

Ocean, or Sea, i, 3 

Scots at Carliell, 96 

Irt R., ig, 20 

Irthing R., 2, 127, 139 

Irthington, 138, 139, 141; the name, 139 

Irton, 20 : — 22 

Irton, , holds part of Saunton, 22; 

Mary, 47n; Radulph, or Randolph, 

bp. of Carliell, 20, 90 
Irtondale, 20 

Isaacby, or Prior Hall, Ireby, 56 
ISHALL, 45 :— 42, 46, 47, 47n, 59, 67, 68, 

82, 124, 132, 170, 179 
Isold, d. of Bochard, m. Guy the forester, 

102 
Ivo, lb. 



Jackson, Wm., cited, 4n, 5n, 33n, 45n 

Jakoline le Blonde, 102 

James I. iv., 124 n 

James, m. Wilfrid La wson ; , 

of Washington, 48n 
Jefferson, , his 'Carlisle' referred to, 

162 
Jerusalem, ii, 99, 133 
Johan, d. of Jakoline le Blonde, 102 
John, K., ii, 19, 57, 60, 61, 95, 122, I34n, 

, Baliol, K. of Scots, see under 

Baliol 

, 162 



Karrs-month, 72 

Karthew, see Cardew 

Kellome, James, and Catherine, 39 

Kelloplaw Hill, 2, 2 n, 3 

Kelton, 28 ; — 5, 61 ; the name, 28 

Kendal, Westmorland, iii, 29, 158 

, Ivor Tailbois, ist Baron, 5 n 

Kenelflat, Rotington 

Kent, , earl, of, (49 

Kentishmen ' planted ' in Cumberland 

and Westmorland, 96 
Kerayk, 178 
Kerbec, 159 
Kershope Foot, 2 n 
Kersmier, or Kersmyra, William de 

(? Windsore), 137 
Keswick, iii, 45, 112, 121 
Ketel, Ketell, or Ketellus, father of Alan, 

26 
, , ■ , de Newton, 

34, 59 
, , , of Seaton and 

Workington, 33, 39, 41 
, , , son of Eldred, 



L, 28, 107 



, Abbot of Cauder, 23 

, the clerk, 163 

, prior of Carliell, 97, 98 

, of Culgaith, 116 

, parson of Wicham, 15 

, son of Ponson, 22 

John de , 175 

Johnson, Mercy; William, 86 n 
JoUan, abbot of Cauder, 23, 27 
Julian, d. of Jakoline le Blonde, 



Kabergh, see Langbergh 
Kaderleng, see Catterlen 
Karlom, James, and Katerina [ 
Karlatton, see Carlatton 
Karliell, or Karlile see Carliell 
Karlston, see Carleton 
Karne brook, 167 



^, UlfT, 34 

— , stream, 24 

Ketelton, see Kelton 

Killhope Law, see Kelloplaw 

Kingscot, John, bp. of Carliell, 91 

Kinlos, 164 

Kinmoont, 107 

KiRKANDERS, 79, 80 : — 82, 109 

Kirkanders, Jo. de. Si 

KiRKBRIDE, 63, 64: — 41, 60, 62 

Kirkbride, or Kirkbryde, m. John 

Dalston, 93; , m. Levington, 
151; Euphemia [Levington], 109; 
George, 64; Katherine, 103, 104; 
Richard de, son of Adam ; Richard, 
his grandson, and Richard, his 
great-grandson, 64; Richard (5 E. 
11); Richard, (23 E. [i), 64; Sir 
Richard, (t. E. Ill), 103; Richard, 
(23 E. Ill); Richard (his son), 45; 
Richard, (22 R. Ill), 64; Richard, 
151; Robert de, 64; Sir Walter, 
64, 64 n; Walter, (10 E. 11), 64; 
Walter, 109; Walter, no 

Kirkby Begohe — St. Bees, q.v. 

Klrkby, , holds part of Bolton in 

Copeland, 22; , holds part of 

Gosford, 21 ; Ellen, 21 ; Sir John, 
(39 E. Ill), 39; John, 1 10 ; John de, 
bp. of Carliell, 90; Robert, no; 
William, 21 

Kirkby More, 61, 136 

Kirk Cambock ; the name, 144 

KiRKCROGLIN, I32, 133 

Kirkguiam, 62 

Kirkgunnyon, Galloway, ib. 

Kirkhaugh, 2 



INDEX. 



199 



Kirkland, 73 

, St. Bees, 24 n 

Kirkleving-ton, 69, So, 150, 150 n, 15311, 

154 n 
Kirklevington family held Stapleton, 144 

see also Levington 
Kirkonel, 62 

KiRKOSWALD, 123-125 : — 70, 71, 78, 
12311, 12411, 126, 132, 151 ; the 
name, 123; Kirkoswald Park, 120 

Kirkoswald, John de, 162 

Kirkpatrick, 94 

Kirsksanton, 12-15; 'ts lords, 17 

meil, 18 

Kirthwaits, the, at Seberghatn, 95 

Kitchen, William, 137 

Kite, John, bp. of Carliell, 91 

Knaresborough, Yorks, iii, 46 n, 68 n 

Knayton, Robert, 172 

Knevet, , and Anna [Pickering-], 

153 n ; Anna (aforesaid), 116 

Kopeland, see Copeland 

Korkeby, Korkbie, or Korky, ^eeChorkby 



la Blamire, William de, 163 

Lacy, John de, 157, 158 

la Feritie, Robert de, see Feritate, de 

Laithes, Adam, 66 n ; see also Lathes, and 
refs. 

la More, Robert de, 162 

Lamplugh, 2S-30 : — 2S, 34, 35 ; the 
name, 30 

Lamplugh, Adam de, 29; George, 168; 
John (t. E. !l) ; John — six of them 
— 30; Sir John de (12 H. iv), 172; 
John de, son of Robert, 29; John 
(t. Denton), 29, 30 ; John (ob. 16S8) 
30 n ; Nicholas de, 166; Radulph de, 
29; Robert de (tt. H. II & R. i), 29, 
35 ; Robert de (t. H. 11) ; Robert de 
(t. H. in) ; Robert de,son of William, 
29; Sir Thomas, 45 ; Thomas, son of 
John, 30; Thomas de, son of Rad- 
ulph, 29 ; Sir Thomas (t. Car. l), 167, 
168; Thomas (t. Gilpin) 30 n ; Wil- 
liam de, 29 ; the family owned part 
of Arlokenden, 27, Dovenby, 45, 
Murton, 30; the family arms, 28 

Lamyford, (Scotch Knowe), 2, 2 n, 3 

Lancaster, John of Gaunt, Duke of, 149 

, William de, (t. H. 11) 29, 34, 

35 ; William de (ii), 34 

, owned part of Saunton, 



22 ; John, de Holegill, 117; John (t 

Eliz.) ; Thomas, 167; William, 117 

LaneRCOST, 140-142, 140 n, 141 n : — 

101 n, 124 n, 150 n; the parish 

church, 140 n, 166; the name, 140 

Lanercost, priors of, (not named), 163 

Lanercost Priory, i., 168 ; its foundation, 

131, 141 ; its litigation with Weder- 



hall, 140; its endowments, 141, and 
see in addition Castle Carok, 136; 
Combquinton, 142; Denton, 140; 
Farlam, Little, 13S; Harskeugh, 
125, 126 ; Hayton, 136 ; Owsby, 121 ; 
Walton, 143 ; the priory register ci- 
ted, 129; the site of the priory 
given to Sir Thomas Dacre, 140 n, 
160 

'Lanercost Priory,' paper on, referred 
to, 14 1 n 

Lanflogh = Lamplugh, [f/.i'.] 

Langanby, or Langwathby, 119, 167; 
the name, 1 19 

Langbergh, a'.ias Kabergh, 7S, 79: — 
125 ; the name, 79 

Langcrofts, 76 : — 77 ; the name, 76 

Langdale, Great, and Little, 1 

Langholm, 95 

Langrigg, 58, 59:— 36, 41, 45 

Langrigg, Agnes de ; Gilbert de; Hugh 
de, 58; Isabella de; John de, 59; 
Matilda de ; Thomas de (9 E. i), 58, 
59 

Langthwaite, 15 

Langthwait, Alan de, 133; Waldeof de, 
42 

Langtwaite, 162 

Langwathby, see Langanby 

Lascell, Lascelles, Lasciell, or Lassells, 
Adam, I35n ; Alanus de (6 E. l), 65, 
66; Alan de, 135; Aruinna, 122, 
123; Christian [ ], m. Duncan, 

52; Christian [de Ireby], 122, 123 ; 
Duncan, 52, 53n; Elizabeth de, 65; 
Isabel, m. Walter Routhbery, I53n; 
Isabel de [ ], 66, i35n ; Margery, 
162; Osuina, Oswina, or Oswinna 
de [ ], 134, 134 n, i35n ; Robert, 
134 n ; Robert, son of Adam ; Robert, 
son of William, I35n ; Roger de, 133, 
134, I34n, I35n; Thomas, (15 H. 
Ill), 52, 53n, 57 ; Thomas (37 H. Ill), 
164; Thomas (53 H. Ill, ob. 33 E. 
■) 52, 53n, 122, 123 ; William de (33 
H. 11), no; William de, 133, 134, 
134 n. 1350 

Lasingby, see Lazonby 

la Sore, Robert de, 141 ; William de. So 

Lassellhall, see Lassonhall 

Lassonby, see Lazonby 

Lassonhall, 65; the name, 66 

Lathes, 76: — 72, 76 n ; the name, 76 

Lathes, or Leathes family, ib. 

see alsode\ Lathes, Laithes, Leathes 
and le Leath 

Latimer, ladies , 122; Lords , 

53> 53n> 122; Edmond, Lord, 122; 
Elizabeth, 122, 123; George, Lord 
(10 E. iv), 53n; George, Lord; 
William [father, son, and grandson], 
122, 123; William de, 169 



200 



Laton, , (t. Denton), 113; , ii3n; 
Michael de, 165; Sir Richard de 
(38 H. Ill), Sir Roger (10 E. ti), 
113; Thomas de (6 E. 11), 165 ; Sir 
Thomas (49 E. in); Sir William 
(33 E. Ill); Sir William, (14 H. iv), 
114 

Latton, Andrew, 138 

Latus, , 22 

la Wastdale, William de, 95 

Lawrenceholme, 60 

Lawson, , [Bewly] ; Edward, of 

Ishall ; Georg-e, of Ishall; Henry, of 
Ishall, 47n; Wilfrid, and Maud 
[Ligh], 83 ; Wilfrid, of Brayton,55n ; 
Sir Wilfrid (t. Denton), 47, 470, 168; 
Sir Wilfrid, of Ishall, Bt., (oh. 1688), 
47n, 4S n, 55n; Sir Wilfrid, Bt., (his 
grandson), 48 n ; William, of Ishall, 
(t. Gilpin); William, 47n; he Ishall 
family, 47n, 48 n 

Lazonby, Lasingby, Lassonby, Lesingby, 
or Leysingby, 61, 68, 70, So, 151 

Leakley, or Seaton, 13, 14, 61; the 
nunnery, 13 

Leathes, Adam, 76 

le Blonde, Jakoline; Johan; Julian; 
Matild; Marriott; Sunimote, 102 

le Brun, see Brun 

Leegh, see Leigh 

le Falconer, (or Corney) Michael, 17 

le Flemminge, Bernard, 144; John, 27 

le Fraunceys, John, 163, 164; see also 
France 

Leger, Adam, 102 

le Gros, see Albemarle 

Leicester, Simon de Montford, earl of, 
67, 69 

Leigh, Leegh, Ligh, or Lighe, , m. 

Richard Brisco, 86 ; Dr. , (bro. of 
William), 28; , of Ishall, and 

Agnes [de Skelton], 82 ; lady Eliza 
beth, 179; Henry, 28; John, 179; 
Maud [Redmain], 47; Maud, 83; 
Thomas, 28; Thomas, 47; Thomas, 
of Ishall, 47n ; Thomas, 83 ; Sir Wil- 
liam de (t. H. iv) 27, 172, 176, 177, 
179; William, 28; the Ishall family; 
their arms, 132 

le Leath, de, le family, 76, see Lathes, 
and refs. 

le Marshall, David, 82 

Lennard, Thomas, earl of Sussex, lord 
Dacre, 1 24 n 

Lenos, or Westward Abbey, 131 

le Sergeant, Henry, (t. H. Ill), 121 

Lesingby, see Lazonby 

le Usher, or de Crofton, Adam, and 
Elizabeth [ ], 1070 

Leven R., 86, 148 

Leversdall, or Leversdale, 144, 145 

Leversdale, Robert de (36 E. iii), 144: 



Robert de, 145; Robert de, 163, 164; 
thomas de [father and son], 144, 
145; Walter de; William de (t. H, 

.III), 145 

Levington, 71, 80, 86, 109, 145, 154 

LEVINGTON BARONY, 150-155 :— So, 
82, 146, 150 n 

Levington, Ada de [Morvill], 124; Adam, 
150; Agnes, no; Elizabeth, 137, 
150; Euphemia, 109, 151; Eva, no; 
Hugh de (29 E. I), 162; Hugh 
[father and son], 150; Isabel, no; 
John, 137, 150 ; John (his son), 150; 
Julian, no; Margery, 109; Regin- 
ald, 150; Richard de, 109, 144, 146, 
151, 163 ; the family descended from 
Richard Boyvile, 150 

Levington, West, 86, 150 

Levins, I24n 

Leyburn, Robert, 21 ; Roger, bp. of Car- 
liell, gi, 92 n 

Leysingby, .see Lazonby 

Liddall, or Liddell, see Lyddall 

Lidstone, m. Heneage Featherstone, 
I24n 

Ligh, or Lighe, see Leigh 

Lincoln, R. bp. of, (t. H. in), 162 

Lincoln's Inn, vi. 

Lindby, Roger, 31 

Lindsey, or Lyndsey, Radulph, or Ran- 
dal, 30, 58, and Ochtreda, 42, 57; 
William, 30 

Linstock, see Lynstock 

Linthwaite, 169 

Linton, see Levington 

Littlecomb, Hugh, and Johan [Reigny], 
1 10 

Loan Commissioners for Cumberland, (2 
Car. l), 167 

Lochard, or Lockard, Simon, no; Wil- 
liam, no, 151 

Lochentor, or Lochotor, 62 

Loftie, A. G., cited, 23n 

Logis, Adam de, son of Odard (i), 63 ; 
Adam de, son of Adam (i), 63, 64; 
Adam (ii), 63 ; Alan de, de Hen- 
singham, 59 ; Gilbert de ; Gilbert de, 
de Dundragh, [<?.«.] 64; Johnde, 63 ; 
Odard de, de Newton, or de Wigton, 
32,41, 42, 59, 61-64, 103, 117 [?]; 
Odard de (ii), (iii), (iv), 63; Walter 
de, 63 

London, 49, 124 n, 17S 

Longfield, 72 

Longviller, , and Clementia de [de 

Monthegon], 116 

Long-Waldeof-by = Langwathby, 1 19 

Lonsdale, Henry, 3rd Visct., 70 n, 71 n; 
John, 1st Visct., 70 n, 71 n, 106 n, 
inn; Richard, 2nd Visct., 70 n, 
71 n; , earl of, vii. 

see also Lowther 



201 



Lorton, 37 

Lother of CrokdaiU, 136 

Loug-h, > 1 17; , 137 

Lough-Eanheh, 27 

Loup, or Lupus, see under Chester, earls 
af 

Lovetot, Dyonisia, Idionisia, or Idyonsay, 
63, 103, 117 

Low (the), Denton, 139 

LOWESWATER, 30, 31 :— 7, 32 ; the name, 
30 

Lowson, John, and Agnes, 27 

Lowther, Ann, 57n ; Barbara, io6n; 
Beatrice de, 36 ; Catherine [Thynne] 
71 n, iiin; Sir Christopher, (ob. 
1617), 71 n, I II n ; Sir Christopher, 
Bt., 26 n ; Dorothy, [Clifford], 70 n ; 
Eleanor [Fleming] ; Eleanor, [IVIus- 
grave], 71 n; Geoffrey, (10 H. v), 
166; Gervasius de; Sir Hugh (t. H. 
11), 70 n; Sir Hugh de (t. E. I), 37, 
70 n ; Hugh de (ob. 10 E. Ill), 37, 
70 n, 1 10, III; Sir Hugh (ob. 44 E. 
Ill) ; Hugh (his son) 37, iii ; Hugh 
(ob. IS E. iv) 38, III ; Sir James, 
26n; Sir John (tt- E. lu & R. 11), 
7on; John (t. H. VIII), 38, iii; 
Sir John (ob. 1637), 71 n, 1 1 1 n, 167, 
16S ; Sir John, ist Bt., 71 n, 1 1 1 n ; 
John (his son) ; Sir John, 2nd Bt., 
iiin; Sir John of Whitehaven 
(1687), I26n; Sir John (1686), 73n; 
John, Baron, (ob. 1700), 70 n, 71 n, 
III n; Sir John, of Lowther, [three 
of them], 26 n ; Margaret [ ], 

III; Mary [Fletcher], 71 n ; Richard 
(t. Eli?.) 38; Sir Richard (t. Eliz.) 
1 1 1 n ; Sir Richard (ob. 1607), 70 n ; 
Sir Richard (1610), 37, 38; Robert 
(ob. S H. vi), 37, 70 n. III; Thomas 
(39 & 42 E. III., & 22 R. II), 58; 
William de, (4 H. 11), 175; William 
de, (t. H. iv), 180; the family 
descent, 37, 38, 70 n, 71 n, 111 n; 
their arms, 71 n 

see also Lonsdale 

Lowther, Westmorland, vii, 26 n 

Lucy, m, Peter Tylliolf, 152 ; , 

his petition, 170; , son 

of Thomas, son of Alice, 44; Ada 
[Morvill], 68, 69, 132 ; Alice, d. of 
Reginald [?], 44; Alice, d. of Rich- 
ard, 37, 65, 69, 132; Annabel, d. of 
Reginald, [.'], 44 ; Annabel, d. of 
Richard, 7,69, 132; Annabel, [Rome- 
ley], 6, 7, 43, 44, 51 ; Anthony, m 
Elizabeth Tilliol, 44, 49. '54; 
Anthony (ob. ? 12 E. ill), 45, 45". 
103 [?], 152 n [?] 165; Christian, 37; 
Elizabeth [Tilliol], 44, 154; Geoffrey, 
rS2 ; John, 37 ; Lucy, 7 ; Margaret, 
m. T. de Moresby, 32, 65 ; Margaret, 



m. T. Stanley, 31, 65; Margaret 
[Multon], 20, 44; Maud, 31, 38, 53 ; 
Reginald, 6, 6n, 7, 43, 44, 51 ; Sir 
Richard de (t. Joh.) 6, 7, ig, 26, 2g, 
3'> 37; 4/3 68, 132, 160, 162 ; Richard, 
L.C.J., 131 ; Thomas, Lord, m. 
Margaret Multon, 7, 20,44, 45, 170; 
Thomas, 63; (or Multon) Thomas, 
31, 32, 44, 65; the family held 
Wastdale, 20, and Wigton, 63 ; the 
pedigree confused with that of Mul- 
ton (i/.v.) 37 

Ludbroke, John, and Johan, 87 

LueLl, or Luioall, Saxon names for Car- 
liell, 96 

Lusubalia, LiigubaUiim,OT Luguvallum = 
Carliell, 95 

Lumley, Marmiduke, bp. of Carliell, yi 

Luneless, John, 163 

Lupus, see under Chester, Earls of 

Luwall, or Lue/l, Saxon name for Car- 
liell, 96 

Lyddall, or Liddall, 3, 3n, 145, 14S, 151, 
152 n, 155 

LYDDALL, or ESK BARONY, 14S, 
149:— 51. '46 

Lyddall, or Liddal, Lord Baldwin Wake, 
Baron of, 20 

Lyddal, or Liddell. R., 2, 2 n 

Lyddisdale, 148 

/'.'/", 133 

Lyndsey, see Lindsey 

Lynstock, or Linstock, 97, 127, 155 

LYNSTOCK BARONY, 156-158 

Lyolf, Ada Morvill's ' affinity,' 46 

, baron of Greystoke, 48, 112 

, his son, 48 

, father of Odard, 41 

, Ughtred, 106 

Lyons Yards, 100 

Lysons' History of Cumberland, vi. 

Lyttelton, , bp. of Carliell, v 



Macbenok, 145 

Machell, Thomas, his MS. of the ' Ar- 
compt,' iii 

Madox, T., his ' Formulare ' cited, 
171-174 

Magna Charta, 69 n. So, 125 

Malclark, Walter, bp. of Carliell, 68. 
90, 98, 157 

Malcolm Canmore, 96 

, the maiden, 59, 60 

Malcolumb, K. of Scots, 100, 157 

Mallett, William. 162 

Malton, Sir Henry (32 E. 1), 65, 66' 
Henry de, (t. E. 11), 145; Henry, 
m. Margaret , 152; John de, 

(8 E. II), 65, 66; Margaret [ ] 
152; Margaret (t. E. 11); Thomas, 
36 E. Ill), 145 



202 



Malton, Yorks, 158 

Manby, Sir Thomas de, 1(55 

Mandevill, William, earl of Essex, 

and Hawise [ ] de, 69 

Mansell, , io7n; John; Richard, 

73, 10711 

Mansoild, John, and Matild [fil Adam J, 
1 16 n 

Marches, wardensof, their 'perquisites,' 
173 

Marches, east and middle, Henry, earl 
of Northumberland was warden, 17S 

Marches, western, Thomas Lord Whar- 
ton was warden, 55 

Market Ireby, .see Ireby Base 

Marmion, William, no 

Marshall, David, SS 

Martindale, ; , m. William 

, 59 ; , m. Richard Dacre, 

81 ; Isabel, 59, 153 n [?] ; Ro,s;er, 59; 

Sir William, 154 n, 172; the family 

held part of Grinsdale, 81 

Mary, Q., 8 n, 62, 98 n 

, O. of Scots, 7on, I34n 

Mason, John, 176; Thomas, 172 

' Maston Fittes, le,' 174 

Matilda, or Maud, Q. of H. I., 25, 100 

Matild, d. of Adam hi Sweni, 115 

, Gospatrick, 45 

, Jakoline le Blonde, 102 

Maurice founds Moresby, 31 

Mauriceby, see Moresby 

Maybergh, Holm Cultrum, 60 

Mayby in Kirkonnell, 62 

Meal, Meil, or Mule, 18 

Mealcastre, or Mulecastre, ib. 

Mealdrig-gs, 60 

Mealholm, 18 

Melbeth, 41 

Meldrigg-, 59 

Melmor, son of Haldan, 121 

Melmorby, oj-Melmerby, 117, 118: — 63, 
103, I iS n ; the name, 1 17 

Meol-castre, iS 

Merks, Robert, bp. of Carliell, 90 

Meschiens, or Meschines, Galfrid de, 
160; Matilda de, 36; Radulf, or 
Randolph de, i. 4, 5 n, 24, 27, 34, 
40,43, 62, 67, 89, 92, 96, 100, 104, 
106, 107, 112, 127-129, 143, 14S, 150, 
160, 161 ; William de, 4-6, 8, 9, 24, 
27, 36, 40, 43, 12S, 129, 143, 160, 
161 

Mey, John, bp. of Carliell, 91 

Micenis, see Meschiens 

Michael de Kirkonnell, 62 

, son of Ketell, of Ulfhay, 14 

, the clerk, 163 

Micklethwaite, 73; the name, 15 

Middlesex men ' planted ' in Cumberland 
and Westmorland, 96 

Middleskewg-h,, or Middleskowgh, 85 



Middleton, ; m. Ciak- 

inthorp; m. Thomas of but- 

ton in the Forest, 117; Adam, 57 ; 
Adam, 170; Peter; Thomas, 56 

Middleton-in-Lonsdale, Westmorland, 

, . 29> 34 

Milborn, or Milbourne, Chrysogon ; 
Frances [Trapps], 91 n ; Richard, 
bp. of Carliell, 91; William, vi, vii, 
i6on; his MS. of the 'Accompt' 
described, vi, vii; his Collections, 
160-1S0, his notes are on pp. 22, 
26, 45, ,52, 60, 67, 70, 71, 86, 91, 
92, 98, 99, 105, 106, 111,113, "8, 
122, 124, 140, 141, 150, 154, 158, 159 

Military Service, 166 

MlLLUM, 8-14: — 5, 14-17 n, 50, 61; 
the name, 18; the castle, i, 3, 9; 
fair held there, 17 

Milium, de, see Buyvile 

Milnestones, Hensingham, 27 

Mite brook, 17, 19 

Mitredale, 17; the name, 40 

Moille, Walter, 178 

Molton, Thomas de ; Thomas (his son), 
124 

Moncaster, see Mulcaster 

Mcnceux, Arnand, 58 

Monk Force, Milium, g, 12, 13 

Monmouthshire, 6 

Montacute, Dame Elizabeth (36 E. ill); 
William, earl of Sarum, 83 

Montbegon, Adam de, 1 15, 116 ; demen- 
tia de, 116; Matilda de [d. of Adam J, 

115, 116; Roger de, 115, 116, 118, 
125 

Montford, Simon de, 67, 69 

Moorhouse, , (t. Denton), 28 

Mourthwaite, 15 

Moortovv^n, see Murton 

Moresby, Mauriceby, or Morisceby, 31, 
32 ; the name, 31 

Moresby, Morisby, or Morisceby, Adam 
de (4 E. l), 26; Ann, or Anna, 
153 n; Christopher, m. Margaret 
Tilliol [?.']; Christopher (his son) 
154; Sir Christopher (cb. 28 E. Hi), 
iiO; Christopher (ob. I E. n); 
Christopher (ob. 15 H. vu), 1531; 
Hugh de, 24 n ; Hugh, 61; Isab 11, 
154; James (ob. 37 H. vi), 57 n, 
153 n ; Margaret [ ], 65 ; Mar- 
garet [de Tilliol], 57 n, 153 n, 154; 
Thomas (6 E. l), 32, 65 ; the family 
owned Brackenthwaite (Lowes- 
water), 31, and land in Culgaith, 

116, Distington, 32, Stapleton, 144, 
Torpenhow, 51 

Morevill, see Morvill 
Morland, 106 
Morpat, Thomas, 84 n 
Morrice, Fr., 167 



2o; 



Morten, or Morton, see Murton 

Morthing, John de ; William; William 
de [t. E. ii], i6 

Morton, Adam de ; Gerard de ; Roger de, 
30 

Morvill, Ada, 6S, 131 ; Ada [Eng-ayne], 
6S, her infidelity, 46; Sir Hug-h, of 
Ishall and Burgh, (t. John) i, ii, 46, 
46 n, 54n, 61, 68, 6Sn, 71, 72, 124, 
126, 131, 144, 162; Sir Hugh, of 
Knaresborough, i, ii, 46n, 6Sn; 
Johan, 61, 6S, 6g, 71, 124, 144; John 
de (t. H. 11); Nigell de (t. joh), 
113; Robert, prior of Carliell, gS ; 
Simon de, ii, 126; Walter de, (t. H. 
in), 1 13 ; the family's burial place at 
Lanercost, 141 

Mosdale, the name, 54 

Mowbray, Sir Alexander, 52, 53n, 171; 
Elizabeth; Galfrid, (16 E. l) ; John 
(33 E- I), 53"; Robert de (39 E. 
Ill); Roger (t. E. 11), 52, 53n 

MuLCASTER, 17-19 : — 5, 65 ; the name, 
17, iS 

Mulcaster, , m. Piers Tylliolf, 5S, 

154; , Lord, I3n ; Adam de, 19, 

ign; Alice de, C5, 66 [?] ; Benedict 
de, 6.S ; David, ig, ign ; Johanna de, 
ign ; John de, 19, ign ; John (t. E. 
0,48; John de, alia.^ John de Eas- 
ton, 65, 66; Robert, ign; Robert de 
(t. H. Ill), 51, 57, 58, 73, Sir Robert, 
(t. E. Ill — t. H. IV), 58, 154, 171, 
174, 176, 177, 179; Thomas, 48; 
Walter de, 57, 58; Walter de, 116, 
170; William de, son of Robert, 57, 
58, 5Sn; William de, (tt. E. I & 11), 
171 ; William de, son of Walter, 58; 
William de, alias William de Red- 
ness, 4S; the family held Blenner- 
hasset and Uckmanby, 57, and land 
in Newstaffol, 125, and Torpenhow, 

51 

Mule of Galloway, 18 

Multon, , heir of Henry Multon, (t. 

E .III), 48 ; , his petition, 170; 

Ada [MorvillJ, 68, 131, 132; Alan, 
164, and Alice [Lucy], 31, 37, 65, 
132; Annabel, [Lucy], 37, 44, 132; 
Edmund [? Edward] de, 179; 
Edward, son of Thomas, de Gilsland, 
47, 132; Elizabeth, 7, 28, 33; Sir 
Henry (tt. E. I-IIl), 48, 162, 171; 
Sir Hubert, son of Thomas, de Gils- 
land, 47, 132, 162, 170, (his arms, 
132); Sir Hugh de, 162: Isabel 
[ ] 6g ; Joan, 7 ; John de, son 

of Thomas, 7, 20, 2t, 27, 33, 44, 45 J 
John, son of Agnes Estholme, 21; 
Lambert de, 7, 44, 65, 69 ; Lambert, 
37, 132; Margaret, d. of William, 
47; Margaret," m. Ranulf Dacre. 69, 
138; Margaret, m. Thomas Lucy, 7, 



20, 44; Margaret, [ ] (t. H. 
Ill) 48 ; Margaret de, [ ], 170; 
Matilda, [de'Dundragh], 65; Matild 
[Vaux], 6g, I3i-i32n; Thomas de, 
(i), 7, 37, 44, 47, 6g, 131, 132, 151, 
162, 163, 179; Thomas de, (ii), 47, 
67-6gn, I3i-i32n, 151, I7g; Thomas 
de (iii), de Gilsland, 5, 21 [?], 22, 
47, 6g, 71, 80, 124, 131-132 n, 142 [?], 
144; Thomas de, (iv), de Olsland, 

21, [?], 22 [?], 69, 138, 142 [?]; 
Thomas de, son of Lambert, son of 
Thomas, (i), 7, 28, 32, 44, 65 ; 
Thomas de, ( ) finished Cauder 
Abbey, 22, 23 ; William, son of 
Hubert, 47; William m. Matild de 
Dundragh, 65; the family held 
Brampton, 138 

see also under Lucy 
Muncaster see Mulcaster 
Munchewat, or Munthewath, !6[, 164, 

Murray, see Romeley, William 

Murthing, Richard, 21 

Murton, 30 : — 29; the name, 30 

Musgrave, , m. John Brisko, 86 ; 

, owned Bochardby, 103; 
[Graham], I53n ; Ann, 57n ; Anne 
[Cradock] qgn ; Catherine, S6n ; 
Catherine [Penruddock] ; Cath- 
rine, [Shirbuin], I53n ; Sir Chris- 
topher, Ii3n, I ign, 120 n; Cuth- 
bert, m. Ann Lowther; Cuthbert, 
son of Cuthbert; Cuthbert, son of 
Mungo; Cuthbert, son of William, 
57n ; Edward, 59; Sir Edward, m. 
Catherine Penruddock, 47n, I53n, 
16S [?] ; Sir Edward, Bt., 47n, 150 n 
152 n, I53n, I54n, 168 [?] ; Sir 
Edward, Bt.,of Hayton, 47n, i2on; 
Eleanor, 71 n; Elizabeth [Dacre], 
I53n; Humphrey, log; Isabel 
[Martindale], 5g, I53n ; Julian, 
ii3n; Margaret [Colville], 57n, 
I53n; Marriotta [Stapleton], 120; 
Mary, [Harrison], ggn ; Mungo, son 
of Cuthbert, 57n; Nicholas, 57n, 
I53n; Sir Philip, of Hartley Castle, 
ggn; Sir Philip, Bt., iign, 120 n; 
Phillis [Colvill], 57n, I53n; Richard 
(5 H. v), 166; Sir Richard, Bt., 
I ign; Sir Richard, of Hayton, Bt., 
47n, 57n, 86 n, 120 n; Sir Thomas 
(ig R. 11), 172 ; Thomas (39 H. vi), 
120; Thomas (ob. 27 H. VIIl), I53n ; 
Thomas, dean of Carliell, gg, g^n ; 
William, son of Cuthbert, son of 
Cuthbert ; William, son of Cuthbert, 
son of VVilliam, 57n ; William, m. 
Phillis Colvill, 57n, I53n; William 
(ob. 39 Eliz.) 59, I53n ; Sir William, 
(t. Car. l), 167, 168; William, m. 
Catherine Shirburn, i53n ; William, 



204 



INDEX. 



of Hayton, yin; William, of Hayton, 
47n; the families, iign, 120 n, — of 
Crokedaik, 56, 570, 120 n, 136, 15311, 
— of hdenhall, 120, — of F"airbank, 
of Haton, — 120 n; the family — one 
branch or the other — owned land in 
Kirk Cambock, 144, Levington, 
150 n, Raug-hton, 109, Stapleton 
144 

Musgrave, Westmorland, 120 n 

Mussey, John, 1 18 

Myre-druab'.e, 74 



Naworth Castle, 138, 139 

Nevill, Adam de, 1 16 ; Alexander de, 1 15, 
118; Sir Alexander, (19 H. VI ), 172 ; 
Allan de, 90; Annabel de, 115; 
Elizabeth [Latimer], 122, 123; 
Eufemia, 171 ; Gilbert, or Galfrid, 
de, (16 H. HI), 116; John (12 R. 11), 
52, 53n, 122, 123 ; Sir John de {5 H. 
v), 166; Mabell de, 116; Radulph, 
earl of Westmorland (t. R. 11), 53, 
53n, 119, 122, 123, 145,171 ; Richard, 
118; Richard, earl of Salisbury; 
Richard, earl of Warwick, 145; Sir 
Thomas 173, 174; William de, 115, 
116, 118; the family owned Bolton, 
52, 52 n, 53 

Newbiggen, oj- Newbigging, 84, 116, 154, 
'54n. 

Newbiggin, Alice; Helen; Johan [de 
Castle Carok] ; Margaret ; Thomas, 
135 

Newby, 135, 136, 145 :— S4n, io7n, X35n, 
157 ; the name, 157 

Newby beneath Carliell, 75 

on the Moor, 61 

Newby, Margaret de, 75, 136; Richard 
de, 135, 136; Richard de, (his son), 
75; i35> 136; Robert de, 135; Thomas 
de, 162, 165; Trute de, 75, 135; 
William de, 157 

Newcastle, 86 n, 162 

Newcastle, , duke of, Sn 

New Staffol, or Staffle, 125 

Newton in Allerdale, 59: — 42, 46, 
47, 61 

Newton in Allerdale, , Lord of m. 

Grinsdall, 20 

Newton, Adam de, son of Ketell ; Adam 
de, son of Richard, 59 ; Adam de, 
son of William, 61 ; Ketell de ; 
Richard de, son of Adam ; Richard 
de, son of Ketell, 59 ; Thomas de (t. 
H. Ill) 80, 81, 170; Thomas de, son 
of Richard; Thomas de, son of 
Thomas, 59; William de, 61; the 
family's burial place at Lanercost, 
141 

Newton, J., 179 



Newton Reigny, no, in; the name, 

no 
Neyvill, see Nevill 

Nichol forest, 145 ; origin of name, 148 
Nicolson, William, bp. of Carliell, iii, iv, 

91 

Nooxe, 77 

Norfolk, H. earl of, (t. H. 11), 162; 
Henry, earl of (ob. 1652), 70 n, n3n ; 
Henry, duke of (ob. 1683) 7on; 
Henry, duke of (16S7), 70 n, ii3n ; 
Thomas Howard, duke of, (t. Eliz.) 
70 n, ii3n, I34n ; Thomas, duke of 
(ob. 167S), 70 n 

Normandy, 97, I27n, 128, 145, 160, 165, 
166 

Northampton, William Parr, marquis of, 
28, 33, 15S 

Northskeugh beck, nS, 127 

Northumberland, 2, 4, 29, 119 

Northumberland, Henry, earl of (19 E. 
IV), 178; earl of (t. H. viii), 

64; earl of (t. Mary l), 55, 

Henry Piercy, ist earl, 31, 38, 53. 
Partial pedigree of Percy earls, 
8n. The family held Bolton, 53 n, 
Egremont barony, 7, Embleton, 39, 
Uldale, 49, Wastdale, 20, Wigton, 
93 

Nottingham, 6 n 

Nova Scotia baronets, 71 n, 153 n 

Nunnery (the), Ainstable, iiS 



Oakwood, Seaton, 17 
Ochtreda, d. of Waldeof, 42, 57 
Odard, 161, 163, 164 
Odard, son of Lyolf, 41 

, Odard, 57, 122, 123 

, Odelyne, 122, 123 

, the clerk, 164 

see Chorkby, de, — Logis, de, and 
Wigton, de 
Odelyne, son of Hildred, 122, 123 
Ogle, , earl of, 8 n 

Oglethorpe, Owen, bp. of Carliell, 91 
Olaf, oi-Olave, see Ulf 
Old Grange, Holm Cultrum, 60 
Old Thorns, or Eyen Thorns, 76 
Old Walls, Mulcaster, iS 
Olena=0\ne, or Eln R. (q.v.) 
Oonh-Eanheh, Irish name for Eyn, 27 
Orfeur, , m. William Biisko, 86 

Orme, son of Dolphin, 13 

Ketell, 28, 29, 31, 34, 35, 



41, 42, 56, 60 

Ormesby, the name, 31 

Orreton, i>r Orton, Sir Alan de ; Giles 
de ; Johan de, 82; Sir John de, 82, 
165; Sir Simon de, 82; the family 
held Wiggonby, 83 ; their arms. 
82 



205 



Orton, S2, S3 :— 67, So, 83, 152; the 
name, 82 

Orton, Westmorland, gS 

Osbaldlston, Richard, bp. of CarHell, v, 
92, 92 n 

Osmotherly, Osmunderlauv^, Osmunder- 
lawe, or Osmunderley, Ranulph, 
and Agnes de, 5S ; Thomas de, 177 ; 
William de, (4 H. 11), 175; Wil- 
liam, (S E. 11) 65 n; Sir William 
de {tt. R. II and H. iv), 172, 
174-177, iSo 

Oulton, 63 

OUTERBY, or Ughtredby, Si, S2, 87, 88 ; 
the name, 87 

Overthwaite, the name, 15 

Overton = Orton, q.v. 

OwSBY, or Ousby, I20, 121 ; the name, 
120 

Oxford, iii, iv, 62, 99, 123 



Randolph, S4, 156 

Papcastle, 41, 44 

Rape, or Whitelockway, Margaret, 
[Scaleby], 104 

Pardeshew, 44 

Pardishow, or Pardyshow, John, 176, 
177 

Parnin^, see Parving- 

Parr, Mabel, 119; William, Marquis of 
Northampton, 28, 33, 58 ; the family 
held Carghow, 15S, and Eynerdale, 
27 

Parson's Park, Caldbeck, 55 . 

Parton, 72, 73 : — 73 n, 80, 83 

Parton family, 73 

Parton and Kirkanders, John de. Si 

Parving, Adam (ob. 4 R. 11,— "e Pea- 
cock), 102, 104, 118; Sir Andrew, 
109; Johan, 104; Katharine [Kirk- 
bryde], 103; Margaret, 104; Sir 
Robert, King's Serjeant, 102-104, 
107 n-109, 1 18 

Patrick, son of Thomas son of Gospat- 
rick, 35-36 n, 62 

Patrickson, (of the How), 23 n, 

m. Sir Timothy Featherstone, 124 n; 
Anthony (t. Denton), 28, 31 ; Brid- 
get, m. John Aglionby ; Bridget 
[Fletcher] ; John ; Richard (16S7); 
the family arms, 23 n 

Pavenham, Beds, S n 

Paviefield, 155 

Pawlett, John, 39 

Peacock, Adam, see Parving, Adam ; 
Johan [Parvingl ; John, 104 

Peareth, see Penrith 

Peel tower of Askerton, 120 

Pembroke, Humphrey, earl of, (2 H. vi), 
177 

Pen, 51 



Pennington, , (t. Denton), 21 ; 

, of Mulcaster, 65 ; Adam, de 
Mulcastre, 19, 19 n; Alan (10 Joh.), 
19; Alande ign; Sir Alan (12 H.iv), 
172; Alanus de, 19 n; Benedict, 19, 
ign ; Gamel de, 12; John de, ign; 
lohn, de Mulcaster, ig, ign; John 
(t. Denton), 13; Joseph, iS, 16S ; . 
William de, ign. The family sprang 
from Pennington in Lancashire, 12, 
18 ; and were seated at Eskmeal, iS, 
and owned Mulcaster, 5, iS-ign, 
Ravenglass, 19, Seaton, 17, Waver- 
ton (little), 65, 66 

see also Huddlestone, and Mulcastre 
Penny, John, bp. of Carliell, 91 
Penrith, alias Peareth, i, 4, Sg, 112, 
132 n, 167, 169; the castle, 172; 
the lordship, 173 
Penrith, lohn de, prior of Carliell, gS 
Penruddock, Catherine, 153 n 
Penyngton, Sfe Pennington 
Penyston, John, 21 
Pepper, see Pippard 

Percy, Elizabeth ; Henry, of Pavenham 
[father and son] ; James, ' the 
trunk-maker,' 8n; Radulf de (16 
R. II), 175 

see also Piercy 
Percye, William, bp. of Carliell, 91 

and see Piercy 
Perkins, Christopher, dean of Carliell, gg 
Peter, 162 

Peterson,?.William, dean of Carliell, ib. 
Pett, Frances [Trapps], 91 n 
Petterell R., 95 
Petterellwray, 86 n 
Petworth, 17S 
Philippa, Q., 123 
Phorme. see under Graystock 
Pickering, Ann, or Anna [Morisby] ; 
Anna; Sir Christopher; James, 
153 n ; the family held part of CuU 
gaith, 116 
Picts' Wall, 77, 141, 157 
Piercy, Peircy, or Percy (q.v.), Henry, 
1st earl of Northumberland, 3S ; 
Henry, earl of Northumberland (t. 
H. vill), 49; Sir Ingelram, 8n; 
Walter; William (t. H. in), 58; 
Piercys, earls of Northumberland, 
49 ; partial pedigree, and notes, 8 n 
Pight Wall, see Picts' Wall 
Piknet, Robert, 131 

' Pipe Rolls of Cumberland and West- 
morland ' (Sir G. Duckett) referred 
to, 5 n, I27n 
Pippard, Pippard, or Pepper, Alice 
[RomeleyJ, 43 ; Gilbert, 6, 6 n, 43 ; 
Gilbert ; Margaret, 73 
Pippard, or Courtney (.'), Alice ; Avice ; 
Mavice; William, 43 



INDEX. 



Place, Richard, [father and son], 117 

Plompton, or Ploraton, see Plumpton 
, Plumland, 46 

Plumland, Margaret [Salkeld] ; Thomas, 
121 

Plumpton, 167, 173; Plumpton park, 167 

Ponson, 21, 22 

PONSON'BV, ib. 

Ponsonby, , (t. Denton) ; Alexan- 

der; Richard; Robert; VVilliam ; the 
family held part of Hailey, 21 

Porter, George, 8,1 

Potter, Barnaby, bp. of Carliell, 91 

Powbeck, 72, 73, S3 

Povvley, Stank, i 

Pow Newton, 60 

Powtross beck, 2, 127 

Preston, Richard, ist Visct., and Ann 
[ ], i4Sn 

Prior Hall, Ireby, 56 

Priors of Carliell, — List, gS 

Prysot, John, 178 



Queen's College, Oxford, 123; their MS. 

of the Accompt, iii, iv 
Ouiny, Roger de, 52 n 
Ouixley, John, 172 



R., the archbishop, (t. H. n), 162 

R., bp. of Uiicoln (t. H. 11), ib. 

Raby, Durham, 52, 52 n, 60, 171 

Radcliffe, or Ratcliffe, Dame , 32 n ; 

John, de Cliftley, 72 ; John, m. Mar- 
garet Daniel, 72, 87 ; John, of Long- 
field ; John, son of Richard, 72; 
Margaret [Daniel], 72, 87 ; Richard, 
son of John ; Richard, son of Richard ; 
Richard, father of William ; Robert, 
son of Richard ; Robert, son of 
William ; William, of Longfield ; 
William, son of Richard, 72 

Radulf, prior of Carliell, 08 
see Ranulf 

Raghe; Raghe, R., 108 

Raghton, oi' Raughton, Catherine, 74 ; 
John (t. E. Ill), loS ; John, 121; 
Margaret [StapletonJ, ioq; Richard, 
ro8; Roger, 108, 109; William, son 
of Ughtred; William {t. E. in), 
108; the family were foresters, 95, 
and held Gamelsby, 74 ; their arms, 
108 

Rainbow, Edward, bp. of Carliell, 91 

Raisthwaite, 13 

f-iandoIph-Levington, 14S, 150, 151 

Randulph, son of William, 162 

Ranulf de . . . . toff, Westmorland, 
126 

Ratcliffe, see Radcliff 

Rauf of the waste = Radulph Brun, [</.f.] 



Raughton, the name, 108 

Great; Raughton, Little; 



Fleld-Raughton, Sg, 109 
Raughton a.\d Gaitskaill, ioS, 109 
Raven, R. ; the name, 123 
Ravenglass, ig: — 100; the name, 19 
Raven wick, oy Ravenwike, 123, 125 
Rawgh, 89 

Rasvll, Alan de ; Roger de, 45 
Red deer in Wastdale, 20 
Redes, William de, 164 
Redlee, Peter, 172 
Red main, 45 
Redmain, r»r Redmayne, Edward, and 

Elizabeth [ ], 179 ; Maud, 47, 

47n ; Thomas, 170 
Redness, niias Mulcastre, William de, 4S 
Redlluoaite, 15 

Reed, Robert, bp. of Carliell, 90 
Reigny, Alice ; Elizabeth, or Isabel ; 

Johan ; ]ohn ; William de ; VVilliam 

de (33 H. II) ; William, (ob. 4 E. i), 

1 10 
Relics at Carliell priory, 41, 42, gg 
Relph, Josiah, vi. 
Renegill, Roland de, 164 
Rennok; the name, 123 
Restwold, Ralph, and Julian [English] ; 

Richard; William, 117 
Retrawtrell, Saunton, 22 
Ribton, 41, 44 

Ribton, m. Dalston, gj. 

Richard L, i, 60, 61, 152 

II., 52 n, go, iig, 145 

IIL, iig, 145 



Richard, 162, 163 
Richard, son of Trute; Richard (his son), 
61, 82, 135, 157 ^ 

, bp. of Carliell, 16S 

, Dapifer, 162 

the Rider, 152 



Richardby. or Rickarby, 97, loi, 153, 
153", I54n, 155, 157; the name, 31 

Richardgate, 155 

Richmond, Yorks, ggn 

Richmond, Alan de, 162-164; Isabella de, 
[ ], 162, 163 ; Richard de 165 ; 

Roald de, 164, 165 ; Sir Thomas de, 
162, 164, 165; the Highhead family, 

Rickarby, 'ee Richardby 

Adam de, founder of the house. 



was a Tilliol, 153 
Ridal, see Rydal 
Ride, Radulf de, 163 
Ridley, m. Skelton, 82 ; Nicholas, 

S3 ^ . ' 

Ritson, Christian [Apulby] ; Marriott; 

William, 137 
Robert, the abbot [? of Wederhall], 164 
Robert, abbot of York, 126 
, the archdeacon, 164 



INDEX. 



Robert de ,162 

, father of Avery, 155 

, son of Adam, 163 

) Aiig-er, ib, 

' Bueth, 139, 140 

' Trute, 135 

' VValter, (Fitz Walter) m. 

Joan Multon, 7 

. Walter (? Lancaster), 117 

, William, 163 

Robinson, (t. H. viii) 31; Henry, 

bp of Carliell, iii, iv, vi, go, 91, 92 n 
Rochester, gi n 
Rockcliff, see Rothclitf 
Rogfer, 104 
, abp. of York, 164 

FitzEdward, of Ravenglass, ig 

, son of Gillesbred, 26 

, Richard, 162 

, William, 143 

Roksboroiigh Castle, i65 
Rolland, son of Ug-htred, 35 
Roman camp at VValls Castle, i.Sn 

remains at Papca^tle, 41 n 

villa at Walls Castle, iS n 

Romara, Roger de; William de, 50 
Romeley, or Romley, Alice de, 6, 3S, 42- 

44. 55> 56; Annabel, 6, 7, 43, 44; 

Cicely, or Sybil), 6, g, 10, 43, 44; 

Robert, 5, fi, 43 ; Sybill, see Cicely ; 

William (FitzDuncan) Earl of Mur- 
ray (t. H. I), 6, 7, 9, 22, 3S, 42-44, 

56 ; William, jr., 6 
Roodlands, Keswick, iii. 
Rjose, Margaret; Richard, 73, 

Robert, 73 
Res, Eleanor, 3g ; Elizabeth, 

Robert de. Lord of Werk, 145, 

Sir Robert, 39 
Rosse, [ohn de, bp. of Carliell, go 
Rosvvrag'eth, 141 

Rotgeese, or barnacles, at Rotington, 25 
RoTHCLiFF, Rockcliff, Routhcliff, or I 

Rowclifif, 86, 87 :— 55, 70, 86, i.S7, ! 

171 ] 

Rothcliff, John de ; William de, S7 ; 

ROTINGTON, 25: — 5, 23, 25n, 79; the 1 

name, 25 
Rotington, , 25 ; Benedictus de, J 

24n ; Reynold de ; Robert de, 25 ; | 

the name assumed by Fleming, 1 

25 n j 

Roubery church, 169 i 

Routhbery, Walter, and Isabel [Las-! 

cells], 134, i35n 1 

Routhcliff, or Rovvcliff, see Rothcliff 
Rowle, see Rawll 
Roxburgh, see Roksboroug-h 
Royal Archaeological Institute, i. 
Rucroft, iiS ' 

Rugythwaite, or Ruthvvaite, 45, 46 
Russedal, Turgo de, 162 



172 



15S; 
15S: 



Rydal, or Ridal, Westmorland, 12 n, 71 n 
Ryley's ' Placita Parliamentaria ' cited, 
169-171 



Sabulonibus, de, the family, 2Sn, 79 
see Sands 

St. Andrew, Kirkandrews Church dedi- 
cated to him, 79 

St. Andrew's Hermitage, 106 

St. Bers, 24 :— s, 24; see also Kirkby 
Begohe 

St. Bees priory endowed with Stainburn, 
42, and Whitehaven, 26 

St. Begh, or St. Begogh, 24, 24n 

St. Botolph's priory held by Athelwald, 
go, 96 

St. Bride, or Brydock, 63 

St. Brides, 23 

St. Constantine, i6t, 164 

St. Constantine's chamber, 106, 164, 165 

St. Cnthbert of Duresm, Lord of Carliell, 
97 

St. Cuthbert's fountain, 165 

St. David's, gi n 

St. Hyld's hermitage, 52 

St. John Baptist, one of his bones at 
Carliell, 99 

of Jerusalem, endowment in 



Owsby, 121 

St. Martin, Gualo, Cardinal 84, 156 

St. Mary Magdelen, Lanercost Priory 
dedicated to her, 141 

St. Mary's Abbey, see York Abbey 

St. Mungo, Caldbeck Church dedicated 
to him, 54 

St. Paul, one of his bones at Carliell, gg 

St. Thomas a Beckett, see Becket 

Salcock, William de, 164 

Salisbury, Richard Nevill, earl of, 145, 
172-174 

Salkeld, 107, i35n, 167 

Salkeld magna, 167 

Salkeld, , m. John Brisco, 86; Alice, 
12:; Elizabeth [Bethom], 136; Sir 
Francis, I34n, — his epitaph, &c., 
I35n; Sir Francis, of Whitehall, 
(1687), 58 n ; Jane, I35n ; John, 48; 
Lancelot, of Whitehall (c.t. Denton) 
48, iiSn; Lancelot of Whitehall (t. 
H. VIl), 12 n ; Lancelot, prior of 
Carliell, 98, gSn, gg ; Margaret, d. of 
Lancelot, liSn; Margaret, d. of 
Roger, 121; Richard de (t. E. Ill), 
'24! 135"; 163; Robert de, = Robert 
de Hudleskeugh, 126; Robert, m. 
Eliz. Bethom, 136; Roger, 121: 
Roger, son of Robert, 137; Thomas, 
of Salkeld and Chorkby, 7 35n ; 
Thomas, of Satre, 26 

Salter, Saltre, or Satre, 5, 26, 28 

Salvage, Walter, 163 ; see also Savage 



208 



Sandford, , m. Crackinthorp, 171 

Sands, , 25; Henry, 79; Henry, 

(t. Denton) 25; William (t. H.vill) ; 

, sold Rotin^ton to 
Curwen, 25n 

see Sabulonibus, de 
Sandsfield, I'urgli, 25n, 79 
Santon, see Saunton 
Sara, w. of Simon son of Walter, 115 
Sarkbrook, 3, 3n 

Sarum, see Montacute, and Salisbury 
Saterton, 16 
Satre, see Salter 
Saunton, 22 : — 5 
Savage, Arthur, 169; Sir John, 72 
Sawyer, Edvv., 167 

Saxons banished from Cumberland, 4 
Scale, 21 

SCALEBY, 152-155: — 57 n, 120 n; the 
castle, iv-vi, 153 n, 154 n, 155; the 
hall, iv; the name, 152 
Scaleby, Erne [Parving]; John, 104 
Scaleby, de, see Tilliol 
Scaleby MS. of the Accompt, vii, des- 
cription, iv, V ; the Milbourne MS. 
a copy of it, vi; references to it aie 
on pp. 7, 12, 24, 25, 27, 45, 60, 67, 
92, 94, 105, III 
Scalinga, 152 
Scargill, William, sr., 172 
Scau'gk, Skengh, or Shaw, 85 
Scheale, or skale, 152 
Scotby, 106, 167; the name, 31 
•'Scotch Dyke,' 3 n 

Knovve, see Lainyford, 2 n 

Scots harried Aikton, 71, Bewcastle, 146, 

Carliell district, 155 
Scotland, constable of, 52 n 
Scots, King of, 95 ; see also Baliol, 

a)id David 
Scough, or Skaugh (field name), S5 
.Scroop, Richard, bp. of Carliell, 91 ; 

Lord, (2 Car. i), 167 
Seals : 

Crofton, John de, 85 

, Robert de, ib. 

Dalston, Henry, 92 
Sutton, John, 55 n 
Vaux, Hubert de, 12S 
.Seaskall; the hall, 21 
Seatmurthow, 38 

Seaton, Seton, or Leakley, 34-36 : — 14, 
17, 22, 23, 29, 34, 41, 56, 61, 172; 
the nunnery, 13, 17, 61 
Seaton, Aruinna [Lascejls], 122, 123; 
Christopher, no, 122, 123; Eufemia 
[ ]» '51 ; Jofin^ ni. Aruinna 
Lassells, no, 122, 123; John m. 
Eufemia, 151 
Sea-wake, 50, 58 

Sebergham oj'Seburgham 95 : — vi, vii, 
40, 89, 108, 167; the name, 95 



Sedbergh, Yorks, 123 

Seevy Beii;h=Sebergham, 95 

Selcroft, 16 

Seliff, the huntsman, 42 

Sellov\'field, 21 

Seman, John, and Isabel [ ]; Tho- 
mas, lOi n 

Senhouse, Sennus, or Senos, (t. 

Denton), 21,22; Humphrey, 91 n ; 
John, 21; Peter, 16S; Richard, bp. 
of Carliell, 91 ; Simon, prior of 
Carliell, gS; William (?), bp. of 
Carliell, 92 n 

Serlo de Waverton, 66 

Servitiiim de bodis, -n-hat, 50 

Seton, see Seaton 

Sevenoak, Kent, 91 n 

Sever, William, bp. of Carliell, 91, 92 n 

Shadwinggate, Carliell, loi 

Shapp Abbey, Westmorland, 35 n 

Shaw, skeugh, or scawgh, 85 

Shawk, R., 4, 38, 40, 89, 151 

Sheflings, or Sheftling, Simon, 42, 61 ; 
William, 61 

Shirburn, Catherine, 153 n 

Sibson, Henry; Mary, loi n 

Simon, son of Peter, 162 

, or Simond, son of Walter, 115, 

118 

Sims' ' Manual for the Genealogist ' 
cited, iii 

Singleton, Isaac, and Chrysogon [Mil- 
born], 91 n 

Sivithwaile, 15 

Skale, its derivation, 21, 108 

Skaletown, set Skelton 

Skaugh, Skaw, or Skough, 85 

Skaw", Little, 85 

, Rayson's, ib. 

Skeele, 21 

Skelton, or Skaletown, 109, no: — 74, 
So, 152; the name, 109 

Skelton, , 84 n, 107 n ; m 

de Whitrigg, 26 ; Agnes de 
82 ; Alice de [wo. of Geoffrey Tilliol] 
176; Clement, 66 n ; Clement, 86 n 
Sir Clement de, 82 ; Sir Clement de 
(16 R. 11), 174, 175; Cuth., [ 
Catherine], 86 n ; Jolian de [dt 
Orton], 82; Johnde (4 H. n), 175 
Sir John de, (t. H. iv), 176-178, iSo 
John, esq., (tt. H. vi, and E. iv) 
17S; John (t. Car. l), 16S; Lancelot 
Richard de, 166, 177; Thomas (tt 
E. Ill and R. 11), 48, 174, 175 
Thomas, of Branthwaite, 26; Wil- 
liam de, 180; the family owned 
parts of Combquinton, 108, and 
Hensingham, 26 
Skeugh, scawgh, or shaw, S3 
Skinburn, Holm Cultrum, 60 
Skipton-in-Craven, 5, 6, 43 



2og 



Skirwith, 117 

SI ... . Thomas, 145 

Slee, Christopher, prior ot Carliell, yS 

Smalrido-e, George, dean of Carliell, 99 

.Smith, Sir Thomas, first dean of Carliell, 
98 n, 99; Thomas, dean of Carliell 
(1671), 99,-and afterwards bp. of 
Carliell, 91, 92 n, 99 ; Thomas, pre- 
bendary of Carliell, 16S 

Snartheved, Hensin!,'ham, 26 

Snowdell, or Snowden, Richard, bp. of 
Carliell, 91 

Sokpeth, Robert de, 165 

Sollom Moss, S4, S6 

Solport, or Solprat, 14S, i54n, 155 

Somerset. Charles , duke of, S 

Soureby, Reg'inald de Vaux, de, 12S 

Sourthu'fiite, 15 

Southeraike family held Gamelsby (?), 

Southaik, , m. Robert Dalston, 

9.^; Gilbert de; Isabel [Leving-tonJ, 
no; John, 109, no; Patrick, no; 
see also Suthiak 

Sowerby, 89, 106, T45, 167, 169, 172; 
see also Castle Sowerby 

, New, 58 

Siiuerhy, Christopher, 59 

Sp\d.\dam deest in MS., 144 

.Sparling, William, and Alice [ I, fi6 

Speersyk, 14S 

Spijijornell, Jordan, n7 

Sporting risjhts reserved from grant to 
Fourness Abbey, g 

StaiTuld, or Staffoll, nS, 133 

, New, 125 

StafTold, or Staffole, Adam, de, S4 n 

.Stainborn, 25, 40 

Stainmore, i6g 

Stainton, 103, 157 

Stanley, , (master of the mint); 

m. Sir Edward Herbert, 31 ; 
Constance, [Austwait], 158; Ed- 
ward, 159; John, 21; John, 159; 
.Margaret [Lucy], 31, 65 ; Nicholab, 
158 ; Thomas, 31, 65 ; William, 159 

Stanley, Staffs, 159 

StaPLETON, 144: — 151 

Stapleton, , 120; Sir Bryan, 82; 

Julian [Turpe], 120; Margaret, 
103 ; Margaret, 109; Marriotta (39 
H. vi), 120; Marriotte: William, 
104; William; William (lE. lu), 
120 ; William (36 E. Iii), 120, 144 ; 
William, (3 R. HI); William (11 H. 
Vl); William [father and son], 102; 
William, of Edenhall, 109; the 
family held Edenhall, 120, and 
Raughton, 109 
Statute of Carliell, 170; of Winchester, 

171 
Staunton, 62 



Staveley, Adam de ; Thomas, and Mar- 
garet [ ] de, 123 
Staynwiggs, 97 
Steffan, see Stephanus 
Stele, Hubert, 172 
Stephanus, Steffan, or Stephen, William, 

130, 134 n, 161, see Wescop 
Stephen, K., 29,59, Sg, loo, 137, 145 
Stephen, son of Richard, 163 
Stephen, the clerk, 163 
Sterne, Richard, bp. of Carliell, gi 
.Stewart, John, 49 
Stockhillwath, loS 
Stonegarthside, loi n, I53n 
Sio7ii^thii'aite, 15 

' Story, Edward, bp. of Carliell, gi 
iStowland, Richard, and Helena [ ], 

1 140 

I Stow's 'Chronicle' referred to, 162 
Strangways, James, sr., 172 
Strickland, , m. William Lawson ; 

Sir , 47n ; William, bp. of Car- 

liell, 90 
] Strivelynd, Sir John, and Jacoba [Swin- 
burne], 147 
Strongbow, Richard, 62 
Stubhill, 14S 
Studholm, 81 

Studholme, Ciithbert, i53n; John, son of 
Richard, son of Michael ; John, son 
of Richard, son of William, Si ; 
Michael, son of Cuthbert, I53n; 
Michael, son of John; Michael, son 
of Richard; Richard, son of John; 
Richard, son of Michael; Richard, 
son of William ; William, Si 
Stuteville, or Estuteville, , grantee 

of Dregg, &c., 5 ; Alice ; Allan, 52 n ; 
Nicholas, Lord (tt. R. I & Joh.),3o, 
31, 51, 58, '48; Robert de (t. H. 11), 
162; Robert, (t. Joh.), 51 ; Roland; 
LIghtred {or Ughtred Valones), 52n; 
the family owned Dregg Manor, 20 

Suffolk, Henry, , duke of (22 

Jac. i), 166 
Summonership of Allerdale, 41, 42 
Sunderland, 46 
Sussex, Thomas Lennard, earl of. Lord 

Dacre, I24n 
Suthaik, Gilbert, 152 ; see Southaik 
Sutton, John; the family, 55n 
Swainson, , of Calder Bridge, iv. 

Sweine, son of Ailrich, 106, 115-120, 124, 

125 

Swift, 173 

Swinburne, or Swynburne, Adam, 151; 
Adam de [father and son] ; Jacoba, 
147 ; John ;the Huthwaite family, 36 

Tailbois, Eldred de, 5 ; Ivor, or Ivo de, 
his descendants, 5, 5n ; Ketel de, 5 : 
r.ucia de, 5n 



210 



Tallantire, nr Tallentire, v, 32 n, 41, 44 
Tallantire, George ; Henry ; Launcelot, 

3!:n; see also Fletcher, 3211 
Tarraby, Agnes ; William, 75n 
Taukin deest in MS., 137 
Taylor, Patric-k, 7S 
Tees R., 2, 2 n 
Temple, Solomon's, ii. 
Temple Sowerby, Westmorland, 68 
Tenures : 

Cornage, 58, 113, 115, 122, 123, 
156, 157, &c. 

silver and turn silver, 

102 

Drengage, 103, 1030 

Hawk-keeping, 108 

In haronia, 125 

Knight service, at Graystock, 
details, 112 

Render of a hawk, 15S 

of spurs, 29, 34, 35, 37, 

S7 
Terriby, the name, 31 
Terriby, Henry, iiS 
' Testa de Nevill,' cited, i. 
Thackthwaite, 31, 32, 65 
Thirlwall, John de, 175 
Thistlethwait, loS 
Thomas, bp. of Carliell, 157 

, parson of Walton, and canon 

of Lanercost, 143 

, son of Alan, 61 

, Gilbert, son of Gospatrick, 



, Gospatrick, 29, 35, sjn, 

62, 97 

, Thomas, son of Gospat- 
rick, 35, 36 

Thor, 93n 

Thoresby, see Thursby 

Thornbrough arms, 13511 

Thornebank, 176, 177 

Thornthwaite, 37, 172 

Thorquell, son of Haldan, 121 

Thorquellby, ib. 

Threlkeld, 47n 

Threlkeld, , of Melmorby, 1 17; 

Ann, 1 18 n ; Henry de, u8 ; Humph- 
rey, iiS n ; Katheriiie, 121 ; Lancelot; 
Margaret [Salkeld], i iS n ; William, 
121 ; William, elk., iiS 

Threpland, 48: — 44, 174, 175; the 
name, 48 

Thrimby, [? Westmorland], 136 

Thursby, Thoresby, or Thuresby, 42, 52, 
57, 65, 67, 73, 83, 93, 116, 118, 151 

Thursby, Thoresby, ur I'huresby, , 

m, Guido Boyvile, 151 ; Bernard, 
116 ; Herbert de, 57, 151 ; the family 
held lands in Blenkarne, 116, Ireby 
base, 57, Waverton, Great, 66 

Thurstan, abp. of York, 25. 07 



Thwaite, 15 

Thwaites, 14, 15 : — 8, 14 

Thvvaites, John, 15; Joseph; William 
14 

Thwarth, Martin, his rebellion, 33 

Thynne, Sir Henry Frederick; Katherine, 
71 n, iiin; Thomas, Viscount 
Weymouth, i it n 

Tilliol, TiUiof, TiUiolf, nr Tylliolf, 

[Lucy], 152; [Mulcaster], 154; 

Adam, 153 ; Alice [ ], (t. E. 

HI), 154, 176; Alice (22 R. 11), 39; 
Elizabeth, 44, 154; Galfrid, or 
Geoffrey, (ob. 10 E. l), 152 n; Gal- 
frid, or Geoffrey, (ob. 23 E. l), I52n, 

153, 154; Geoftrey (22 R. Il), 39, 

154, 176; Isabel, 57n, 152 n, I53n,- 
I54n; Lsabell de [ ], I52n ; John 
de, 143 ; Katrine, 176; Margaret de, 
57n, 152 n, I53n-I54n ; Margaret de 
[ ], 143; Matilda de [ ], 
152 n; Peter, or Piers, (t. Joh.— ob. 
31 H. Ill), 152, 152 n, 153 ; Piers (t. 
E. Ill), 144; Sir Peter, or Piers, de 
(ob. 22 E. Ill), 152 n, 154 (?), 154", 
162, 165; Sir Peter de (ob. 13 H. vi) 
57 n, 152 n, 154, 154 n; Richard the 
Rider, 152, 155; Robert, 44; Sir 
Robert, no; Robert, 143; Robert, 
(ob. iS E. II), 154, i<52 [?] ; Sir 
Robert, 150 n ; Robert de (ob. 13 
E. ru) 152 n ; Robert de (ob. 39 E. 
Ill) 56, 57n; Sir Robert de (ob. 41 
E. Ill), 152 n, 154; Robert de (ob. 
14 H. VI), "' the fool,' 57n, 152 n, 154 ; 
Simon, 152; William, alias William 
Colvill, 57 n ; the family held lands 
in Blennerhasset, 58, Ireby base, 56, 
Levington, 150 n, Stapleton, 144, 
Torpenhow, 51 

Tindal, 145, 15S, 169 

Tine R., 2 

Tinmonth, or Tinmow, Adam, and Isolda 

de [de Dundragh], 32, 65 
Tirrell, Ann, 93 
Tirry, 140 
Tirry, Richard; the family owned Kirk 

Cambock, 144 
Todd, Dr. iii-v, vii. 

ToLson, Catherine, 93 ; the family, 450 
Tor, 51 

Torcrossock, 143, 162-164 
Tordoff, Annandale, 61 
Tordoss, 77 
Torpenhow, 50-52: — 42,58, 154, 168, 

171, 176, 178; the name, 51 
Torpenhow, Adam de, 52n 
Tower of London, i, iii, vi. 
Tovvnly, m. Francis Howard, 13411 

Towton field, battle of, 119 
Tradegill, Cecily, 58 
Trapps, Frances; Francis, gi n 



211 



Trent R„ go 

Trerersjice Estrivers 

Triermaire, see Tryermaine 

Triumpe, Julian [Levington] ; Patrick 
[father and son], no 

Trivers, see Estrivers 

Trives, Lord of Burg'h, 124 

Troite, see Trute 

Tromoe, Patrick, 150 n, 152 

Troutbeck, 2, 127 

' Trunk-maker, the,' 8n 

Trute, 0)- Troit, 61, S2, SS, 135, 157 

Tryermaine, Triermaine, or Trever- 
maine, 143 : — 12S, 141, 163, 166 

Tullie, Thomas, dean of Carliell, 99 

Tunstall, Frederic, 169 

Turpe, 51 

Turpe, Adam; Julian, 120; Robert (ob. 
t. H. Ill), 51, 52, 61, 120; Robert, 
son C'f Adam, 120 

Twenge, Sir Marmaduke de, 162 

Twinham, Adam, son of Walter and 
Isabel, 36; Adam, son Walter and 
Ag-nes, no; Agnes, [Levington], 
no; Isabel [? de Yenwith], 36 ; Sir 
Walter, m. Agnes, no, 151, 152; 
Walter, m. Isabel; Walter, son of 
Adam, son of Walter and Isabel, 
36 ; Walter, the younger, son of 
Adam, son of Walter and Agnes, 
no 

Tyllioll, see Tilliol 

Tyndale, see Tindal 



Uchtred, see Ughtred 
Uchtreda, d. of Gospatrick, 41 
Uchtredsett, Aspatrick, 42 
Uckman, 31 
Uckmanby, 42, 171 

UCKMANBY AND BlENNERHASSET, 57, 
58 

Uffhay, see Ulfhay 
Ughtred, or Uchtred, 41 

, 88 

, 125 

, son of Fergus, lord of Gallo- 
way, 35, 42, 51, 62 

, Haldan, 161 

, Lyolf, 106 

[Simon Raghton ?], 108 



Ughtredby, see Outerby 

Uldale, or Ulndale, 48, 49: — 41, 54; 

the name, 48 
Ulfesby, William de, [father and son], 

Ulff, Olaf, or Vlf, 34 

, son of Evard, 14 

, son of Haldan, 120, 121 

Ulfhay, Uffhay, or Woolfhay, 14 
Park, I, 

14 



Ulfnesby, see Ulnesby 

UUaik, 44 

Ullerbank, 91 n 

Ulleswater, i 

Ulndale, see Uldale 

Ulnerigg, 14 

Ulnesby, n7 

Ulnesby, Patrick de ; the family, 121 

Unthank, 52, 122 

Usher, James, bp. of Carliell, 91, 92 n 

Uterpendragon, 100 



Vachell, Letitia, vii. 

Valle, David de ; Michael de, nS 

Vallibns, de, see Vaux, de 

Valomes, Philip de, 51 

Valones, Sybill de; Ughtred (or Stute- 
ville) 52 n 

Vane, , of Long Newton ; Henry 

(t. Gilpin), 3Sn 

Vaughan, , and Anna [Pickering], 

15311 

Vaulx, or Vaus, de, see Vaux, de 

Vaux, Vallibus, o?- Vaulx, Adam de, 163; 
Alexander de, 143 ; Eustace de, de 
de Hayton, 136, 137, 139, 140; 
Graecia de [ ], 142; Hubert, or 

Hubertus de, de Gilsland, i, 69, So, 
92, 127, I27n-i3i, 133, i34n, 136, 
137; 130, 141-145; 155; 160, 161, 164, 
165 ; Hugh de, 131 ; Matilda de, 6g, 
131, 132; Radulf de, 163; Ranulf, 
son of Alexander, 131, 143; Ranulf, 
son of Hubert, 143, 164; Ranulf de, 
son of Roland, 163 ; Robert de, de 
Dalston, 89 ; Robert de, son of 
Hubert, i, 130, 131, 141-144, 163, 
164; Robert de, son of Ranulf, 131, 
143, 164; Robert de, son of William, 
137; Roland [several], 143; epitaph 
of one of them, i65; Roland (tt. E. 
I & 11), 163; Roland de'(t. E. in), 
164; Sir Roger, 142; William de, 
163; William, son of Hubert, 137, 
164; William, son of Roger, 142; 
the family held Brampton, 13S ; their 
arms, 128 

Vaux of Ainstaplygh; of Caldbeck; of 
Caterlen, 12S 

Vaux of Geltsdale and of Hayton, their 
burial place at Lanercost, 141 

Vaux of Triermaine, 128; the family, 
143 ; their burial place, 141 ; their 
arms, I35n, 143 

Venator, Guido, see Bochardby, Guy de 

Venice, 70 n 

Venour, John, 170 

Vernon, see Gernon 

Vescy, William, and Burga [ ] de, 

55; William de, 15S 

Vghtred, see Ughtred 



212 



INDEX. 



Ficus Bochardi; Carnificum; Castri; 

Flandrfusis ; Francorum ; Hihernien- 

sium; Piscatorum, loi ; Richardi, 

loi, 155 
Vim, Richard de, 164 
Vipont, Evon de; Sybilla de, 116; 

Thomas, bp. of Carliell, 90 
Virginia, 2611 
VI f, see Ulff 
Vlfsby, 07' Vlnesby, see Owsby 



Waitcroft, 61 

, or Watercrof t, Flemingby, 35, 

97 

Wake, Lord Baldwyne; John, 20, 14S; 
Thomas, 14S, 152 [?] 

Walby, 97, 157; the name, 157 

Waldeive, see VValdeof 

Waldeof de Langthwaif, 42 

, son of Alan, 41 

, Dolphin, 42 

, — Gamel, 61 

, Gilmyn, 41 

Waldeof, Waltheof, Waldeive, Walde- 
vus, or Waldew, son of Gospatrick, 
5> 7, 25, 34, 36, 40-42, 45> 4S, 49j 51, 
52, 53n, 56, 60, 62, 99, 100, 107, 151 

Waldevus, or Waldew, see Waldeof 

Walker, Matild [Atwood], 104 

Walleys, Wm., his rebellion, 49 

Walls Castle, iSn 

Walter, 106 

> "5 

, abbot of Cauder, 23 

(? Lancaster), 117 

, (of Ainstable), father of Simond, 

118 
, prior of Carliell, 97, 98, 156, 157, 

164 

, the janitor, 164 

Walter, son of Barnard, 82 
Waltheof, see Waldeof 
Walton, 141 

Kirk, 143 

Walton, Nicholas de, 110 

Wampool, Warthampole, Wathempool, 

or Watholmpool, 75 : — 38, 60, 67, 
72 

Wampool, Wampol, Wampole, or Wath- 
empool, Agnes de [Tarraby], 75n; 
Helwise, 136; Hervey de, 75, 75n [?] ; 
Robert, (Brunne), and Margaret de 
[Newby], 75, S2, 88, 135, 136, i57_ 

Wampool, or Wathempool, R., 40, 07, 
72-77. 83, 93 

Warby, 141 

Warcop, Frances, 93; Thomas de (19 R. 
11), 172; the family held Gamelsby, 
74 

Warcopp, Westmorland, 133, 172 

Wark in Tindall, 145, 158 



Warnell, Thomas, 

Warnell Fell, 53 ; Warnell Hall, vii. 

WarnhiU, 50 

bank, 55 

Warthampole, see Wampool 

Warthole, 45, 86 

Warthwick, Warwick, or Warwik, 

105, 106: — 104, 106, 133, 162, 164; 
the hall, 160 n 

Warthwick, or Warwick, Christopher 
de ; Francis, io6n, 160 n; his MS. 
cited, 162-166; George de, 106; 
Jane [Howard], io6n; John de, son 
of William (tt. R. I & Job.), 105, 
133; John de (33 E. i), I05n, 143, 
162; Sir John de (t. E. 11), io5n, 

106, io6n, 162, 165; John de (t. E. 
Ill) ; John de, (t. R. 11), 106; John 
de (t."E. iv), io6n; John de (16S9), 
I05n, io6n; Lancelot de; Mary 
[Howard] ; Nicholas de, io6n ; Rich- 
ard, 75 ; Richard de, son of Chris- 
topher; Richard de, sort of Lancelot, 
io6n; Robert, 106, 162; Thomas, 
I05n, io6n ; William de, 163; Sir 
William de, son of John, 105, 10511, 
106, 164; William, son of Robert, 
106; the family held part of Wam- 
pool, 75; Agillun was their retainer, 
104 

Warwick, Richard Nevill, earl of, 119, 
145, 173, 174 

Warwick, or Warwik, see Warthwick 

Waryne, see Gernon 

Washington, Durham, 4Sn 

Wastdale, 17, 20 

Wastell, or de la Wastdale, William, 95 

Watercroft, .see Waitcroft 

Wathempool, or Wathompool, see Wam- 
pool 

Wathholm, 60 

Waugh, John, bp. of Carliell, 91 

Waver, 60 

Waverton, 41, 56, 64. 116, 151 

Waverton, Adam de, 64 ; Gamel de ; 
Gerard de, 66 ; Henry de, 64; John, 
66n ; Ketell de, 66 ; Lambert de, 62, 
66, 66n [.'] ; Serlo de, 66 

Waverton, GriiAT, 66: — 62; the 
name, 66 

Waverton, Little, 65 

Waverton parva, Adam de ; Radulphus 
de; Robert de; Serlo de, 66 

Wayberghthwait, 14, 22 

Waybergthwaite, William, 22 ; the family 

'4 
Weddall family owned part of Kirkbride, 

64 

Weddekar, 5, 23 

Wederhall, or Wedderhall, 106, 107 : 
— 1351. I37"j 161, 164, 179; the 
church dedicated to the Trinity. 165 



INDEX. 



21' 



Wederhall priory, gS, [04; its history and 
endowments, 106, 107; its litigation 
with Lanercost, 140 ; its Register 
cited, 160, 161, 179; mendacity of 
its monks, 160 n ; and see in addition 
as to Us endowments Burdoswald, 131, 
142 ; Chorkby, 131, 133, 161 ; Comb- 
quinton, 107, loS; Constantine's 
chamber, 133, 164; Croglin, 164; 
Croghn parva, 125; Denton, 131, 
140; Eden fishery, 160, 161, 164, 
165; Farlam, little, 138; Gilsland, 
164; Hudleskeugh, 126; Newby, 
131; Warthwick, 133; Wederhall, 
161 

Wederhall, Humfrey de, 164 

Wells, 99 

Welp, 61 

Weltden, Richard, 172 

Welton, Gilbert de, bp. of Carliell, 90 

Welton in Sebergham, Sg 

Wentworth, Peter, 169 

Werk in Tindal, 145, 158 

Werkvvurth, Northumberland, 151 

Werun, see Gernon 

Wescop, Wescope, Wescubright, or 
Westubright, 12S, 130, I34n, 139, 
146, i6i 

Westfalan, 129, 137 

West Indies, 260 

Westlinton, see Levington 

West, Louis, 169 

West Marches, warden of, (36 H. vi), 
173 ; (t. H. viii), 55 

Westmorland, i, 2, 54 ; granted to de 
Meschines, 4; Sir Hugh de Morvill, 
of Knaresborough, lord thereof, ii. 
see Cumberland and Westmorland 

, Countess of, Johan Xevill 

[ ]> "9, 145 
, Earl of, Ralf Nevill 119, 

122, 123, 145 

, History wanted, ii. 

-, Knight of the Shire : Sir 



John de Lowther, 70 n 

Weston, , and Anna [Pickering] ; 

Sir Henry, 153 ; Sir John, and Mar- 
garet [de Wigton], 63n, i iS 

Westubright, see VVescop 

Westward, 42, 52 

, the, of Englewood Forest, Sy, 

151 

Westwood, or Lenos, abbey, 131 

Wetheral, see Wederhall 

Wetherslack, Westmorland, i2 

Weymouth, Thomas Thynne, Visct. 
(1687), 71 n, 1 1 1 n 

Wharton, Westmorland 

Wharton, Hugh de, 154; Philip, Lord, 
SSt 133 i 1 homas. Lord, 55 

Whelpdale, William, bp. of Carliell, 
90 



Whicham, Whitcham, Whittingham, or 

Wicham, 15, 16: — 12, 13, 16 
Whillyinere, 24 
Whinfell, or Lorton, 37 
Whinhow, 73, S4n 
Whinhow, Simon de, 67n 
Whinnow Shaw, 85 
Whinshill, 73 
Whitbeck, 16 
Whitby family held part of Blenkerne, 

116 
Whitcham, see Whicham 
White, Francis, dean of Carliell, 99, and 

afterwards bp. of Carliell, qi, nq 
Whitefield, Richard de, 162 
Whitehall, I2n, 48, 5Sn, iiSn, 171 
Whitehaven, 25, 26, 26n : — 24 
Whitelockman, or Pape, Alice [Scaleby j ; 

Thomas, 104 
White Ridge, see Whitrigg 
White Water Dash, 54 
Whithill, 142 
Whitmore, Wm., 124 n 
WHITRrGG, or Whytrigg, 75, 76 : — 76, 

77, 176-178; the name, 75 
Whitrigg, Robert |^? Brun] de, 84 n, 162 ; 

Thomas de, 26, 107 n ; Sir Thomas 

de, 75 ; Thomas de, 84 n ; the family, 

Whitrigg-Lees, 72, 76, 77 
Whittingham, see Whicham 
Whit-toft -haven = Whitehaven {q.v.), 2s 
Whitwell, R. J., iii ; note by, 181, 1S2 
Whytehede, Matthew, 175-6 
Wicham, or Wicheham, see Whicham 
VViclive, or Wyclof, William de, 165 
WiGGONBY, or Wigganby, S3 : — 72 
Wigton, 62, 63 : — 41, 44, 61, 67, 85 n, 

107, 117 ; the baron V, 4;, 65 
Wigton, Dyoni.sia de [Lovetot], 117; 

Sir John de, 61, 63, 65, 103, 117, 162 ; 

Margaret de, 61, 63, 65, 103, 117, 

1 iS ; Odard of, 59, 61, 117 ; Walter 

de, 1 17 
William I., 4, 160 

IL, 96, 107, loS, 1 18 



Wilh'am, 143 

, 163 

-, the archdeacon, 161 



, the clerk, of Wederhall, 164 

, the dean, ib. 

, priest of Rothcliff, S7 

, son of m. Martin- 
dale, 59 

-, son of Gilbert, son of Gospat- 



ricis, 35 



- Gillesbred, 26 

- Hugh (FitzHugh), 19 

■ lvo,^io2 

■ John, I 16 
■ , 162 

■ Retell, 14 



4 



William, son of Michael (FitzMichael), 

62 

Odard, 1C4 
Roger, ib. 

-^ , Wych,.(FitzWych), 15 

Williams, Dorothy, Ii3n; Price, 167; 

William, Ujn 
Willitred, son of Haldan, 130, 157 
Wiltshire, 6n 
Winchester, Henry, bp. of, (19 H. vi), 

172 ; statute of, 171 
Winder, , 22 

Windsore, or Wyndsore, 1.37 
Windsore, nr Wyndsore, Alexander de, 

137; Kernard ; John de ; Rayner; 

Richard; Solomon, 13S; Walter de 

(t. H. 11), 137, his arms, 13S ; Walter 

de (his son), 137, 138, 163; William 

de (23 E. i), 142; William, (23 E. 

Ill), 143; the family burial place, 

141 
Witerig-g, see Whitngg 
Withope, or Withorp, see Wythope 
Withrington, John, 140; the family held 

Over Denton, 139, 140 
Woolley, Sir John, dean of Carliell, 99 
Woolfhav, or Uffhay Park, i 
Woormolby, see Wormolby 
Workington, 33, 34 :— 5, 29, 30, 32^ 

50, 56, 62, 7S, 97, 110; the hall, 33 
Wormolby, Woormolby, or Wormonby, 

79. 
Worship, Thomas, 121 
Worun, see Gernon 
Wra, le, Bolton, 175 
Wrynose, i 



Wyatt, Sir Heniy, 179 

Wybergh, , m. Henry Featherstone, 

I24n 
Wyche, (t. H. I), 15 
VVygeton, John de (3 E. 11), 171 
Wvndsore, see Windsore 
Wyr .... Gilbert de, 24n 
Wyrkinot')n, 172 
Wythburne, i 
Wythope, Withope, Withorpe, i<r 

Wythorpe, 37, 38 : — 3S, 3Sn, 39 ; the 

name, 37 
Wythskeld, 60 



Yenwith, Richard, and Alice | ] de, 

36 

Yervan, or Harvey, 155 

York, 4, Sn 

, St. Mary's Abbey, Agillun was 

its feudary (?), 104; its endow- 
ments, 12, 13, 106, iGi, 164, and see 
ill addition 5, 24, 24n-2S, 9S 

, Abbots of : (t. E. I), 26; 

Robert, 126; Stephen, 106 

, Archbishops: , (t. H. i), 161; 

Roger, 164; Thurstan, 25, 97 

, Commissary General of, i54n 

Yorkshire, 2, 2n 

Yorkshiremen ' not regarded ' at Kirkos- 
wald, 125 



Zeeland, Humphrey, earl of (2 H. vi), 
177 



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